acid problem  - Crack Key For U

Everyone has experienced gastroesophageal reflux. It happens when you burp, have an acid taste in your mouth or have heartburn. However, if these symptoms. Like other forms of cocaine, smoking crack can increase heart rate and blood pressure, leading to long-term cardiovascular problems. Some research suggests that. You could be exposed to hydrogen fluoride if it is used as a chemical terrorism Exposure to hydrogen fluoride can result in severe electrolyte problems.

Acid problem - Crack Key For U -

Is My Car Battery Dead If the Car Won’t Start?

Car starting problems happen at the most inopportune of times. Here’s one that commonly occurs when people are ready to head out of the door: The car won’t start.

This common car problem can be baffling, especially if your car started fine the day before. What’s causing this issue? Is your car’s battery dead? Is it a bad alternator? Or is some other issue preventing your car from starting?

Most commonly, when a car doesn’t start, a bad battery is the prime suspect. The battery plays a vital role in starting the engine. It powers the vehicle’s accessories, but more importantly, it powers the starter or cranking motor. The starter is what turns your engine over, and it draws a lot of power from the battery to do that. Therefore, when you have a bad car battery, the starter doesn’t have enough ability to turn the engine over.

Think you might have a bad car battery? Or maybe your vehicle isn’t starting?

We’ve outlined some bad car battery symptoms, as well as other issues that can cause a car not to start to help you diagnose the problem.

Is Your Car’s Battery Dead?

Car batteries can die for many reasons. Often, it’s a matter of the battery being old. Most have a life of 2-5 years, for example. Lights being left on is another common cause. Overnight, a dome light can drain the battery and cause the car not to start. Finally, extreme weather can also be a cause, as excessive heat or cold can drain the battery.

Think your battery might be dead or undercharged? These are a few of the most common dead battery symptoms:

  • Lights Don’t Turn On / Dim Lights – If your battery is dead or underpowered, the lights will fail to turn on or will be very dim. One red flag: Your dome lights don’t turn on when you open the door. If you suspect your battery is dying, test your headlights; they’ll be very dim, flicker or won’t turn on if the battery needs charging.
  • No Radio / Chimes – If you put your key in the ignition and you don’t hear the usual chimes, it’s likely a battery issue. Similarly, if the radio won’t turn on, the battery is probably dead.
  • No Accessories – If your car has digital gauges, an LCD display, or GPS screen, these accessories won’t have enough power to turn on if the battery is discharged.
  • No Crank – When you turn the key, your car should crank, as it tries to turn over. If you don’t hear this crank, the starter motor likely isn’t getting enough power.
  • Starter Cranks Weakly – Another sign of an undercharged battery: You will hear the starter crank, but it putters out or cranks very weakly. This symptom can be a sign of a bad battery, but also issues with the starter or alternator.

Can it still be a dead battery if the lights turn on? Even if your lights, radio or accessories turn on, your battery may still be dead or undercharged. These components require a lot less power than the starter. Therefore, your battery may have enough ability to turn the radio/lights on, but not enough to turn on the starter.

Testing a Car Battery’s Charge

If your car won’t start, and you suspect a bad battery, there are tests and tools you can use to measure your battery’s performance. Some of the most basic, you can do at home. Other tests would be best performed at an auto repair shop.

Visually inspect the battery. The battery should be clean, the connections should be free of corrosion, there should be no significant leaks, and the battery case should be free of bumps or cracks.

Test voltage with a multimeter. A multimeter is a primary automotive tool that has many uses. You can use a multimeter to measure the battery’s voltage. A fully charged battery should register a minimum of 12.6 volts. When the engine is running, the voltage should be 13.7-14.7 volts.

Test the charge with a hydrometer. Automotive repair shops use advanced hydrometers to measure a battery’s performance. This tool measures the level of a battery’s charge, helping to understand if it’s undercharged or if cells have failed.

Conduct a battery load test. Load tests determine the condition of a battery. This test will show if your battery can be charged, needs replacing, or if service is necessary.

Ultimately, these tests will help you determine if the battery needs to be replaced, if it can be charged, or if the problem lies elsewhere. Often, if the battery is still in good condition, a 30-minute charge or jump is enough to get you back on the road.

Costs to Replace a Car Battery

Replacing a car battery is a cost-effective automotive repair. Standard lead-acid batteries range in price from $50 to $135, depending on the type. Some premium car batteries though can cost as much as $200.

Additional costs include labor, typically about 30 minutes to 1 hour, including testing and installation. There may also be a small battery disposal fee.

In terms of testing or charging, many of these tests are conducted for free or low cost.

Other Issues that Cause Car Starting Problems

Have you determined a dead battery isn’t the issue? Although this is the most common cause of a car that won’t start, there is a wide range of problems that could be the problem.

One way to tell if it’s not the battery: Put your key in the ignition. If your car’s systems – lights, radio, accessories – are seeming to function appropriately at full strength, but the starter won’t turn, the issue might not be related to the battery.

Some other potential problems include:

  • Bad Starter – If the starter motor sounds labored or you hear a clicking noise when turning the key over, the problem could be a faulty starter. Loose connections or a defective starter solenoid are other starter issues that cause the car not to start.
  • Bad Ignition Switch – When you turn your key in the ignition, it sends an electrical signal to the battery to turn the engine on. A faulty switch never sends the message. If the dashboard lights and chimes don’t turn on when the key is turned, or the engine stalls just after starting, the issue might be a bad ignition switch.
  • Faulty Alternator – The alternator charges the battery, as the engine runs. Therefore, your dead battery may be caused by a failing alternator. A few common symptoms include Squealing, stalling or a check engine light.
  • Bad Fuel Pump – If your car doesn’t start, it may be a failing fuel pump. Often, you’ll notice the signs of a bad fuel pump, before the car won’t start. They include engine jerking at high speeds, engine surging, rising temperatures and falling fuel pressure.
  • No Spark – A spark is needed to ignite the fuel in your engine, and a spark plug creates that spark. When spark plugs fail, the fuel can’t be ignited. Some symptoms can include Rough idle, engine misfiring, surging, or the reduced fuel economy.
  • Blow Fuses – A blown fuse can prevent the power from reaching the starter solenoid. An electrical issue may cause 1 or more fuses to fail. If accessory systems are failing – like your gauge cluster – you might be experiencing an electrical problem.

Contact Us

Car won’t start? The good news is: The most likely scenario is a dead battery, which is a quick, low-cost fix. But whatever the cause, we can help. Hollenshade’s Auto Repair Service in Towson, MD provides quality service for all makes and models. Call us today (410)828-5750 or book an appointment online.

Источник: https://www.hollenshades.com/is-my-car-battery-dead-if-the-car-wont-start/

Careful Attention to Aging Skin

September/October 2012

By Jaimie Lazare
Aging Well
Vol. 5 No. 5 P. 18

Aging makes skin more susceptible to dryness. Dry skin in older adults can be simply a sign of age-related skin changes or signify underlying medical problems. Because dry skin can lead to other skin complications, it’s important to monitor carefully.

If older adults’ skin appears rough, scaly, flaky, or cracked, this can indicate xerosis, or dry skin. Although dry skin can affect anyone, it’s particularly common among older adults. Age-related dermal changes such as a thinner epidermal layer, a reduction in skin cell turnover, and the skin’s limited capacity to retain moisture contribute to xerosis.1 Over time, skin loses its suppleness, yet such physiological changes alone don’t determine whether a patient will develop dry skin. Other factors such as the environment, genetics, and ethnicity are also contributing factors.

Skin loses its elasticity as the production of collagen and elastin decreases. Additionally, hyaluronic acid isn’t produced at the same rate as in earlier stages of life, creating an imbalance between the production of hyaluronic acid and its breakdown by enzymes. Because of these changes, skin becomes progressively thinner, more fragile, less elastic, and drier. Even the natural oil-producing sebaceous glands gradually lose their ability to moisturize the skin. All of these physiologic changes contribute to the development of drier skin as people age, says Charles E. Crutchfield, III, MD, a clinical professor of dermatology at the University of Minnesota Medical School and medical director of Crutchfield Dermatology.

Even as early as the age of 40, the skin becomes more susceptible to drying. Lipids primarily act by preventing evaporation of the natural moisture in the skin, providing a barrier to water loss. Without adequate lipids, people simply lose too much water from the skin and it dries out, according to Jamie B. MacKelfresh, MD, an assistant professor in the dermatology department and director of the Dermatology Residency Program at Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta.

Underlying Causes
In addition, older adults often have comorbidities for which they take many medications. Multiple conditions and numerous medications can contribute to dry skin in older adults, MacKelfresh says. Diuretics as well as renal, cardiovascular, and thyroid problems can contribute to xerosis, she says.

Crutchfield notes that older adults’ skin has an increased tendency toward dryness because of the decreased production of moisturizing sebaceous oils. As a result, the practice of taking long hot baths or showers without the application of a moisturizer or emollient immediately afterward is a common contributor to drying out older adults’ skin. Also, some older adults were raised to do a lot of scrubbing, washing, and extra cleansing of the skin, but exfoliants, harsh cleansers, and alcohol-based products such as astringents further dry aging skin that’s already predisposed to dryness, MacKelfresh says. These products remove more of the essential skin oils necessary to help keep the skin moist and retain water.

It’s also important to warn patients against using a lot of waterless antibacterial cleansers since these also contain alcohol that can dry out the skin. Even over-the-counter antiaging creams can be quite drying and actually harsh on the skin.

Assessing Xerosis
Physicians should use a three-pronged approach when assessing older adults’ skin for signs of xerosis. Find out how long a patient has been experiencing problems with dry skin, determine whether the dry skin is widespread or concentrated, and ask whether a patient uses moisturizing lotions or creams and if so, whether they help or worsen the dry skin.2 A focused history is key for identifying and treating xerosis appropriately and reducing the risk of infection or sequela brought on by pruritic symptoms associated with dry skin.3

“A common symptom of dry skin is itching, and severe itching can lead to an itch-scratch-rash-itch cycle. The skin may become thickened in these areas from rubbing, and repeated skin rubbing in the same area may lead to chronic skin conditions called lichen simplex chronicus and prurigo nodularis,” says Rita Pichardo-Geisinger, MD, an assistant professor of dermatology at Wake Forest University in Winston-Salem, North Carolina.

Crutchfield stresses the importance of asking patients how long they have been dealing with dry skin. Assessing the duration of the skin dryness is important because it may be a condition called ichthyosis, which is a congenital defect that can develop with time and aging. If the dry skin appears to be severe or has occurred suddenly, it would require further investigation, he says.

MacKelfresh agrees on the importance of identifying the time of onset. “If somebody comes on with brand new dry skin that sort of came out of nowhere, then that is a clue that we might want to look into other things. For instance, heat stroke could be an underlying disease that is causing dry skin. Also, fungal infections of the skin can be a common cause, particularly in nursing homes and other care settings. So if it’s new and different, we definitely need to pay attention to make sure we’re not missing something else,” she says.

Many older adults may not be bothered by their dry skin. While performing a general exam, physicians will likely see dry skin on the legs. After looking at the legs, be sure to examine a patient’s arms. Ask whether he or she is experiencing flaking, itchy, irritated, or even sore skin, MacKelfresh says.

Crutchfield notes that while assessing dry skin is fairly easy, there are some rare issues physicians need to be aware of, especially in patients of color. On the lower leg, a condition called ichthyosiform sarcoidosis can occur, also with generalized exfoliating dermatitis, which can be confused with dry skin. Under these circumstances it’s appropriate to look for internal malignancy, according to Crutchfield.

While studies addressing the differences in ethnic skin are limited, one study has reported greater transepidermal water loss and desquamation in African American skin.4 Pichardo-Geisinger says that while transepidermal water loss appears to occur more in African Americans due to the characteristics of the stratum corneum and reports have pointed out that people of Anglo-Saxon origin have more fair, dry thin skin, the clinical focus doesn’t rely heavily on such factors. “I believe dry skin is due more to internal or external factors than race or ethnicity,” she says.

Conservative Treatment to Start
“We almost always start patients on a nonprescription approach because treating xerosis is pretty simple, and it doesn’t have to be expensive,” MacKelfresh says. Thicker moisturizers work better because the thinner water-based lotions won’t help skin retain its moisture. Suggest that patients keep a moisturizer in the bathroom and apply a thick moisturizer within three minutes of taking a bath or shower and apply it more than once per day, she says.

“If that’s still not working, then there are some other products that contain alpha-hydroxy acids, which will help break down some of those thickened, dry skin cells. And you can find some of those over the counter. Beyond that … there are sometimes areas where you actually need to calm the skin inflammation with a cortisone-based cream,” MacKelfresh says.

Crutchfield recommends that his patients gently pat dry their skin with a cotton towel after a bath or shower, then apply a liberal amount of emollient moisturizing lotion. “The most important thing in preventing dry skin is using a gentle cleanser that does not contain harsh detergents, such as Vanicream cleansing bar and a good moisturizing emollient such as CeraVe cream or AmLactin XL lotion,” he says.
“For my patients who have extremely dry skin, I suggest they use AmLactin XL lotion once a day in addition to another moisturizer. AmLactin XL contains ammonium lactate that functions as a humectant, and it also causes the production of moisturizing oils in the skin,” Crutchfield adds.

“I recommend a fragrance-free regimen,” Pichardo-Geisinger says, “which consists of mild soaps and moisturizing lotions on a regular basis, particularly over-the-counter products with ceramides, such as Cetaphil Restoraderm or CeraVe, and products with oatmeal, like Aveeno Eczema Therapy; Vaseline Clinical Therapy is also excellent. A lactic acid lotion will improve the skin condition. Excellent over-the-counter products such as AmLactin 12% or Aqua Glycolic, which restore the skin’s adequate moisture balance, are recommended. In some cases a topical steroid cream needs to be used.”

As a precaution, only mild corticosteroid creams such as hydrocortisone should be applied to sensitive skin areas, which include the face, underarm, and groin. Using strong corticosteroid creams such as clobetasol for a long period of time may lead to skin problems such as thinning, stretch marks, and skin breakdown.5

Pichardo-Geisinger recommends that older adults avoid strong soaps and detergents, wear cotton and natural fiber clothing, avoid wool clothing, drink plenty of water, use a humidifier in the home when necessary, and limit sun exposure.

Special Cases
MacKelfresh recalls the case of an 85-year-old woman who was wheelchair bound. The woman’s daughter brought her to the office with a complaint of a severe itch and flaking skin on her shins that had recently developed during the winter. An examination revealed dry skin on various parts of the patient’s body but significant erythema, xerosis, and fissuring over her shins. The skin also displayed evidence of scratching in those areas.

MacKelfresh concluded that her patient’s condition was caused by the seasonal change, and her xerosis had transformed into dermatitis. She prescribed a topical steroid cream and provided the patient with careful instructions to use only gentle soap, take short warm (never hot) baths or showers, and apply a thick moisturizer within three minutes of bathing. By her four-week follow-up appointment, the patient’s skin had improved dramatically, and she no longer needed the steroid cream.

It’s important to carefully evaluate patients’ dry skin, particularly those with preexisting conditions such as diabetes or dementia. For those patients, be sure to do a thorough exam by looking for dry skin areas before they become problematic. “In a diabetic patient, if it’s left too long and they’re already having foot ulcers, more dry skin could just make them more prone to dermatitis and ulcers,” MacKelfresh says. “Make sure the caregiver in the situation of a patient with dementia or the physician who’s caring for a diabetic is also on board with your plan. So utilizing multiple members of the team is going to be key in those scenarios as well.”

Whether or not older adults are able-bodied and mobile, Crutchfield suggests using triamcinolone cream twice per day for one week to control itching in dry skin with an inflammatory component.

As the number of baby boomers in the United States grows, it is becoming increasingly important for clinicians to recognize and treat elder patients for skin problems. While prevention is key, treating dry skin is fairly easy and affordable.

— Jaimie Lazare is a freelance writer based in Brooklyn, New York.

 

Advice for Patients
Rita Pichardo-Geisinger, MD, an assistant professor of dermatology at Wake Forest University, offers some practical advice to help patients and their caregivers prevent and reduce the risk of developing dry skin:

Wash gently. Avoid hot baths, frequent showering or bathing, and excessive skin scrubbing. Keep the water warm because hot water tends to strip away the natural oils produced by the skin. Use mild cleansers for the face and body such as Dove unscented, Cetaphil Restoraderm, CeraVe, or Aveeno. Avoid overwashing with harsh soaps and overusing alcohol-based products such as sanitizers and cleansing agents that are drying to the skin.

Hydrate skin. Keeping dry skin hydrated is the best way to avoid potential problems such as itchiness and cracking. The best recommendation is to use a fragrance-free moisturizer. Among the effective products available over the counter are Cetaphil Restoraderm, CeraVe, Aveeno Eczema Therapy, Vaseline Clinical Therapy, AmLactin 12%, and Aqua Glycolic.

Prevent itch. Elderly skin care is all about preventing dry skin. Aging skin requires special attention because it’s prone to dryness, which leads to itch and scratching. Moisturizing the skin will keep it hydrated and help to prevent the itch-scratch-rash-itch cycle.

Pay attention. Examining elderly patients should always include evaluating their skin for signs of cancer or other conditions. Be sure to look for new growths or moles that appear to be changing. Identify skin changes such as peeling, chapped, red, or pruritic skin.

Check patients’ feet. In older individuals the skin of the feet often gets dry and becomes susceptible to corns, calluses, warts, and fungal infections. Inspect patients’ feet and remind them (or their caregivers) to examine their feet. It is important to check the feet regularly, especially in patients with diabetes.

— JL

 

References
1. Pons-Guiraud A. Dry skin in dermatology: a complex physiopathology. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2007;21 Suppl 2:1-4.

2. White-Chu EF, Reddy M. Dry skin in the elderly: complexities of a common problem. Clin Dermatol. 2011;29(1):37-42.

3. Lazare J. Ambiguous itching. Aging Well. 2011;4(3):22-24.

4. Wesley NO, Maibach HI. Racial (ethnic) differences in skin properties: the objective data. Am J Clin Dermatol. 2003;4(12):843-860.

5. Cole GW. What is the treatment for dry skin? http://www.medicinenet.com/dry_skin/page5.htm. Last reviewed January 18, 2012. Accessed July 1, 2012.

 

Источник: https://www.todaysgeriatricmedicine.com/archive/091712p18.shtml

What Purpose Does Urea Serve in Skin Care Products?

If you’ve recently looked closely at the label on your moisturizer, you may have seen urea listed in the ingredients list.

Urea is included in a variety of cosmetics and skin care products for its moisturizing and exfoliating properties.

The urea used in skin care products is made synthetically in a lab, but urea is also naturally found on your skin and is excreted in urine.

Let’s go over the role of urea in skin care products and take a look at its potential side effects.

How does urea work for skin care?

The outer layer of your skin is called your epidermis, and it can be divided into five sublayers.

The outermost sublayer, the stratum corneum, keeps unwanted molecules from entering your body and prevents water loss through your skin.

The water-retaining property of the stratum corneum largely comes from a group of substances known as natural moistening factors (NMFs). Among these NMFs are:

  • urea
  • various amino acids
  • lactic acid
  • pyrrolidone carboxylic aid

Urea is used in a variety of skin care products to target general skin dryness or medical conditions associated with dry or itchy skin. Urea can also help exfoliate dead skin buildup and may help target fungal infections.

Moisturizes your skin

According to a , a number of studies have found that dry skin can be successfully treated with creams or lotions containing urea.

Urea is a humectant. This means it keeps your skin moist by drawing water from the deeper layers of your skin and the air.

Exfoliates

Urea is known as a keratolytic agent. This means it breaks down the protein keratin in the outer layer of your skin. This action can help reduce dead skin buildup and get rid of flaking or scaling skin.

The exfoliating actions are strongest in creams containing more than urea.

Increases the action of some medications

A 2013 study suggested that urea may help some medications penetrate through your skin. These medications include corticosteroids and antifungal creams.

A found that urea enhanced the function of oral and topical antifungal treatments for onychomycosis, which is a fungal infection of the toenail.

However, more research is needed to fully understand its effects.

What is urea cream used for?

Urea creams and lotions are used to treat a variety of conditions associated with dry, rough, or scaling skin.

In particular, it’s commonly used to treat conditions of the feet like:

  • calluses
  • corns
  • some nail problems

Urea creams and lotions have been used as a successful treatment for:

Are there any side effects or risks?

Urea creams and ointments appear on the World Health Organization’s list of essential medications for a basic healthcare system. This is due to its:

  • safety
  • effectiveness
  • affordability

According to the Cosmetics Info database, short- and long-term studies have found that even in large doses, urea seems to be safe for topical use with a low risk of side effects.

In some cases, urea may cause mild skin irritation and symptoms like stinging, itching, or burning.

It’s also possible to have an allergic reaction that causes more severe symptoms. If you experience symptoms like trouble breathing or a rapid heartbeat, you should seek medical attention immediately.

Urea may also increase the absorption of some of the other ingredients in the product you’re using. If you’re sensitive to a different ingredient, urea may make your reaction worse.

Urea products are generally not recommended for children under 2 years old. However, a doctor can best advise you whether a urea cream is suitable for your child.

Percentages of urea used in skin care products

Skin care products can contain anywhere from about 2 percent to 40 percent urea. The percentage that you should use depends on the condition you’re trying to treat.

Urea cream or lotion less than 10 percent

Skin care products that contain less than 10 percent urea primarily act as moisturizers, according to a . A cream containing a low dose of urea may be appropriate for treating dry skin or conditions that lead to dry skin.

Between 10 and 20 percent

At strengths above 10 percent, according to the same 2018 review, urea creams and lotions have a keratolytic action, meaning they help exfoliate dry and flaking skin.

You can use 20 percent urea creams to treat conditions like:

  • rough patches of skin
  • calluses
  • cracked heels

Higher than 20 percent

Urea products with a concentration higher than 20 percent have the . Products in this range may help treat nail fungus and soften thick nails.

What is urea cream made of?

Urea is a major component of the urine of mammals. So it’s not surprising that some people wonder if the urea in cosmetic comes from urine.

In commercial cosmetics, urea is made synthetically in a lab. Synthetic urea is also commonly added to baked goods and wines to help with fermentation.

Takeaway

Lotions and creams often contain urea to help moisturize dry or flaking skin or to act as a chemical exfoliator.

Urea used in skin care products is made synthetically and doesn’t contain animal byproducts.

Urea cream is generally considered safe, but it can cause skin irritation or an allergic reaction.

Источник: https://www.healthline.com/health/beauty-skin-care/urea-in-lotion

8 remedies for cracked heels and what causes them

  • We earn a commission for products purchased through some links in this article.

  • The best remedies for cracked heels can fix the problem quickly and don’t have to cost a lot of money either.

    Cracked heels are caused by a number of reasons – from not drinking enough water to diabetes. Thankfully, cracked heels are a problem that can be fixed with home remedies.

    We asked three experts about why our feet sometimes suffer from dry skin, what the best remedies for cracked heels are and how to care for our feet in order to stop our heels becoming dry and cracked in future.

    What causes cracked heels?

    ‘Cracked heels are generally caused when the skin around the heel needs to split to cope with the pressure placed on the feet,’ explains Emma McConnachie, spokesperson for the College of Podiatry in London.

    For example, if you stand on your feet all day the pressure can contribute to cracked heels. ‘The chances of it happening are increased if the skin is dry, if there’s a build-up of dead skin known as callus, and if you wear backless shoes which will increase friction in the area,’ says Emma.

    There are other causes, too, says Tina Svetek, Cosmetic Scientist at the award-winning School of Natural Skincare. ‘Ill-fitting shoes, as well as low levels of hydration, can all contribute to dry, calloused skin that starts to crack. Several medical conditions also cause cracked heels – for example, diabetes, fungal infections, psoriasis, eczema and obesity. However, even in healthy individuals, cracked heels can be quite common,’ she says.

    While the thick skin on our heels can look unsightly, it’s there for a reason. ‘Generally speaking, dry skin on our feet is actually protection for the tissues that lie beneath it – without that hardened horny layer of the skin every step we make would be much more unpleasant,’ says Tina. ‘Completely removing all of the dry skin is not possible, and it’s not even a good idea. But when the skin gets too dry, it can start cracking and this can lead to pain and even deep, bleeding cracks.’

    Best home remedies for cracked heels

    Soak your feet once a week

    ‘A simple foot soak done approximately once a week, followed with a rich nourishing cream, is a lovely way to keep the skin hydrated and soft,’ says Tina, who suggests this quick DIY foot spa.  ‘Don’t forget to use warm water, though. Hot water can cause dryness.’

    Some people like to add fresh lemon juice to their foot soak as the acid in the fruit helps to get rid of dry skin cells. Soak for 10 minutes then scrub your feet with a soft brush.

    A foot shaped pumice stone

    A pumice stone gets rid of dead skin. (Credit: Getty)

    Use a pumice stone

    ‘If there’s a build-up of dead skin you can buff this with a foot file or pumice stone,’ says Emma. You can buy a pumice stone in most pharmacies or invest in the Magnitone Well Heeled 2 Pedicure System which provides two settings to buff away hard, rough skin.

    However, don’t over-do it. ‘Avoid frequent mechanical removal of dry, cracked skin on the heels,’ warns Tina. ‘Using foot files (or pumices stones) too often, actually sends “protective dry skin layer is gone, we need to make more dry skin” information to the body. This only causes more and more dry skin build-up,’ she says. ‘Occasional removal is OK, as long as it’s followed by regular use of hydrating foot products.’

    If it’s quite bad and you’re not sure how manage it ‘thicker build-ups can be safely removed by a podiatrist,’ says Emma. ‘It’s not advisable to use sharp implements yourself to remove the skin – and if your cracks have been bleeding or look infected cover them with a clean, dry dressing and seek help,’ she advises.

    L'Occitane shea butter foot cream for cracked heels

    Shea butter is kind to cracked heels. (Credit: L’Occitane)

    Smother your feet in shea butter

    ‘Apply a good moisturiser containing shea butter as a base,’ recommends Natalie Gooding, podiatrist and owner of The Organic Foot Company. ‘These ingredients are similar to our skins natural ph. and are easily absorbed by our skin,’ she says. Try L’Occitane Shea Butter Foot Cream.

    Solgar Female Multiple supplement

    A multivitamin will give you a boost. (Credit: Solgar)

    Treat deficiences

    Certain deficiencies, such as a lack of vitamins B, C E and minerals iron and zinc, can contribute to cracked heels. If you think this may be the problem – for example, you may already have anaemia – taking a supplement can help. Trusted brand Solgar’s Female Multiple is a multivitamin with minerals.

    A view of a woman on a beach wearing espadrilles

    Avoid slip-ons and wear comfortable shoes. (Credit: Getty)

    Wear the right footwear

    ‘To help reduce the chances of getting cracked skin around your heels, ensure your footwear fits correctly and try not to wear slip-on shoes,’ says Natalie.

    Tina agrees: ‘Too-tight shoes can quickly cause blisters and horns, while too-loose shoes can cause horny and calloused skin due to constant rubbing of the shoe on the skin.’ So treat your feet to well-fitted shoes and, in the summer months, when you start to wear flip-flops and open-back sandals again, moisturise your heels regularly so they suffer less from the lack of support your feet get from wearing them.

    Eucerin Urea Repair Plus Foot Cream

    A urea-based cream can really help. (Credit: Eucerin)

    Slather on a urea-based cream

    ‘Use a urea-based cream designed for cracked heels,’ says Emma. ‘These are easily available and are inexpensive to buy. An everyday cream would contain 5-10% urea and a cracked heel cream around 25% urea.’

    One option is Eucerin Dry Skin UreaRepair Plus 10% Urea Foot Cream – it contains both urea and ceramide for instant moisturisation, and prevents moisture loss.

    Amlactin AHA foot cream

    AHAs can soothe and moisturise feet. (Credit: Amlactin)

    Apply AHA sometimes

    ‘Doing occasional treatments using alpha hydroxy acids (AHA) is a sure way to prevent too much dry skin build-up,’ suggests Tina. ‘Softening the skin with products that contain chemical exfoliants, such as AHAs, is a nice way to keep dry skin amount at bay. They can be found as occasional treatments (with high strength acids) or regular treatments (with low strength acids) – both hydrate the skin very well.’

    AmLactin Foot Repair Foot Cream Therapy is well-rated and contains Alpha-Hydroxyl to exfoliate and hydrate your heels.

    A woman applying moisturiser to her cracked heels

    Regular moisturising is key. (Credit: Getty)

    Moisturise your feet daily

    ‘Moisturising feet frequently is the best solution for cracked heels,’ says Emma. ‘If you apply the cream thickly with socks overnight it doesn’t speed up healing but it will hold the cream in place while it’s absorbed. But little and often works just as well. To maintain good quality skin use a pea-sized amount of a foot cream on your heels every day.’ What’s more you’ll reap the benefits of a little self-care.

    Natalie agrees: ‘I would recommend applying a good moisturiser daily to help keep the skin hydrated,’ such as her own Mint & Lime Foot Cream. ‘Gently filing the skin first with an emery board will help remove dry skin and surface debris. This will allow a cream or balm to absorb better into the skin.’

    A jar and spoon full of coconut oil for cracked heels

    Coconut oil is especially good after a foot soak. (Credit: Getty)

    Is coconut oil good for cracked heels?

    ‘Coconut oil is excellent for cracked heels. It contains a high concentration of vitamin E and natural proteins that help repair damaged skin cells,’ says Natalie. ‘It also contains natural lauric acid, which has both antibacterial and anti-fungal properties.’

    For maximum results, Tina recommends using coconut oil after bathing. ‘Coconut oil is good for skin, especially if applied after a soak,’ she says. ‘Bath water will provide moisture, while coconut oil with help to “lock” the moisture in.’

    If you find coconut oil a little greasy, try Burt’s Bees Coconut Foot Cream, which deeply penetrates dry skin.

    How to care for your heels to stop them becoming dry and cracked

    Our recommended home remedies for cracked heels will help keep your feet in tip-top shape. Sometimes, though, the condition may get worse before it gets better. Try a repair cream such as Scholl Cracked Heel Repair Cream – which contains keratin that acts as a “scaffold” to aid skin repair – or Margaret Dabbs’ Cracked Heel Sealer, which creates a barrier to lock in moisture. If you need still need help, see a professional.

    Related Content

    Video of the Week

    ‘A podiatrist can safely remove any dead skin build-ups and help advise on preventing reoccurrence,’ advises Emma. ‘Podiatrists (previously known as chiropodists) are trained to degree level and are regulated by the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC). To see a podiatrist on the NHS, please check with your local area or GP. Or you can see a private podiatrist without the need for referral. You can search for one in your local area using this Find a Podiatrist function.’

    ‘Occasionally cracks in the skin around your heels can provide an entry for bacteria or infection,’ warns Natalie. ‘If this occurs, seek professional advice and treatment from your podiatrist.’

    Источник: https://www.goodto.com/wellbeing/home-remedies-cracked-heels-94846

    Vitamin B Test

    What is a vitamin B test?

    This test measures the amount of one or more B vitamins in your blood or urine. B vitamins are nutrients the body needs so that it can perform a variety of essential functions. These include:

    • Maintaining normal metabolism (the process of how your body uses food and energy)
    • Making healthy blood cells
    • Helping the nervous system work properly
    • Reducing risk of heart disease
    • Helping to lower bad cholesterol (LDL) and increase good cholesterol (HDL)

    There are several types of B vitamins. These vitamins, also known as the B vitamin complex, include the following:

    • B1, thiamine
    • B2, riboflavin
    • B3, niacin
    • B5, pantothenic acid
    • B6, pyridoxal phosphate
    • B7, biotin
    • B9, folic acid (or folate) and B12, cobalamin. These two B vitamins are often measured together in a test called vitamin B12 and folate.

    Vitamin B deficiencies are rare in the United States, because many everyday foods are fortified with B vitamins. These foods include cereals, breads, and pasta. Also, B vitamins are found naturally in a variety of foods, including leafy green vegetables and whole grains. But if you do have a deficiency in any of the B vitamins, it can cause serious health problems.

    Other names: vitamin B testing, vitamin B complex, thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3), pantothenic acid (B5), pyridoxal phosphate (B6), biotin (B7), vitamin B12 and folate

    What is it used for?

    Vitamin B testing is used to find out if your body is not getting enough of one or more B vitamins (vitamin B deficiency). A vitamin B12 and folate test is often used to check for certain types of anemia.

    Why do I need a vitamin B test?

    You may need this test if you have symptoms of a vitamin B deficiency. Symptoms vary depending on which B vitamin is deficient, but some common symptoms include:

    • Rash
    • Tingling or burning in the hands and feet
    • Cracked lips or mouth sores
    • Weight loss
    • Weakness
    • Fatigue
    • Mood changes

    You may also need testing if you have certain risk factors. You may be at a higher risk for a vitamin B deficiency if you have:

    What happens during a vitamin B test?

    Vitamin B levels may be checked in blood or urine.

    During a blood test, a health care professional will take a blood sample from a vein in your arm, using a small needle. After the needle is inserted, a small amount of blood will be collected into a test tube or vial. You may feel a little sting when the needle goes in or out. This usually takes less than five minutes.

    Vitamin B urine testing may be ordered as a 24-hour urine sample test or a random urine test.

    For a 24-hour urine sample test, you'll need to collect all urine passed in a 24-hour period. This is called a 24-hour urine sample test. Your health care provider or a laboratory professional will give a container to collect your urine and instructions on how to collect and store your samples. A 24-hour urine sample test generally includes the following steps:

    • Empty your bladder in the morning and flush that urine away. Record the time.
    • For the next 24 hours, save all your urine passed in the container provided.
    • Store your urine container in the refrigerator or a cooler with ice.
    • Return the sample container to your health provider's office or the laboratory as instructed.

    For a random urine test, your sample of urine may be collected any time of the day.

    Will I need to do anything to prepare for the test?

    If you are having a vitamin B blood test, you may need to fast (not eat or drink) for several hours before the test.

    You don't need any special preparations for a urine test.

    Are there any risks to the test?

    There is very little risk to having a blood test. You may experience slight pain or bruising at the spot where the needle was put in, but most symptoms go away quickly.

    There is no known risk to having a urine test.

    What do the results mean?

    If your results show you have a vitamin B deficiency, it can mean you have:

    • Malnutrition, a condition that happens when you don't get enough nutrients in your diet.
    • A malabsorprtion syndrome, a type of disorder where your small intestine can't absorb enough nutrients from food. Malabsorption syndromes include celiac disease and Crohn's disease.

    Vitamin B12 deficiencies are most often caused by pernicious anemia, a condition in which the body does not make enough healthy red blood cells.

    If you have questions about your results, talk to your health care provider.

    Learn more about laboratory tests, reference ranges, and understanding results.

    Is there anything else I need to know about vitamin B testing?

    Vitamin B6, folic acid (vitamin B9), and vitamin B12 play a key role in maintaining a healthy pregnancy. While pregnant women are not routinely tested for vitamin B deficiencies, nearly all pregnant women are encouraged to take prenatal vitamins, which include B vitamins. Folic acid, in particular, can help prevent birth defects of the brain and spine when taken during pregnancy.

    References

    1. American Pregnancy Association [Internet]. Irving (TX): American Pregnancy Association; c2019. Roles of Vitamin B in Pregnancy; [updated 2019 Jan 3; cited 2019 Feb 11]; [about 3 screens]. Available from: http://americanpregnancy.org/pregnancy-health/vitamin-b-pregnancy
    2. Cleveland Clinic [Internet]. Cleveland (OH): Cleveland Clinic; c2019. Vitamins: The Basics; [cited 2019 Feb 11]; [about 3 screens]. Available from: https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/drugs/15847-vitamins-the-basics
    3. Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health [Internet]. Boston: The President and Fellows of Harvard College; c2019. Three of the B Vitamins: Folate, Vitamin B6, and Vitamin B12; [cited 2019 Feb 11]; [about 3 screens]. Available from: https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/what-should-you-eat/vitamins/vitamin-b
    4. Lab Tests Online [Internet]. Washington D.C.: American Association for Clinical Chemistry; c2001–2019. B Vitamins; [updated 2018 Dec 22; cited 2019 Feb 11]; [about 2 screens]. Available from: https://labtestsonline.org/tests/b-vitamins
    5. Lab Tests Online [Internet]. Washington D.C.: American Association for Clinical Chemistry; c2001–2019. Random Urine Sample; [updated 2017 Jul 10; cited 2019 Feb 11]; [about 2 screens]. Available from: https://labtestsonline.org/glossary/random-urine
    6. Lab Tests Online [Internet]. Washington D.C.: American Association for Clinical Chemistry; c2001–2019. 24-Hour Urine Sample; [updated 2017 Jul 10; cited 2019 Feb 11]; [about 2 screens]. Available from: https://labtestsonline.org/glossary/urine-24
    7. Lab Tests Online [Internet]. Washington D.C.: American Association for Clinical Chemistry; c2001–2019. Malnutrition; [updated 2018 Aug 29; cited 2019 Feb 11]; [about 2 screens]. Available from: https://labtestsonline.org/conditions/malnutrition
    8. Lab Tests Online [Internet]. Washington D.C.: American Association for Clinical Chemistry; c2001–2019. Vitamin B12 and Folate; [updated 2019 Jan 20; cited 2019 Feb 11]; [about 2 screens]. Available from: https://labtestsonline.org/tests/vitamin-b12-and-folate
    9. Mayo Clinic [Internet]. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; c1998–2019. Anemia: Symptoms and causes; 2017 Aug 8 [cited 2019 Feb 11]; [about 3 screens]. Available from: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/anemia/symptoms-causes/syc-20351360
    10. National Cancer Institute [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms: malabsorption syndrome; [cited 2019 Feb 11]; [about 3 screens]. Available from: https://www.cancer.gov/publications/dictionaries/cancer-terms/def/malabsorption-syndrome
    11. National Cancer Institute [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms: vitamin B complex; [cited 2020 Jul 22]; [about 3 screens]. Available from: https://www.cancer.gov/publications/dictionaries/cancer-terms/def/vitamin-b-complex
    12. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Blood Tests; [cited 2019 Feb 11]; [about 3 screens]. Available from: https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/blood-tests
    13. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Pernicious Anemia; [cited 2019 Feb 11]; [about 3 screens]. Available from: https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/pernicious-anemia
    14. UF Health: University of Florida Health [Internet]. University of Florida; c2019. Vitamin B12 level: Overview; [updated 2019 Feb 11; cited 2019 Feb 11]; [about 2 screens]. Available from: https://ufhealth.org/vitamin-b12-level
    15. University of Rochester Medical Center [Internet]. Rochester (NY): University of Rochester Medical Center; c2019. Health Encyclopedia: Vitamin B Complex; [cited 2019 Feb 11]; [about 2 screens]. Available from: https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/encyclopedia/content.aspx?contenttypeid=19&contentid=BComplex
    16. University of Rochester Medical Center [Internet]. Rochester (NY): University of Rochester Medical Center; c2019. Health Encyclopedia: Vitamin B-12 and Folate; [cited 2019 Feb 11]; [about 2 screens]. Available from: https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/encyclopedia/content.aspx?contenttypeid=167&contentid=vitamin_b12_folate
    17. UW Health [Internet]. Madison (WI): University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority; c2019. Health Information: Metabolism; [updated 2017 Oct 19; cited 2019 Feb 11]; [about 2 screens]. Available from: https://www.uwhealth.org/health/topic/definition/metabolism/stm159337.html#stm159337-sec
    18. UW Health [Internet]. Madison (WI): University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority; c2018. Health Information: Vitamin B12 Test: Results; [updated 2017 Oct 9; cited 2019 Feb 12]; [about 8 screens]. Available from: https://www.uwhealth.org/health/topic/medicaltest/vitamin-b12-test/hw43820.html#hw43847
    19. UW Health [Internet]. Madison (WI): University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Authority; c2018. Health Information: Vitamin B12 Test: Why It Is Done;s [updated 2017 Oct 9; cited 2019 Feb 12]; [about 3 screens]. Available from: https://www.uwhealth.org/health/topic/medicaltest/vitamin-b12-test/hw43820.html#hw43828

    The information on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice. Contact a health care provider if you have questions about your health.

    Источник: https://medlineplus.gov/lab-tests/vitamin-b-test/

    ACID Pro 11.0.10.21 Crack + Key 2022 Free Download

    ACID Pro 11.0.10.21 Crack + Key 2022 Free Win/Mac Download

    Author: AdminOctober 4, 2021

    Audio & Video, Software, Windows App

    acid pro 10 review, acid pro 10.0.3 free download, ACID Pro 11.0.10.21 Crack, ACID Pro 11.0.10.21 Key, ACID Pro 2022, ACID Pro 2022 Crack, acid pro 32 bit, acid pro crack, acid pro download, acid pro download crack, acid pro download for pc, acid pro download mac, acid pro download windows 10, acid pro for mac, acid pro for windows 10, acid pro free, acid pro free download for pc, acid pro keygen, acid pro latest version, acid pro mac, acid acid problem - Crack Key For U pc download

    ACID Pro Crack + Key was initially known as Acid pH1 and released by Sonic Foundry, afterward by Sony Creative Software as Acid Pro. Acid Pro, originally developed by Sonic Foundry and later by Sony Creative Software. I’m a long‑term Acid user and have reviewed various program releases for SOS over the years. However, the most recent reviews appeared in the April 2009 issue when Acid Pro 7 was released. Apart from a few maintenance updates, that’s remained the current version until now.

    ACID Pro 11.0.10.21 Crack + Key 2022 Free Download [Build 32]

    ACID Pro 11.0.10.21 Crack + License Key 2022 Free Download

    That is wherein simplicity of usage is likely hand-in-hand with professional consequences. Acidity loops unharness your creativity and in which hello-quit results and instruments upload layers of elegance. All-new works for the modern acid experienced 9 encircle the playable midi chopper. You perform acids such as a device, remixing, jamming, and writing plus plug-ins plus a great deal of fresh acidized loops and results.

    ACID 11.0.10.21 Crack is a remarkable multimedia manager to arranges and labels audio files, allowing more effective searches. Any sound monitor at the main window can observe the waveform; zoom it out to operate with a bigger picture. MAGIX ACID  is a brand new form of the renowned Sony product that can readily help you produce high-quality first audio, even as a professional.

    ACID Pro 11.0.10.21 Crack + Keygen Key 2022 Free Download Windows/Mac

    Sony/MAGIX ACID includes a transparent user interface and the primary usage of tools that will cause a professional, excellent product. It is possible to use an infinite number of looped paths to make soundtracks, which applies to MIDI tracks as the foundation for your songs.

    ACID Pro 11.0.10.21 Crack + 32/64 Bits 2022 Free Download Torrent

    With this fantastic editor, you’ll be able to draw notes, which means that you can readily edit the parameters of MIDI fragments. It is possible to write a lot about Sony ACID, also that I think that consumers who’ve already had to deal with this advancement can enjoy its capabilities. The user interface is rather straightforward and clear, and that I don’t think there’ll be some problems using it.

    The program can automatically adjust the elevation of speed mcafee total protection product key free - Free Activators sound, there’s also support for listening into the cycle on the internet, and there’s support for multichannel audio. I expect Sony ACID can assist you in your endeavors. ACID includes a world-class, 20-year legacy and the VST3 backing coming shortly in a free upgrade; ACID Pro 8 is very much the imaginative DAW for the forward-thinking artists. Effects Rack package is a package of sound impacts powered by iZotope DSP technology.

    Key Features:

    • Melodyne key brings third-party compatibility into the ACID platform.
    • Highlights of ACID Pro Next Bundle:
    • The most fabulous next-gen music production package
    • Sophisticated attributes, professional outcomes
    • NEW! Melodyne essential and 32-bit bridge technologies
    • Exclusive! 10 additional tools and nine bonus impacts
    • Exclusive! The bonus sample package includes two other packs of loops.

    Remix them and add them to your music easily. The next degree of sampling and remixing is here.

    ACID Pro 10.0.5.38 Crack + Keygen 2022 Free [Build 32] PC Full Download

    The all-new MIDI Playable Chopper lets you play with individual beats and notes out of sound loops or load in samples and play them in real-time, precisely like a traditional MPC sampler. MAGIX ACID Pro Next Suite Serial Key Record the outcomes as new sound events for live remixes. Jam, album, have fun! Professional design is made more accessible with tools such as the Loudness Meter. House in and analyze your songs with nail detail.

    What’s New?

    • A brand new approach to acid problem - Crack Key For U and much more to play
    • MIDI Playable Chopper

    You can record your tunes, combine them, add various effects to the soundtracks, and compose unique kinds of soundtracks for movies, internet sites, and flash animations by merely downloading the MAGIX ACID Crack from our comprehensive packages.

    1. In previous versions of Acid, the elementary mixing section displayed just the master and bus channels, with the volume levels and other parameters of audio tracks only available via the tracklist on the left-hand side of the sequencer window.
    2. Quite how Sony managed to get away without having a proper mixer in its software for so long is anyone’s guess. Still, we’re sure that Acid Pro users will be overjoyed to have such an elementary feature added to their DAW finally.
    3. Overall, the new mixer makes balancing, routing, and carrying out other fundamental tasks that much easier, so we’d say it’s a success. Most notably, the zoom function that enables you to change the size of all tracks simultaneously with a single slider works a treat and is something that we can imagine cropping up in other DAWs.

    ACID Pro 11.0.10.21 Crack + Key 2022 Free Download

    How to Crack?

    1. First Download MAGIX ACID Pro 10.0.5.38 Crack Activation Key [2021]
    2. Following the Download, Extract the zip file with WinRAR or WinZip.
    3. Following the Extract, Then the zip file Installs the Program As Regular.
    4. Once Install, Do Not Run the Software Run.
    5. Would you please read the Readme Document?
    6. Once Install, Run the Software Run.
    7. You’re Done with it.

    They start with the Essential FX (eFX) Suite, a bundle of 11 effects and processors that includes a De‑Esser, Gate, Limiter, Phaser, Reverb, Stereo Delay, Tremolo Pan, Tube Stage and Vocal Strip (a channel‑strip plug‑in with EQ, gate, de‑esser, and compression). These cover some similar functional ground to Acid’s previous Track FX plug‑ins, which are still included, but seem much more on par sonically with the kinds of audio plug‑ins included in most current DAW packages.

    Torrent Link Free

    Download Link

    This layout works well on a single‑monitor setup; if you prefer or have multiple monitors, individual panes such as the Mixing Console can be dragged away from the lower zone and floated. The Reverb and Stereo Delay options are fine for routine tasks, but they are neither the richest‑sounding nor the most versatile of their type, so this is one area you might want to supplement with third‑party effects. Users working with lots of vocal‑based projects might also wish to budget for a pitch‑correction plug‑in.

    Updated Key Features _ 2022:

    • AMmunition is an impressive-looking (and sounding) compressor/limiter that could most certainly be used on key individual tracks but is, I suspect, primarily intended to sit on your drum or master bus. The range of options is impressive, although the control set does take some exploration.
    • An impulse is a transient‑shaping tool designed for use with percussion or drums.
    • AMphibia combines optical compressor modeling with pre-and post‑EQ filters and ‘character’ options within the compression control set.
    • The acid problem - Crack Key For U plug‑in is Amtrack and combines modeled analog compression and saturation.

    Still, Acid’s straightforward presentation and clear, easy interface are sure to be highly attractive to those who are put off by Live’s plethora acid problem - Crack Key For U advanced features. What’s more, Acid is a convenient tool for multimedia audio production, and users of Sony’s Vegas video editing software will feel at home right away.

    Источник: https://activatedcrack.com/magix-acid-pro/

    How Your Kidneys Work

    Kidneys & COVID-19

    Learn how the kidneys and kidney patients are affected here.

    Why Are the Kidneys So Important?

    Most people know that a major function of the kidneys is to remove waste products and excess fluid from the body. These waste products and excess fluid are removed through the urine. The production of urine involves highly complex steps of excretion and re-absorption. This process is necessary to maintain a stable balance of body chemicals.

    The critical regulation of the body's salt, potassium and acid content is performed by the kidneys. The kidneys also produce hormones that affect the function of other organs. For example, a hormone produced by the kidneys stimulates red blood cell production. Other hormones produced by the kidneys help regulate blood pressure and control calcium metabolism.

    The kidneys are powerful chemical factories that perform the following functions:

    • remove waste products from the body
    • remove drugs from the body
    • balance the body's fluids
    • release hormones that regulate blood pressure
    • produce an active form of vitamin D that Windows Repair Crack Free Download - Crack Key For U strong, healthy bones
    • control the production of red blood cells

    Below you will find more information about the kidneys and the vital role they play in keeping your body functioning.

    How is your kidney health?

    Use our online curriculum to get individualized information for your stage of kidney disease.

    Enter Kidney Pathways

    Where Are the Kidneys and How Do They Function?

    There are two kidneys, each about the size of a fist, located on either side of the spine at the lowest level of the rib cage. Each kidney contains up to a million functioning units called nephrons. A nephron consists of a filtering unit of tiny blood vessels called a glomerulus attached to a tubule. When blood enters the glomerulus, it is filtered and the remaining fluid then passes along the tubule. In the tubule, chemicals and water are either added to or removed from this filtered fluid according to the body's needs, the final product being the urine we excrete.

    The kidneys perform their life-sustaining job of filtering and returning to the bloodstream about 200 quarts of fluid every 24 hours. About two quarts are removed from the body in the form of urine, and about 198 quarts are recovered. The urine we excrete has been stored in the bladder for anywhere from 1 to 8 hours.

    What Are Some of the Causes of Chronic Kidney Disease?

    Chronic kidney disease is defined as having some type of kidney abnormality, or "marker", such as protein in the urine and having decreased kidney function for three months or longer.

    There are many causes of chronic kidney disease. The kidneys may be affected by diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure. Some kidney conditions are inherited (run in review of bitdefender are congenital; that is, individuals may be born with an abnormality that can affect their kidneys. The following are some of the most common types and causes of kidney damage.

    Diabetes is a disease in which your body does not make enough insulin or cannot use normal amounts of insulin properly. This results in a high blood sugar level, which can cause problems in many parts of your body. Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney disease.

    High blood pressure (also known as hypertension) is another common cause of kidney disease and other complications such as push video wallpaper license key attacks and strokes. High blood pressure occurs when the force of blood against your artery walls increases. When high blood pressure is controlled, the risk of complications such as chronic kidney disease is decreased.

    Glomerulonephritis is a disease that causes inflammation of the kidney's tiny filtering units called the glomeruli. Glomerulonephritis may happen suddenly, for example, after a strep throat, and the individual may get well again.However, the disease may develop slowly over several years and it may cause progressive loss of kidney function.

    Polycystic kidney disease is the most common inherited kidney disease. It is characterized by the formation of kidney cysts that enlarge over time and may cause serious kidney damage and even kidney failure. Other inherited diseases that affect the kidneys include Alport's Syndrome,primary hyperoxaluria and cystinuria.

    Kidney stones are very common, and when they pass, they may cause severe pain in your back and side. There are many possible causes of kidney stones, including an inherited disorder that causes too much calcium to be absorbed from foods and urinary tract infections or obstructions. Sometimes, medications and diet can help to prevent recurrent stone formation. In cases where stones are too large to pass, treatments may be done to remove the stones or break them down into small pieces that can pass out of the body.

    Urinary tract infections occur when germs enter the urinary tract and cause symptoms such as pain and/or burning during urination and more frequent need to urinate. These infections most often affect the bladder, but they sometimes spread to the kidneys, and they may cause fever and pain in your back.

    Congenital diseases may also affect the kidneys. These usually involve some problem that occurs in the urinary tract when a baby is developing in its mother's womb. One of the most common occurs when acid problem - Crack Key For U valve-like mechanism between the bladder and ureter (urine tube) fails to work properly and allows urine to back up (reflux) to the kidneys, causing infections and possible kidney damage.

    Drugs and toxins can also cause kidney problems. Using large numbers of over-the-counter pain relievers for a long time may be harmful to the kidneys. Certain other medications, toxins, pesticides and "street" drugs such as heroin and crack can also cause kidney damage

    How is Chronic Kidney Disease Detected?

    Early detection and treatment of chronic kidney disease are the keys to keeping kidney disease from progressing to kidney failure. Some simple tests can be done to detect early kidney disease. They are:

    1. A test for protein in the urine. Albumin to Creatinine Ratio (ACR), estimates the amount of a albumin that is in your urine. An excess amount of protein in your urine may mean your kidney's filtering units have been damaged by disease. One positive result could be due to fever or heavy exercise, so your doctor will want to confirm your test over several weeks.
    2. A test for blood Capture One 21 14.0.2.36 Crack + Serial Key Full Free Download. Your doctor should use your results, along with your age, race, gender and other factors, to calculate your glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Your GFR tells how much kidney function you have. To access the GFR acid problem - Crack Key For U, click here.

    It is especially important that people who have an increased risk for chronic kidney disease have these tests. You may have an increased risk for kidney disease if you:

    • are older
    • have diabetes
    • have high blood pressure
    • have a family member who has chronic kidney disease
    • are an African American, Hispanic American, Asians and Pacific Islander or American Indian.

    If you are in one of these groups or think you may have an increased risk for kidney disease, ask your doctor about getting tested.

    Can Kidney Disease Be Successfully Treated?

    Many kidney diseases can be treated successfully. Careful control of diseases like diabetes and high blood pressure can help prevent kidney disease or keep it from getting worse. Kidney stones and urinary tract infections can usually be treated successfully. Unfortunately, the exact causes of some kidney diseases are still unknown, and specific treatments are not yet available for them. Sometimes, chronic kidney disease may progress to kidney failure, requiring dialysis or kidney transplantation. Treating high blood pressure with special medications called angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors often helps to slow the progression of chronic kidney disease. A great deal of research is being done to find more effective treatment for all conditions that can cause chronic kidney disease.

    How is Kidney Failure Treated?

    Kidney failure may be treated with hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis or kidney transplantation. Treatment with hemodialysis (the artificial kidney) may be performed at a dialysis unit or at home. Hemodialysis treatments are usually performed three times a week. Peritoneal dialysis is generally done daily at home. Continuous Cycling Peritoneal Dialysis requires the use of a machine while Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis does not. A kidney specialist can explain the different approaches and help individual patients make the best treatment choices for themselves and their families.

    Kidney transplants have high success rates. The kidney may come from someone who died or from a living donor who may be a relative, friend or possibly a stranger, who donates a kidney to anyone in need of a transplant.

    What Are the Warning Signs of Kidney Disease?

    Kidney disease usually affects both kidneys. If the kidneys' ability to filter the blood is seriously damaged by disease, wastes and excess fluid may build up in the body. Although many forms of kidney disease do not produce symptoms until late in the course of the disease, there are six warning signs of kidney disease:

    1. High blood pressure.
    2. Blood and/or protein in the urine.
    3. A creatinine and Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) blood test, outside the normal range. BUN and creatinine are waste that build up in your blood when your kidney function is reduced.
    4. A glomerular filtration rate (GFR) less than 60. GFR is a measure of kidney function.
    5. More frequent urination, particularly at night; difficult or painful urination.
    6. Puffiness around eyes, swelling of hands and feet.
    Источник: https://www.kidney.org/kidneydisease/howkidneyswrk

    Careful Attention to Aging Skin

    September/October 2012

    By Jaimie Lazare
    Aging Well
    Vol. 5 No. 5 P. 18

    Aging makes skin more susceptible to dryness. Dry skin in older adults can be simply a sign of age-related skin changes or signify underlying medical problems. Because dry skin can lead to other skin complications, it’s important to monitor carefully.

    If older adults’ skin appears rough, scaly, flaky, or cracked, this can indicate xerosis, or dry skin. Although dry skin can affect anyone, it’s particularly common among older adults. Age-related dermal changes such as a thinner epidermal layer, a reduction in skin cell turnover, and the skin’s limited capacity to retain moisture contribute to xerosis.1 Over time, skin loses its suppleness, yet such physiological changes alone don’t determine whether a patient will develop dry skin. Other factors such as the environment, genetics, and ethnicity are also contributing factors.

    Skin loses its elasticity as the production of collagen and elastin decreases. Additionally, hyaluronic acid isn’t produced at the same rate as in earlier stages of life, creating an imbalance between the production of hyaluronic acid and its breakdown by enzymes. Because of these changes, skin becomes progressively thinner, more fragile, less elastic, and drier. Even the natural oil-producing sebaceous glands gradually lose their ability to moisturize the skin. All of these physiologic changes contribute to the development of drier skin as people age, says Charles E. Crutchfield, III, MD, a clinical professor of dermatology at the University of Minnesota Medical School and medical director of Crutchfield Dermatology.

    Even as early as the age of 40, the skin becomes more susceptible to drying. Lipids primarily act by preventing evaporation of the natural moisture in the skin, providing a barrier to water loss. Without adequate lipids, people simply lose too much water from the skin and it dries out, according to Jamie B. MacKelfresh, MD, an assistant professor in the dermatology department and director of the Dermatology Residency Program at Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta.

    Underlying Causes
    In addition, older adults often have comorbidities for which they take many medications. Multiple conditions and numerous medications can contribute to dry skin in older adults, MacKelfresh says. Diuretics as well as renal, cardiovascular, and thyroid problems can contribute to xerosis, she says.

    Crutchfield notes that older adults’ skin has an increased tendency toward dryness because of the decreased production of moisturizing sebaceous oils. As a result, the practice of taking long hot baths or showers without the application of a moisturizer or emollient immediately afterward is a common contributor to drying out older adults’ skin. Also, some older adults were raised to do a acid problem - Crack Key For U of scrubbing, washing, and extra cleansing of the skin, but exfoliants, harsh cleansers, and alcohol-based products such as astringents further dry aging skin that’s already predisposed to dryness, MacKelfresh says. These products remove more of the essential skin oils necessary to help keep the skin moist and retain water.

    It’s also important to warn patients against using a lot of waterless antibacterial cleansers since these also contain alcohol that can dry out the skin. Even over-the-counter antiaging creams can be quite drying and actually harsh on the skin.

    Assessing Xerosis
    Physicians should use a three-pronged approach when assessing older adults’ skin for signs of xerosis. Find out how long a patient has been experiencing problems with dry skin, determine whether the dry skin is widespread or concentrated, and ask whether a patient uses moisturizing lotions or creams and if so, whether they help or worsen the dry skin.2 A focused history is key for identifying and treating xerosis appropriately and reducing the risk of infection or sequela brought on by pruritic symptoms associated with dry skin.3

    “A common symptom of dry skin is itching, and severe itching can lead to an itch-scratch-rash-itch cycle. The skin may become thickened in these areas from rubbing, and repeated skin rubbing in the same area may lead to chronic skin conditions called lichen simplex chronicus and prurigo nodularis,” says Rita Pichardo-Geisinger, MD, an assistant professor of dermatology at Wake Forest University in Winston-Salem, North Carolina.

    Crutchfield stresses the importance of asking patients how long they have been dealing with dry skin. Assessing the duration of the skin dryness is important because it may be a condition called ichthyosis, which is a xlstat 2018 full crack - Activators Patch defect that can develop with time and aging. If the dry skin appears to be severe or has occurred suddenly, it would require further investigation, he says.

    MacKelfresh agrees on the importance of identifying the time of onset. “If somebody comes on with brand new dry skin that sort of came out of nowhere, then that is a clue that we might want to look into other things. For instance, heat stroke could be an underlying disease that is causing dry skin. Also, fungal infections of the skin can be a common cause, particularly in nursing homes and other care settings. So if it’s new and different, we definitely need to pay attention to make sure we’re not missing something else,” she says.

    Many older adults may not be bothered by their dry skin. While performing a general exam, physicians will likely see dry skin on the legs. After looking at the legs, be sure to examine a patient’s arms. Ask whether he or she is experiencing flaking, itchy, irritated, or even sore skin, MacKelfresh says.

    Crutchfield notes that while assessing dry skin is fairly easy, there are some rare issues physicians need to be aware of, especially in patients of color. On the lower leg, a condition called ichthyosiform sarcoidosis can occur, also with generalized exfoliating dermatitis, which can be confused with dry skin. Under these circumstances it’s appropriate to look for internal malignancy, according to Crutchfield.

    While studies addressing the differences in ethnic skin are limited, one study has reported greater transepidermal water loss and desquamation in African American skin.4 Pichardo-Geisinger says that while transepidermal water loss appears to occur more in African Americans due to the characteristics of the stratum corneum and reports have pointed out that people of Anglo-Saxon origin have more fair, dry thin skin, the clinical focus doesn’t rely heavily on such factors. “I believe dry skin is due more to internal or external factors than race or ethnicity,” she says.

    Conservative Treatment to Start
    “We almost always start patients on a nonprescription approach because treating xerosis is pretty simple, and it doesn’t have to be expensive,” MacKelfresh says. Thicker moisturizers work better because the thinner water-based lotions won’t help skin retain its moisture. Suggest that patients keep a moisturizer in the bathroom and apply a thick moisturizer within three minutes of taking a bath or shower and apply it more than once per day, she says.

    “If that’s still not working, then there are some other products that contain alpha-hydroxy acids, which will help break down some of spyhunter 5 keygen generator thickened, dry skin cells. And you can find some of those over the counter. Beyond that … there are sometimes areas where you actually need to calm the skin inflammation with a cortisone-based cream,” MacKelfresh says.

    Crutchfield recommends that his patients gently pat dry their skin with a cotton towel Lightworks Pro 14.6.0 Crack + Serial Keygen Free Download a bath or shower, then apply a liberal amount of emollient moisturizing lotion. “The most important thing in preventing dry skin is using a gentle cleanser that does not contain harsh detergents, such as Vanicream cleansing bar and a good moisturizing emollient such as CeraVe cream or AmLactin XL lotion,” he says.
    “For my patients who have extremely dry skin, I suggest they use AmLactin XL lotion once a day in addition to another moisturizer. AmLactin XL contains ammonium lactate that functions as a humectant, and it also causes the production of moisturizing oils in the skin,” Crutchfield adds.

    “I recommend a fragrance-free regimen,” Pichardo-Geisinger says, “which consists of mild soaps and moisturizing lotions on a regular basis, particularly over-the-counter products with ceramides, such as Cetaphil Restoraderm or CeraVe, and products with oatmeal, like Aveeno Eczema Therapy; Vaseline Clinical Therapy is also excellent. A lactic acid lotion will improve the skin condition. Excellent over-the-counter products such as AmLactin 12% or Aqua Glycolic, which restore the skin’s adequate moisture balance, are recommended. In some cases a topical steroid cream needs to be used.”

    As a precaution, only mild corticosteroid creams such as hydrocortisone should be applied to sensitive skin areas, which include the face, underarm, and groin. Using strong corticosteroid creams such as clobetasol for a long period of time may lead to skin problems such as thinning, stretch marks, and skin breakdown.5

    Pichardo-Geisinger recommends that older adults avoid strong soaps and detergents, wear cotton and natural fiber clothing, avoid wool clothing, drink plenty of water, use a humidifier in the home when necessary, and limit sun exposure.

    Special Cases
    MacKelfresh recalls the case of an 85-year-old woman who was wheelchair bound. The woman’s daughter brought her to the office with a complaint of a severe itch and flaking skin on her shins that had recently developed during the winter. An examination revealed dry skin on various parts of the patient’s body but significant erythema, xerosis, and fissuring over her shins. The skin also displayed evidence of scratching in those areas.

    MacKelfresh concluded that her patient’s condition was caused by the seasonal change, and her xerosis had transformed into dermatitis. She prescribed a topical steroid cream and provided the patient with careful instructions to use only gentle soap, take short warm (never hot) baths or showers, and apply a thick moisturizer within three minutes of bathing. By her four-week follow-up appointment, the patient’s skin had improved dramatically, and she no longer needed the steroid cream.

    It’s important to carefully evaluate patients’ dry skin, particularly those with preexisting conditions such as diabetes or dementia. For those patients, be sure to do a thorough exam by looking for dry skin Malware Hunter Pro 1.125.0.723 Crack + License Key Free 2021 before they become problematic. “In a diabetic patient, if it’s left too long and they’re already having foot ulcers, more dry skin could just make them more prone to dermatitis and ulcers,” MacKelfresh says. “Make sure the caregiver in the situation of a patient with dementia or the physician who’s caring for a diabetic is also on board with your plan. So utilizing multiple members of the team is going to be key in those scenarios as well.”

    Whether or not older adults are able-bodied and mobile, Crutchfield suggests using triamcinolone cream twice per day for one week to control itching in dry skin with an inflammatory component.

    As the number of baby boomers in the United States grows, it is becoming increasingly important for clinicians to recognize and treat elder patients for skin problems. While prevention is key, treating dry skin is fairly easy and affordable.

    — Jaimie Lazare is a freelance writer based in Brooklyn, New York.

     

    Advice for Patients
    Rita Pichardo-Geisinger, MD, an assistant professor of dermatology at Wake Forest University, offers some practical advice to help patients and their caregivers prevent and reduce the risk of developing dry skin:

    Wash gently. Avoid hot baths, frequent showering or bathing, and excessive skin scrubbing. Keep the water warm because hot water tends to strip away the natural oils produced by the skin. Use mild cleansers for the face and body such as Dove unscented, Cetaphil Restoraderm, CeraVe, or Aveeno. Avoid overwashing with harsh soaps and overusing alcohol-based products such as sanitizers and cleansing agents that are drying to the skin.

    Hydrate skin. Keeping dry skin hydrated is the best way to avoid potential problems such as itchiness and cracking. The best recommendation is to use a fragrance-free moisturizer. Among the effective products available over the counter are Cetaphil Restoraderm, CeraVe, Aveeno Eczema Therapy, Vaseline Clinical Therapy, AmLactin 12%, and Aqua Glycolic.

    Prevent itch. Elderly skin care is all about preventing dry skin. Aging skin requires special attention because it’s prone to dryness, which leads to itch and scratching. Moisturizing the skin will keep it hydrated and help to prevent the itch-scratch-rash-itch cycle.

    Pay attention. Examining elderly patients should always include evaluating their skin for signs of cancer or other conditions. Be sure to look for new growths or moles that appear to be changing. Identify skin changes such as peeling, chapped, red, or pruritic skin.

    Check patients’ feet. In older individuals the skin of the feet often gets dry and becomes susceptible to corns, calluses, warts, and fungal infections. Inspect patients’ feet and remind them (or their caregivers) to examine their feet. It is important to check the feet regularly, especially in patients with diabetes.

    — JL

     

    References
    1. Pons-Guiraud A. Dry skin in dermatology: a complex physiopathology. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2007;21 Suppl 2:1-4.

    2. White-Chu EF, Reddy M. Dry skin in the elderly: complexities of a common problem. Clin Dermatol. 2011;29(1):37-42.

    3. Lazare J. Ambiguous itching. Aging Well. 2011;4(3):22-24.

    4. Wesley NO, Maibach HI. Racial (ethnic) differences in skin properties: the objective data. Am J Clin Dermatol. 2003;4(12):843-860.

    5. Cole GW. What is the treatment for dry skin? http://www.medicinenet.com/dry_skin/page5.htm. Last reviewed January 18, 2012. Accessed July 1, 2012.

     

    Источник: https://www.todaysgeriatricmedicine.com/archive/091712p18.shtml

    What causes cracked tongue?

    Cracked tongue is formally known as lingua plicata. The issue is not dangerous or contagious, and it usually causes no symptoms.

    According to The American Academy of Oral Medicine, about 5% of people in the United States have cracked tongue, which is sometimes called fissured tongue.

    In this article, we explore the symptoms and causes of cracked tongue. We also look into ways to prevent infection and when to see a doctor.

    Cracked tongue causes 

    There is no definitive cause of cracked tongue, but older has pointed to a genetic link, suggesting that it may run in families.

    Also, a found a possible association between cracked tongue and smoking.

    Vitamin deficiencies

    In rare cases, malnutrition can cause cracked tongue. A different study from 2016 found a link between cracked tongue and vitamin B12 deficiency.

    Meanwhile, research from 2015 indicates that pain associated with cracked tongue may stem from deficiencies in:

    The researchers note, however, that RazorSQL 8.3.0 License Key - Crack Key For U pain is also likely linked to poor oral hygiene, the use of medication, and esophageal reflux.

    Still, it is rare for people with cracked tongue to experience pain routinely.

    Other health issues

    Cracked tongue may also have to:

    • geographic tongue, which causes smooth, often raised patches to form on the tongue
    • psoriasis
    • Sjogren’s syndrome, an immune disorder
    • Cowden syndrome, which causes the formation of noncancerous tumors
    • acromegaly, a hormonal disorder
    • orofacial granulomatosis, a rare inflammatory disorder
    • Down syndrome
    • Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome, a rare neurological disorder

    If a person has cracked tongue and geographic tongue, any pain may stem from the latter issue, which burning pain and a loss of taste.

    Symptoms

    Cracked tongue is characterized by one or more grooves running along the tongue’s surface.

    The number and depth of the grooves, or fissures, varies. If the fissures are very deep, the tongue may seem to have distinct sections. In most cases of cracked tongue, a single groove runs down the tongue’s center.

    Beyond the appearance, cracked tongue causes no symptoms. People sometimes experience a burning sensation, especially when they consume acidic foods or drinks.

    suggests that cracked tongue is more common — and the fissures more severe — in older people. Also, it is in males than in females.

    Cracked tongue treatment

    Cracked tongue does not usually require treatment. People typically have no symptoms, other than the tongue’s characteristic appearance.

    However, it is crucial to remove any debris, such as food, that can get stuck in the tongue’s grooves. Doing so can prevent infections and issues with oral hygiene.

    Complications

    When a person has cracked tongue, bacteria or fungi, such as Candida albicans, can proliferate in the tongue’s grooves, leading to an infection.

    In the case of a Candida, or yeast, infection, a doctor can prescribe a topical antifungal medication. This type acid problem - Crack Key For U infection is in people who also have geographic tongue and in people who do not brush or otherwise clean their tongues.

    For Artifact Interactive Garden Planner 3.7.85 Free Download with Crack with cracked tongue, it is important to have good oral hygiene, including regular visits to the dentist.

    Cleaning techniques

    Prevent food debris from collecting in the grooves of the tongue is key. To do this, a person might use a tongue brush or scraper as part of their oral hygiene routine.

    One found that tongue brushing and scraping alongside regular tooth brushing not only keeps the tongue clean but also reduces plaque.

    Learn more about tongue scraping here.

    When to see a doctor

    If the grooves of a cracked tongue trap food, it can cause bacteria or yeast to proliferate, leading to an infection or other oral health issues.

    Anyone with a cracked tongue who experiences symptoms of an oral health problem should receive professional attention.

    Overall, it is a good idea to visit a dentist regularly.

    Summary

    Cracked tongue often causes no symptoms, though some people experience a burning sensation, especially when consuming acidic foods or drinks.

    If bacteria or fungi proliferate in the tongue’s cracks, or grooves, an infection can develop.

    Good oral hygiene, including cleaning the tongue’s grooves, is key to preventing infection and other oral health issues, such as tooth decay and bad breath.

    Источник: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/cracked-tongue

    Why You Should Never Let Toenail Fungus Go Untreated

    Have you retired those adorable strappy sandals, even though they’re the perfect complement to your summery outfits? They definitely won’t work with what’s going on with your toenails — so you’ve had to opt for a closed-toe option. Toenail fungus is definitely not a good look. 

    There are plenty of home remedies, but they don’t seem to work. And nail fungus doesn’t just go away on its own. Fortunately, the team at Easton Dermatology Associates can address any nail fungus issue you may have with a scrivener 3 crack - Activators Patch menu of treatment options. We customize our approach to your particular infection’s history and severity. 

    How can I tell if I have toenail fungus?

    Toenail fungus usually starts subtly, so you might not notice anything different with your nail immediately. After a while, though, you see some noticeable differences that indicate a fungal condition. Nails become:

    • Thicker
    • Brittle
    • Discolored
    • Tender

    Because a nail infected with a fungus is compromised, it can also break or split easily. As the condition progresses, itchiness and pain can occur, and the nail becomes separated from the nail bed. 

    Is toenail fungus really such a problem?

    If you’re thinking you can just live with it, we don’t advise letting toenail fungus go untreated. It’s an insidious problem, and without treatment, you have to deal with the discomfort of the nail as well as feeling self-conscious about its unsightliness.

    If you let a nail fungus infection go for too long, several problems emerge. The infected nail can become misshapen and increasingly separated from your nail bed. Itching and pain are unpleasant side effects; if they’re too severe, you can have trouble wearing shoes or walking.

    You need to be especially attentive to treating toenail fungus if your immune system is compromised. If you’re living with diabetes, it’s critical not to ignore the fungus. Even a mild infection like this can snowball into something more serious, like cellulitis, a severe bacterial skin infection.

    Another problem is that untreated fungus eventually can spread to either neighboring toenails or to the skin of your foot, causing athlete’s foot. Possibly the worst outcome of untreated nail fungus is needing to have your nail surgically removed. 

    What are the most effective treatments for toenail fungus?

    The experts at Easton Dermatology Associates offer treatment customized to your exact situation, whether you’ve just noticed an irregularity with your toenail or you’ve been battling fungus for a while. Treatment options include:

    • Prescription oral antifungal medications
    • Topical nail cream
    • Special antifungal nail polish that allows your nails to breathe

    No matter what treatment you adopt, patience is key. It can take several months to clear up toenail fungus because even nails that grow at an average rate don’t grow rapidly. We treat your fungus until it’s a thing of the past, and we also advise you on how to prevent a recurrence. 

    It’s much easier to solve the problem when you’re in the early stages of infection, before it becomes too advanced. 

    Do call us at either of our locations in Easton or Salisbury, Maryland, so we can start helping you eliminate embarrassing and persistent nail fungus problems ASAP. When next summer rolls around, you can be back in those oh-so-chic sandals!

    Источник: https://www.eastondermatology.com/blog/why-you-should-never-let-toenail-fungus-go-untreated

    8 remedies for cracked heels and what causes them

  • We earn a commission for products purchased through some links in this article.

  • The best remedies for cracked heels can fix the problem quickly and don’t have to cost a lot of money either.

    Cracked heels are caused by a number of reasons – from not drinking enough water to diabetes. Thankfully, cracked heels are a problem that can be fixed with home remedies.

    We asked three experts about why our feet sometimes suffer from dry skin, what the best remedies for cracked heels are and how to care for our feet in order to stop our heels becoming dry and cracked in future.

    What causes cracked heels?

    ‘Cracked heels are generally caused when the skin around the heel needs to split to cope with the pressure placed on the feet,’ explains Emma McConnachie, spokesperson for the College of Podiatry in London.

    For example, if you stand on your feet all day the pressure can contribute to cracked heels. ‘The chances of it happening are increased if the skin is dry, if there’s a build-up of dead skin known as callus, and if you wear backless shoes which will increase friction in the area,’ says Emma.

    There are other causes, too, says Tina Svetek, Cosmetic Scientist at the award-winning School of Natural Skincare. ‘Ill-fitting shoes, as well as low levels of hydration, can all contribute to dry, calloused skin that starts to crack. Several medical conditions also cause cracked heels – for example, diabetes, fungal infections, psoriasis, eczema and obesity. However, even in healthy individuals, cracked heels can be quite common,’ she says.

    While the thick skin on our heels can look unsightly, it’s there for a reason. ‘Generally speaking, dry skin on our feet is actually protection for the tissues that lie beneath it – without that hardened horny layer of the skin every step we make would be much more unpleasant,’ says Tina. ‘Completely removing all of the dry skin is not possible, and it’s not even a good idea. But when the skin gets too dry, it can start cracking and this can lead to pain and even deep, bleeding cracks.’

    Best home remedies for cracked heels

    Soak your feet once a week

    ‘A simple foot soak done approximately once a week, followed with a rich nourishing cream, is a lovely way to keep the skin hydrated and soft,’ says Tina, who suggests this quick DIY foot spa.  ‘Don’t forget to use warm water, though. Hot water can cause dryness.’

    Some people like to add fresh lemon juice to their foot soak as the acid in the fruit helps to get rid of dry skin cells. Soak for 10 minutes then scrub your feet with a soft brush.

    A foot shaped pumice stone

    A pumice stone gets rid of dead skin. (Credit: Getty)

    Use a pumice stone

    ‘If there’s a build-up of dead skin you can buff this with a foot file or pumice stone,’ says Emma. You can buy a pumice stone in most pharmacies or invest in the Magnitone Well Heeled 2 Pedicure System which provides two settings to buff away hard, rough skin.

    However, don’t over-do it. ‘Avoid frequent mechanical removal of dry, cracked skin on the heels,’ warns Tina. ‘Using foot files (or pumices stones) too often, actually sends “protective dry skin layer is gone, we need to make more dry skin” information to the body. This only causes more and more dry skin build-up,’ she says. ‘Occasional removal is OK, as long as it’s followed by regular use of hydrating foot products.’

    If it’s quite bad and you’re not sure how manage IsoBuster Pro 3.9 Build + Serial Key Free Download Full ‘thicker build-ups can be safely removed by a podiatrist,’ says Emma. ‘It’s not advisable to use sharp implements yourself to remove the skin – and if your cracks have been acid problem - Crack Key For U or look infected cover them with a clean, dry dressing and seek help,’ she advises.

    L'Occitane shea butter foot cream for cracked heels

    Shea butter is kind to cracked heels. (Credit: L’Occitane)

    Smother your feet in shea butter

    ‘Apply a good moisturiser containing shea butter as a base,’ recommends Natalie Gooding, podiatrist and owner of The Organic Foot Company. ‘These ingredients are similar to our skins natural ph. and are easily absorbed by our skin,’ she says. Try L’Occitane Shea Butter Foot Cream.

    Solgar Female Multiple supplement

    A multivitamin will give you a boost. (Credit: Solgar)

    Treat deficiences

    Certain deficiencies, such as a lack of vitamins B, C E and minerals iron and zinc, can contribute to cracked heels. If you think this may be the problem – for example, you may already have anaemia – taking a supplement can help. Trusted brand Solgar’s Female Multiple is a multivitamin with minerals.

    A view of a woman on a beach wearing espadrilles

    Avoid slip-ons and wear comfortable shoes. (Credit: Getty)

    Wear the right footwear

    ‘To help reduce the chances of getting cracked skin around your heels, ensure your footwear fits correctly and try not to wear slip-on shoes,’ says Natalie.

    Tina agrees: ‘Too-tight shoes can quickly cause blisters and horns, while too-loose shoes can cause horny and calloused skin due to constant rubbing of the shoe on the skin.’ So treat your feet to well-fitted shoes and, in the summer months, when you start to wear flip-flops and open-back sandals again, moisturise your heels regularly so they suffer less from the lack of support your feet get from wearing them.

    Eucerin Urea Repair Plus Foot Cream

    A urea-based cream can really help. (Credit: Eucerin)

    Slather on a urea-based cream

    ‘Use a urea-based cream designed for cracked heels,’ says Emma. ‘These are easily available and are inexpensive to buy. An everyday cream would contain 5-10% urea and a cracked heel cream around 25% urea.’

    One option is Eucerin Dry Skin UreaRepair Plus 10% Urea Foot Cream – it contains both urea and ceramide for instant moisturisation, and prevents moisture loss.

    Amlactin AHA foot cream

    AHAs can soothe and moisturise feet. (Credit: Amlactin)

    Apply AHA sometimes

    ‘Doing occasional treatments using alpha hydroxy acids (AHA) is a sure way to prevent too much dry skin build-up,’ suggests Tina. ‘Softening the skin with products that contain chemical exfoliants, such as AHAs, is a nice way to keep dry skin amount at bay. They can be found as occasional treatments (with high strength acids) or regular treatments (with low strength acids) – both hydrate the skin very well.’

    AmLactin Foot Repair Foot Cream Therapy is well-rated and contains Alpha-Hydroxyl to exfoliate and hydrate your heels.

    A woman applying moisturiser to her cracked heels

    Regular moisturising is key. (Credit: Getty)

    Moisturise your feet daily

    ‘Moisturising feet frequently is the best solution for cracked heels,’ says Emma. ‘If you apply the cream thickly with socks overnight it doesn’t speed up healing but it will hold the cream in place while it’s absorbed. But little and often works just as well. To maintain good quality skin use a pea-sized amount of a foot cream on your heels every day.’ What’s more you’ll reap the benefits of a little self-care.

    Natalie agrees: ‘I would recommend applying a good moisturiser daily to help keep the skin hydrated,’ such as her own Mint & Lime Foot Cream. ‘Gently filing the skin first with an emery board will help remove dry skin and surface debris. This will allow a cream or balm to absorb better into the skin.’

    A jar and spoon full of coconut oil for cracked heels

    Coconut oil is especially good after a foot soak. (Credit: Getty)

    Is coconut oil good for cracked heels?

    ‘Coconut oil is excellent for cracked heels. It contains a high concentration of vitamin E and natural proteins that help repair damaged skin cells,’ says Natalie. ‘It also contains natural lauric acid, which has both antibacterial and anti-fungal properties.’

    For maximum results, Tina recommends using coconut oil after bathing. ‘Coconut oil is good for skin, especially if applied after a soak,’ she says. ‘Bath water will provide moisture, while coconut oil with help to “lock” the moisture in.’

    If you find coconut oil a little greasy, try Burt’s Bees Coconut Foot Cream, which deeply penetrates dry skin.

    How to care for your heels to stop them becoming dry and cracked

    Our recommended home remedies for cracked heels will help keep your feet in tip-top shape. Sometimes, though, the condition may get worse before it gets better. Try a repair cream such as Scholl Cracked Heel Repair Cream – which contains keratin that acts as a “scaffold” to aid skin repair – or Margaret Dabbs’ Cracked Heel Sealer, which creates a barrier to lock in moisture. If you need still need help, see a PGWare PCBoost 5.12.14 Crack Plus Keygen Free Download Content

    Video of the Week

    ‘A podiatrist can safely remove any dead skin build-ups and help advise on preventing acid problem - Crack Key For U advises Emma. ‘Podiatrists (previously known as chiropodists) are trained to degree level and are regulated by the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC). To see a podiatrist on the NHS, please check with your local area or GP. Or you can see a private podiatrist without the need for referral. You can search for one in your local area using this Find a Podiatrist function.’

    ‘Occasionally cracks in the skin around your heels can provide an entry for bacteria or infection,’ warns Natalie. ‘If this occurs, seek professional advice and treatment from your podiatrist.’

    Источник: https://www.goodto.com/wellbeing/home-remedies-cracked-heels-94846

    Notice: Undefined variable: z_bot in /sites/shoppingplum.us/crack-key-for/acid-problem-crack-key-for-u.php on line 107

    Notice: Undefined variable: z_empty in /sites/shoppingplum.us/crack-key-for/acid-problem-crack-key-for-u.php on line 107

    3 Replies to “Acid problem - Crack Key For U”

    1. Love that time increase! It is both suprising and shocking the differences we saw just by going to server 2022.

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *