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OpenSSL

Open-source implementation of the SSL and TLS protocols

Not to be confused with OpenSSH.

OpenSSL is a software library for applications that secure communications over computer networks against eavesdropping or need to identify the party at the other end. It is widely used by Internetservers, including the majority of HTTPSwebsites.

OpenSSL contains an open-source implementation of the SSL and TLS protocols. The core library, written in the C programming language, implements basic cryptographic functions and provides various utility functions. Wrappers allowing the use of the OpenSSL library in a variety of computer languages are available.

The OpenSSL Software Foundation (OSF) represents the OpenSSL project in most legal capacities including contributor license agreements, managing donations, and so on. OpenSSL Software Services (OSS) also represents the OpenSSL project, for Support Contracts.

OpenSSL is available for most Unix-likeoperating systems (including Linux, macOS, and BSD) and Microsoft Windows.

Project history[edit]

The OpenSSL project was founded in 1998 to provide a free set of encryption tools for the code used on the Internet. It is based on a fork of SSLeay by Eric Andrew Young and Tim Hudson, which unofficially ended development on December 17, 1998, when Young and Hudson both went to work for RSA Security. The initial founding members were Mark Cox, Ralf Engelschall, Stephen Henson, Ben Laurie, and Paul Sutton.[3]

As of May 2019[update],[4] the OpenSSL management committee consisted of 7 people[5] and there are 17 developers[6] with commit access (many of whom are also part of the OpenSSL management committee). There are only two full-time employees (fellows) and the remainder are volunteers.

The project has a budget of less than one million USD per year and relies primarily on donations. Development of TLS 1.3 is sponsored by Akamai.[7]

Major version releases[edit]

VersionOriginal release dateCommentLast minor version
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.9.1 23 December 1998 (1998-12-23)
  • Official start of the OpenSSL project
0.9.1c (23 December 1998)
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.9.2 22 March 1999 (1999-03-22)0.9.2b (6 April 1999)
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.9.3 25 May 1999 (1999-05-25)0.9.3a (27 May 1999)
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.9.4 9 August 1999 (1999-08-09)0.9.4 (9 August 1999)
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.9.5 28 February 2000 (2000-02-28)0.9.5a (1 April 2000)
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.9.6 24 September 2000 (2000-09-24)0.9.6m (17 March 2004)
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.9.7 31 December 2002 (2002-12-31)0.9.7m (23 February 2007)
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.9.8 5 July 2005 (2005-07-05)0.9.8zh (3 December 2015)
Old version, no longer maintained: 1.0.0 29 March 2010 (2010-03-29)1.0.0t (3 December 2015 (2015-12-03))
Old version, no longer maintained: 1.0.1[10]14 March 2012 (2012-03-14)
  • Successor of 1.0.0h
  • Supported until 31 December 2016
  • RFC 6520 TLS/DTLS heartbeat support
  • SCTP support
  • RFC 5705 TLS key material exporter
  • RFC 5764 DTLS-SRTP negotiation
  • Next Protocol Negotiation
  • PSS signatures in certificates, requests and certificate revocation lists (CRL)
  • Support for password based recipient info for CMS
  • Support TLS 1.2 and TLS 1.1
  • Preliminary FIPS 140 capability for unvalidated 2.0 FIPS module
  • Secure Remote Password protocol (SRP) support
1.0.1u (22 September 2016 (2016-09-22))
Old version, no longer maintained: 1.0.2[11]22 January 2015 (2015-01-22)
  • Successor of 1.0.1l
  • Supported until 31 December 2019 (Long Term Support)[12]
  • Suite B support for TLS 1.2 and DTLS 1.2
  • Support for DTLS 1.2
  • TLS automatic elliptic curve (EC) selection
  • API to set TLS supported signature algorithms and curves
  • SSL_CONF configuration API
  • TLS Brainpool support
  • ALPN support
  • CMS support for RSA-PSS, RSA-OAEP, ECDH and X9.42 DH
  • FIPS 140 support
1.0.2u (20 December 2019 (2019-12-20))
Old version, no longer maintained: 1.1.0[13]25 August 2016 (2016-08-25)
  • Successor of 1.0.2h
  • Supported until 11 September 2019[12]
  • Support for BLAKE2 (RFC 7693)
  • Support for ChaCha20-Poly1305 (RFC 7539)
  • Support for X25519 (RFC 7748)
  • Support for DANE and Certificate Transparency
  • Support for CCM Ciphersuites
  • Support for extended master secret
  • SSLv2 removed
  • Kerberos ciphersuite support removed
  • RC4 and 3DES removed from DEFAULT ciphersuites in libssl
  • Remove DSS, SEED, IDEA, CAMELLIA, and AES-CCM from the DEFAULT cipherlist
  • 40 and 56 bit cipher support removed from libssl
  • FIPS 140 support removed
1.1.0l (10 September 2019 (2019-09-10))
Older version, yet still maintained: 1.1.1[14]11 September 2018 (2018-09-11)ongoing development
Current stable version:3.0.0[16][note 1]7 September 2021 (2021-09-07)ongoing development

Legend:

Old version

Older version, still maintained

Latest version

Latest preview version

Future release

Algorithms[edit]

OpenSSL supports a number of different cryptographic algorithms:

Ciphers
AES, Blowfish, Camellia, Chacha20, Poly1305, SEED, CAST-128, DES, IDEA, RC2, RC4, RC5, Triple DES, GOST 28147-89,[18]SM4
Cryptographic hash functions
MD5, MD4, MD2, SHA-1, SHA-2, SHA-3, RIPEMD-160, MDC-2, GOST R 34.11-94,[18]BLAKE2, Whirlpool,[19]SM3
Public-key cryptography
RSA, DSA, Diffie–Hellman key exchange, Elliptic curve, X25519, Ed25519, X448, Ed448, GOST R 34.10-2001,[18]SM2

(Perfect forward secrecy is supported using elliptic curve Diffie–Hellman since version 1.0.[20])

FIPS 140 validation[edit]

FIPS 140 is a U.S. Federal program for the testing and certification of cryptographic modules. An early FIPS 140-1 certificate for OpenSSL's FOM 1.0 was revoked in July 2006 "when questions were raised about the validated module's interaction with outside software." The module was re-certified in February 2007 before giving way to FIPS 140-2.[21] OpenSSL 1.0.2 supported the use of the OpenSSL FIPS Object Module (FOM), which was built to deliver FIPS approved algorithms in a FIPS 140-2 validated environment.[22][23] OpenSSL controversially decided to categorize the 1.0.2 architecture as 'End of Life' or 'EOL', effective December 31, 2019, despite objections that it was the only version of OpenSSL that was currently available with support for FIPS mode.[24] As a result of the EOL, many users were unable to properly deploy the FOM 2.0 and fell out of compliance because they did not secure Extended Support for the 1.0.2 architecture, although the FOM itself remained validated for eight months further.

The FIPS Object Module 2.0 remained FIPS 140-2 validated in several formats until September 1, 2020, when NIST deprecated the usage of FIPS 186-2 for Digital Signature Standard and designated all non-compliant modules as 'Historical'. This designation includes a caution to Federal Agencies that they should not include the module in any new procurements. All three of the OpenSSL validations were included in the deprecation - the OpenSSL FIPS Object Module (certificate #1747),[25] OpenSSL FIPS Object Module SE (certificate #2398),[26] and OpenSSL FIPS Object Module RE (certificate #2473).[27] Many 'Private Label' OpenSSL-based validations and clones created by consultants were also moved to the Historical List, although some FIPS validated modules with replacement compatibility avoided the deprecation, such as BoringCrypto from Google[28] and CryptoComply from SafeLogic.[29]

OpenSSL 3.0 restored FIPS mode and underwent FIPS 140-2 testing, but with significant delays: The effort was first kicked off in 2016 with support from SafeLogic[30][31][32] and further support from Oracle in 2017,[33][34] but the process has been challenging.[35] On October 20, 2020, the OpenSSL FIPS Provider 3.0 was added to the CMVP Implementation Under Test List, which reflected an official engagement with a testing lab to proceed with a FIPS 140-2 validation. This resulted in a slew of certifications in the following months.[36]

Licensing[edit]

OpenSSL was dual-licensed under the OpenSSL License and the SSLeay License, which means that the terms of either licenses can be used.[37] The OpenSSL License is Apache License 1.0 and SSLeay License bears some similarity to a 4-clause BSD License. As the OpenSSL License was Apache License 1.0, but not Apache License 2.0, it requires the phrase "this product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit" to appear in advertising material and any redistributions (Sections 3 and 6 of the OpenSSL License). Due to this restriction, the OpenSSL License and the Apache License 1.0 are incompatible with the GNU GPL.[38] Some GPL developers have added an OpenSSL exception to their licenses that specifically permits using OpenSSL with their system. GNU Wget and climm both use such exceptions.[39][40] Some packages (like Deluge) explicitly modify the GPL license by adding an extra section at the beginning of the license documenting the exception.[41] Other packages use the LGPL-licensed GnuTLS, BSD-licensed Botan, or MPL-licensed NSS, which perform the same task.

OpenSSL announced in August 2015 that it would require most contributors to sign a Contributor License Agreement (CLA), and that OpenSSL would eventually be relicensed under the terms of Apache License 2.0.[42] This process commenced in March 2017,[43] and was complete in 2018.[44]

On 7 September 2021, OpenSSL 3.0.0 was released under the Apache License 2.0.[45]

Notable vulnerabilities[edit]

Denial of service: ASN.1 parsing[edit]

OpenSSL 0.9.6k has a bug where certain ASN.1 sequences triggered a large number of recursions on Windows machines, discovered on November 4, 2003. Windows could not handle large recursions correctly, so OpenSSL would crash as a result. Being able to send arbitrary large numbers of ASN.1 sequences would cause OpenSSL to crash as a result.

OCSP stapling vulnerability[edit]

When creating a handshake, the client could send an incorrectly formatted ClientHello message, leading to OpenSSL parsing more than the end of the message. Assigned the identifier CVE-2011-0014 by the CVE project, this affected all OpenSSL versions 0.9.8h to 0.9.8q and OpenSSL 1.0.0 to 1.0.0c. Since the parsing could lead to a read on an incorrect memory address, it was possible for the attacker to cause a DoS. It was also possible that some applications expose the contents of parsed OCSP extensions, leading to an attacker being able to read the contents of memory that came after the ClientHello.[46]

ASN.1 BIO vulnerability[edit]

When using Basic Input/Output (BIO)[47] or FILE based functions to read untrusted DER format data, OpenSSL is vulnerable. This vulnerability was discovered on April 19, 2012, and was assigned the CVE identifier CVE-2012-2110. While not directly affecting the SSL/TLS code of OpenSSL, any application that was using ASN.1 functions (particularly d2i_X509 and d2i_PKCS12) were also not affected.[48]

SSL, TLS and DTLS plaintext recovery attack[edit]

In handling CBC cipher-suites in SSL, TLS, and DTLS, OpenSSL was found vulnerable to a timing attack during the MAC processing. Nadhem Alfardan and Kenny Paterson discovered the problem, and published their findings[49] on February 5, 2013. The vulnerability was assigned the CVE identifier CVE-2013-0169.

Predictable private keys (Debian-specific)[edit]

OpenSSL's pseudo-random number generator acquires entropy using complex programming methods. To keep the Valgrind analysis tool from issuing associated warnings, a maintainer of the Debian distribution applied a patch to Debian's variant of the OpenSSL suite, which inadvertently broke its random number generator by limiting the overall number of private keys it could generate to 32,768.[50][51] The broken version was included in the Debian release of September 17, 2006 (version 0.9.8c-1), also compromising other Debian-based distributions, for example Ubuntu. Ready-to-use exploits are easily available.[52]

The error was reported by Debian on May 13, 2008. On the Debian 4.0 distribution (etch), these problems were fixed in version 0.9.8c-4etch3, while fixes for the Debian 5.0 distribution (lenny) were provided in version 0.9.8g-9.[53]

Heartbleed[edit]

Main article: Heartbleed

A logo representing the Heartbleed bug

OpenSSL versions 1.0.1 through 1.0.1f have a severe memory handling bug in their implementation of the TLS Heartbeat Extension that could be used to reveal up to 64 KB of the application's memory with every heartbeat[54][55] (CVE-2014-0160). By reading the memory of the web server, attackers could access sensitive data, including the server's private key.[56] This could allow attackers to decode earlier eavesdropped communications if the encryption protocol used does not ensure perfect forward secrecy. Knowledge of the private key could also allow an attacker to mount a man-in-the-middle attack against any future communications.[citation needed] The vulnerability might also reveal unencrypted parts of other users' sensitive requests and responses, including session cookies and passwords, which might allow attackers to hijack the identity of another user of the service.[57]

At its disclosure on April 7, 2014, around 17% or half a million of the Internet's secure web servers certified by trusted authorities were believed to have been vulnerable to the attack.[58] However, Heartbleed can affect both the server and client.

CCS injection vulnerability[edit]

The CCS Injection Vulnerability (CVE-2014-0224) is a security bypass vulnerability that results from a weakness in OpenSSL methods used for keying material.[59]

This vulnerability can be exploited through the use of a man-in-the-middle attack,[60] where an attacker may be able to decrypt and modify traffic in transit. A remote unauthenticated attacker could exploit this vulnerability by using a specially crafted handshake to force the use of weak keying material. Successful exploitation could lead to a security bypass condition where an attacker could gain access to potentially sensitive information. The attack can only be performed between a vulnerable client and server.

OpenSSL clients are vulnerable in all versions of OpenSSL before the versions 0.9.8za, 1.0.0m and 1.0.1h. Servers are only known to be vulnerable in OpenSSL 1.0.1 and 1.0.2-beta1. Users of OpenSSL servers earlier than 1.0.1 are advised to upgrade as a precaution.[61]

ClientHello sigalgs DoS[edit]

This vulnerability (CVE-2015-0291) allows anyone to take a certificate, read its contents and modify it accurately to abuse the vulnerability causing a certificate to crash a client or server. If a client connects to an OpenSSL 1.0.2 server and renegotiates with an invalid signature algorithms extension, a null-pointer dereference occurs. This can cause a DoS attack against the server.

A Stanford Security researcher, David Ramos, had a private exploit and presented it to the OpenSSL team, which then patched the issue.

OpenSSL classified the bug as a high-severity issue, noting version 1.0.2 was found vulnerable.[62]

Key recovery attack on Diffie–Hellman small subgroups[edit]

This vulnerability (CVE-2016-0701) allows, when some particular circumstances are met, to recover the OpenSSL server's private Diffie–Hellman key. An Adobe System Security researcher, Antonio Sanso, privately reported the vulnerability.

OpenSSL classified the bug as a high-severity issue, noting only version 1.0.2 was found vulnerable.[63]

Forks[edit]

Agglomerated SSL[edit]

In 2009, after frustrations with the original OpenSSL API, Marco Peereboom, an OpenBSD developer at the time, forked the original API by creating Agglomerated SSL (assl), which reuses OpenSSL API under the hood, but provides a much simpler external interface.[64] It has since been deprecated in light of the LibreSSL fork circa 2016.

LibreSSL[edit]

Main article: LibreSSL

In April 2014 in the wake of Heartbleed, members of the OpenBSD project forked OpenSSL starting with the 1.0.1g branch, to create a project named LibreSSL.[65] In the first week of pruning the OpenSSL's codebase, more than 90,000 lines of C code had been removed from the fork.[66]

BoringSSL[edit]

In June 2014, Google announced its own fork of OpenSSL dubbed BoringSSL.[67] Google plans to co-operate with OpenSSL and LibreSSL developers.[68][69][70] Google has since developed a new library, Tink, based on BoringSSL.[71]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^The major version 2.0.0 was skipped due to its previous use in the OpenSSL FIPS module.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^"OpenSSL: Newslog". Retrieved 7 September 2021.
  2. ^"/source/license.html". www.openssl.org. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  3. ^Laurie, Ben (January 6, 1999). "ANNOUNCE: OpenSSL (Take 2". ssl-users (Mailing list). Retrieved October 29, 2018.
  4. ^"New Committers". OpenSSL Software Foundation. May 20, 2019. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
  5. ^"OpenSSL Management Committee". OpenSSL Software Foundation. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
  6. ^"OpenSSL Committers". OpenSSL Software Foundation. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
  7. ^Marquess, Steve (January 19, 2017). "Akamai sponsors TLS 1.3". openssl-announce (Mailing list). Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  8. ^"OpenSSL – Changelog". OpenSSL Software Foundation. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  9. ^"OpenSSL – Release Strategy". OpenSSL Software Foundation. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  10. ^"OpenSSL 1.0.1 Series Release Notes". Archived from the original on January 20, 2015. Retrieved February 20, 2017.
  11. ^"OpenSSL 1.0.2 Series Release Notes". Retrieved February 20, 2017.
  12. ^ abc"Release Strategy". www.openssl.org. OpenSSL Foundation. February 25, 2019.
  13. ^"OpenSSL 1.1.0 Series Release Notes". Retrieved February 20, 2017.
  14. ^ abCaswell, Matt (September 11, 2018). "OpenSSL 1.1.1 Is Released". www.openssl.org. OpenSSL Foundation.
  15. ^Caswell, Matt (February 8, 2018). "Using TLS1.3 With OpenSSL - OpenSSL Blog". www.openssl.org. OpenSSL Foundation.
  16. ^"OpenSSL 3.0 Has Been Released! - OpenSSL Blog". www.openssl.org. Retrieved September 8, 2021.
  17. ^ abMatt Caswell (November 28, 2018). "The Holy Hand Grenade of Antioch". OpenSSL Blog. Retrieved October 7, 2019.
  18. ^ abc"GOST engine OpenSSL 1.0.0 README". cvs.openssl.org. Archived from the original on April 15, 2013.
  19. ^"OpenSSL source code, directory crypto/whrlpool". Retrieved August 29, 2017.
  20. ^"Protecting data for the long term with forward secrecy". Retrieved November 5, 2012.
  21. ^"NIST recertifies open source encryption module". gcn.com. Archived from the original on October 10, 2007.
  22. ^"FIPS-140". openssl.org. Retrieved November 12, 2019.
  23. ^"OpenSSL User Guide for the OpenSSL FIPS Object Module v2.0"(PDF). openssl.org. March 14, 2017. Retrieved November 12, 2019.
  24. ^"Update on 3.0 Development, FIPS and 1.0.2 EOL". OpenSSL Blog. November 7, 2019.
  25. ^"Cryptographic Module Validation Program Certificate #1747". Computer Security Resource Center.
  26. ^"Cryptographic Module Validation Program Certificate #2398". Computer Security Resource Center.
  27. ^"Cryptographic Module Validation Program Certificate #2473". Computer Security Resource Center.
  28. ^"Cryptographic Module Validation Program search results". Computer Security Resource Center.
  29. ^"Cryptographic Module Validation Program search results". Computer Security Resource Center.
  30. ^Schneider, Troy K. (July 20, 2016). "Getting government approval of a more secure OpenSSL". GCN: Technology, Tools, and Tactics for Public Sector IT.
  31. ^Waterman, Shaun (July 21, 2016). "SafeLogic saves the day for feds' use of OpenSSL". FedScoop.
  32. ^Rashid, Fahmida Y. (July 26, 2016). "Reworked OpenSSL on track for government validation". InfoWorld.
  33. ^Wells, Joyce (August 3, 2017). "Oracle, SafeLogic and OpenSSL Join Forces to Update FIPS Module". Database Trends and Applications.
  34. ^Kerner, Sean Michael (August 4, 2017). "Oracle Joins SafeLogic to Develop FIPS Module for OpenSSL Security". eWeek.
  35. ^"OpenSSL 3.0 Alpha7 Release". OpenSSL Blog. October 20, 2020.
  36. ^"Cryptographic Module Validation Program: OpenSSL". Computer Security Resource Center.
  37. ^"OpenSSL: Source, License". openssl.org.
  38. ^"Licenses – Free Software Foundation". fsf.org.
  39. ^"WGET 1.10.2 for Windows (win32)". users.ugent.be. Archived from the original on January 2, 2008.
  40. ^"Releases of source and binaries". climm.org. Archived from the original on February 12, 2011. Retrieved November 30, 2010.
  41. ^"Deluge LICENSE file". deluge-torrent.org. Retrieved January 24, 2013.
  42. ^Salz, Rich (August 1, 2015). "License Agreements and Changes Are Coming". openssl.org. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
  43. ^"OpenSSL Re-licensing to Apache License v. 2.0 To Encourage Broader Use with Other FOSS Projects and Products". March 23, 2017. Archived from the original on July 18, 2017. Retrieved August 6, 2018.
  44. ^Lee, Victoria; Radcliffe, Mark; Stevenson, Chirs (5 February 2019). "Top 10 FOSS legal developments of 2018". Opensource.com, Red Hat. Archived from the original(html) on 5 February 2019. Retrieved 28 September 2019.
  45. ^"OpenSSL 3.0 License Change". September 22, 2021. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  46. ^"OpenSSL Updates Fix Critical Security Vulnerabilities". August 9, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  47. ^"OpenSSL ASN.1 asn1_d2i_read_bio() Heap Overflow Vulnerability". Cisco.
  48. ^"ASN1 BIO vulnerability". OpenSSL.
  49. ^"On the Security of RC4 in TLS". Royal Holloway Department of Information Security.
  50. ^"research!rsc: Lessons from the Debian/OpenSSL Fiasco". research.swtch.com. Retrieved August 12, 2015.
  51. ^"SSLkeys". Debian Wiki. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
  52. ^"Debian OpenSSL – Predictable PRNG Bruteforce SSH Exploit Python". Exploits Database. June 1, 2008. Retrieved August 12, 2015.
  53. ^"DSA-1571-1 openssl – predictable random number generator". Debian Project. May 13, 2008.
  54. ^OpenSSL.org (April 7, 2014). "OpenSSL Security Advisory [07 Apr 2014]". Retrieved April 9, 2014.
  55. ^OpenSSL (April 7, 2014). "TLS heartbeat read overrun (CVE-2014-0160)". Retrieved April 8, 2014.
  56. ^Codenomicon Ltd (April 8, 2014). "Heartbleed Bug". Retrieved April 8, 2014.
  57. ^"Why Heartbleed is dangerous? Exploiting CVE-2014-0160". IPSec.pl. 2014. Archived from the original on April 8, 2014. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
  58. ^Mutton, Paul (April 8, 2014). "Half a million widely trusted websites vulnerable to Heartbleed bug". Netcraft Ltd. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
  59. ^"OpenSSL continues to bleed out more flaws – more critical vulnerabilities found". Cyberoam Threat Research Labs. 2014. Archived from the original on June 19, 2014. Retrieved June 13, 2014.
  60. ^"CVE-2014-0224". CVE. 2014.
  61. ^"OpenSSL Security Advisory". OpenSSL. June 5, 2014.
  62. ^"OpenSSL Patches Severe Denial-of-Service Vulnerability". Brandon Stosh. March 20, 2015.
  63. ^Goodlin, Dan (January 28, 2016). "High-severity bug in OpenSSL allows attackers to decrypt HTTPS traffic". Ars Technica.
  64. ^"security/assl: assl-1.5.0p0v0 – hide awful SSL API in a sane interface". OpenBSD ports. May 22, 2014. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  65. ^"OpenBSD has started a massive strip-down and cleanup of OpenSSL". OpenBSD journal. April 15, 2014.
  66. ^"OpenBSD forks, prunes, fixes OpenSSL". ZDNet. April 21, 2014. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
  67. ^"BoringSSL". Git at Google.
  68. ^"Google unveils independent 'fork' of OpenSSL called 'BoringSSL'". Ars Technica. June 21, 2014.
  69. ^"BoringSSL". Adam Langley's Weblog. June 20, 2014.
  70. ^"BoringSSL wants to kill the excitement that led to Heartbleed". Sophos. June 24, 2014.
  71. ^Buchanan, Bill (August 30, 2018). "Goodbye OpenSSL, and Hello To Google Tink". Medium. Retrieved April 4, 2019.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to OpenSSL.
Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OpenSSL

Setting Up Licenses for Windows Installation

This section provides license setup information for ADS on a Windows PC. (Alternatively, see Setting Up Licenses for UNIX and Linux Installation.) After you install ADS using the steps described in Installing Advanced Design System, you will need to set up the FLEXnet license manager and your ADS license file (license.lic) before you can run ADS.

License Installation Overview

Note

The Agilent License Information Tool is available to check your environment variable settings, display your license.lic file, and show your license and server status. Refer to Using the Agilent License Information Tool.

About FLEXnet

ADS uses Acresso's Flexible License Manager (FLEXnet) software for all software security configurations. When you run the ADS Setup program, the FLEXnet software is installed at <installation folder>\licenses\bin where <installation folder> is the destination folder you specified when you ran Setup. For more information, see Using lmtools for FLEXnet.

ADS 2009 uses the utility lmtools with the FLEXnet software. This utility does not replace the steps in this section for license installation, but can help in the installation and use of FLEXnet licenses.

The utility can be found in the \ADS2009\licenses\bin folder and is named lmtools.exe. Using lmtools, you can:

  • Determine your system's settings, which you will need when you request licenses from Agilent EEsof EDA. This information can be found under the System Settings tab.
  • Configure your FLEXnet licenses to start from a license file or as a Service using the Service/License File tab. If you choose to start FLEXnet as a service, you can configure the FLEXnet service from the Configure Services tab.
  • Start, stop, and reread license.lic files and services using the Start/Stop/Reread tab.

For details on using FLEXnet and lmtools, refer to the Acresso website at:

http://www.acresso.com/

Before Installing Your Licenses

ADS needs to be installed before licenses are installed. For details on installing ADS on a PC running Windows, please refer to Before You Begin Windows Installation and Installing Advanced Design System.


You must request and install new licenses for ADS 2009. To learn how to request licenses, see Get Licenses for ADS 2009.

Installing Your Licenses

Use the steps in the following sections to install your ADS licenses.

The FLEXnet licensing system can use different methods to identify your PC and associate it with a license. The License ID (a.k.a., hostid, that is, the identifier by which FLEXnet recognizes your PC) can be in the form of a FLEXid hardware key attached to a port on the PC; it can also be the Ethernet address (also known as the "physical address") of the PC's LAN card. The License ID is displayed at the end of the installation program. Use one of the following methods to run the FLEXnet licensing system on your PC:

  • Install a hardware key, or
  • Read the Ethernet address of the PC's LAN card.

    Important

    ADS 2009 installs version 11.6 of FLEXnet. Make sure you use the latest version of the FLEXnet software, drivers, and hardware key as needed on all ADS systems and license servers.

Installing a Hardware Key

One way to run the FLEXnet licensing system on your PC is to install the FLEXid hardware key (also called a dongle) on a parallel or USB port of your computer. In a node-locked environment, it is installed on the local machine. In a floating license environment, it is only required on the server machine.

Note

Before you install the key, make a note of the hardware key ID number on the key. If you have not already received your security licenses from Agilent EEsof, you will need to provide this number for your License Request Form, as explained in the section, Determining License Type.

Installing the FLEXid Driver

Complete the following steps to install the latest FLEXid driver needed to license ADS. You need to do this only if you wish to lock your licenses to a hardware key. Be aware that this procedure requires system administrator privileges. Acresso recommends that you install the FLEXid System Driver with their installer, which is included on the ADS PC Setup disk.

The installation program will attempt to load the FLEXid driver automatically; however, it may not be able to do so if your system has a FLEXid driver. In that case you will need to load it using the following steps.

To install the Acresso FLEXid Driver:

  1. Place the ADS PC Setup disk in your DVD drive or locate the unzipped installation image files.
  2. If you wish to remove any existing FLEXid drivers, do the following using a command window:
    1. Change to the DVD drive or the path to the unzipped installation image files.
    2. Locate the FLEXId_Dongle_Driver_Installer.exe file.
    3. Type
      This starts the FLEXid_Dongle_Driver_Installer.
    4. Select the drivers you want to uninstall, then click the Next button.
    5. When the process is complete, click Finish to close the utility.
  3. Select Start > Run (or use your Windows Explorer and skip the next step).
  4. In the Run box, click Browse.
  5. Change to the DVD drive or locate the unzipped installation image files.
  6. Locate and double-click the FLEXId_Dongle_Driver_Installer.exe file. This starts the Acresso FLEXid Drivers installation program. For additional information, see the FLEXnet_ID_Dongle_Drivers.pdf file also located on the disk.
  7. Click the Next button.
  8. Select the features you want to install, then click the Next button.
  9. Click the Install button.
  10. When the process is complete, a dialog box with a message to restart your system is displayed.
  11. Click Finish.
  12. Restart your computer. The driver will not become active until your PC is rebooted.

Using the Ethernet Address of the PC's LAN Card

Another way to run the FLEXnet licensing system on your PC is to read your LAN card's Ethernet address and have Agilent EEsof Business Support tie this identifier to your ADS licenses. To use this method, do the following:

  1. Make sure that you have TCP/IP and IPX/SPX network protocols loaded on your PC. The IPX/SPX protocol is required by FLEXnet. To get help on network protocols, refer to your Windows Help.
  2. Verify that you can read your LAN card's Ethernet address (also known as the "physical address"). For all versions of Windows, run the following FLEXnet command from the MS DOS Command Prompt:



    If lmutil lmhostid does not return the expected address, make sure you have the IPX/SPX (NWLink IPX/SPX Compatible Transport) protocol loaded.

    To obtain the address before you have ADS installed:

    Type

Note

Before you can use your LAN card's Ethernet address, you will have to let Agilent EEsof Business Support tie this ID to your ADS licenses. If you have not already received your security licenses from Agilent EEsof, you will need to provide this number on your License Request Form, as explained in the section, Determining License Type.

Determining License Type

Look at the INCREMENT lines in your license.lic file to determine the type of licenses you have. If the INCREMENT lines contain the strings HOSTID= and uncounted, then your licenses are node-locked. Otherwise, your licenses are floating. For example:

Node-locked License

INCREMENT ads_datadisplay agileesofd 2.7 08-nov-2007 uncounted \ VENDOR_STRING="0000FF0FF00F : DXNLFPQ WZBCLQ2 AUJXJ2E IEKCKLI \ WFYQNVM DNJU1YM LHYKAQC OM" HOSTID=0000ff0ff00f \ START=11-nov-2007 SIGN="02D6 1B9C F5B8 0399 E483 2FF2 2BDD \ 7EBF 48B2 435E 2101 D7B6 3128 A42A 9D92 EA18 8CB5 C253 F6BB \ 0CD2 F189"

For Node-locked licenses, refer to, Installing Node-Locked Licenses.

Floating License

INCREMENT ads_datadisplay agileesofd 2.7 08-nov-2007 1 \ VENDOR_STRING="8-5E7012345678 : DXNLFPQ WZBCLQ2 AUJXJ2E \ IEKCKLI WFYQNVM DNJU1YM LHYKAQC OM" START=11-nov-2007 \ SIGN="028C 541A A8DE F4CD 9796 2D38 BC5A 7588 F431 7E62 0601 \ 95CE F386 0A87 0B26 7EE7 7FEB 9DE4 60E9 6DDE 0340"

For Floating licenses, refer to, Installing Floating Licenses on a PC Server

Installing Node-Locked Licenses

The license.lic file with the node-locked licenses must be installed on each local machine. The default install path is: <installation folder>\licenses (for example, C:\ADS2009\licenses). Copy the license.lic file that you received via e-mail to the <installation folder>\licenses folder.

Note

Do not execute FLEXnet's lmgrd command for node-locked licenses. If you have started this program, stop it using the Task Manager or re-boot your PC.

Changing the License File Location

If you use the default license file location, your environment variables are set automatically. To use the license.lic file from a different location, you need to set the AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE environment variable to point to the location.

To define the environment variable:

  • On Windows XP, choose Start > Settings > Control Panel > System > Advanced > Environment Variables then add a new variable named AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE that points to the full path to the license.lic file.

Your environment variable can be entered either as a user variable or as a system variable. The user variable affects only the currently logged-in user; the system variable affects all users. For a node-locked license, be sure you add the AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE variable to the System variables, not the User variables.

If you are running multiple versions of ADS, do not include the HPEESOF_DIR variable in the Systemvariables or User variables list boxes (and remove them have you have them).

Important

The AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE environment variable overrides any LM_LICENSE_FILE settings you might have set up. The LM_LICENSE_FILE variable is used only when the AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE is not set. As a result, using the AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE variable will isolate your ADS license configurations from other applications that use the LM_LICENSE_FILE variable.

Installing Floating Licenses on a PC Server

Use the following sections to install your ADS floating licenses. You should have installed ADS before you complete these steps. For details on installing ADS on a PC running Windows, please refer to Installing Advanced Design System.

Important

Be sure to use the following information to update all existing license servers with the latest version of the FLEXnet software (e.g., lmgrd and lmutil). The software is installed with ADS 2009. Using older versions may cause license-encryption errors, invalid hostid results, and unsupported feature errors.

Verify that all multiple and redundant servers are updated including any license administration scripts in use. Run lmutil directly from the ADS 2009 installation location ($HPEESOF_DIR\licenses\bin) for information to help modify the scripts.

You will need to stop, then restart, the license server to make these updates.

Installing the License File

The license.lic file that implements FLEXnet security must be installed to run ADS. The default install path is: <installation folder>\licenses (for example, C:\ADS2009\licenses). Copy the license.lic file that you received via e-mail to the <installation folder>\licenses folder.

If your licenses will be served by a central server, have your system administrator install the license.lic file on the license server machine.

Entering the Hostname

Change the default hostname setting in your license file to the actual hostname of your license server. The license server is the machine that will serve the licenses on the network, and whose Ethernet address or FLEXID hardware key number, appears on the SERVER line.

For example, assuming that a machine with FLEXID hardware key number 8-5E700059B957 has a hostname of joshua. The SERVER line should read:

Starting with ADS 2002, all license.lic files are generated with SERVER lines with the following format:

<hostname> <hostid>

where:

<hostname> is set to unknown by default
<hostid> is the License ID (FLEXID hardware key number or Ethernet address) of the license server.

You can also specify a specific TCP port number for license requests as follows:

<hostname> <hostid> <tcp_port>

To run ADS and check out a license from this license server, you will need to set the LM_LICENSE_FILE or AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE as follows.


The AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE environment variable overrides any LM_LICENSE_FILE settings you might have set up. The LM_LICENSE_FILE variable is used only when the AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE is not set. As a result, using the AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE variable will isolate your ADS license configurations from other applications that use the LM_LICENSE_FILE variable.

If you do not specify a TCP port number on the SERVER line, the license server will use the first available TCP port number in the range 27000 to 27009. In this case you will need to set the LM_LICENSE_FILE or AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE as follows.


Note

Enter a specific port address on the SERVER line for improved license check-out performance. You may enter a port address outside the range of 27000 to 27009, as long as the address is not used elsewhere. Then set the environment variable AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE or LM_LICENSE_FILE.

Setting the Vendor Daemon Path

By default, no path is specified for the agileesofd vendor daemon executable. This is acceptable as long as lmgrd and agileesofd are in the same folder when you start FLEXnet.

In the typical license configuration, lmgrd and agileesofd are both located in the \ads2009\licenses\bin folder. When lmgrd is started from the \ads2009\licenses\bin folder, it looks for agileesofd in the same folder. If agileesofd is not in the same folder as lmgrd, you must specify a path to it using the following syntax

Connecting to a License Server through a Firewall

If client systems connect to a license server through an Internet firewall set up on a Windows PC, you must also specify the port number the vendor daemon uses. You can specify the port number on the license file's VENDOR line. If the port is not specified, the default is chosen by the operating system at run time. If this port number is specified, there may be a delay restarting the vendor daemon until all clients have closed their connections to the daemon. Here is an example of a properly configured VENDOR line including the daemon path and port number:

Some clients may timeout before they can connect to a license server through a firewall. The default timeout period is 0.1 second. If you need a longer timeout period, you can set the environment variable FLEXLM_TIMEOUT to a new value. Enter the value using microseconds. Agilent EEsof recommends trying one second. For example:

FLEXLM_TIMEOUT=1000000

Depending on your network, you may need to adjust the period so it is long enough to allow connections without slowing down simulations excessively.

Starting FLEXnet

FLEXnet can be started either manually or automatically. You must start the FLEXnet license manager daemon (lmgrd) on the license server(s) first. Once the license server(s) is running lmgrd and has started the vendor daemon(s), you can configure the other machines (clients) and user login accounts that need to access ADS.

To start FLEXnet you need the following.

  • FLEXnet software installed in the < installation_location>\licenses folder. This is done when you install ADS.
  • The license server machine connected to the network using the TCP/IP network protocol.
  • A local copy of the license.lic file that contains the FLEXnet licenses. Every machine that will run ADS must be able to access the license.lic file used by the license server(s) to check out a license. Access to the license.lic file can be via a local copy of the license.lic file or through a network drive.
  • Properly configured SERVER and VENDOR lines in your license.lic file.

If you have a three-server redundant configuration, you must start FLEXnet on all three servers before the licenses will be available on the network. Once you have FLEXnet running, you can configure the other machines (clients) and user login accounts that need to access ADS by setting the LM_LICENSE_FILE or AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE.

Starting FLEXnet Manually

While starting FLEXnet manually is a good way to verify that FLEXnet starts correctly, it is generally not recommend for a server machine, because it requires a dedicated MS-DOS Command Prompt to be open at all times and it requires re-starting after rebooting the license server. Use the following steps to start the FLEXnet executable file, lmgrd.exe:

  1. From a MS-DOS Command Prompt, change to
    <installation_directory>\licenses\bin, where <installation_directory> is the folder where you installed ADS.
  2. Type the following command specifying the full path and location of the license file.

To shut down the license manager, enter the following at a command prompt, from the <installation_directory>\licenses\bin folder:

Starting FLEXnet Automatically

Ideally you should configure FLEXnet to start up automatically each time your system is booted by installing the license manager as a Control Panel service.

To start the license manager automatically:

  1. From a MS-DOS Command Prompt, change to
    <installation_directory>\licenses\bin, where <installation_directory> is the folder where you installed ADS.
  2. Enter the full path and filename of both the license executable file and the license.lic file. The default location for the executable file is installation_directory\licenses\bin\lmgrd.exe. (The flex.log file is useful for troubleshooting.)

    For example:
    installs -e d:\ADS2009\licenses\bin\lmgrd.exe -c d:\ADS2009\licenses\license.lic -l d:\ADS2009\licenses\flex.log
    If you don't specify a flex.log file using the "-l" option when you run installs.exe, FLEXnet creates a default log file in the system32 folder. While this default log file does not contain as much information, it can still be useful. This file is typically located in c:\winnt\system32\ and is named lmgrd.log or lmgrd.xxxx where "xxxx" is the process ID number of lmgrd.
  3. Activate the license server by starting the FLEXnet service using the Control Panel or by rebooting the system:

Start > Control Panel (in classic view) > Administrative Tools > Services

To remove the license manager from the service list and cancel the automatic FLEXnet startup:

From a system prompt, change to the license folder and enter:

To change the path to your license file, first remove the existing FLEXnet service using the installs -r command, reinstall FLEXnet using the new location, and then reboot your system.

Ensuring Access to the License File

You need to configure each client machine to access the license server and to check out a license. You can do this by using one of two methods:

  • Place a copy of the license.lic file in the <installation_directory>\licenses folder of each local machine.
  • Configure the LM_LICENSE_FILE or AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE to point to the license file.

Typically it is best to use the port@hos t syntax to set the AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE to point to the license server.

Where 27000 is the TCP port on the SERVER line in the license.lic file and joshua is the host name of the license server.

If your license server is set up to search for an available port, use the @host syntax to set the AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE to point to the license server.

You can also set the AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE to point to the full path and filename of the license.lic file used by the license server.

Note

The AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE environment variable will override any LM_LICENSE_FILE settings you might have set up. If AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE is not set, LM_LICENSE_FILE will be used.

Accessing Licenses From a UNIX or Linux License Server

You can access licenses from a UNIX or Linux license server by doing the following:

  1. Set up the UNIX/Linux license server(s) to use FLEXnet version 11.6 or higher lmgrd and agileesofd daemons.
  2. Set up the PC to access the UNIX/Linux license server's license.lic file.

Setting Up the UNIX or Linux License Server

You must use version 11.6 or higher of the FLEXnet daemons lmgrd and agileesofd. Use the following commands to check the version of lmgrd and agileesofd on your UNIX/Linux license server:

cd $HPEESOF_DIR/licenses/bin . / lmgrd -version cd $HPEESOF_DIR/licenses/vendors . / agileesofd -v

Use the following steps to update current FLEXnet daemons on your license server(s):

  1. Stop the current FLEXnet daemons on the license server:
    cd $HPEESOF_DIR/licenses/bin . /lmutil lmdown -c ../license.lic
  2. Replace the following files with the supported FLEXnet version files:
    $HPEESOF_DIR/licenses/bin/lmgrd $HPEESOF_DIR/licenses/bin/lmutil $HPEESOF_DIR/licenses/bin/agileesofd
    If you have more than one license server, make sure you do this on all of them.
  3. Restart the license daemons on the UNIX/Linux license server(s):
    cd $HPEESOF_DIR/licenses/bin . / lmgrd -c ../license.lic -l ../flex.log

Setting Up the Client(s)

Your PC can access the UNIX/Linux license server's license.lic file in either of two ways:

  • By copying the license.lic file from the UNIX/Linux license server to the PC's <installation_directory>\licenses folder
  • By setting the AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE variable on the PC to point to the UNIX/Linux license server as follows:

    For example:

    where 27000 is the port number on the SERVER line in the license.lic file on the UNIX/Linux license server and joshua is the hostname of the UNIX/Linux license server.

To set an AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE system environment variable that points to the license.lic file, use the steps outlined in Changing the License File Location.

Selecting a License Bundle

This step is necessary only if you are using license bundles.

If you have been using license packages in previous versions, you should be aware that packages were replaced by license bundles in ADS 2003A. Bundles are an improvement over packages by giving you more control over which license bundles are used during an ADS session.

You must select a bundle when starting ADS to ensure a license bundle is being used. The Agilent License Preference Tool is available to help you make a selection. To learn how to select bundles using the preference tool, see Using the Agilent License Preference Tool.

Special Licensing Needs

Be sure to use the lmtools utility to install an ADS license on a server that is already running FLEXnet. For details on using FLEXnet, refer to the Acresso website at:

http://www.acresso.com/

Using FLEXnet Options

An options file enables the license administrator to control the security parameters of FLEXnet. Specifically the license administrator can:

  • Allow the use of features based on user, hostname or display name.
  • Deny the user of features based on user, hostname or display name.
  • Reserve licenses based on user, hostname or display name.
  • Control the amount of information logged about license usage.

Creating an Options File

Use the desired options listed to create the options file using any text editor. Ideally, you should keep the options file in the same directory as your license.lic file. Also, add the pathname to the options file in the license.lic file as the fourth field on the VENDOR line for agileesofd as shown in the following example. (Remember to use the backslash ('\') character if the file contains wrapped lines.)

VENDOR agileesofd c:\ads2009\licenses\vendors\agileesofd \ c:\ads2009\licenses\agileesofd.opt

You can include comments in your options file by starting each comment with a pound sign '#'. Everything in the options file is case-sensitive. Be sure that user names and feature names, for example, are entered correctly. The available options are:

  • EXCLUDE
    Deny a user access to a feature.
  • EXCLUDEALL
    Deny a user access to all feature served by this vendor daemon.
  • GROUP
    Define a group of users for use with any options.
  • INCLUDE
    Allow a user to use a feature.
  • INCLUDEALL
    Allow a user to use all features served by this vendor daemon.
  • NOLOG
    Turn off logging certain items.
  • REPORTLOG
    Specify that a logfile be written suitable for use by the FLEXadmin End-User Administration Tool.
  • RESERVE
    Reserve licenses for an individual user or groups of users.
  • TIMEOUT
    Works only for specified simulator and library licenses.
  • TIMEOUTALL
    Works for all simulator and library licenses.

Use the following steps to create and use an options file. Details about each step located in previous sections:

  1. Create an options file with your required options.
  2. Modify your license.lic file so that the VENDOR or DAEMON line points to this option file as shown in this example:
    VENDOR agileesofd c:\ads2009\licenses\vendors\agileesofd \ c:\ads2009\licenses\agileesofd.opt
  3. Start up your license server (lmgrd) that is pointing to your license file. You must stop it first if it is running. It's important that a message is displayed or recorded in the FLEXnet log verifying the license manager is using the options file. The following example shows that the license manager is using the agileesofd.opt file containing the TIMEOUTALL option set to 900 seconds:
    17:35:14 (agileesofd) Using options file: "c:\ads2009\licenses\agileesofd.opt" 17:35:15 (agileesofd) ALL FEATURES: INACTIVITY TIMEOUT set to 900 seconds
  4. Set AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE to point to your license server.
  5. Run ADS.

Specifying the TIMEOUT Option

You can set a custom time-out period for simulator and library licenses using the TIMEOUT or TIMEOUTALL options. If you do not specify a time-out value in your options file or do not have an options file, a default two-hour limit is used. These time-out options apply to those application features that have explicitly implemented time-out via the heartbeat function. This includes licenses for the Analog/RF and Signal Processor simulators and for libraries, and do not affect licenses for the design environment and data display. The time-out option sets the amount of time a feature may remain idle before its license is released and reclaimed by the vendor daemon. The TIMEOUT option enables you to identify specific licenses, and the TIMEOUTALL affects all licenses (simulators and libraries).

To use TIMEOUT, add an entry for each feature to the options file using the following format:

feature_nameseconds
where:
feature_name is name of the feature.
seconds is the number of seconds before inactive license is reclaimed. The minimum value is 900 seconds (15 minutes). If you specify a time-out value smaller than the minimum, the minimum is used.

The option TIMEOUTALL works just like TIMEOUT, but applies to all features.

seconds

Here are example entries you can include in your options file:

To set a time-out for the harmonic balance simulator to one hour (3600 seconds):

To set time-outs for multiple simulators to different periods:


To set a time-out for all simulators and libraries to one hour (3600 seconds):

Updating the License File

If you have been running FLEXnet and receive updated licenses from Agilent EEsof, you can add the new licenses to the FLEXnet environment as follows:

  1. Replace the existing license.lic files on the license servers and clients with the new license.lic file.
  2. On the primary server, run . This causes the lmgrd on the primary server to re-read the license.lic file and update all of the other lmgrd processes on the network.
  3. After you have done this, you can run to verify that the license servers have received the new license information.

If this does not work, you may need to stop all of the lmgrd processes on your network and then restart them as described in Starting FLEXnet.

Merging Multiple Vendor Licenses

When you are running FLEXnet-licensed products from multiple vendors, you have three ways to prevent licensing conflicts during installation:

  • Multiple license server nodes; each running one lmgrd and one license file
  • One license server node running one lmgrd and one license file
  • One license server node running multiple lmgrds and multiple license files

Each lmgrd can only read a single license file. With the first option you will have more license servers to monitor. With the third option you have only one server but multiple lmgrds to administer.

Your product's license file(s) define the license server(s) by hostname and hostid in the SERVER line(s) in the license file.

  • If the license files for two or more products contain identical hostids on the SERVER line(s), then these files can be combined.
  • If the license files for two products contain different hostids on a SERVER line, then the license servers for those products will be running on different nodes and the license files cannot be combined.

If you have two or more products whose license servers run on the same node (as specified by the SERVER lines in the license files), you may be able to combine the license files into a single license file.

  • If the SERVER lines in those files have identical hostids, then you can combine the files into a single file.
  • If the SERVER lines have different hostids, then you must keep the license files separate.

Essentially, you can combine two license files under the following conditions:

  1. The number of SERVER lines in each file is the same.
  2. The hostid field of each SERVER line in one file exactly matches the hostid field of each SERVER line in the other file.

Some possible reasons license files may not be compatible are:

  • License files are set up to run on different server nodes, so hostids are different.
  • One file is set up for single server (has only one SERVER line), the other is set up for redundant servers (has multiple SERVER lines).
  • One vendor uses a custom hostid algorithm, so the hostids on the SERVER lines are different even though the files are for the same machine.

If your license files are compatible as described above, then you can combine license files and run a single lmgrd, as described in Combining License Files from Multiple Vendors If the license files are not compatible, then you must keep the license files separate and run separate copies of lmgrd for each license file, as described in the section, Using Separate License Files on the Same Server Node. For specific information about combining licenses for multiple versions of ADS, see Managing Multiple ADS Versions.

Important

There is virtually no performance or system-load penalty for running separate lmgrd processes.

Combining License Files from Multiple Vendors

If your license files are compatible, you can combine them using any text editor. To combine license files, read all of the compatible license files into one file, then edit out the extra SERVER lines so that only one set of SERVER lines remains. Write out this data, and you have your combined license file.

If you combine license files from multiple vendors, it is a good idea to keep a copy of the combined license file in each vendor's default license file location. This way, your users can avoid having to set AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE, because each package finds its license information in the default place. On UNIX or Linux, you can do this with a symbolic link from each default location to the location of the combined license file.

FLEXnet Version Component Compatibility

When you combine license files for two different FLEXnet-licensed products, the products may not use the same version of FLEXnet. FLEXnet is designed to handle this situation. There are two basic compatibility rules for FLEXnet:

  1. A newer lmgrd can be used with an older vendor daemon, but a newer vendor daemon might not work properly with an older lmgrd.
  2. A newer vendor daemon (or lmgrd) can be used with an older client program, but a newer client program might not work properly with an older vendor daemon.

From these two compatibility rules come the simple rules for selecting which version of administration tools to use:

  1. Always use the newest version of lmgrd and the newest version of each vendor daemon.
  2. Use the newest FLEXnet utilities.

For specific application programs, you can use either the new or the old version (with the assumption that the vendor daemon for that application is at least as new as the application).

Using Separate License Files on the Same Server Node

You must run a separate copy of lmgrd for each license file. When you run multiple copies of lmgrd, there are two details to remember:

  1. The port number on the SERVER line of each license file must be unique. You can use a standard text editor to change the port number in each license file so that they are all different.
  2. You must make sure that you are using a compatible version of lmgrd when you start it up for a particular license file. This can be done by using an explicit path to lmgrd.

When running client programs (such as a licensed application), you can set the AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE environment variable to point to multiple license files. For example, you may have a license file from vendor ABC and a license file from vendor XYZ with incompatible servers. You can place the license file from vendor ABC into:

and the license file from vendor XYZ into:

then set the AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE environment variable to point to both of them. The syntax is as follows:

Note that each path is separated with a semi-colon.

AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE can point to only one license file for FLEXlm v1.x applications.

Redundant License Servers

FLEXnet enables you to set up a redundant license server configuration. This involves configuring three license servers with one of the three servers functioning as the master server. If the master server goes down, one of the other two servers becomes the new master server, and the licenses remain available on the network.

Setting up redundant servers requires extra system administration and is not recommended unless you absolutely need it.

To set up redundant license servers, use the same FLEXnet procedures on all three servers. All three servers need to be up and running before your licenses will be made available.

Controlling License Path Settings

The lmutil utility provides the lmpath function which allows direct control over FLEXnet license path settings. You can use lmpath to add to, override, or get the current license path set in the registry. This enables you to change or view path settings without locating individual settings in the Windows registry on the PC or in the FLEXnet registry (.flexlmrc) on UNIX or Linux.

The lmutil utility is located in $HPEESOF_DIR\licenses\bin. This location must be in your PATH, or use the following command before running the utility:

The usage for this function is:

{ -status

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1

2 Table of Contents 1. License Activation License Key Online Activation Manual Activation Network Activation Activation Setting USB Dongle Network Dongle Standalone Dongle Dongle Upgrade License Return Standalone License Return Online Return Manual Return Network License Return Network License Online Return Network License Manual Return Network Licenses Borrow and Return Borrow License Borrowed Return... 33

3 1. License Activation After you install GstarCAD 2020 and start up software, the system prompts you to choose Activate or Trial. In both cases, please select a version accordingly first. - If you want to try GstarCAD 2020, just select Trial to get a 30-day trial of the software. During the trial period, the product performs as fully activated. - If you already have a valid license key or a USB dongle you can activate the software directly by selecting Activate. In the GstarCAD License Activation wizard, we provide 2 ways for you to activate GstarCAD 2020: License Key and USB Dongle. 1

4 1.1. License Key You need a valid license key (serial number e.g. 662E-DE DBE-74A ) to activate your GstarCAD, or you can get/borrow a network license from an existing license server. There are 4 activation types: Online Activation: Activate license online Manual Activation: Activate license manually Network License: Get license from a network license server Borrow License: Borrow license from a network license server (Please refer to section 1 of chapter 3 (3.1 Borrow License) Online Activation Instruction: Make sure your computer is connected to the internet. 1. Click Online Activation(O) and select a version of GstarCAD 2020 (Professional, Standard and Academic). 2

5 2. Input your license key (serial number) and click the Activate button. 3. After a few seconds the following message appears. Click OK button to finish the activation. 3

6 Manual Activation Instruction: If your computer is not connected to the internet, you can use activation file (xml file) to activate your GstarCAD 2020 manually. 1. Click Manual Activation(M) and select a version of GstarCAD (Professional, Standard and Academic) from your computer. 2. Input your license key (serial number) and click the GENERATE button to get the request file and save it. 4

7 3. There are 2 ways to acquire license file with the saved request file: Option 1: You can send the request file from any computer with internet connected to your local GstarCAD distributor to get the license file. Option 2: Online Service You can access GstarCAD online service center from any computer with internet connected to download the license file. (1) Login to GstarCAD online service center: (2) Input your license key(serial number) and click the Login button to continue. 5

8 (3) Click the Activate button to continue. (4) Click the Choose File button and select the request file you have saved and click the Submit button to continue. (5) Click the Download button and save the license file (Response XML File). We recommend you to store the license file to your USB flash drive. 6

9 4. Back to your computer and find out GstarCAD License Activation wizard, please click the LOAD button and select the license file you have just downloaded and saved from another computer, and then click the Activate button. 5. After a few seconds the following message window appears. Click the OK button to finish the activation Network Activation Network Activation enables you to share a number of GstarCAD licenses on your office LAN. It gives flexibility of license floating among a working group. Before the network installation, the following confirmation is required: 1. Information of product you want to purchase, including version language, version type (standard or professional) and the quantity of licenses. 2. Specify server computer to install and execute GStarLMS.exe Activation 1. If it is your first time to install GstarCAD Network License Manager, please follow the steps below: (1) Double click GstarCAD_LMS on the specified server computer, the following window opens, Click Next to specify the installation directory of GstarCAD Network License Manager. 7

10 (2) Click Install after specifying the directory. 8

11 (3) Check the first option in the window below, click Next and Finish to finish programming language maintenance. (4) Click Finish to complete the GstarCAD Network License Manager installation. 2. If you installed GstarCAD Network License Manager before, please follow the steps below: (1) Double click GstarCAD_LMS on the specified server computer, the following window opens, click Next to continue. 9

12 (2) Click Upgrade and click Next to continue GstarCAD Network License Manager upgrading. 10

13 (3) Check the first option in the window below, click Next and Finish to finish programming language maintenance. (4) Click Finish to complete the GstarCAD Network License Manager installation. 3. After the installation is finished, a utility program group called GstarCAD Network License Manager is added to Windows Programs in which you will find: GstarCAD License Manager (server): Managing the list of licenses on the server computer. LMTools: A tool which is used to manage license server for network. Uninstall:Uninstall program. Click GstarCAD License Manager (server) to set license server. 11

14 On-line Activation Instruction: make sure your computer connect to the internet. 1. Click to run GstarCAD License Manager (server). Click Activation button. 2. Input your Serial Number and specify the quantity of license, then click Activate On-line button. 3. Click the OK button to close the Activation successful window. 4. Then click the OK button to finish the activation. 12

15 Off-line Activation 1. Click to run GstarCAD License Manager (server). Click Activation button. 2. Click click here to open the manual Activation guide. 3. Then the following window open: 13

16 4. Enter Network License Serial Number which is provided to you when you purchase GstarCAD 2020, and the quantity of License you purchased. Click Generate to generate Request file with a file name consists of the Network License Serial Number and.xml extension. (e.g.3401-df c9d xml) 5. Click Save to save the generated Request file to the local computer. 6. Go to another computer with internet connection and use the Request file you have saved to acquire a corresponding Activation File via one of the two options as follow. Option 1: You can send the generated Application File to your distributor to get the Activation File. 14

17 Option2: online service You can go to the GstarCAD online service center ( ) to get the Activation File. (1) Log in the GstarCAD online service center ( ) by the computer with internet connection. Input the Serial Number and click the Login button to continue. (2) Click the Activate button to continue. (3) Click the Choose File button to select the Request file you have saved and click Submit to continue. 15

18 (4) Click the Download button and save License file to the location which you have chosen. 7. After you receive the License file, restart Activate window and click Browse to apply the License file and click the Activate button. 8. Then you can see the Activation successful window. Click the OK button to finish the activation. 16

19 9. Then you can check the product information from GstarCAD License Manager. Click the OK button to exit Setting Server Setting 1. Proceed to set LMTools(This utility can only be set by Administrator) 2. Click the Start/Stop/Reread button to manage the server. All the information of the tabs you can keep default, you only need to operate in Start/Stop/Reread tab to manage the server. 17

20 3. Click Start Server button. Now you can turn to activate the client. Note: You can start server either manually or automatically, it is to select Start/Stop/Reread option to control the server in Start/Stop/Reread tab or control sever automatically in Config Services tab by checking User Services and Start Server at Power Up when start the computer. Client Setting After server setting, you have connected server to user client. Then you can activate the GstarCAD 2020 from user client machine. 1. Click Network License(N) and select a version of GstarCAD (Professional, Standard, and Academic). 18

21 2. Specify server IP address at Server IP Address window and click Activate button to activate your software USB Dongle You need to connect USB dongle to your computer to activate your GstarCAD 2020, or you can get a network license from an existing USB network license server. There are 3 types for you to activate: Network Dongle: Get license from a USB network license server. Standalone Dongle: Activate GstarCAD 2020 via USB dongle connected to the computer. Dongle Upgrade: Upgrade USB dongle connected the computer Network Dongle Sever Setting You need to specify server computer and install network driver of the USB dongle. Insert the network dongle to the USB port of your computer after the installation of GstarCAD The dongle will be recognized automatically. 19

22 Client Setting 1. Click Network Dongle (T) and select a version of GstarCAD (Professional, Standard, and Academic). 2. Specify the IP address of server and click the Activate button to activate your software. Note: The quantity of nodes is reduced in server until the one using in client is to be returned. 20

23 Standalone Dongle 1. Insert dongle to USB port of your computer. 2. Click Standalone Dongle(S) and select a version of GstarCAD (Professional, Standard, and Academic). 3. Then click Activate button. 21

24 Dongle Upgrade If your encryption is Standalone Dongle (2012 and above version) and you have upgraded your software, then you must upgrade your dongle so that you can activate your new version software. You can follow these steps to upgrade your dongle. 1. Insert dongle to USB port of your computer. 2. Click Dongle Upgrade (U) and select a version of GstarCAD (Professional, Standard, and Academic). 3. Click the GENERATE button to get the LOV file, and then save it to the local computer. 22

25 4. Send the LOV file to your local distributor/reseller from whom you purchased GstarCAD products and get LIV file. 5. Click LOAD to load LIV file and click Upgrade button to upgrade your dongle. No matter in which way you activate your GstarCAD, when you finish activating, the GstarCAD License Activation wizard quits out and the system will prompt you: Please restart your software to finish the activation process. You can click Help menu>register to ensure whether finish activating GstarCAD. Or you can check that from the top of the software. There is no Trial Day Left... Remark: If your standalone dongle version is from 2011 and below or you have a network dongle, Please refer to GstarCAD Upgrade Guide. 23

26 2. License Return When you are going to change another computer or upgrade your system, to ensure you can use this software again after you changing the system, you can return license before you change your system and to get a new one after you change the system. There are 3 types to return your license: Online Return: Make sure your computer connect to the internet. Manual Return: There is no need of internet connection. Borrowed Return: Please refer to section 2 of chapter 3 (3.2 Borrowed Return) Click GstarCAD License Manager from Windows Start button>all Programs>Gstarsoft>GstarCAD License Manager. Or you can click Help menu>register Then the following window open and click Return button. 24

27 2.1. Standalone License Return Online Return Instruction: make sure your computer connect to the internet. 1. Click Online Return (O) and select the license which you want to return and click the Return button. 2. After a few seconds you can see the license you have selected to return has disappeared from License information, click Exit button to close the window Manual Return 1. Click Manual Return (M) and select the license which you want to return. 25

28 2. Click GENERATE button to get the Request file. 3. Upload Request file and get Return file and save Return file to the local computer. 26

29 4. Click LOAD to load the -return.xml file and click Return button to return the license. 5. Then you can see the Status in the License Information is changed into Disabled. 6. Please note that processing file -resp-return.xml is for clearing the registration information in the workstation which you returned the license. If you want to transfer your license right to another workstation, please generate a new Request file.xml and send to us. You can see in the license manager the status is disabled. 27

30 2.2. Network License Return Network License Online Return If you want to change the server of GstarCAD, please return the network license first. You can return your GstarCAD network license from GstarCAD License Manager (Server) which you can access from Start-all button. You can activate it in another server only after GstarCAD network license returned. 1. In GstarCAD License Manager (Server), Click the GstarCAD license and click Return button. 2. The Return Dialog box will pop up and the Serial Number will be read automatically, click Return On-Line button to generate the return file. The license will be returned at once Network License Manual Return 1. If your computer is not connected to the internet, you can click click here to return the license manually. 2. In return dialog box, the SN will automatically read, you can click Generate to generate a return file with the 28

31 -return.xml extension 3. There are 2 ways to acquire response file with the saved request file: Option 1: You can send the return file from any computer with internet connected to your local GstarCAD distributor to get the license file. Option 2: Online Service You can access GstarCAD online service center from any computer with internet connected to download the license file. (1) Login to GstarCAD online service center: with your GstarCAD Network Serial Number. (5) Click the Return button to continue. (6) Click the Choose File button and select the request file you have saved and click the Submit button. 29

32 (5) Click the Download button and save the response file (Response XML File). We recommend you to store the license file to your USB flash drive. 4. Back to your computer and find out GstarCAD License return wizard, please click the Browse button and select the license file you have just downloaded and saved from another computer with the -resp-return.xml extension, and then click the OK button. 5. After a few seconds, your GstarCAD license has been cleaned. 30

33 3. Network Licenses Borrow and Return What is more, GstarCAD 2020 provides the function that you can borrow and return license from user client. This section describes how to borrow license on client. In some special case, you need to transfer one or more than one nodes to individual computer. For example, you need to activate GstarCAD 2020 on a laptop for a certain time, in order to bring it to other place. It is great way to use this function. There are 2 steps to use it: Borrow License and Borrowed Return. Requirement conditions: 1. GstarCAD 2020 has to be installed on the machine or computer. 2. It has to be in a same local area network, and connect to server. Click GstarCAD License Manager from Windows Start button> All Programs>Gstarsoft>GstarCAD License Manager. Or you can click Help menu >Register Then the following window open: 31

34 3.1. Borrow License 1. Click Activate>Borrow License (B) and select a version of GstarCAD (Professional, Standard and Academic). 2. Follow the introduction on your screen. Input the Sever Number/IP and Port, click Query. And then you can attain the License Information. Input your Expiration date and select the license and click Borrow button. 32

35 Server Name or IP: Input the server IP address (like ). Expiration Date: Date to borrow and return, you just only need to fill in the date you return because it is counted from the date when you borrow Click. 3. And then you can see the following message that means you successfully borrow the license. Click OK button and restart your software to finish the process Borrowed Return It is better to return the node to server if you do not need it. 1. Click Return>Borrowed Return (B) and select the license you want to return. 33

36 2. Click Return, the license you borrowed has been returned. 3. Click OK button to finish returning and you can see the license disappears. 34

37 35

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all } license_path_list

where

-status displays the current license path settings.

-add appends license_path_list to the front of the current license-path settings or creates the list of license-path settings, if it doesn't exist, initializing it to license_path_list. Duplicates are discarded.

-override overrides the existing list of license-path settings with the contents of license_path_list. If license_path_list is the null string, "", the specified list is deleted. For example:


  • Deletes the value of AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE from the registry.

  • Deletes the value of VENDOR2_LICENSE_FILE from the registry.

  • Deletes the value of LM_LICENSE_FILE from the registry.

vendor is a string naming a particular vendor daemon name. Affects the value of vendor _LICENSE_FILE. For example, use to affect AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE.

all refers to all vendor daemons. Affects the value of only LM_LICENSE_FILE.

license_path_list is the new path setting(s). On UNIX/Linux, this is a colon-separated list, and on Windows it is a semi-colon-separated list. If license_path_list is the null string, "", then the list is deleted for the specified vendor. Though you can enter specific license file names, you gain flexibility by entering only a path without a file name. This will include all *. lic files in the same location.

Note

Environment variable settings (set in your shell) always override these registry settings.

Checking the Status

Before you change license path settings, Agilent recommends that you display the current settings. To display the settings, enter the following commands:

The following example status listing is from UNIX and is similar to PC and Linux listings:

lmutil - Copyright (C) 1989-2007 Acresso Software Inc. All rights reserved. Known Vendors: _____________ agileesofd: /ads2006/licenses/license.lic:/ads2009/licenses/license.lic _____________ Other Vendors: ______________ C: \flexlm\license.dat

Note

Where a path is set to a directory, each of the *.lic files are listed separately.

Changing License Path Settings

When adding or overriding path settings, lmpath sets the FLEXnet entry in the Windows registry on the PC, or changes the file $HOME/.flexlmrc on UNIX/Linux. Here are examples of how license settings may appear in each registry:
UNIX/Linux

/ads2003a/licenses:/ads2009/licenses

Windows

Registry location:

Registry license path setting:

To change license path settings, enter the appropriate command in a Command Prompt on Windows, or a terminal window on UNIX/Linux. You can adapt the following examples which change path settings for AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE:

  • To add path settings on UNIX/Linux:
  • To add path settings on Windows:
  • To replace the current path settings on UNIX/Linux:
  • To replace the current path settings on Windows:

Manually Setting the License Bundle Preference

If you are using license bundles, you are aware that you must select a bundle prior to running ADS. Typically, bundles are selected by using the Agilent License Preference Tool. This tool is discussed in Using the Agilent License Preference Tool. However, system administrators and advanced users can manually configure environment variables when they need more bundle selection flexibility. Proper configuration using these environment variables control which licenses are used, and the systems using them.

The two environment variables that control bundle selection are:

  • AGILEESOFD_LICPREF_<hostname> controls bundle selection specifically for the system identified by <hostname>.
  • AGILEESOFD_LICPREF controls bundle selection for all systems on a network with access to the license server.

ADS looks for these variables in the following locations in the order given here:

  • Shell environment
  • <project_directory>\hpeesof.cfg
  • $HOME/hpeesof\config\hpeesof.cfg
  • $HPEESOF_DIR\custom\config\hpeesof.cfg
  • $HPEESOF_DIR\config\hpeesof.cfg

ADS first looks for AGILEESOFD_LICPREF_<hostname> in each of these locations. If ADS cannot find a value for AGILEESOFD_LICPREF_<hostname>, then ADS looks for AGILEESOFD_LICPREF. If AGILEESOFD_LICPREF is not found, no bundle is selected.

Examples

  • Joe Smith wants to use the pl_desenv bundle when he runs ADS on the system with the hostname alpha. To set this up, Joe should add

    to the configuration file
    $HOME\hpeesof\config\hpeesof.cfg
    where $HOME is Joe's home directory
  • A system administrator wants to configure a system to use the pl_ui bundle when anyone runs ADS on the system named beta, and GoodSync 10.9.10.5 serial number - Free Activators use the ltp_mmic bundle when ADS is run on other systems. To set this up, the administrator should add
    and

    to the configuration file
    $HPEESOF_DIR\custom\config\hpeesof.cfg

Accessing Licenses through a Firewall

There may be situations where it is necessary to check out FLEXnet licenses through a firewall (or router). This may occur when a license server is behind a company firewall and other sites or companies need to check out licenses.

Assuming your license agreement allows you to serve licenses in this manner, you can enable license checkout through a firewall by configuring your firewall to allow TCP communication through the TCP ports used by the license manager daemon (lmgrd) and any vendor daemons you will run.

For example, assume you have a license server serving EEsof EDA licenses and your license.lic file contains the following lines:

SERVER myserver 00809AC7123F8 VENDOR agileesofd c:\apps\flexnet\vendors\agileesofd VENDOR agileesof c:\apps\flexnet\vendors\agileesof DAEMON hpeesofd c:\apps\flexnet\vendors\hpeesofd

To set up your firewall to allow TCP access to the license server, you must specify a TCP port number for lmgrd on the SERVER line and for each vendor daemon on the VENDOR or DAEMON lines. For example:

SERVER myserver 00809AC7123F8 27005 VENDOR agileesofd c:\apps\flexnet\vendors\agileesofd port=1705 VENDOR agileesof c:\apps\flexnet\vendors\agileesof port=1706 DAEMON hpeesofd c:\apps\flexnet\vendors\hpeesofd port=1707

Note

After specifying TCP ports in your license.lic file, you must stop and restart your license server.

Next, configure your firewall or router to allow TCP communication through the TCP ports you specified in your license.lic file. In the example above this would be ports 27005, 1705, 1706, and 1707.

Finally, clients must set the AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE environment variable to the port number assigned to the license server. Using the example above, the setting would be:

Once this has been done, clients outside of the firewall will be able to access licenses from your server.

Note

Some clients may timeout before they can connect to a license server through a firewall set up on a Windows PC. The default timeout period is 0.1 second. If you need a longer timeout period, you can set the environment variable FLEXLM_TIMEOUT to a new value. Enter the value using microseconds. Agilent EEsof recommends trying one second. For example:

FLEXLM_TIMEOUT=1000000

Depending on your network, you may need to adjust the period so it is long enough to allow connections without slowing down simulations excessively.

Managing Multiple ADS Versions

This section discusses how to manage the licenses for multiple versions of ADS.

Backward Compatibility of Licenses

The following table lists ADS versions with details of their license management:

Release
Name

License File
Version

Daemon
Name

FLEX
Version

License Environment
Variable

Default License
File Location

ADS 1.5

1.5

hpeesofd

FLEXlm 7.0g

LM_LICENSE_FILE

$HPEESOF_DIR/licenses/license.dat

ADS 2001

1.7

hpeesofd

FLEXlm 7.0g

HPEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE

$HPEESOF_DIR/licenses/license.dat

ADS 2002

1.9

agileesof

FLEXlm 7.2h CRO

AGILEESOF_LICENSE_FILE

$HPEESOF_DIR/licenses/license.lic

ADS 2002C

2.1

agileesof

FLEXlm 7.2h CRO

AGILEESOF_LICENSE_FILE

$HPEESOF_DIR/licenses/license.lic

ADS 2003

2.3

agileesofd

FLEXlm 8.2a CRO

AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE

$HPEESOF_DIR/licenses/license.lic

ADS 2004

2.34

agileesofd

FLEXlm 9.2a CRO

AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE

$HPEESOF_DIR/licenses/license.lic

ADS 2005

2.35

agileesofd

FLEXnet 10.1.3 CRO

AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE

$HPEESOF_DIR/licenses/license.lic

ADS 2006

2.6

agileesofd

FLEXnet 10.8 CRO

AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE

$HPEESOF_DIR/licenses/license.lic

ADS 2008

2.7

agileesofd

FLEXnet 11.4.1

AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE

$HPEESOF_DIR/licenses/license.lic

ADS 2009

2.8

agileesofd

FLEXnet 11.6

AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE

$HPEESOF_DIR/licenses/license.lic

The following table shows the license compatibility between various ADS releases. Note that license compatibility also depends on the whether the license was available in that release.

Licenses From
This Release

ADS
2009

ADS
2008

ADS
2006

ADS
2005A

ADS
2004A

ADS
2003C

ADS
2003A

ADS
2002C

ADS
2002

Will Work With
This Release

ADS 2009

X

X

X

ADS 2008

X

X

X

ADS 2006

X

X

X

ADS 2005A

X

X

X

X

ADS 2004A

X

X

X

ADS 2003C

X

X

ADS 2003A

X

X

ADS 2002C

X

X

ADS 2002

X

X

Combining ADS Licenses with Other Agilent EEsof EDA Licenses

For ADS 2009, the vendor daemon agileesofd is used. This is the same vendor daemon that was used for ADS 2003A, 2003C, 2004A, 2005A, 2006A and 2006 Update. If you want to serve ADS 2009 licenses and earlier from the same server, you need to have the latest version of lmgrd, v11.6, and two or three DAEMON lines in your license file, depending on how many versions you want to support. The ADS daemon names available are:

agileesofd - for ADS 2003A, 2003C, 2004A, 2005A, 2006A, and 2006 Update
agileesof - for ADS 2002 and 2002C
hpeesofd - up to and including ADS 2001

For example, the license file would include:




You would then add the INCREMENT lines for the different products to the file.

The name and extension of the license file are arbitrary (i.e., license.dat, license.lic or adslicenses.txt). By default, all ADS versions up to and including ADS 2001 look for a file named license.dat and all ADS versions from ADS 2002 to ADS 2009 look for a file named license.lic. You can use one of these names, or some other name you prefer. Whatever name you choose to use, make sure you set the environment variables to point to your license file.

The supported environment variables are:

  • AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE for ADS 2003A through 2009
  • AGILEESOF_LICENSE_FILE for ADS 2002 and 2002C
  • HPEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE for ADS 2001
  • LM_LICENSE_FILE for ADS 1.5 and earlier

For example, if the combined license file is named adslicenses.txt and you want to build a license file that contains ADS 2009, ADS 2003C, ADS 2002C, ADS 2001, and IC-CAP 2001 licenses, then:

  • ADS 2003C and 2009 will use:
    AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE=c:\licenses\adslicenses.txt
  • ADS 2002C will use:
    AGILEESOF_LICENSE_FILE=c:\licenses\adslicenses.txt
  • ADS 2001 will use:
    HPEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE=c:\licenses\adslicenses.txt
  • IC-CAP 2001 will use:
    LM_LICENSE_FILE=c:\licenses\adslicenses.txt

Each version of ADS uses a certain search order to look for the environment variable:

  • ADS 2003C through 2009 will first look for the environment variable named AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE. If Signal Desktop 1.1License Key - Crack Key For U and LM_LICENSE_FILE are both defined, ADS 2003C through 2009 will use AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE and ignore LM_LICENSE_FILE. If AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE is not defined, then ADS 2003C through 2009 will default to LM_LICENSE_FILE.
  • ADS 2002 and 2002C will first look for the environment variable named AGILEESOF_LICENSE_FILE. If AGILEESOF_LICENSE_FILE and LM_LICENSE_FILE are both defined, ADS 2002 and 2002C will use AGILEESOF_LICENSE_FILE and ignore LM_LICENSE_FILE. If AGILEESOF_LICENSE_FILE is not defined, then ADS 2002 and 2002C will default to LM_LICENSE_FILE.
  • ADS 2001 will first look for the environment variable named HPEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE. If HPEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE and LM_LICENSE_FILE are both defined, ADS 2001 will use HPEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE and ignore LM_LICENSE_FILE. If HPEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE is not defined, then ADS 2001 will default to LM_LICENSE_FILE.
  • All previous ADS versions, up to and including ADS 1.5 will use LM_LICENSE_FILE.

Even though all versions of ADS will default to LM_LICENSE_FILE if that is the only environment variable that exists, it is recommended that you use the supported environment variables listed above.

Example of a Merged License File

SERVER solarone 80FB214D 1700 DAEMON hpeesofd c:\hfs\d1\local\licenses\hpeesofd VENDOR agileesof c:\hfs\d1\local\licenses\agileesof VENDOR agileesofd c:\hfs\d1\local\licenses\agileesofd # # ADS 2001 licenses # INCREMENT Adapt_comp hpeesofd 1.5 03-nov-2002 5 EC7A98E3FB4AC8771142 \ VENDOR_STRING=s=80FB214D INCREMENT Ad_da_appkit hpeesofd 1.5 03-nov-2002 5 \ 1CCA189368AF358196C4 VENDOR_STRING=s=80FB214D INCREMENT Ampsa_appkit hpeesofd 1.5 03-nov-2002 5 \ 0CBAB813D8101E34EB55 VENDOR_STRING=s=80FB214D INCREMENT Analog_lib hpeesofd 1.5 03-nov-2002 5 9CEA88930822C5CF81AC \ VENDOR_STRING=s=80FB214D INCREMENT Tx_appkit hpeesofd 1.5 03-nov-2002 5 6C0A5873869F9624DFF5 \ VENDOR_STRING=s=80FB214D INCREMENT User_defined_model hpeesofd 1.5 03-nov-2002 5 \ 2CAAE8E326E3D9DD888B VENDOR_STRING=s=80FB214D INCREMENT Verilog_code_gen hpeesofd 1.5 03-nov-2002 5 \ FCAA489350CD03768D44 VENDOR_STRING=s=80FB214D INCREMENT Vhdl_code_gen hpeesofd 1.5 03-nov-2002 5 \ FC4A58B306109B640C5C VENDOR_STRING=s=80FB214D INCREMENT Wcdma3g_des_lib hpeesofd 1.5 03-nov-2002 5 \ DC7AA89389009E4B61BF VENDOR_STRING=s=80FB214D INCREMENT Wcdma_des_lib hpeesofd 1.5 03-nov-2002 5 \ 7C0A38F308FA2C30CE3D VENDOR_STRING=s=80FB214D INCREMENT Wlan_des_lib hpeesofd 1.5 03-nov-2002 5 \ 4C8A6893E259E6C86399 VENDOR_STRING=s=80FB214D # # IC-CAP 2001 licenses # INCREMENT a_si_tft agileesof 6.0 29-oct-2001 1 D0A4535DE290 \ VENDOR_STRING=s=80FB214D INCREMENT ac_driver agileesof 6.0 29-oct-2001 1 1A9EE36873A0 \ VENDOR_STRING=s=80FB214D INCREMENT analysis agileesof 6.0 29-oct-2001 1 025C2B939BD5 \ VENDOR_STRING=s=80FB214D INCREMENT curtice_statz_fet agileesof 6.0 29-oct-2001 1 7D88F11FEE4B \ VENDOR_STRING=s=80FB214D INCREMENT dc_driver agileesof 6.0 29-oct-2001 1 65C14D4C7948 \ VENDOR_STRING=s=80FB214D INCREMENT gummel_poon_bjt agileesof 6.0 29-oct-2001 1 8FB9632C0555 \ VENDOR_STRING=s=80FB214D INCREMENT ucb_bsim3 agileesof 6.0 29-oct-2001 1 BEDFA8C2810F \ VENDOR_STRING=s=80FB214D INCREMENT ucb_bsim4 agileesof 6.0 29-oct-2001 1 D454A8AB830D \ VENDOR_STRING=s=80FB214D INCREMENT ucb_mos2_mos3 agileesof 6.0 29-oct-2001 1 D9768F388827 \ VENDOR_STRING=s=80FB214D INCREMENT vbic_bjt agileesof 6.0 29-oct-2001 1 3DE6FB45CD8C \ VENDOR_STRING=s=80FB214D # # ADS 2002C licenses # INCREMENT ads_datadisplay agileesof 2.0 30-jun-2002 1 \ VENDOR_STRING=80FB214D HOSTID=80fb214d SIGN="008E 5A70 FECF \ 8BEF 9B3A 8A67 7375 0A51 0940 A264 6B00 C335 666B 03E2 D8E7 \ 99A8 A0F9 9007 2AC4 EF7D E101" INCREMENT ads_datadisplay agileesof 2.0 30-jun-2002 1 \ VENDOR_STRING=80FB214D SIGN="01CB 4272 B241 5A67 A4C8 CADB \ A080 FFB2 7796 6C29 EC02 C3A9 FD8A BE47 C0C0 F027 5552 947F \ 64CC 06BA 2201" INCREMENT ads_drc agileesof 2.0 30-jun-2002 1 VENDOR_STRING=80FB214D \ HOSTID=80fb214d SIGN="0138 3E48 7191 3703 8FFB 2614 067B 2A7E \ 203F 4F0C C900 79FE F186 9B1E 2B10 3B3D D650 2204 18CF 00C9 \ 3E3A" INCREMENT trans_veriloggen agileesof 2.0 30-jun-2002 1 \ VENDOR_STRING=80FB214D HOSTID=80fb214d SIGN="014D A119 4C16 \ 9831 16B3 B5C6 EFE7 ED11 D0AE F389 EA00 590B 0E0A E0CD 5E4D \ 9CE6 E6AD B27E 2CC4 8C1A 1D9D" INCREMENT trans_veriloggen agileesof 2.0 30-jun-2002 1 \ VENDOR_STRING=80FB214D SIGN="0332 DEBA 8398 B80F D2A0 0237 \ BF97 0C7E 1CF3 CB15 2902 A5CB 47FA ECCB 9C6B BED2 E3D9 FBEB \ EF84 FAFE 7AC8" INCREMENT trans_vhdlgen agileesof 2.0 30-jun-2002 1 \ VENDOR_STRING=80FB214D HOSTID=80fb214d SIGN="03D0 0C40 7E3C \ E656 F8A8 ADF2 B161 97C1 CE6C DC0C DA00 A704 91C9 F5A0 30C6 \ DA2A 60C0 A435 E003 02A0 C7A4" INCREMENT trans_vhdlgen agileesof 2.0 30-jun-2002 1 \ VENDOR_STRING=80FB214D SIGN="028D FD25 D0E4 AD1A A0B7 5D61 \ E2A8 7CC2 8135 D605 8200 F200 39D8 E5AF 4B9E D240 3682 4BAA \ D9BD 6FB3 E580" # #ADS2003C licenses # INCREMENT ads_datadisplay agileesofd 2.3 07-jul-2003 1 \ VENDOR_STRING="00047518D858 : O2GAZUD WSGSONJ 2HNECZL 12WKCKE \ LRXYGSO MWYFKGP AKBPONX LOYSO" HOSTID=00047518d858 SIGN="0246 \ 771A BBA2 A0D4 B29E 7371 6FF7 F3D9 161A 1204 EE00 2E92 8AC0 \ 1AF7 FAF9 5B2C B017 23F7 91E8 BF97 B9AD" INCREMENT ads_drc agileesofd 2.3 07-jul-2003 1 \ VENDOR_STRING="00047518D858 : QEGHABO KEYWTHV 1HEIWND JFAVQ2A \ UJXJ2EW KYARWEQ GY" HOSTID=00047518d858 SIGN="02EC 9EA3 EE62 \ BDBC 9793 019D 0551 FD3E 20DD D0C1 D301 DA95 9F79 16A8 5E11 \ 1B81 E7CC 90F8 68A0 E116 8F0B" INCREMENT ads_encoder agileesofd 2.3 07-jul-2003 1 \ VENDOR_STRING="00047518D858 : GONJAZX FHGGNAP BWOGIAH PBKWEYK \ UCKGULO YSO2GAZ UDWSGS" HOSTID=00047518d858 SIGN="027B 178E \ 2893 8446 A5C4 0990 830E CC2C F215 528B 6401 9B93 9540 A54C \ B85A A68E 0049 200F 1685 96D1 FD7F" INCREMENT ads_layout agileesofd 2.3 07-jul-2003 1 \ VENDOR_STRING="00047518D858 : BUYPSCY ESZGY2G PVZBPON XODFINY \ IUIUACJ EFQGAUY XLYSX" HOSTID=00047518d858 SIGN="032E E2FE \ 1D41 5386 F290 C7AA 207B 20C6 9187 D2D5 0D00 7DB9 8FF8 531A \ 9947 9A9D 5D72 A8E6 9807 3037 F7EA" # # ADS2009 licenses # INCREMENT ads_datadisplay agileesofd 2.7 08-nov-2007 1 \ VENDOR_STRING="8-5E7012345678 : DXNLFPQ WZBCLQ2 AUJXJ2E \ IEKCKLI WFYQNVM DNJU1YM LHYKAQC OM" START=11-nov-2007 \ SIGN="028C 541A A8DE F4CD 9796 2D38 BC5A 7588 F431 7E62 0601 \ 95CE F386 0A87 0B26 7EE7 7FEB 9DE4 60E9 6DDE 0340" INCREMENT ads_schematic agileesofd 2.7 08-nov-2007 1 \ VENDOR_STRING="8-5E7012345678 : KSGSOTJ D1JYAKF UZJFEJI \ U2CRZDW FYANHIW HKMNMAU FQ1AQPJ UGW" START=11-nov-2007 \ SIGN="02B0 5CFB 3F35 006F CDC5 1BBE DE50 831E 54DC A024 A301 \ A491 42EA A1AA 3E41 C43D 5B63 E82D 3B51 8961 005D" INCREMENT mdl_systemlib agileesofd 2.7 08-nov-2007 1 \ VENDOR_STRING="8-5E7012345678 : PGNPGMU IWQUFPY PNDJKYU \ GNHSULC KL2RXY2 NXAHEGC Adobe xd latest version - Free Activators RW1Q" START=11-nov-2007 \ SIGN="02E9 3C03 1616 0BC9 5E70 C088 5D86 770F E8D4 862C D803 \ E25B CDD5 EB9D AA31 FD4B 2C30 ED41 4635 3420 A4FD" INCREMENT sim_convolution agileesofd 2.7 08-nov-2007 1 \ VENDOR_STRING="8-5E7012345678 : DSXUYDA CHECD1Y 2NMAJPB \ CESQD2M JX2LGBG QWPS1OK RTEIQGA UYDLY" START=11-nov-2007 \ SIGN="0153 1869 9B6E C851 5225 A333 0727 E795 BE74 8C5D 0302 \ E9BC E165 4F3D E4D4 D7BF E530 3CC5 B760 830E 9C95"

Using the Agilent License Information Tool

The Agilent License Information Tool is available to check your environment variable settings, display your license.lic file, and show your license and server status.

You can access this tool in three ways:

  • From your Start menu, choose Programs > Advanced Design System 2009 > ADSTools > License Information Tool.
  • From the ADS Main window, choose Tools > License Information.
  • If you are unable to run ADS, you may be having a problem with licenses. In this case, run the tool from the MS-DOS command prompt, as follows:
    Type <installation folder> in the MS-DOS window and press Enter to display the following window.

For a current list of licenses available from Agilent EEsof with product descriptions and part numbers, see Licenses.

Using the Agilent License Preference Tool

This section applies only to customers who have purchased license bundles.

If you have been using license packages in previous versions, you should be aware that license bundles replaced license packages beginning in ADS 2003A. License bundles are either Pay-Per-Use License (PL) bundles, or Limited Term Package (LTP) bundles. Typically, only PL or LTP bundles are available on a system - not both. A bundle looks like any other INCREMENT line in the license.lic file, but ADS recognizes the feature name as a collection, or bundle, of individual features. When ADS checks out the license bundle, it enables all the functionality associated with the individual features.

You must select a license bundle when starting ADS, and the License Preference Tool is available to help you make a selection. This sets the environment variable AGILEESOFD_LICPREF_<hostname>. Since you cannot check out more than one bundle, you have more control over which license bundles are used during an ADS session. You only need to run the License Preference Tool when you want to change the latest bundle selection. If you need more bundle selection flexibility to control which licenses are used on selected systems, see Manually Setting the License Bundle Preference.

Running the License Preference Tool

To run the License Preference Tool:

UNIX/Linux There are two ways to start the License Preference Tool. In a terminal window:

  • When starting ADS, enter. This runs the License Preference Tool, then runs ADS after you finish choosing bundles.
  • To run the tool as a standalone utility, enter . This runs only the License Preference Tool.

Windows There are two ways to start the License Preference Tool:

  • From your Start menu, choose Programs > Advanced Design System 2009 > ADSTools > License Preference Tool.
  • Modify the ADS shortcut located on the Start menu. Right-click the Advanced Design System icon, and choose Properties. Edit the shortcut command on the Target line to include the option as shown here:

This runs the License Preference Tool every time you start ADS.

The License Preference window appears similar to the figures below. It enables you to view the available bundles and their features, and select bundles.

  • To see the features available in a bundle, click the expansion icon next to the bundle name under Available License Bundles.
  • To select a bundle, choose one of the bundles listed under Available License Bundles, then click Add. The selected bundle appears under Selected License Bundles.
  • To accept your choice, click OK. This sets the environment variable AGILEESOFD_LICPREF_<hostname> in $HOME/hpeesof/config/hpeesof.cfg.

    Note

    You must have write permissions to update this file.

    License Preference Tool

How the License Preference Tool Works

  • When you run the License Preference tool, it attempts to locate a license file using the following license definitions:
    • Environment variable AGILEESOFD_LICENSE_FILE
    • $ HPEESOF_DIR/licenses/license.lic
    • <port_address><hostname> (example port address is 27000)
  • The License Preference Tool will show all possible bundles if a license file is not located.
  • You can select a bundle according to specific rules controlled by the License Preference Tool. See Bundle-Selection Rules.
  • ADS will start when a license bundle is selected, and ADS will not use a bundle unless it is selected using the License Preference Tool.
  • If, while using ADS, the feature you attempt to use is not in the currently selected bundle, ADS will attempt to check out a valid floating or nodelocked license for the feature. This is known as license roll-over. If license roll-over fails to check out a license, a license error will appear even if another bundle with the requested feature is available.
    You can then select another bundle that contains the feature. Save your work, and exit ADS. Then run the License Preference Tool to remove and add bundles, and restart ADS.

Bundle-Selection Rules

The License Preference Tool controls bundle selection using the following rules. A warning message appears for any incorrect selection.

If you are using Limited Term Package Bundles

  • LTP bundles (except ltp_design_guides) contain a design environment license (ads_schematic) enabling ADS to run. You must select an LTP bundle containing a design environment license for a license preference to occur.
  • Only one LTP bundle containing a design environment license can be selected at a time.
  • The ltp_design_guides bundle (if available) can be selected with any other LTP bundle except ltp_iccap.
  • Any PL bundles available on your system cannot be selected with an LTP bundle.
  • If ADS and RF Design Environment are installed on the same UNIX/Linux system, RFDE bundles cannot be selected with LTP bundles.

If you are using Pay-Per-Use License Bundles

  • The pl_desenv and pl_ui bundles contain a design environment license (ads_schematic) enabling ADS to run. You must select either pl_desenv or pl_ui for a license preference to take place. Other PL bundles appearing under pl_desenv are not selectable.
  • Any LTP bundles available on your system cannot be selected with PL bundles.
  • After selecting a PL bundle, you cannot select any additional bundles except for the following conditions:
    • The pl_design_guides bundle (if available) can be selected with the PL bundle.
    • If ADS and RF Design Environment are installed on the same UNIX/Linux system, only the pl_rfde bundle (if available) can be selected for RFDE.

License Types

ADS uses the following license types:

  • Standalone or Primitive licenses
    • does not display in the License Preference Tool
    • for example, ads_schematic
  • Element licenses
    • does not display in the License Preference Tool
    • for example, e_phys_layout
  • Classic Bundle licenses
    • display in the License Preference Tool
    • for example, ltp_rfic
  • Feature Bit Bundle licenses
    • display in the License Preference Tool
    • for example, b_layout

Licensing Rules and Behavior

The following sections describe licensing behaviors under various licensing scenarios:

License Preference Not Set

When license preference has not been set, ADS attempts to checkout licenses Drive SnapShot 1.48.0.18856 Crack Serial Number Free the order listed below. In this example, ads_schematic is the requested license.

  • ADS first looks for an Element license that contains ads_schematic.
  • If such an ELEMENT is found, ADS pulls that Element to satisfy the license request.
    • if no such Element is found or available, then ADS looks for a Standalone ads_schematic license.
  • If such a STANDALONE is found, ADS pulls that Standalone to satisfy the license request.
    • if no such Standalone is found or available, then ADS looks for a Bundle that contains ads_schematic.
  • If such a BUNDLE is found, ADS pulls that Bundle to satisfy the license request.
    • the least expensive bundle available that contains ads_schematic is used to satisfy the license request.
    • an informational dialog pops up showing the bundle that was pulled to satisfy the license request (shown below)
    • if no such Bundle is found or available, then a license denial occurs.

Extended License Searching

By default, ADS performs automatic extended license searching in an attempt to satisfy license requests. This license behavior can be modified by selecting the check boxes contained in the dialog.

  • To switch to interactive selection of bundles when extended license searching occurs choose the Switch to interactive selection of bundles check box. Future extended license selections are done manually via the Bundle Selection dialog (shown below). No automatic license selection occurs while this mode is active.
  • To turn off the extended license searching, choose the Turn off extended license searching check box. No extended license searching occurs when this mode is active, which may result in more frequent license denials.
  • For automatic silent extended license searching choose the Don't display this dialog again check box. Future extended license selections are performed silently in the background and the informational dialog does not pop up to show you the selections made.


License Preference Set

When license preference has been set, ADS attempts to checkout licenses in the order listed below. License preference is usually set using the License Preference Tool.

The License Preference Tool enables multiple feature bit bundles to be selected together in order of precedence. This example uses ads_schematic as the requested license.

Setup:
The following list of bundles are selected with the License Preference Tool:

Bundle A
Bundle B
.
Bundle N

  • If BUNDLE A is available and it contains ads_schematic, ADS pulls Bundle A to satisfy the license request.
    • if Bundle A is not available or does not contain ads_schematic, ADS looks for an Element that contains ads_schematic
  • If such an ELEMENT is found, ADS pulls that Element to satisfy the license request.
    • if no such Element is found or available, ADS looks for a Standalone ads_schematic license.
  • If such a STANDALONE is found, then ADS pulls that Standalone license to satisfy the license request.
    • if no such Standalone is found or available, ADS looks at the next bundle in the list to satisfy the license request.
  • If Bundle B is available and it contains ads_schematic, ADS pulls Bundle B to satisfy the license request.
    • if Bundle B is not available or does not contain ads_schematic, ADS looks at the next bundle in the list to satisfy the license request.
    • all bundles selected are tried in order of their listing until reaching the last bundle in the list.
      .
  • If Bundle N is available and contains ads_schematic, ADS pulls Bundle N to satisfy the license request.
    • if Bundle N is not available or does not contain ads_schematic, a license denial occurs.

Per-Job Control of Bundles and Elements

Per-Job control enables one instance of a feature to be run from one license. Simulators and libraries including those in all bundles and elements are per-job controlled.

License files (with bundles or elements) have additional entries called per-job control companion licenses. The companion licenses have a nearly-identical name, just prefixed with pjc_. For example, the bundle b_core has a companion license pjc_b_core.

Features that are not per-job controlled (like Schematic and Data Display) do not require a license for each instance—you can open multiple windows with a single license.

Источник: https://edadocs.software.keysight.com/display/ads2009/Setting+Up+Licenses+for+Windows+Installation

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OpenSSL

Open-source implementation of the SSL and TLS protocols

Not to be confused with OpenSSH.

OpenSSL is a software library for applications that secure communications over computer networks against eavesdropping or need to identify the party at the other end. It is widely used by Internetservers, including the majority of HTTPSwebsites.

OpenSSL contains an open-source implementation of the SSL and TLS protocols. The core library, written in the C programming language, implements basic cryptographic functions and provides various utility functions. Wrappers allowing the use of the OpenSSL library in a variety of computer languages are available.

The OpenSSL Software Foundation (OSF) represents the OpenSSL project in most legal capacities including contributor license agreements, managing donations, and so on. OpenSSL Software Services (OSS) also represents the OpenSSL project, for Support Contracts.

OpenSSL is available for most Unix-likeoperating systems (including Linux, macOS, and BSD) and Microsoft Windows.

Project history[edit]

The OpenSSL project was founded in 1998 to provide a free Signal Desktop 1.1License Key - Crack Key For U of encryption tools for the code used on the Internet. It is based on a fork of SSLeay by Eric Andrew Young and Drive snapshot review Hudson, which unofficially ended development on December 17, 1998, when Young and Hudson both went to work for RSA Security. The initial founding members were Mark Cox, Ralf Engelschall, Stephen Henson, Ben Laurie, and Paul Sutton.[3]

As of May 2019[update],[4] the OpenSSL management committee consisted of 7 people[5] and there are 17 developers[6] with commit access (many of whom are also part of the OpenSSL management committee). There are only two full-time employees (fellows) and the remainder are volunteers.

The project has a budget of less than one million USD per year and relies primarily on donations. Development of TLS 1.3 is sponsored by Akamai.[7]

Major version releases[edit]

VersionOriginal release dateCommentLast minor version
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.9.1 23 December 1998 (1998-12-23)
  • Official start of the OpenSSL project
0.9.1c (23 December 1998)
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.9.2 22 March 1999 (1999-03-22)0.9.2b (6 April 1999)
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.9.3 25 May 1999 (1999-05-25)0.9.3a (27 May 1999)
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.9.4 9 August 1999 (1999-08-09)0.9.4 (9 August 1999)
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.9.5 28 February 2000 (2000-02-28)0.9.5a (1 April 2000)
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.9.6 24 September 2000 (2000-09-24)0.9.6m (17 March 2004)
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.9.7 31 December 2002 (2002-12-31)0.9.7m (23 February 2007)
Old version, no longer maintained: 0.9.8 5 July 2005 (2005-07-05)0.9.8zh (3 December 2015)
Old version, no longer maintained: 1.0.0 29 March 2010 (2010-03-29)1.0.0t (3 December 2015 (2015-12-03))
Old version, no longer maintained: 1.0.1[10]14 March 2012 (2012-03-14)
  • Successor of 1.0.0h
  • Supported until 31 December 2016
  • RFC 6520 TLS/DTLS heartbeat support
  • SCTP support
  • RFC 5705 TLS key material exporter
  • RFC 5764 DTLS-SRTP negotiation
  • Next Protocol Negotiation
  • PSS signatures in certificates, requests and certificate revocation lists (CRL)
  • Support for password based recipient info for CMS
  • Support TLS 1.2 and TLS 1.1
  • Preliminary FIPS 140 capability for unvalidated 2.0 FIPS module
  • Secure Remote Password protocol (SRP) support
1.0.1u (22 September 2016 (2016-09-22))
Old version, no longer maintained: 1.0.2[11]22 January 2015 (2015-01-22)
  • Successor of 1.0.1l
  • Supported until 31 December 2019 (Long Term Support)[12]
  • Suite B support for TLS 1.2 and DTLS 1.2
  • Support for DTLS 1.2
  • TLS automatic elliptic curve (EC) selection
  • API to set TLS supported signature algorithms and curves
  • SSL_CONF configuration API
  • TLS Brainpool support
  • ALPN support
  • CMS support for RSA-PSS, RSA-OAEP, ECDH and X9.42 DH
  • FIPS 140 support
1.0.2u (20 December 2019 (2019-12-20))
Old version, no longer maintained: 1.1.0[13]25 August 2016 (2016-08-25)
  • Successor of 1.0.2h
  • Supported until 11 September 2019[12]
  • Support for BLAKE2 (RFC 7693)
  • Support for ChaCha20-Poly1305 (RFC 7539)
  • Support for X25519 (RFC 7748)
  • Support for DANE and Certificate Transparency
  • Support for CCM Ciphersuites
  • Support for extended master secret
  • SSLv2 removed
  • Kerberos ciphersuite support removed
  • RC4 and 3DES removed from DEFAULT ciphersuites in libssl
  • Remove DSS, SEED, IDEA, CAMELLIA, and AES-CCM from the DEFAULT cipherlist
  • 40 and 56 bit cipher support removed from libssl
  • FIPS 140 support removed
1.1.0l (10 September 2019 (2019-09-10))
Older version, yet still maintained: 1.1.1[14]11 September 2018 (2018-09-11)ongoing development
Current stable version:3.0.0[16][note 1]7 September 2021 (2021-09-07)ongoing development

Legend:

Old version

Older version, still maintained

Latest version

Latest preview version

Future release

Algorithms[edit]

OpenSSL supports a number of different cryptographic algorithms:

Ciphers
AES, Blowfish, Camellia, Chacha20, Poly1305, SEED, CAST-128, DES, IDEA, RC2, RC4, RC5, Triple DES, GOST 28147-89,[18]SM4
Cryptographic hash functions
MD5, MD4, MD2, SHA-1, SHA-2, SHA-3, RIPEMD-160, MDC-2, GOST R 34.11-94,[18]BLAKE2, Whirlpool,[19]SM3
Public-key cryptography
RSA, DSA, Diffie–Hellman key exchange, Elliptic curve, X25519, Ed25519, X448, Ed448, GOST R 34.10-2001,[18]SM2

(Perfect forward secrecy is supported using elliptic curve Diffie–Hellman since version 1.0.[20])

FIPS 140 validation[edit]

FIPS 140 is a U.S. Federal program for the testing and certification of cryptographic modules. An early FIPS 140-1 certificate for OpenSSL's FOM 1.0 was revoked in July 2006 "when questions were raised about the validated module's interaction with outside software." The module was re-certified in February 2007 before giving way to FIPS 140-2.[21] OpenSSL 1.0.2 supported the use of the OpenSSL FIPS Object Module (FOM), which was built to deliver FIPS approved algorithms in a FIPS 140-2 validated environment.[22][23] OpenSSL controversially decided to categorize the 1.0.2 architecture as 'End of Life' or 'EOL', effective December 31, 2019, despite objections that it was the only version of OpenSSL that was currently available with support for FIPS mode.[24] As a result of the EOL, many users were unable to properly deploy the FOM 2.0 and fell out of compliance because they did not secure Extended Support for the 1.0.2 architecture, although the FOM itself remained validated for eight months further.

The FIPS Object Module 2.0 remained FIPS 140-2 validated in several formats until September 1, 2020, when NIST deprecated the usage of FIPS 186-2 for Digital Signature Standard and designated all non-compliant modules as 'Historical'. This designation includes a caution to Federal Agencies that they should not include the module in any new procurements. All three of the OpenSSL validations were included in the deprecation - the OpenSSL FIPS Object Module (certificate #1747),[25] OpenSSL FIPS Object Module SE (certificate #2398),[26] and OpenSSL FIPS Object Module Signal Desktop 1.1License Key - Crack Key For U (certificate #2473).[27] Many 'Private Label' OpenSSL-based validations and clones created by consultants were also moved to the Historical List, although some FIPS validated modules with replacement compatibility avoided the deprecation, such as BoringCrypto from Google[28] and CryptoComply from SafeLogic.[29]

OpenSSL 3.0 restored FIPS mode and underwent FIPS 140-2 testing, but with significant delays: The effort was first kicked off in 2016 with support from SafeLogic[30][31][32] and further support from Oracle in 2017,[33][34] but the process has been challenging.[35] On October 20, 2020, the OpenSSL FIPS Provider 3.0 was added to the CMVP Implementation Under Test List, which reflected an official engagement with a testing lab to proceed with a FIPS 140-2 validation. This resulted in a slew of certifications in the following months.[36]

Licensing[edit]

OpenSSL was dual-licensed under the OpenSSL License and the SSLeay License, which means that the terms of either licenses can be used.[37] The OpenSSL License is Apache License 1.0 and SSLeay License bears some similarity to a 4-clause BSD License. As the OpenSSL License was Apache License 1.0, but not Apache License 2.0, it requires the phrase "this product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit" to appear in advertising material and any redistributions (Sections 3 and 6 of the OpenSSL License). Due to this restriction, the OpenSSL License and the Apache License 1.0 are incompatible with the GNU GPL.[38] Some GPL developers have added an OpenSSL exception to their licenses that specifically permits using OpenSSL with their system. GNU Wget and climm both use such exceptions.[39][40] Some packages (like Deluge) explicitly modify the GPL license by adding an extra section at the beginning of the license documenting the exception.[41] Other packages use the LGPL-licensed GnuTLS, BSD-licensed Botan, or MPL-licensed NSS, which perform the same task.

OpenSSL announced in August 2015 that it would require most contributors to sign a Contributor License Agreement (CLA), and that OpenSSL would eventually be relicensed under the terms of Apache License 2.0.[42] This process commenced in March 2017,[43] and was complete in 2018.[44]

On 7 September 2021, OpenSSL 3.0.0 was released under the Apache License 2.0.[45]

Notable vulnerabilities[edit]

Denial of service: ASN.1 parsing[edit]

OpenSSL 0.9.6k has a bug where certain ASN.1 sequences triggered a large number of recursions on Windows machines, discovered on November 4, 2003. Windows could not handle large recursions correctly, so OpenSSL would crash as a result. Being able to send arbitrary large numbers of ASN.1 sequences would cause OpenSSL to crash as a result.

OCSP stapling vulnerability[edit]

When creating a handshake, the client could send an incorrectly formatted ClientHello message, leading to OpenSSL parsing more than the end of the message. Assigned the identifier CVE-2011-0014 by the CVE project, this affected all OpenSSL versions 0.9.8h to 0.9.8q and OpenSSL 1.0.0 to 1.0.0c. Since the parsing could lead to a read on an incorrect memory address, it was possible for the attacker to cause a DoS. It was also possible that some applications expose the contents of parsed OCSP extensions, leading to an attacker being able to read the contents of memory that came after the ClientHello.[46]

ASN.1 BIO vulnerability[edit]

When using Basic Input/Output (BIO)[47] or FILE based functions to read untrusted DER format data, OpenSSL is vulnerable. This vulnerability was discovered on April 19, 2012, and was assigned the CVE identifier CVE-2012-2110. While not directly affecting the SSL/TLS code of OpenSSL, any application that was using ASN.1 functions (particularly d2i_X509 and d2i_PKCS12) were also not affected.[48]

SSL, TLS and DTLS plaintext recovery attack[edit]

In handling CBC cipher-suites in SSL, TLS, and DTLS, OpenSSL was found vulnerable to a timing attack during the MAC processing. Nadhem Alfardan and Kenny Paterson discovered the problem, and published their findings[49] on February 5, 2013. The vulnerability was assigned the EaseUS Data Recovery wizard 11.8 Crack + Serial Key Free identifier CVE-2013-0169.

Predictable private keys (Debian-specific)[edit]

OpenSSL's pseudo-random number generator acquires entropy using complex programming methods. To keep the Valgrind analysis tool from issuing associated warnings, a maintainer of the Debian distribution applied a patch to Debian's variant of the OpenSSL suite, which inadvertently broke its random number generator by limiting the overall number of private keys it could generate to 32,768.[50][51] The broken version was included in the Debian release of September 17, 2006 (version 0.9.8c-1), also compromising other Debian-based distributions, for example Ubuntu. Ready-to-use exploits are easily available.[52]

The error was reported by Debian on May 13, 2008. On the Debian 4.0 distribution (etch), these problems were fixed in version 0.9.8c-4etch3, while fixes for the Debian 5.0 distribution (lenny) were provided in version 0.9.8g-9.[53]

Heartbleed[edit]

Main article: Heartbleed

A logo representing the Heartbleed bug

OpenSSL versions 1.0.1 through 1.0.1f have a severe memory handling bug in their implementation of the TLS Heartbeat Extension that could be used to reveal up to 64 KB of the application's memory with every heartbeat[54][55] (CVE-2014-0160). By reading the memory of the web server, attackers could access sensitive data, including the server's private key.[56] This could allow attackers to decode earlier eavesdropped communications if the encryption protocol used does not ensure perfect forward secrecy. Knowledge of the private key could also allow an attacker to mount a man-in-the-middle attack against any future communications.[citation needed] The vulnerability might also reveal unencrypted parts of other users' sensitive requests and responses, including session cookies and passwords, which might allow attackers to hijack the identity of another user of the service.[57]

At its disclosure on April 7, 2014, around 17% or half a million of the Internet's secure web servers certified by trusted authorities were believed to have been vulnerable to the attack.[58] However, Heartbleed can affect both the server and client.

CCS injection vulnerability[edit]

The CCS Injection Vulnerability (CVE-2014-0224) is a security bypass vulnerability that Signal Desktop 1.1License Key - Crack Key For U from a weakness in OpenSSL methods used for keying material.[59]

This vulnerability can be exploited through the use of a man-in-the-middle attack,[60] where an attacker may be able to decrypt and modify traffic in transit. A remote unauthenticated attacker could exploit this vulnerability by using a specially crafted handshake to force the use of weak keying material. Successful exploitation could lead to a security bypass condition where an attacker could gain access to potentially sensitive information. The attack can only be performed between a vulnerable client and server.

OpenSSL clients are vulnerable in all versions of OpenSSL before the versions 0.9.8za, 1.0.0m and 1.0.1h. Servers are only known to be vulnerable in OpenSSL 1.0.1 and 1.0.2-beta1. Users of OpenSSL servers earlier than 1.0.1 are advised to upgrade as a precaution.[61]

ClientHello sigalgs DoS[edit]

This vulnerability (CVE-2015-0291) allows anyone to take a certificate, read its contents and modify it accurately to abuse the vulnerability causing a certificate to crash a client or server. If a client connects to an OpenSSL 1.0.2 server and renegotiates with an invalid signature algorithms extension, a null-pointer dereference occurs. This can cause a DoS attack against the server.

A Stanford Security researcher, David Ramos, had a private exploit and presented it to the OpenSSL team, which then patched the issue.

OpenSSL classified the bug as a high-severity issue, noting version 1.0.2 was found vulnerable.[62]

Key recovery attack on Diffie–Hellman small subgroups[edit]

This vulnerability (CVE-2016-0701) allows, when some particular circumstances are met, to recover the OpenSSL server's private Diffie–Hellman key. An Adobe System Security researcher, Antonio Sanso, privately reported the vulnerability.

OpenSSL classified the bug as a high-severity issue, noting only version 1.0.2 was found vulnerable.[63]

Forks[edit]

Agglomerated SSL[edit]

In videopad video editor android - Crack Key For U, after frustrations with the original OpenSSL API, Marco Peereboom, an OpenBSD developer at the time, forked the original API by creating Agglomerated SSL (assl), which reuses OpenSSL API under the hood, but provides a much simpler external interface.[64] It has since been deprecated in light of the LibreSSL fork circa 2016.

LibreSSL[edit]

Main article: LibreSSL

In April 2014 in the wake of Heartbleed, members of the OpenBSD project forked OpenSSL starting with the 1.0.1g branch, to create a project named LibreSSL.[65] In the first week of pruning the OpenSSL's codebase, more than 90,000 lines of C code had been removed from the fork.[66]

BoringSSL[edit]

In June 2014, Google announced its own fork of OpenSSL dubbed BoringSSL.[67] Google plans to co-operate with OpenSSL and LibreSSL developers.[68][69][70] Google has since developed a new library, Tink, based on BoringSSL.[71]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^The major version 2.0.0 was skipped due to its previous use in the OpenSSL FIPS module.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^"OpenSSL: Newslog". Retrieved 7 September 2021.
  2. ^"/source/license.html". www.openssl.org. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  3. ^Laurie, Ben (January 6, 1999). "ANNOUNCE: OpenSSL (Take 2". ssl-users (Mailing list). Retrieved October 29, 2018.
  4. ^"New Committers". OpenSSL Software Foundation. May 20, 2019. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
  5. ^"OpenSSL Management Committee". OpenSSL Software Foundation. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
  6. ^"OpenSSL Committers". OpenSSL Software Foundation. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
  7. ^Marquess, Steve (January 19, 2017). "Akamai sponsors TLS 1.3". openssl-announce (Mailing list). Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  8. ^"OpenSSL – Changelog". OpenSSL Software Foundation. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  9. ^"OpenSSL – Release Strategy". OpenSSL Software Foundation. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  10. ^"OpenSSL 1.0.1 Series Release Notes". Archived from the original on January 20, 2015. Retrieved February 20, 2017.
  11. ^"OpenSSL 1.0.2 Series Release Notes". Retrieved February 20, 2017.
  12. ^ abc"Release Strategy". www.openssl.org. OpenSSL Foundation. February 25, 2019.
  13. ^"OpenSSL 1.1.0 Series Release Notes". Retrieved February 20, 2017.
  14. ^ abCaswell, Matt (September 11, 2018). "OpenSSL 1.1.1 Is Released". www.openssl.org. OpenSSL Foundation.
  15. ^Caswell, Matt (February 8, 2018). "Using TLS1.3 With OpenSSL - OpenSSL Blog". www.openssl.org. OpenSSL Foundation.
  16. ^"OpenSSL 3.0 Has Been Released! - OpenSSL Blog". www.openssl.org. Retrieved September 8, 2021.
  17. ^ abMatt Caswell (November 28, 2018). "The Holy Hand Grenade of Antioch". OpenSSL Blog. Retrieved October 7, 2019.
  18. ^ abc"GOST engine OpenSSL 1.0.0 README". cvs.openssl.org. Archived from the original on April 15, 2013.
  19. ^"OpenSSL source code, directory crypto/whrlpool". Retrieved August 29, 2017.
  20. ^"Protecting data for the long term with forward secrecy". Retrieved November 5, 2012.
  21. ^"NIST recertifies open source encryption module". gcn.com. Archived from the original on October 10, 2007.
  22. ^"FIPS-140". openssl.org. Retrieved November 12, 2019.
  23. ^"OpenSSL User Guide for the OpenSSL FIPS Object Module v2.0"(PDF). openssl.org. March 14, 2017. Retrieved November 12, 2019.
  24. ^"Update on 3.0 Development, FIPS and 1.0.2 EOL". OpenSSL Blog. November 7, 2019.
  25. ^"Cryptographic Module Validation Program Certificate #1747". Computer Security Resource Center.
  26. ^"Cryptographic Module Validation Program Certificate #2398". Computer Security Resource Center.
  27. ^"Cryptographic Module Validation Program Certificate #2473". Computer Security Resource Center.
  28. ^"Cryptographic Module Validation Program search results". Computer Security Resource Center.
  29. ^"Cryptographic Module Validation Program search results". Computer Security Resource Center.
  30. ^Schneider, Troy K. (July 20, 2016). "Getting government approval of a more secure OpenSSL". GCN: Technology, Tools, and Tactics for Public Sector IT.
  31. ^Waterman, Shaun (July 21, 2016). "SafeLogic saves the day for feds' use of OpenSSL". FedScoop.
  32. ^Rashid, Fahmida Y. (July 26, 2016). "Reworked OpenSSL on track for government validation". InfoWorld.
  33. ^Wells, Joyce (August 3, 2017). "Oracle, SafeLogic and OpenSSL Join Forces to Update FIPS Module". Database Trends and Applications.
  34. ^Kerner, Sean Michael (August 4, 2017). "Oracle Joins SafeLogic to Develop FIPS Module for OpenSSL Security". eWeek.
  35. ^"OpenSSL 3.0 Alpha7 Release". OpenSSL Blog. October 20, 2020.
  36. ^"Cryptographic Module Validation Program: OpenSSL". Computer Security Resource Center.
  37. ^"OpenSSL: Source, License". openssl.org.
  38. ^"Licenses – Free Software Foundation". fsf.org.
  39. ^"WGET 1.10.2 for Windows (win32)". users.ugent.be. Archived from the original on January 2, 2008.
  40. ^"Releases of source and binaries". climm.org. Archived from the original on February 12, 2011. Retrieved November 30, 2010.
  41. ^"Deluge LICENSE file". deluge-torrent.org. Retrieved January 24, 2013.
  42. ^Salz, Rich (August 1, 2015). "License Agreements and Changes Are Coming". openssl.org. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
  43. ^"OpenSSL Re-licensing to Apache License v. 2.0 To Encourage Broader Use with Other FOSS Projects and Products". March 23, 2017. Archived from the original on July 18, 2017. Retrieved August 6, 2018.
  44. ^Lee, Victoria; Radcliffe, Mark; Stevenson, Chirs (5 February 2019). "Top 10 FOSS legal developments of 2018". Opensource.com, Red Hat. Archived from the original(html) on 5 February 2019. Retrieved 28 September 2019.
  45. ^"OpenSSL 3.0 License Change". September 22, 2021. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  46. ^"OpenSSL Updates Fix Critical Security Vulnerabilities". August 9, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  47. ^"OpenSSL ASN.1 asn1_d2i_read_bio() Heap Overflow Vulnerability". Cisco.
  48. ^"ASN1 BIO vulnerability". OpenSSL.
  49. ^"On the Security of RC4 in TLS". Royal Holloway Department of Information Security.
  50. ^"research!rsc: Lessons from the Debian/OpenSSL Fiasco". research.swtch.com. Retrieved August 12, 2015.
  51. ^"SSLkeys". Debian Wiki. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
  52. ^"Debian OpenSSL – Predictable PRNG Bruteforce SSH Exploit Python". Exploits Database. June 1, 2008. Retrieved August 12, 2015.
  53. ^"DSA-1571-1 openssl – predictable random number generator". Debian Project. May 13, 2008.
  54. ^OpenSSL.org (April 7, 2014). "OpenSSL Security Advisory [07 Apr 2014]". Retrieved April 9, 2014.
  55. ^OpenSSL (April 7, 2014). "TLS heartbeat read overrun (CVE-2014-0160)". Retrieved April 8, 2014.
  56. ^Codenomicon Ltd (April 8, 2014). "Heartbleed Bug". Retrieved April 8, 2014.
  57. ^"Why Heartbleed is dangerous? Exploiting CVE-2014-0160". IPSec.pl. 2014. Archived from the original on April 8, 2014. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
  58. ^Mutton, Paul (April 8, 2014). "Half a million widely trusted websites vulnerable to Heartbleed bug". Netcraft Ltd. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
  59. ^"OpenSSL continues to bleed out more flaws – more critical vulnerabilities found". Cyberoam Threat Research Labs. 2014. Archived from the original on June 19, 2014. Retrieved June 13, 2014.
  60. ^"CVE-2014-0224". CVE. 2014.
  61. ^"OpenSSL Security Advisory". OpenSSL. June 5, 2014.
  62. ^"OpenSSL Patches Severe Denial-of-Service Vulnerability". Brandon Stosh. March 20, 2015.
  63. ^Goodlin, Dan (January 28, 2016). "High-severity bug in OpenSSL allows attackers to decrypt HTTPS traffic". Ars Technica.
  64. ^"security/assl: assl-1.5.0p0v0 – hide awful SSL API in a sane interface". OpenBSD ports. May 22, 2014. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  65. ^"OpenBSD has started a massive strip-down and cleanup of OpenSSL". OpenBSD journal. April 15, 2014.
  66. ^"OpenBSD forks, prunes, fixes OpenSSL". ZDNet. April 21, 2014. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
  67. ^"BoringSSL". Git at Google.
  68. ^"Google unveils independent 'fork' of OpenSSL called 'BoringSSL'". Ars Technica. June 21, 2014.
  69. ^"BoringSSL". Adam Langley's Weblog. June 20, 2014.
  70. ^"BoringSSL wants to kill the excitement that led to Heartbleed". Sophos. June 24, 2014.
  71. ^Buchanan, Bill (August 30, 2018). "Goodbye OpenSSL, and Hello To Google Tink". Medium. Retrieved April 4, 2019.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to OpenSSL.
Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OpenSSL

ENGINE_CREATED

The process-engine this listener is attached to, has been created and is ready for API-calls.

ENGINE_CLOSED

The process-engine this listener is attached to, has been closed. API-calls to the engine are no longer possible.

ENTITY_CREATED

A new entity is created. The new entity is contained in the event.

ENTITY_INITIALIZED

A new entity has been created and is fully initialized. If any children are created as part Tally.ERP 9 6.6.3 Crack + License Key Free Download 2021 the creation of an entity, this event will be fired AFTER the create/initialisation of the child entities as opposed to the event.

ENTITY_UPDATED

An existing is updated. VMWare Workstation 15 Full Download - Free Activators updated entity is contained in the event.

ENTITY_DELETED

An existing entity is deleted. The deleted entity is contained in the event.

ENTITY_SUSPENDED

An existing entity is suspended. The suspended entity is contained in the event. Will be dispatched for ProcessDefinitions, ProcessInstances and Tasks.

ENTITY_ACTIVATED

An existing entity is activated. The activated entity is contained in the event. Will be dispatched for ProcessDefinitions, ProcessInstances and Tasks.

JOB_EXECUTION_SUCCESS

A job has been executed successfully. The event contains the job that was executed.

JOB_EXECUTION_FAILURE

The execution of a job has failed. The event contains the job that was executed and the exception.

and

JOB_RETRIES_DECREMENTED

The number of job retries have been decremented due to a failed job. The event contains the job that was updated.

TIMER_FIRED

A timer has been fired. Reflector teach event contains the job that was executed?

JOB_CANCELED

A job has been canceled. The event contains the job that was canceled. Job can be canceled by API call, task was completed and associated boundary timer was canceled, on the new process definition deployment.

ACTIVITY_STARTED

An activity is starting to execute

ACTIVITY_COMPLETED

An activity is completed successfully

ACTIVITY_CANCELLED

An activity is going to be cancelled. There can be three reasons for activity cancellation (MessageEventSubscriptionEntity, SignalEventSubscriptionEntity, TimerEntity).

ACTIVITY_SIGNALED

An activity received a signal

ACTIVITY_MESSAGE_RECEIVED

An activity received a message. Dispatched before the activity receives the message. When received, a or will be dispatched for this activity, depending on the type (boundary-event or event-subprocess start-event)

ACTIVITY_ERROR_RECEIVED

An activity has received an error event. Dispatched before the actual error has been handled by the activity. The event’s contains a reference to the error-handling activity. This event will be either followed by a event or for the involved activity, if the error was delivered successfully.

UNCAUGHT_BPMN_ERROR

An uncaught BPMN error has been thrown. The process did not have any handlers for that specific error. The event’s will be empty.

ACTIVITY_COMPENSATE

An activity is about to be compensated. The event contains the id of the activity that is will be executed for compensation.

VARIABLE_CREATED

A variable has been created. The event contains the variable name, value and related execution and task (if any).

VARIABLE_UPDATED

An existing variable has been updated. The event contains the variable name, updated value and related execution and task (if any).

VARIABLE_DELETED

An existing variable has been deleted. The event contains the variable name, last known value and related execution and task (if any).

TASK_ASSIGNED

A task has been assigned to a user. The event contains the task

TASK_CREATED

A task has been created. This is dispatched after the event. In case the task is part of a process, this event will be fired before the task listeners are executed.

TASK_COMPLETED

A task has been completed. This is dispatched before the event. In case the task is part of a process, this event will be fired before the process has moved on and will be followed by a event, targeting the activity that represents the completed task.

PROCESS_COMPLETED

A process has been completed. Dispatched after the last activity event. Process is completed when it reaches state in which process instance does not have any transition to take.

PROCESS_CANCELLED

A process has been cancelled. Dispatched before the process instance is deleted from runtime. Process instance is cancelled by API call

MEMBERSHIP_CREATED

A user has been added to a group. The event contains the ids of the user and group involved.

MEMBERSHIP_DELETED

A user has been removed from a group. The event contains the ids of the user and group involved.

MEMBERSHIPS_DELETED

All members will be removed from a group. The event is thrown before the members are removed, so they are still accessible. No individual Signal Desktop 1.1License Key - Crack Key For U events will be thrown if all members are deleted at once, for performance reasons.

Источник: https://www.flowable.com/open-source/docs/userguide-5/index.html

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