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A small tutorial on how to Remove Android apps license verification easily. Use premium Android apps for free. Just remove license. Get your own race. 1.2 Unsafe Vehicles and/or Drivers: At Organizers' discretion, any unsafe car or driver may be removed from the event at any time. 9. ▫ PAVER™ External Tools incorporated into program: The External include pavement sections constructed with asphalt and concrete then.

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Pre Order 1000-1099 – 3 SLP per win. Then the JNLP file Feb 21, 2017 · League of Legends Tiers vs. The best solution for Single Language Windows 10 is to upgrade to Pro If you're still running Windows 7 or Windows 8. Or call 1-866-445-8084 . The Java Control Panel will appear. Check your SPIN ID to see if you won. Whether you’re sharing photos, videos, audio, or docs, MediaFire can simplify your workflow. Riot Games is the most player-focused game developer and publisher in the world. I get 15-16 LP gains and lose 20-21. If Realtek HD Audio Manager is missing in Windows 10, you can try to update Realtek HD Audio Driver. 99. Sometimes everybody in the game will just get like 10 LP and everyone says "WTF" in the post game-lobby. Windows 10 single language is basically Windows home version, but with only one system language. If you are interested in learning Windows administration then I would suggest checking out this course. 19043) Windows 10 SDK, version 2104 (10. Certain features require specific hardware (see aka. be/RO0rLxdTnD0 Riot said that LP gains would be fixed by January but I guess that was not true as people are still seeing terrible LP gains in season 11 Tip Jar - https://s Nov 24, 2020 · Despite the season 10 ranked season coming to a close, players can continue to climb the ladder and improve their MMR. minimise 180x + 160y subject to 6x + y >= 12 3x + y >= 8 4x + 6y >= 24 x <= 5 y <= 5 x,y >= 0 Get Gig Internet FREE for 3 Months. Feb 17, 2013 · I am at wit's end trying to get the most of my memory upgrade. Microsoft doesn't like to talk about the inner workings of its anti-piracy software, but it's clear from testing that Windows 10 included a Edge (applies to Windows 10 only since Windows server has no Edge) WinPE (included in the same download source, but has to be used in a WinPE image) Additional language packs, the so-called Features on Demand , are available for example for spelling, handwriting and speech recognition (Cortana) and more. With a win rate of 50% you would get these numbers: 3 to 9 Axies (20 Energy): 110 to 125 per day; 10 to 19 Axies (40 Energy): 215 to 275 SLP per day; 20+ Axies: (60 Energy) 285 to 375 SLP per day ASUS is a leading company driven by innovation and commitment to quality for products that include notebooks, netbooks, motherboards, graphics cards, displays, desktop PCs, servers, wireless solutions, mobile phones and networking devices. Let’s recap — grow your vinyl stash quickly with music tailored specifically to you. LP gains and losses depend on your MMR and the average MMR for your rank. If you’re on a higher MMR, you’ll get as much as 255 SLP per day if you achieve a win rate of 75%. Jul 04, 2021 · Adventure Mode – 50 SLP. 20348. Focus on your projects rather than their administration. You will be making changes to system files on another device, so Windows wants to make sure you know what you’re doing, after all. Well that is the problem, I am at this point winning at least 2 for every 1 overall, but it is evening out because I only am getting 10 LP but lose 20 per loss =\. Dec 22, 2020 · Customize Windows 10 Tweak the Windows UI so it looks and feels just the way you like it. 15:52573 ec2-52-202-6-97. LP mitigation is stronger if your team was dominating but may not result in any LP difference if you were super far behind. (Windows 10 Pro) VK7JG-NPHTM-C97JM-9MPGT-3V66T OR (Windows 10 Pro N) Aug 06, 2015 · Windows 10 Home costs $119. Decay. The higher you rank in the Top 10, the more you can earn per kill. Windows 11 is here! With intuitive navigation and easy organization, Windows 11 has a whole new look, more apps, and efficient ways to be creative and productive. We'll get back to you only if we require additional details or have more information to share. Support is here for all your LogMeIn products. They report that the sound on their devices simply stops working and when they use the troubleshooter to try and find a solution, they keep getting the error, "Generic Audio Driver Detected". Apr 17, 2020 · The idea of setting up a DNS can seem daunting. There are several ways to get your laptop screen back to normal again. Draws (tying a game) typically give half of the SLP for a win for your trophy level. Today, we are thrilled to announce Windows 11 will start to become available on October 5, 2021. Language/region tag- The language identifier based on the language tagging conventions of RFC 3066. Play over 100 high-quality PC games for one low monthly price including blockbuster hits and indie games on day one. League of Legends. There's a weekly cap to how many games LP mitigation can Aug 16, 2011 · Daily Missions. lp -d myprinter -o cpi=12 -o lpi=8 -o page-left=72 file name. There is a daily 'First Win of the Day' mission which adds 400 XP + 50 BE to your reward, which unlocks at level 15. We're committed to dealing with such abuse according to the laws in your country of residence. Dec 18, 2018 · The amount of LP you win or lose per game is determined by your hidden MMR which we previously mentioned. Apr 02, 2016 · We are also having this issue with my mother-in-law's iPhone 6 and Windows 10. When she got home, she tried getting on the internet with her Lenovo ideaPad 500, running Windows 10, and, even though the computer detects the phone when it's plugged in (you get the audible connection alerts and the phone will show up as a device in the The DriverUpdate™ Utility is compatible with your Windows® operating system. But, with a quick search online, you can find websites promising Windows 10 Pro keys for $12 or even less. The purchase runs through the Store like any app purchase, and you can just use your Credit Card, PayPal, or whatever payment May 12, 2020 · In this Windows 10 guide, we'll walk you through the steps to create and manage user accounts, as well as the steps to view account details, change password and profile picture, and customize the A good rule of thumb is +10 MMR for a win and -10 MMR for a loss. To get the standalone package for this update, go to the Microsoft Update Catalog website. To view which applications have been using data, click or tap “Usage Microsoft support is here to help you with Microsoft products. If Java is installed, Configure Java will appear in the search results. minimise 180x + 160y subject to 6x + y >= 12 3x + y >= 8 4x + 6y >= 24 x <= 5 y <= 5 x,y >= 0 Mar 26, 2020 · Windows 7 · Windows 8 · Windows 10 (nur 64-Bit) March 26, 2020 Update from Cubase Pro / Artist 10 Cubase Pro / Artist 10. Windows 10, version 21H1 is available for users with devices running Windows 10, version 20H2 and Windows 10, version 2004, who manually seek to “ Check for updates ” via Windows Update. I will monitor both the dev blogs and their social profiles to update this article over time with all the info we have on the rank Feb 07, 2020 · The only way to break into the top 1% for multiplayer leaderboards and events is to get off the standard lanes and use the full width of the tracks, which you can only do by manually steering your car. File storage made easy – including powerful features you won’t find anywhere else. Certain tiers have an activity score that indicates the player's play Jan 12, 2015 · Ranked Flex. Win 10 / 8 / 7 / Vista. 9 For computers with Windows 10 in S mode, download this version of PC Health Check app. To view which applications have been using data, click or tap “Usage To get the standalone package for this update, go to the Microsoft Update Catalog website. op. Jan 11, 2020 · Download the Amlogic USB Burning Tool. In addition, it supported a large number of standard and printer-specific options that allow you to control how and where files are printed. 1 (all versions) Microsoft Windows 10 (all versions except Windows 10 in S mode) Mac® Operating Systems Current and previous two versions of Mac OS. -Jungle forgets smite,support forgets masteries and runes. 1500-1799 – 9 SLP per win. On this day, the free upgrade to Windows 11 will begin rolling out to eligible Windows 10 PCs and PCs that come pre-loaded with Windows 11 will start to become available for purchase. Dec 22, 2019 · recently I removed old Domain Secondary SMTP addresses from all the user mailboxes and now I am getting tickets on Outlook prompt credentials. To see if you're a winner, log in to your account. I am running 64-bit Windows7 on Dell Precision T5400 single quad-core Intel Xeon E5405. Written By. See registration process for full details. If your printer is compatible with Windows 10, download and run the Print and Scan Doctor to detect and fix isses. Windows Insiders can get an Insiders version of this package that allows more apps to use it. Stunts and Drifts Charge Your Nitro. Microsoft is offering Windows 10 as a free upgrade to Windows 7 and Windows 8. published June 24, 2021. You’ll see a graph showing how much data your Windows 10 PC has used over the last 30 days, broken down between Wi-Fi and wired Ethernet. I installed the Vista x64 driver on a Win 10 machine and everything worked just fine. TRY IT FREE. 1100-1299 – 7 SLP per win. Windows 10, version 1709 adds support for Windows 10 Subscription Activation, very similar to the CSP support but for large enterprises, enabling the use of Jan 12, 2021 · RAM info How to get full PC memory specs (speed, size, type, part number, form factor) on Windows 10 You can determine the memory modules information without taking the computer apart, and in this Administration. You won't get out of bronze unless u play in 4\5 man premade. Oct 14, 2021 · The rank system in Teamfight Tactics (TFT) is composed of 9 ranks split in 4 tiers each. 01. We cover them below: Option 1: Change Screen Resolution In Windows 10. Get more info about Windows Update Check for updates Upgrade to Windows 10 Pro. This instruction assumes that windows already has a network printer set up in Windows. 10/26/2021; 19 minutes to read; D; In this article. Trundle ganks no lanes, dies to everyone on the enemy team at least once, and when the (by now) 1/9 Trundle surrender vote A likely explanation is your lp per win gain was higher than your mmr per win which is common when you winstreak. This doesn't even make sense, pleb. We are now starting a new phase in our rollout. Today, we unveiled Windows 11 to the world, and we know Windows Insiders are super excited to get their hands on it! The player earns League Points (LP) when they win ranked games and lose them when they lose ranked games. 3. 10 Some apps shown coming later. Android™ Operating Systems Android 5. A good rule of thumb is +10 MMR for a win and -10 MMR for a loss. Remote Desktop. Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) No. Download, install, test, read popular topics, user guides, and find resources that will help you use your product. When you are at your MMR, we’ve most often seen you with a 50% win rate. Amanda Langowski. BONUS OFFER: New customers receive a $100 online credit on their first month’s bill. Jun 24, 2021 · Preparing for Insider Preview Builds of Windows 11. my 1010. To Restart, click the lower left Start button, click and select Restart. Offer available in select areas only. Most times, the cause of a weird display screen is tied to the setting of its resolution. of this document. Oct 27, 2020 · If a player doesn’t win the required number of games to get promoted, then they’ll need to get back to 100 LP to try again. When she was visiting 2 weeks ago, we updated to iOS 9. May 10, 2021 · Get Windows 10 help, tips and support information to common questions for your HP Product. Let me ask this. com:https ESTABLISHED. lp -d myprinter -o scaling=200 file name. Zip files to reduce email attachment size. Visual Studio Code (latest as of 8/19/21) Jul 27, 2021 · 1 While in Windows 10 Enterprise, change the product key to a valid Pro product key. Linear programming - solution. com). Suddenly it prompt for credentials to User A where it shows dinked 154 - very limited numbered* 140g crystal clear / blood red marble lp* + exclusive movie poster (500 only)* (* exclusive to dinked edition) - 1 per customer - £22. JOIN. Aggiorna la tua versione di Windows qui . Dec 04, 2020 · “In order for the ranking system to stay accurate, we needed to tone back the amount of LP gained per win. The default schedule is once per week, but you can go in and manually run it if you suspect there’s an issue. exe. AnyDesk facilitates managing your Remote Desktop contacts and connections. Aug 12, 2015 · Windows activation is alive and well in Windows 10. I have windows 10 1909 and I cannot get RSAT to install I read in a post that if you cannot get the new way to work, try the old way. League of Legends technically has two ranking systems: one is invisible to players and one is public to players. May 25, 2021 · These are maximum amounts for a rating between 1100 and 2000. It's like this because the system Yeah, I think it's just a problem with higher elo. If you see that your drive is labeled as a solid-state drive, defragging it can actually wear down your drive more. Aug 04, 2015 · Some of the support options will cost you money, but some are free, especially those concerning Windows 10. The ability to join a domain or Azure Active Directory. Sep 30, 2021 · Windows 10, version 1703 made this “step-up” from Windows 10 Pro to Windows 10 Enterprise automatic for those that subscribed to Windows 10 Enterprise E3 or E5 via the CSP program. Jun 17, 2020 · However, you should only defrag your drive if it is labeled as a hard disk drive under Media type. After you confirm your purchase, you’ll be prompted to install Windows 10 Pro and restart your PC. See the other options. 0. Disclaimer: This is based on my personal experience playing the game. If a player continuously loses games, they also run the risk of phantomMirage posted The only time I lose 20 and gain less than 20 is when I'm playing like a bronzie. More Less. The Windows 11 upgrade will be delivered to qualifying devices late 2021 into 2022. ms/windows11-spec). I tried to reinstall everything on that machine, but this time it does NOT Jun 28, 2021 · In fact, it’s something that Windows 10, 8, and 7 do automatically on a set schedule. Access and manage files on your PC, network and clouds. Certain apps only available through Microsoft Store app in Windows 11. We can still win but all they do is flaming. The language pack installer will start after the extraction is completed. Windows 10 Pro offers more advanced security and business networking features, including: BitLocker Drive Encryption. Keep in mind that you are able to complete daily missions only in game modes with a matchmaking queue. Find a propane location near you or get a free online quote. Arena Mode (Assuming that you win 15 matches out of 20 with energy and you are from 1100-1299 MRR) =105. Players that continue winning will keep earning LP and increase their lead in the standings. Step 2: In the next window, scroll down the options and choose Look for another app on this PC option. For example, if you rank seventh place at the end of the match, you’ll get 12RP per kill instead of 10RP. (see screenshots below) If needed, you could enter the Windows 10 Pro generic product key below to downgrade now, and activate later with your valid Windows 10 Pro product key when able. compute-1. Under Upgrade your edition of Windows, select Go to the Store. gg) and I’m now in B4. May 04, 2019 · lp -d myprinter -o media=legal -o sides=two-sided-long-edge file name. Total SLP per day =180. Juicy. Hi! We are here to help you. 2 and earlier and OpenGL version 3. 2000-2199 – 11 SLP per win. ” The Riot dev went on to explain that a smaller ranked reset and no divisional promo Riot Games uses the Matchmaking Rating system to determine your opponents as well as your teammates in the ranked games. Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking for. Now that you’ve reached your MMR, you’ll need to improve in skill and win against your opponents more than you lose in order to climb above our original estimates. Oct 26, 2021 · Tip 4. Got eight identical sticks of 2GB ram (totaling 16GB) and installed it on all available slots. Each subsequent miss increases the length of the timed queue ban and imposes a 10 LP penalty. published August 31, 2021. Upgrade and Updates for Windows 10. Once any player reaches level 30 in League of Legends and owns 16 champs This evaluation virtual machine includes: Windows 10, version 21H1 (10. The amount earned or lost depends on the player's hidden Match Making Rating (MMR). 168. Only certain apps can use this compatibility pack. You’ll then be running Windows 10 Pro. A subscription to make the most of your time. Alternatively, it can be found by clicking on the Start button on the taskbar, then All Apps where Java will be listed, if it is installed. the weird thing is that its asking for credential to a user for a different user like. This is the queue where you’ll see cleanly-executed map rotations and coordinated three-man tower pushes. The file will work in Windows 7, 8, 8. -Afk we can't remake we lose the game. Noticed on Windows properties - Installed RAM 16GB (4GB usable). Went on a 4 game losing streak, got a win and won 21 LP. 1 Device comes with Windows 10 and a free Windows 11 upgrade or may be preloaded with Windows 11. Modern MD machines (ca. amazonaws. If you win a game and your team’s average MMR is lower than your enemies, then you will receive more LP. 2200+ – 12 SLP per win. You can administrate all settings and configurations in Windows with Group Policies. Oct 30, 2018 · Microsoft charges $200 for a Windows 10 Professional product key. So in the example given you would only win of the winning ticket was 14 – 8 – 4 – 1. Charges apply for license with premium features. The higher the MMR, the more LP earned per win and the less LP lost per loss. Divisions. Tip 5. Same issues new reason, Season 11: https://youtu. MMR in League of Legends is a hidden matrix, as a result, there have been many conflicts among players on what their actual rank is. When you submit a report, we'll investigate it and take the appropriate action. I hope this helps you get familiar with netstat command usage on Windows. To get these amounts you would have to win every Arena match, which is unrealistic. BUY NOW. Print a text file with 12 characters per inch, 8 lines per GET INVOLVED GitHub Gitcoin Open Positions Swag Shop Press & Partnerships. The penalty is increased to 10 LP for continuing to miss Ready Checks. I did and it worked. Jan 26, 2015 · Click the Install display languages button. CONNECT FAQs Support Blog Twitter ©2021 MetaMask • A ConsenSys Formation Linear programming - solution. Type your question here, or browse topics below to view answers or reach a support agent. It is usually pre-installed in some Windows laptops, and the users cannot add or change UI display language as Pro version users do. See a list of known issues that have been resolved for Windows 10, version 21H1 over the last six months. Starting at only. The best solution for Single Language Windows 10 is to upgrade to Pro To get the standalone package for this update, go to the Microsoft Update Catalog website. 3 and earlier. Expand Sound, video and game controllers category, right-click Realtek High Definition Audio and click Update driver. Apr 23, 2020 · This tips won't help you getting out of bronze. Translated subtitles available for some languages. In the ranked flex queue, you can team up with other players--or go it alone--and expect to play with groups of players focused on teamplay (parties of 4 are disabled for this one). Jun 01, 2020 · How To Shrink Screen Back To Its Normal Size On Windows 10. System. Unfortunately, after a couple of automatic Win 10 updates it stopped connecting to. Automatically identifies the necessary updates for your machine. I have a MMR of 987 (says euw. There's no upper limit on LP. From Windows Search type in Java. . page 6. *. One audio problem has been more persistent than others for Windows 10 users. This means that you cannot earn it in Jan 29, 2018 · One game is removed per day, and players in this tier lose 100 LP per day whenever their bank is at 0. We published League of Legends in 2009, and have since released Teamfight Tactics, Legends of Runeterra, VALORANT, and League of Legends: Wild Rift. Click the “Install” button to install the downloaded AutoCAD language pack. 99

OFAC Consolidated Frequently Asked Questions


Basic Information on OFAC and Sanctions

1. What is OFAC and what does it do?

The Office of Foreign Assets Control administers and enforces economic sanctions programs primarily against countries and groups of individuals, such as terrorists and narcotics traffickers. The sanctions can be either comprehensive or selective, using the blocking of assets and trade restrictions to accomplish foreign policy and national security goals. [09-10-02]


2. How long has OFAC been around?

The Treasury Department has a long history of dealing with sanctions. Dating back prior to the War of 1812, Secretary of the Treasury Gallatin administered sanctions imposed against Great Britain for the harassment of American sailors. During the Civil War, Congress approved a law which prohibited transactions with the Confederacy, called for the forfeiture of goods involved in such transactions, and provided a licensing regime under rules and regulations administered by Treasury.

OFAC is the successor to the Office of Foreign Funds Control (the "FFC''), which was established at the advent of World War II following the German invasion of Norway in 1940. The FFC program was administered by the Secretary of the Treasury throughout the war. The FFC's initial purpose was to prevent Nazi use of the occupied countries' holdings of foreign exchange and securities and to prevent forced repatriation of funds belonging to nationals of those countries. These controls were later extended to protect assets of other invaded countries. After the United States formally entered World War II, the FFC played a leading role in economic warfare against the Axis powers by blocking enemy assets and prohibiting foreign trade and financial transactions.

OFAC itself was formally created in December 1950, following the entry of China into the Korean War, when President Truman declared a national emergency and blocked all Chinese and North Korean assets subject to U.S. jurisdiction. [05-02-06]


3. What does one mean by the term "prohibited transactions"?

Prohibited transactions are trade or financial transactions and other dealings in which U.S. persons may not engage unless authorized by OFAC or expressly exempted by statute. Because each program is based on different foreign policy and national security goals, prohibitions may vary between programs. [06-16-06]


4. Are there exceptions to the prohibitions?

Yes. OFAC regulations often provide general licenses authorizing the performance of certain categories of transactions. OFAC also issues specific licenses on a case-by-case basis under certain limited situations and conditions. Guidance on how to request a specific license is found below and at 31 C.F.R. 501.801.

To apply for a specific license, please go to our License Application Page. [06-16-06]


6. Where can I find the specific details about the embargoes?

A summary description of each particular embargo or sanctions program may be found in the Sanctions Programs and Country Information area and in the Guidance and Information for Industry Groups area on OFAC's website. The text of Legal documents may be found in the Legal Documents area of OFAC's website which contains the text of 31 C.F.R. Chapter V and appropriate amendments to that Chapter which have appeared in the Federal Register. [05-21-18]


7. Can I get permission from OFAC to transact or trade with an embargoed country?

OFAC usually has the authority by means of a specific license to permit a person or entity to engage in a transaction which otherwise would be prohibited. In some cases, however, legislation may restrict that authority.

To apply for a specific license, please go to our License Application Page. [09-10-02]


8. What must I do to get permission to trade with an embargoed country?

In some situations, authority to engage in certain transactions is provided by means of a general license. In instances where a general license does not exist, a written request for a specific license must be filed with OFAC. The request must conform to the procedures set out in the regulations pertaining to the particular sanctions program. Generally, application guidelines and requirements must be strictly followed, and all necessary information must be included in the application in order for OFAC to consider an application. For an explanation about the difference between a general and a specific license as well as answers to other licensing questions, see the licensing questions section.

To apply for a specific license, please go to our License Application Page. [09-10-02]


9. What do you mean by "blocking?"

Another word for it is "freezing." It is simply a way of controlling targeted property. Title to the blocked property remains with the target, but the exercise of powers and privileges normally associated with ownership is prohibited without authorization from OFAC. Blocking immediately imposes an across-the-board prohibition against transfers or dealings of any kind with regard to the property. [09-10-02]


10. What countries do I need to worry about in terms of U.S. sanctions?

OFAC administers a number of U.S. economic sanctions and embargoes that target geographic regions and governments. Some programs are comprehensive in nature and block the government and include broad-based trade restrictions, while others target specific individuals and entities. (Please see the Sanctions Programs and Country Information page for information on specific programs.) It is important to note that in non-comprehensive programs, there may be broad prohibitions on dealings with countries, and also against specific named individuals and entities. The names are incorporated into OFAC s list of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons ("SDN list") which includes approximately 6,400 names of companies and individuals who are connected with the sanctions targets. In addition, OFAC maintains other sanctions lists that may have different prohibitions associated with them. A number of the named individuals and entities are known to move from country to country and may end up in locations where they would be least expected. U.S. persons are prohibited from dealing with SDNs wherever they are located and all SDN assets are blocked. Entities that a person on the SDN List owns (defined as a direct or indirect ownership interest of 50% or more) are also blocked, regardless of whether that entity is separately named on the SDN List. Because OFAC's programs are dynamic, it is very important to check OFAC's website on a regular basis to ensure that your sanctions lists are current and you have complete information regarding the latest restrictions affecting countries and parties with which you plan to do business. [05-21-18]


11. Who must comply with OFAC regulations?

U.S. persons must comply with OFAC regulations, including all U.S. citizens and permanent resident aliens regardless of where they are located, all persons and entities within the United States, all U.S. incorporated entities and their foreign branches. In the cases of certain programs, foreign subsidiaries owned or controlled by U.S. companies also must comply. Certain programs also require foreign persons in possession of U.S.-origin goods to comply. [01-15-15]


12. How much are the fines for violating these regulations?

The fines for violations can be substantial. In many cases, civil and criminal penalties can exceed several million dollars.  Civil penalties vary by sanctions program, and the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990, as amended by the Federal Civil Penalty Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015, requires OFAC to adjust civil monetary penalty amounts annually.  For current penalty amounts, see section V.B.2.a of Appendix A to OFAC;s Economic Sanctions Enforcement Guidelines at 31 C.F.R Part 501.  [03-08-17]


13. How can I report a possible violation of OFAC regulations by my company to OFAC?  Will I receive "amnesty" if I report a possible violation to OFAC or if my failure to comply with OFAC regulations was inadvertent?

OFAC encourages anyone who may have violated OFAC-administered regulations to disclose the apparent violation to OFAC voluntarily.  Voluntary self-disclosure to OFAC is considered a mitigating factor by OFAC in enforcement actions, and pursuant to OFAC’s Enforcement Guidelines, will result in a reduction in the base amount of any proposed civil penalty.  

Please submit all voluntary self-disclosures electronically to OFACDisclosures@treasury.gov.  Unless the disclosure is an initial disclosure which will be supplemented with additional information, the submission should contain sufficient detail to afford OFAC a complete understanding of an apparent violation’s circumstances.  Please review the Office of Compliance and Enforcement (“OCE”) Data Delivery Standards Guidance: Preferred Practices for Productions to OFAC, which details OFAC’s preferred technical standards for formatting electronic document productions submitted to OCE.

OFAC does not have an "amnesty" program.  OFAC does, however, review the totality of the circumstances surrounding any apparent violation, including whether a matter was voluntarily self-disclosed to OFAC.  OFAC will also consider the existence, nature, and adequacy of a subject person’s risk-based OFAC compliance program at the time of the apparent violation, where relevant, among other factors.  Please see OFAC’s Enforcement Guidelines for additional information regarding voluntary self-disclosures and other mitigating factors, as well as the agency’s general framework for the enforcement of economic sanctions programs administered by OFAC. [12-04-20]


14. Can I regard previously issued and published opinion letters, regulatory interpretations, or other statements as guidance for my transactions?

Great care should be taken when placing reliance on such materials to ensure that the transactions in question fully conform to the letter and spirit of the published materials and that the materials have not been superseded. [09-10-02]


15. Can OFAC change its previously stated, non-published interpretation or opinion without first giving public notice?

Yes. OFAC, therefore, strongly encourages parties to exercise due diligence when their business activities may touch on an OFAC-administered program and to contact OFAC if they have any questions about their transactions. [09-10-02]


91. I am looking for the terrorist list on your web site so my company can comply with U.S. law.  Where can I find this list?

OFAC s regulations are broader than the specific laws dealing with terrorists and persons who support them.  All individuals and entities that fall under U.S. jurisdiction should use OFAC s List of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons (SDN List).  This list includes specially designated global terrorists and narcotics traffickers, among other designated persons, and is available on OFAC s website.  In addition, OFAC maintains other sanctions lists that may have different prohibitions associated with each that apply to U.S. persons or transactions otherwise subject to U.S. jurisdiction.  It is important to note that some OFAC sanctions block categories of persons even if those persons do not appear on the SDN List.  For example, this is the case for any person that meets the definition of the Government of Venezuela in Executive Order 13884 of August 5, 2019 ( Blocking Property of the Government of Venezuela ).  It is also important to note that OFAC s Cuba sanctions prohibit most transactions with Cuban nationals, wherever located.  U.S. persons are expected to exercise due diligence in determining whether any such persons are involved in a proposed transaction. [08-11-2020]


126. I tried to ship a package and it was returned to me because of OFAC sanctions.  Why?

There may have been one or more reasons the package was rejected.  For example, was it destined for Cuba and lacking a description of the contents?  Was it an unlicensed commercial shipment destined for North Korea?  Was it a personal gift destined for an individual in Iran with a stated value exceeding $100?  These examples are legitimate reasons for shipping companies to refuse to process such packages, such as packages that do not conform with shipping company guidelines and rules, as well as OFAC and other U.S. government regulations.  Not only could you be liable for attempting to send such packages, but the shipping companies also could be liable for their role in processing these.  See OFAC s country program webpages for more information on the restrictions on shipments to high-risk jurisdictions, for example the Crimea region of Ukraine, Cuba, Iran, North Korea, or Syria. [08-11-2020]


127. I tried to ship a package and it was "blocked" by the shipping company "due to OFAC sanctions." Why? And how can I get the package unblocked?

Shipping companies are required to "block" packages in which a Specially Designated National ("SDN") or other blocked person has an interest. When a package is required to be "blocked," the shipper must retain the package rather than reject and return it to the sender. Blocking is not required if a general or specific license from OFAC authorizes the shipper to reject or process the package, or if the transaction is otherwise exempted from the prohibitions based on the type or content of the package. To request a license for the package s release, apply online or send a letter with a detailed description of the package s contents and an explanation of the parties involved in the transaction, along with a copy of the package s air waybill or Customs Declaration and Dispatch form, to:

U.S. Department of the Treasury
Office of Foreign Assets Control
Licensing Division
1500 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20220

[02-07-2011]


468. How do I verify an OFAC document? For example, how do I know that an OFAC license or a Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) List removal letter is authentic?

If you have questions about the authenticity of an OFAC document that is not publically posted on the OFAC website, you can contact OFAC and reference the specific case ID or FAC number that is included on the document.

  • To verify a specific license, please contact the OFAC Licensing Division at 1-202-622-2480.
  • To verify an SDN removal letter, please email ofac.reconsideration@treasury.gov.
  • To verify another OFAC document, please contact the OFAC Compliance Division at 1-202-622-2490.
[04-21-2016]

469. Does OFAC issue certificates of non-inclusion to help prove that a name is not on one of OFAC's sanctions lists?

No, OFAC does not issue non-inclusion certificates. [04-21-2016]


906. What do Iran General License (GL) N, Syria GL 21, and Venezuela GL 39 authorize with respect to the fight against the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)?  How do these GLs differ from OFAC’s existing humanitarian exemptions, exceptions, and authorizations?

In order to further aid the global fight against COVID-19, OFAC has issued time-limited general licenses, Iran GL N, Syria GL 21, and Venezuela GL 39 (together, the COVID-19-related GLs), to provide broad authorizations for certain COVID-19-related transactions and activities.  The new general licenses expand upon longstanding humanitarian exemptions, exceptions, and authorizations in OFAC sanctions programs, which remain in effect (see OFAC’s April 16, 2020 Fact Sheet on the Provision of Humanitarian Assistance and Trade to Combat COVID-19) to cover additional COVID 19-related transactions and activities.  For example, Iran GL N expands authorizations under the Iran sanctions program to cover certain items that previously would have required a specific license for exportation or reexportation to Iran, such as certain COVID-19 testing or vaccine manufacturing equipment.  Both U.S. persons and non-U.S. persons whose activities are within U.S. jurisdiction — including exporters, nongovernmental organizations, international organizations, and financial institutions — may rely upon the authorizations in these COVID-19-related GLs provided they meet the applicable conditions.  All three GLs expire on June 17, 2022.

The COVID-19-related GLs provide authorization that is independent of OFAC’s other humanitarian-related authorizations.  Accordingly, conditions and limitations included in other humanitarian-related authorizations do not apply to transactions and activities conducted pursuant to the COVID-19-related GLs, unless explicitly incorporated therein.  For example, for sales to Iran of agricultural commodities, food, medicine, and medical devices pursuant to the general license in 31 C.F.R. § 560.530, payment terms and financing must be limited to and consistent with those authorized by 31 C.F.R. § 560.532.  However, because Iran GL N does not incorporate similar limitations on payment terms, COVID-19-related exports and reexports to Iran authorized by Iran GL N are not subject to the payment terms in 31 C.F.R. § 560.532.

Prior to the expiration of the COVID-19-related GLs, OFAC may issue additional guidance, as appropriate.  OFAC’s longstanding humanitarian exemptions, exceptions and authorizations in each of these sanctions programs will not be impacted by the expiration of these GLs.  For transactions not otherwise authorized or exempt, OFAC considers license requests on a case-by-case basis and prioritizes applications, compliance questions, and other requests related to humanitarian support for people in areas subject to comprehensive sanctions. [06-16-2021]


907. For the purposes of Iran General License (GL) N, what are goods or technology for use in connection with the prevention, diagnosis, or treatment of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)?  What transactions and activities related to the export or reexport of these items are authorized?

For the purposes of Iran GL N, covered COVID-19-related goods or technology include, for example:  medical gowns; medical eye shields and goggles; surgical gloves; face shields; respirators and masks such as N95, N99, and N100 masks; personal hygiene products such as soap and hand sanitizer and other water, sanitation, and hygiene supplies such as: water purification supplies and hygiene promotion materials; vaccines and vaccine ingredients or components required for the production of vaccines; equipment, supplies, and containers for transporting, storing, and administering vaccines; COVID-19 testing kits and equipment, and software and technology for processing such kits; equipment, software, and technology for diagnostic imaging tests; ventilators or components thereof; oxygen tanks and supplies to deliver oxygen; supplies, medicines, or other therapies to treat COVID-19; and field hospitals or mobile medical units, provided that all conditions and limitations of Iran GL N are satisfied, including with regard to the classification of certain goods and technology set forth in paragraph (d)(1) of Iran GL N.  Certain COVID-19-related medical devices designated as EAR99 that would otherwise require a specific license for exportation or reexportation to Iran because they are included on OFAC’s List of Medical Devices Requiring Specific Authorization — such as High Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) Filtration Systems and HEPA filters — would not require a specific license for exportation or reexportation to Iran, provided that all conditions and limitations of Iran GL N are satisfied.

Transactions and activities related to the exportation, reexportation, sale, or supply of such goods or technology include, for example:  processing and transfer of funds; payment of taxes, fees, and import duties; purchase or receipt of permits, licenses, or public utility services; making of shipping and cargo inspection arrangements; obtaining of insurance; arrangement of financing and payment; shipping and storage of the goods; receipt of payment; and entry into contracts (including executory contracts), provided that all conditions and limitations of Iran GL N are satisfied.  Certain transactions and activities involving the Central Bank of Iran (CBI), the National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC), or any entity in which NIOC owns, directly or indirectly, a 50 percent or greater interest, are also authorized under Iran GL N.

As noted in Iran GL N, this general license does not authorize the unblocking of any property blocked pursuant to any part of 31 CFR chapter V, including property of the Government of Iran. [06-16-2021]


908. For the purposes of Iran General License (GL) N and Syria GL 21, what are services related to the prevention, diagnosis, or treatment of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)?  What transactions and activities related to the export or, in the case of Iran GL N, import of these services are authorized?

For the purposes of Iran GL N and Syria GL 21Iran GL N or Syria GL 21 are satisfied.

Transactions and activities related to the exportation or reexportation of such services include, for example:  processing and transfer of funds; payment of taxes, fees, and import duties; purchase or receipt of permits, licenses, or public utility services; making of shipping or cargo inspection arrangements; obtaining of insurance; arrangement of financing and payment; delivery of services; receipt of payment; and entry into contracts (including executory contracts), provided all conditions of Iran GL N or Syria GL 21 are satisfied.

As noted in Iran GL N and Syria GL 21, these general licenses do not authorize the unblocking of any property blocked pursuant to any part of 31 CFR chapter V, including property of the Government of Iran or property of the Government of Syria. [06-16-2021]


909. For the purposes of Venezuela General License (GL) 39, what are transactions and activities related to the prevention, diagnosis, or treatment of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)?

For the purposes of Venezuela GL 39, transactions and activities related to the prevention, diagnosis, or treatment of COVID-19 in Venezuela include, for example:  the export or import of goods and services, and transactions and activities related thereto, in each case that would otherwise be prohibited due to the involvement of the Government of Venezuela, certain blocked financial institutions as described in Venezuela GL 39, or both, provided all conditions and limitations in the GL are satisfied.

COVID-19-related goods or technology include, for example:  medical gowns; medical eye shields and goggles; surgical gloves; face shields; respirators and masks such as N95, N99, and N100 masks; personal hygiene products such as soap and hand sanitizer and other water, sanitation, and hygiene supplies; vaccines and vaccine ingredients or components required for the production of vaccines; equipment, supplies, and containers for transporting, storing, and administering vaccines; personal protective equipment; COVID-19 testing kits and equipment, software and technology for processing such kits; equipment, software, and technology for diagnostic imaging tests; ventilators or components thereof; oxygen tanks and supplies to deliver oxygen; supplies, medicines, or other therapies to treat COVID-19; and field hospitals or mobile medicals units, provided that all conditions and limitations of Venezuela GL 39 are satisfied.

Venezuela GL 39 are satisfied.

Other transactions and activities related to the prevention, diagnosis, or treatment of COVID-19 in Venezuela include, for example, when in connection with COVID-19-related goods, technology, or services:  processing and transfer of funds, payment of taxes, fees, and import duties; purchase or receipt of permits, licenses, or public utility services; making of shipping or cargo inspection arrangements; obtaining of insurance; arrangement of financing and payment; shipping of goods; delivery of services; receipt of payment; and entry into contracts (including executory contracts), provided all conditions and limitations in Venezuela GL 39 are satisfied.

As noted in Venezuela GL 39, this general license does not authorize the unblocking of any property blocked pursuant to any part of 31 CFR chapter V, including property of the Government of Venezuela or certain specified blocked financial institutions listed in Venezuela GL 39. [06-16-2021]


910. What are the due diligence expectations of U.S. financial institutions associated with processing fund transfers or trade finance transactions that are authorized by Iran General License (GL) N, Syria GL 21, and Venezuela GL 39?

U.S. financial institutions are authorized to process transfers of funds or engage in trade finance transactions ordinarily incident and necessary to give effect to the transactions and activities authorized by Iran GL N, Syria GL 21, and Venezuela GL 39.

Such financial institutions may rely on the originator of the funds transfer with regard to compliance with Iran GL N, Syria GL 21, and Venezuela GL 39, provided that the financial institution does not know or have reason to know that the funds transfer is not in compliance with such GLs. [06-16-2021]


911. Do non-U.S. persons risk exposure to U.S. sanctions for engaging in certain activities to respond to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic that U.S. persons would be authorized to engage in under Iran General License (GL) N, Syria GL 21, or Venezuela GL 39?

No.  Non-U.S. persons do not risk exposure under U.S. sanctions for engaging in certain activities to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic that would be authorized under Iran GL N, Syria GL 21, or Venezuela GL 39, as appropriate, if engaged in by a U.S. person.  This includes non-U.S. exporters, nongovernmental organizations, international organizations, and foreign financial institutions, as well as other non-U.S. persons engaging in certain activities to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic.

For additional information on humanitarian activities by non-U.S. persons in relation to sanctioned jurisdictions, please see FAQs 844, 884, and 885.  For information specific to the provision of humanitarian assistance to the Venezuelan people, please see OFAC’s August 6, 2019 Fact Sheet: Guidance Related to the Provision of Humanitarian Assistance and Support to the Venezuelan People.  For more information on other relevant exemptions, exceptions, and authorizations for humanitarian assistance and trade to combat COVID-19 under OFAC’s sanctions program, please see OFAC’s April 16, 2020 Fact Sheet: Provision of Humanitarian Assistance and Trade to Combat COVID-19.  [06-16-2021]


OFAC Licenses


General Questions Regarding OFAC Licenses and Licensing Procedures

74. What is a license?

A license is an authorization from OFAC to engage in a transaction that otherwise would be prohibited. There are two types of licenses: general licenses and specific licenses.

A general license authorizes a particular type of transaction for a class of persons without the need to apply for a license.

A specific license is a written document issued by OFAC to a particular person or entity, authorizing a particular transaction in response to a written license application.

Persons engaging in transactions pursuant to general or specific licenses must make sure that all conditions of the licenses are strictly observed.

OFAC's regulations may contain statements of OFAC's specific licensing policy with respect to particular types of transactions. [06-16-06]


75. Do I have to fill out a particular form to get a license to engage in a transaction?

Most license applications do not have to be submitted on a particular form. However, it is essential to include in the request all necessary information as required in the application guidelines or the regulations pertaining to the particular embargo program. When applying for a license, provide a detailed description of the proposed transaction, including the names and addresses of any individuals/companies involved. The mailing address for license applications is:

Office of Foreign Assets Control
U.S. Department of the Treasury
Treasury Annex
1500 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20220
Attn: Licensing Division

In order to apply for a specific license to release blocked funds, you are encouraged to file an electronic application to have blocked funds released by visiting the following link: https://licensing.ofac.treas.gov/Apply/Introduction.aspx

You may also submit an application for the release of blocked funds which is available on OFAC's website under "Forms." You should print this form, complete the required information, attach payment instructions, and mail it to the address listed above.

Depending upon the transaction, there may be specific guidance available on OFAC's website under relevant "Guidance on Licensing policy" on OFAC's various sanctions program web pages. [10-08-13]


76. Can I appeal a denial of my license application?

A denial by OFAC of a license application constitutes final agency action. The regulations do not provide for a formal process of appeal. However, OFAC will reconsider its determinations for good cause, for example, where the applicant can demonstrate changed circumstances or submit additional relevant information not previously made available to OFAC. [09-10-02]


77. How can I find out the status of my pending license application?

OFAC will notify applicants in writing as soon as a determination has been made on their application. The length of time for determinations to be reached will vary depending on the complexity of the transactions under consideration, the scope and detail of interagency coordination, and the volume of similar applications awaiting consideration. Applicants are encouraged to wait at least two weeks before telephonically contacting the Licensing Division at (202) 622-2480 to inquire about the status of their application. Callers can use OFAC's automated license application status hotline (accessible through the 202-622-2480 number) to check on the status of their application. [10-08-13]


78. What agencies other than Treasury review OFAC license applications and what are the roles of these other agencies?

Many of OFAC's licensing determinations are guided by U.S. foreign policy and national security concerns. Numerous issues often must be coordinated with the U.S. Department of State and other government agencies, such as the U.S. Department of Commerce. Please note that the need to comply with other provisions of 31 C.F.R. chapter V, and with other applicable provisions of law, including any aviation, financial, or trade requirements of agencies other than the Department of Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control. Such requirements include the Export Administration Regulations, 15 C.F.R. Parts 730 et seq., administered by the Department of Commerce, and the International Traffic in Arms Regulations, 22 C.F.R. Parts 120-130, administered by the Department of State. [06-16-06]


51. How do I apply for a license to get my money unblocked?

With respect to blocked funds transfers, you are encouraged to file an electronic application to have blocked funds released by visiting the following link: https://licensing.ofac.treas.gov/Apply/Introduction.aspx

You may also submit an application for the release of blocked funds which is available on OFAC's website under "Forms." You should print this form, complete the required information, attach payment instructions, and mail it to:

Office of Foreign Assets Control
U.S. Department of the Treasury
Treasury Annex
1500 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20220
Attn: Licensing Division

It is extremely important that the underlying transaction be described in detail and copies of supporting documentation be included in the package. [10-08-13]


58. What are the chances that my application will be approved?

Each application is reviewed on a case-by-case basis and often requires interagency consultation. Although we cannot predict how long this review might take, following existing application guidelines will help to expedite your determination. [09-10-02]


59. Do I need a registration number or license to donate goods?

Most OFAC sanctions programs provide exemptions to their prohibitions for certain donated goods, such as articles to relieve human suffering. This is not the case for all programs, however. You should refer to the legal section of OFAC's website for the regulations applicable to the specific target or target country of your donation. [09-10-02]


Questions Regarding Licenses Authorizing Exports of Agricultural Commodities, Medicine, and Medical Devices to Iran Pursuant to the Trade Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000 (TSRA)

97. What format options are permitted for submitting license applications pursuant to the Trade Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000 (TSRA)?

OFAC permits two format options for submitting TSRA license applications: online or hard-copy, though we highly recommend the use of OFAC’s online application portal.  Applications submitted via mail must be accompanied by a cover letter that includes some essential information:  the purpose of the application and the applicant’s full contact information.  If either the cover letter or the pertinent information is missing, the application is considered incomplete and risks delay or rejection. [04-12-2021]


98. How should I present my TSRA license application?

Applicants should clearly enumerate in a table format all pertinent information related to their proposed transactions, including: a) Full names and addresses of all parties involved in the transactions and their roles, including financial institutions and any Iranian broker (identify company principals), purchasing agent (identify company principals), end-user(s) (full contact name), or other participants involved in the purchase of the proposed export items; and b) If applicable, the commodity classification numbers that are associated with the proposed export items. [04-12-2021]


100. If I am submitting multiple TSRA license applications at the same time, should I send them under a single cover letter?

OFAC requires applicants to submit each individual application separately; regardless of if you are completing the online application or sending in a hard copy application through the mail. If an applicant is submitting a hard copy, each application should be in a separate envelope, accompanied by a separate cover letter. Applicants should not submit multiple applications in a single envelope with a single cover letter. If you submit applications in that manner, you may encounter some delay in the processing of your applications. Therefore, in order to prevent such delay, submit one application with one cover letter per envelope. [03-16-2015]


101. Should I send a sample of the proposed export product as an attachment to my TSRA license application?

No. OFAC does not require samples of proposed export products to be sent as attachments to any application. OFAC does not need to examine samples of the actual product in making its final determination. Therefore, please do not include any samples with your application. [06-14-2007]


Specific to Iran

117. I hold a specific license to sell agricultural goods, medicine, or medical devices to Iran. The general license at section 560.532(a)(4) of the Iranian Transactions and Sanctions Regulations (ITSR) authorizes me to accept a letter of credit issued by an Iranian financial institution whose property and interests in property are blocked solely pursuant to the ITSR (i.e., an Iranian financial institution that is not listed on OFAC s List of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons (SDN List)). The general license, however, also states that a U.S. financial institution may not advise, confirm, or otherwise deal in that credit. How am I supposed to know if/when a letter of credit has been issued for my sale and how do I get paid? My bank accounts are all at U.S. financial institutions.

This language is in the general license at section 560.532(a)(4) of the ITSR because it is contrary to U.S. foreign policy to allow U.S. financial institutions to maintain active correspondent relationships with Iranian banks. The language, however, does not preclude a U.S. financial institution or an entity owned or controlled by a United States Person and established or maintained outside the United States ( U.S.-owned or -controlled foreign entity ) from being a second advising bank (i.e. receiving and passing forward advice from a third-country bank that the credit has been issued), nor does it preclude the U.S. financial institution or a U.S.-owned or -controlled foreign entity from receiving funds in payment for the licensed export from a third-country bank. You should also note that the Iranian Transactions and Sanctions Regulations authorize U.S. financial institutions and U.S.-owned or -controlled foreign entities to directly advise or confirm letters of credit issued by third-country banks for authorized shipments. The third-country bank may not be an overseas branch of a U.S. financial institution, a U.S.-owned or -controlled foreign entity, an Iranian financial institution, or the Government of Iran, unless otherwise authorized by OFAC. In none of these circumstances, however, may there be any direct or indirect involvement of entities the property and interests in property of which have been blocked under any of the programs administered by OFAC, except for persons whose property and interests in property are blocked solely pursuant to Executive Order 13599 and the Iranian Transactions and Sanctions Regulations. [01-13-2017]


Specific to Sudan

500. I am an exporter of agricultural commodities, medicine, or medical devices to Sudan and have previously obtained specific licenses from OFAC for such exports.  Do I still need to apply for a specific license from OFAC for exports or reexports of such items to Sudan?

No.  As of December 14, 2020, no license from OFAC is required to export or reexport agricultural commodities, medicines, or medical devices to Sudan. [04-12-2021]


How to Receive Notifications About OFAC Updates

86. Does OFAC have an email service that will notify me when there are updates to any of its sanctions lists?

Yes. OFAC has multiple e-mail subscription services available. Please visit the following link to sign up for these services:

https://service.govdelivery.com/service/multi_subscribe.html?code=USTREAS

OFAC also maintains a Really Simple Syndication (RSS) feed. This feed is updated whenever the OFAC site is updated. [11-18-10]


92. I'm a subscriber to OFAC's e-mail notification services. For some reason I have stopped receiving the broadcast messages when OFAC updates its website. Why is this?

Check to see if the messages are in your SPAM folder. Mostly likely, it is your SPAM filter or your network configuration that is preventing you from receiving the OFAC broadcast messages. If you believe that may be the case, please discuss the matter with your IT department or network administrator. You may need to have your IT personnel allow e-mails from the following domain to come through the SPAM filter, "subscriptions.treas.gov;" in some cases allowing the domain, treas.gov through the filter will also work. If you believe that you have been removed from the subscription list in error you may contact OFAC at O_F_A_C@do.treas.gov or re subscribe here. [04-21-15]


93. I recently attempted to subscribe to one of OFAC s e-mail list services and I have not yet received my confirmation e-mail. Why is this?

Failure to receive a confirmation e-mail is typically (though not always) the result of a configuration problem on the user s end. The user should follow these steps to ensure that he or she is using the system properly.

  1. Be patient. For a variety of reasons e-mail sometimes take a little longer than expected to reach a user. If you do not receive a confirmation e-mail within a day of subscribing, proceed to step 2.
  2. Confirm that you have entered the correct e-mail address and address punctuation. A surprising number of errors have been the result of users accidentally using commas instead of periods.
  3. Check to see if you have a SPAM filter in place. SPAM filters have a variety of configurations. Some of these filters have been known to erroneously block e-mails originating from OFAC s list servers. OFAC cannot provide technical support for local configuration issues. If you believe a SPAM filter is preventing you from receiving OFAC e-mails, please discuss the matter with your IT department or network administrator. You will need to have your IT personnel allow e-mails from the following domain to come through the SPAM filter "subscriptions.treas.gov". Once this is done you may proceed to step 4. If you can confirm that you do not have a SPAM filter in place or any other local configuration problem, please skip step 4 and proceed to step 5.
  4. If your network or e-mail client s configuration is preventing you from receiving your subscription confirmation e-mail, it is likely that you will not be able to receive e-mail from OFAC s list servers even if OFAC manually adds you to our listserv. These configuration issues must be resolved with your IT department or network administrator before you can proceed.
  5. If, after you have exhausted all of the above options, you still fail to receive OFAC s broadcast notifications, please call our support hotline at 1-800-540-6322. [12-19-07]

OFAC Information on a Credit Report

70. What Is This OFAC Information On My Credit Report?

Credit bureaus and agencies in particular have adopted new measures to ensure compliance with OFAC regulations. Before issuing a credit report, they use screening software to determine if a credit applicant is on OFAC's Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) list or one of OFAC's other sanctions lists. This software matches the credit applicant's name and other information to the names on OFAC's sanctions lists. If there is a potential match, the credit bureaus may place a "red flag" or alert on the report. This does not necessarily mean that someone is illegally using your social security number or that you have bad credit. It is merely a reminder to the person checking your credit that he or she should verify whether you are the individual on one of OFAC's sanctions lists by comparing your information to the OFAC information. If you are not the individual on the sanctions list, the person checking your credit should disregard the OFAC alert, and there is no need to contact OFAC. However, if the person checking your credit believes you are the person on one of OFAC's sanctions lists, then he or she should call the OFAC Hotline to verify and report it. [01-30-15]


71. How Can I Get The OFAC Alert Off My Credit Report?

A consumer has the right under the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA), 15 U.S.C. 1681 et seq., to request the removal of incorrect information on his/her credit report. To accomplish this, consumers should contact the credit reporting agency or bureau that issued the credit report. For more information on consumers' rights under the FCRA, visit the Federal Trade Commission's website at http://www.ftc.gov/os/statutes/fcrajump.shtm or the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau at 855-411-2372. [01-30-2015]


Entities Owned by Persons Whose Property and Interest in Property are Blocked (50% Rule)

These Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) respond to inquiries received by the Department of the Treasury s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) relating to the status of entities owned by individuals or entities whose property and interests in property are blocked under Executive orders and regulations administered by OFAC (blocked persons). These FAQs provide additional clarity regarding revised guidance that OFAC issued on August 13, 2014, which can be found on OFAC s website here, amending earlier guidance that had been issued on February 14, 2008 (OFAC s 50 Percent Rule). The revised guidance states that the property and interests in property of entities directly or indirectly owned 50 percent or more in the aggregate by one or more blocked persons are considered blocked regardless of whether such entities appear on OFAC s Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons List (SDN List) or the annex to an Executive order. The revised guidance expands upon the earlier guidance by addressing entities owned 50 percent or more in the aggregate by more than one blocked person.*

For the purposes of clarification, see specific FAQs below. If you require additional guidance with respect to the application of OFAC s 50 Percent Rule, you may contact OFAC and submit information pertaining to the specific facts and circumstances. [10-31-2017]

*OFAC also applies a 50 percent rule to entities on the Sectoral Sanctions Identifications List (SSI List) created in July 2014 in the Ukraine-/Russia-related sanctions context. The property and interests in property of persons on the SSI List (and entities owned 50 percent or more in the aggregate by one or more persons subject to the SSI List restrictions) are not required to be blocked; instead a more limited set of transaction restrictions applies to them. In the context of the SSI List restrictions, therefore, these FAQs can be used to identify which subordinate entities are subject to the SSI List restrictions only and are not meant to suggest that any additional actions (such as blocking) apply to those entities.  The references to 33 percent or greater ownership and ownership of a majority of the voting interests in Directive 4, as amended on October 31, 2017, do not change the applicability of OFAC s 50 percent rule in the Directive 4 context.  For additional information, see FAQs 373, 537, and 538. 


398. Does OFAC consider entities over which one or more blocked persons exercise control, but of which they do not own 50 percent or more in the aggregate, to be blocked pursuant to OFAC s 50 Percent Rule?

No.  OFAC s 50 Percent Rule speaks only to ownership and not to control.  An entity that is controlled (but not owned 50 percent or more) by one or more blocked persons is not considered automatically blocked pursuant to OFAC s 50 Percent Rule.  OFAC may, however, designate the entity under an available sanctions criteria or otherwise identify the entity as blocked property if determined to be controlled by one or more designated persons and add the entity to OFAC s List of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons (SDN List). 

OFAC urges caution when considering a transaction with an entity that is not a blocked person (a non-blocked entity) in which one or more blocked persons have a significant ownership interest that is less than 50 percent or which one or more blocked persons may control by means other than a majority ownership interest.  Such non-blocked entities may become the subject of future designations or enforcement actions by OFAC.  In addition, persons should be cautious in dealing with such a non-blocked entity to ensure that they are not, for example, dealing with a blocked person representing the non-blocked entity, such as entering into a contract that is signed by a blocked person.  Please also note that some sanctions programs (e.g., the Crimea region of Ukraine, Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Syria, and Venezuela) block certain persons without an OFAC designation; these blockings are based on criteria separate from OFAC s 50 Percent Rule, such as the blocking of persons that meet the definition of a blocked government. [08-11-2020]


399. Does OFAC aggregate ownership stakes of all blocked persons when determining whether an entity is blocked pursuant to OFAC s 50 Percent Rule?

Yes. On August 13, 2014, OFAC indicated in its revised 50 Percent Rule guidance that OFAC's 50 Percent Rule applies to entities owned 50 percent or more in the aggregate by one or more blocked persons. Accordingly, if Blocked Person X owns 25 percent of Entity A, and Blocked Person Y owns another 25 percent of Entity A, Entity A is considered to be blocked. This is so because Entity A is owned 50 percent or more in the aggregate by one or more blocked persons. For the purpose of calculating aggregate ownership, the ownership interests of persons blocked under different OFAC sanctions programs are aggregated. [08-13-2014]


400. As explained in FAQ 398, OFAC s 50 Percent Rule does not apply if one or more individuals who are blocked persons (blocked individuals) control, but do not own 50 percent or more of, an entity. Can persons engage in negotiations, enter into contracts, or process transactions involving a blocked individual when that blocked individual is acting on behalf of the non-blocked entity that he or she controls (e.g., a blocked individual is an executive of a non-blocked entity and is signing a contract on behalf of the non-blocked entity)?

No. OFAC sanctions generally prohibit transactions involving, directly or indirectly, a blocked person, absent authorization from OFAC, even if the blocked person is acting on behalf of a non-blocked entity. Therefore, U.S. persons should be careful when conducting business with non-blocked entities in which blocked individuals are involved; U.S. persons may not, for example, enter into contracts that are signed by a blocked individual. [08-13-2014]


401. OFAC s 50 Percent Rule states that the property and interests in property of entities directly or indirectly owned 50 percent or more in the aggregate by one or more blocked persons are considered blocked. How does OFAC interpret indirect ownership as it relates to certain complex ownership structures?

"Indirectly," as used in OFAC s 50 Percent Rule, refers to one or more blocked persons' ownership of shares of an entity through another entity or entities that are 50 percent or more owned in the aggregate by the blocked person(s). OFAC urges persons considering a potential transaction to conduct appropriate due diligence on entities that are party to or involved with the transaction or with which account relationships are maintained in order to determine relevant ownership stakes. Please see FAQ 116 for additional guidance on due diligence standards for intermediary parties to wire transfers. Please refer to the examples below for further guidance on determining whether an entity is blocked pursuant to OFAC's 50 Percent Rule.

Example 1: Blocked Person X owns 50 percent of Entity A, and Entity A owns 50 percent of Entity B. Entity B is considered to be blocked. This is so because Blocked Person X owns, indirectly, 50% of Entity B. In addition, Blocked Person X's 50 percent ownership of Entity A makes Entity A a blocked person. Entity A's 50 percent ownership of Entity B in turn makes Entity B a blocked person.

Example 2: Blocked Person X owns 50 percent of Entity A and 50 percent of Entity B. Entities A and B each own 25 percent of Entity C. Entity C is considered to be blocked. This is so because, through its 50 percent ownership of Entity A, Blocked Person X is considered to indirectly own 25 percent of Entity C; and through its 50 percent ownership of Entity B, Blocked Person X is considered to indirectly own another 25 percent of Entity C. When Blocked Person X's indirect ownership of Entity C through Entity A and Entity B is totaled, it equals 50 percent. Entity C is also considered to be blocked due to the 50 percent aggregate ownership by Entities A and B, which are themselves blocked entities due to Blocked Person X's 50 percent ownership of each.

Example 3: Blocked Person X owns 50 percent of Entity A and 10 percent of Entity B. Entity A also owns 40 percent of Entity B. Entity B is considered to be blocked. This is so because, through its 50 percent ownership of Entity A, Blocked Person X is considered to indirectly own 40 percent of Entity B. When added to Blocked Person X's direct 10 percent ownership of Entity B, Blocked Person X's total ownership (direct and indirect) of Entity B is 50 percent. Entity B is also blocked due to the 50 percent aggregate ownership by Blocked Person X and Entity A, which are themselves both blocked persons.

Example 4: Blocked Person X owns 50 percent of Entity A and 25 percent of Entity B. Entities A and B each own 25 percent of Entity C. Entity C is not considered to be blocked. This is so because, even though Blocked Person X is considered to indirectly own 25 percent of Entity C through its 50 percent ownership of Entity A, Entity B is not 50 percent or more owned by Blocked Person X, and therefore Blocked Person X is not considered to indirectly own any of Entity C through its part ownership of Entity B. Blocked Person X's total ownership (direct and indirect) of Entity C therefore does not equal or exceed 50 percent. Entity A is itself a blocked person, but its ownership of Entity C also does not equal or exceed 50 percent.

Example 5: Blocked Person X owns 25 percent of Entity A and 25 percent of Entity B. Entities A and B each own 50 percent of Entity C. Entity C is not considered to be blocked. This is so because Blocked Person X's 25 percent ownership of each of Entity A and Entity B falls short of 50 percent. Accordingly, neither Entity A nor Entity B is blocked and Blocked Person X is not considered to indirectly own any of Entity C through its part ownership of Entities A or B. [08-13-2014]


402. How does OFAC s 50 Percent Rule apply to situations in which one or more blocked persons owned 50 percent or more of an entity, but subsequent to their designations one or more blocked persons divest their ownership stakes in the entity in a transaction that occurs entirely outside of U.S. jurisdiction such that the resulting combined ownership of the entity by blocked persons is less than 50 percent? How should a person treat property or interests in property of such an entity (1) in future transactions (post-divestment) and (2) that was properly blocked while the entity was owned 50 percent or more by one or more blocked persons?

According to OFAC's 50 Percent Rule, entities are considered blocked if they are owned 50 percent or more (directly or indirectly) in the aggregate by one or more blocked persons. If one or more blocked persons divest their ownership stake such that the resulting combined ownership by blocked persons is less than 50 percent, the entity is no longer considered automatically to be a blocked entity. Any such divestment transactions must occur entirely outside of U.S. jurisdiction and must not involve U.S. persons, as any blocked property or interests in property that come into the possession or control of a U.S. person must be blocked and reported to OFAC, and OFAC does not recognize any subsequent unlicensed transfers, through changes in ownership or otherwise, of such property.

Entities in which the aggregate of one or more blocked persons' ownership stakes has fallen below 50 percent are not considered blocked pursuant to OFAC's 50 Percent Rule, and therefore property of such entities that comes into the United States or the possession or control of a U.S. person while the aggregate of one or more blocked persons' ownership stakes is below 50 percent is not considered blocked by OFAC's 50 Percent Rule. OFAC urges caution when dealing with or processing transactions involving such entities, as those entities may become the subject of future designations or enforcement actions by OFAC. Sufficient due diligence should be conducted to determine that any purported divestment in fact occurred and that the transfer of ownership interests was not merely a sham transaction.

When the property of an entity owned 50 percent or more by a single blocked person comes within the United States or within the possession or control of a U.S. person and is blocked, the property remains blocked unless and until (1) OFAC authorizes the unblocking of or other dealings in the property or (2) OFAC removes the blocked person from the SDN List. The property remains blocked even if the blocked person's ownership of the entity subsequently falls below 50 percent. This is so because the blocked person is considered to have an interest in the blocked property, and OFAC does not recognize the unlicensed transfer of the blocked person s interest after the property becomes blocked in the United States or in the possession or control of a U.S. person. Persons holding such property may request authorization from OFAC's Licensing Division to transfer or otherwise deal in that property (the electronic application can be found on OFAC's website here), and OFAC will evaluate such requests on a case-by-case basis.

Similarly, when the property of an entity owned 50 percent or more in the aggregate by more than one blocked person comes within the United States or in the possession or control of a U.S. person and is blocked, the property remains blocked unless and until (1) OFAC authorizes the unblocking of or other dealings in the property or (2) OFAC removes from the SDN List one or more of the blocked persons such that the aggregate ownership by blocked persons falls below 50 percent. If the aggregate ownership of the entity by blocked persons falls below 50 percent not due to SDN List removal actions by OFAC but instead due to actions by one or more of the blocked persons, including the entity itself, the property remains blocked. This is so because the group of blocked persons is considered to have an interest in the blocked property, and OFAC does not recognize the unlicensed transfer of any of the blocked persons' interests after the property becomes blocked in the United States or in the possession or control of a U.S. person. Persons holding such property may request authorization from OFAC's Licensing Division to transfer or otherwise deal in that property (the electronic application can be found on OFAC s website here), and OFAC will evaluate such requests on a case-by-case basis. [08-13-2014]


Cross-Programmatic Compliance Services Guidance

495. Why did OFAC issue the Guidance on the Provision of Certain Services Relating to the Requirements of U.S. Sanctions Laws (the Compliance Services Guidance )?

OFAC has received numerous inquiries, many from foreign companies at outreach events, regarding whether U.S. persons may provide, and whether U.S. persons have been able to provide in the past, certain types of legal and compliance services to covered persons. The Compliance Services Guidance provides clarity in response to those inquiries. For purposes of the Compliance Services Guidance, covered persons means U.S. persons and foreign persons other than any person (i) whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to any part of 31 C.F.R. chapter V, including persons listed on OFAC s List of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons (SDN List), or (ii) to whom a U.S. person is prohibited from exporting services or from whom a U.S. person is prohibited from importing services pursuant to any part of 31 C.F.R. chapter V. The Compliance Services Guidance does not describe every allowable service relating to the requirements of U.S. sanctions laws. [01-12-2017]


496. Does the Compliance Services Guidance represent a change in OFAC s policy with respect to the provision of legal and compliance services?

No. The Compliance Services Guidance does not reflect a change in OFAC s policy with respect to the provision of these types of legal and compliance services. OFAC is issuing the Compliance Services Guidance in response to numerous inquiries to ensure that both U.S. and foreign individuals and entities understand that U.S. persons may provide services consistent with the Compliance Services Guidance. [01-12-2017]


497. In providing services consistent with the Compliance Services Guidance to a foreign covered person, can a U.S. person opine on the legality of a transaction under U.S. sanctions laws, including by providing a legal opinion, certification, or other clearance as to the legality of such transaction, where it would be prohibited for a U.S. person to engage in such transaction?

Yes. In providing services to a foreign covered person, a U.S. person may opine on the legality of a transaction under U.S. sanctions laws, including by providing a legal opinion, certification, or other clearance as to the legality of such transaction, where it would be prohibited for a U.S. person to engage in the transaction. U.S. persons may not provide such services to persons who are subject to certain restrictions under OFAC s regulations, such as persons listed on OFAC s SDN List.

U.S. persons, wherever located, may not otherwise approve, finance, facilitate, or guarantee any transaction by a foreign person, including one that meets the definition of a covered person, as defined in FAQ #495, where the transaction by that foreign person would be prohibited by 31 C.F.R. chapter V if performed by a U.S. person or within the United States. For example, U.S. persons could not vote on a transaction (e.g., as a board member), or execute transaction documents (other than as to the legality of the transaction, as specified above), where the transaction would be prohibited if performed by a U.S. person or within the United States. [01-12-2017]


498. The Compliance Services Guidance states that a U.S. person may solicit information from covered persons and conduct research to make a determination as to the legality of transactions under U.S. sanctions laws. What are examples of research that would be allowable under the Compliance Services Guidance?

U.S. persons may conduct research using the internet, including searches of commercial databases, as well as published reference materials for the purpose of determining the legality of transactions under U.S. sanctions laws. In addition, U.S. persons may solicit information regarding a transaction from covered persons, such as, for example, the currency involved; any involvement of U.S. persons, directly or indirectly; and the identity of the covered person s counterparty. [01-12-2017]


499. What type of research exceeds the scope of the Compliance Services Guidance?

A U.S. person may not conduct research that otherwise involves the importation or exportation of services where such transactions are prohibited by any part of 31 C.F.R. chapter V, unless such transactions are authorized by OFAC. [01-12-2017]


Burma Sanctions

481. If there is an active and ongoing investigation against an individual or entity for apparent violations of the Burmese Sanctions Regulations ( BSR ), would that investigation cease now that the President has ended economic and financial sanctions on Burma and the prohibitions in the BSR are no longer in effect?

Pending OFAC enforcement matters will proceed irrespective of the termination of OFAC-administered sanctions on Burma, and OFAC will continue to review app arent violations of the BSR, whether they came to the agency s attention before or after the Burma sanctions program was terminated. Under longstanding practice, apparent sanctions violations are analyzed in light of the laws and regulations that were in place at the time of the underlying activities, and civil and criminal enforcement authorities are applied accordingly. Current or future investigations regarding apparent violations of the BSR will not be impacted by its termination and may result in OFAC enforcement actions after the termination of the BSR. [10-07-2016]


882. For purposes of Burma General License (GL) 2, what organizations are included within the United Nations' "Programmes, Funds, and Other Entities and Bodies, as well as its Specialized Agencies and Related Organizations?"

For an organizational chart of the United Nations, which lists the Programmes, Funds, and Other Entities and Bodies, as well as the Specialized Agencies and Related Organizations covered by this GL, see the following page on the United Nations website: https://www.un.org/en/pdfs/un_system_chart.pdf. [03-25-2021]


883. What does Burma General License 4 authorize?

Burma General License (GL) 4 authorizes, subject to certain conditions, all transactions and activities prohibited by Executive Order (E.O.) 14014, that are ordinarily incident and necessary to the wind down of transactions involving, directly or indirectly, Myanmar Economic Corporation Limited (MEC) or Myanma Economic Holdings Public Company Limited (MEHL), or any entity in which MEC or MEHL owns, directly or indirectly, a 50 percent or greater interest, through 12:01 a.m., eastern daylight time, June 22, 2021. Persons unable to wind down transactions prohibited by E.O. 14014 in which such blocked persons have an interest before that time are encouraged to seek formal guidance from OFAC. For the duration of GL 4, non-U.S. persons may wind down transactions involving, directly or indirectly, MEC or MEHL, or any entity in which MEC or MEHL owns, directly or indirectly, a 50 percent or greater interest, without exposure to sanctions under E.O. 14014, provided that such wind down activity is consistent with GL 4. While GL 4 is in effect, wind down transactions may be processed through the U.S. financial system or involve U.S. persons, as long as the transactions comply with the terms and conditions in GL 4. [03-25-2021]

Cuba Sanctions


693. What did the September 9, 2019 amendment to the Cuban Assets Control Regulations (CACR) do?

Effective October 9, 2019 an amendment to the CACR revises certain authorizations for remittances to Cuba to impose new requirements and limitations, eliminates the authorization for donative remittances, and revises the authorization commonly known as the U-turn general license.

  • The September 9, 2019 amendment revises the U-turn general license located at 31 CFR § 515.584(d) to eliminate the authorization for banking institutions subject to U.S. jurisdiction to process U-turn transactions; i.e., funds transfers that originate and terminate outside the United States where neither the originator nor beneficiary is a person subject to U.S. jurisdiction. The amended U-turn general license authorizes banking institutions that are persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction to reject and not require them to block such transactions. For more on changes to the U-turn general license, please see FAQ 757.
  • With respect to remittances, the September 9, 2019 rule amends the general license authorizing family remittances to (1) place a cap of $1,000 as the maximum amount that one remitter can send to one Cuban national as a family remittance per quarter, and (2) exclude close relatives of prohibited officials of the Government of Cuba or close relatives of prohibited members of the Cuban Communist Party as authorized recipients of family remittances. (The prohibited officials themselves were already barred from being recipients of such remittances. See 31 CFR § 515.570(a), as well as 31 CFR § 515.339 for the definition of close relatives .) The September 9, 2019 rule also amends the general license authorizing remittances to certain individuals and independent non-governmental organizations in Cuba to now authorize remittances to certain additional self-employed individuals (See 31 CFR § 515.570(g), as well as 31 CFR § 515.340, for the new definition of self-employed individuals ). Effective October 9, 2019, OFAC eliminated the general license for donative remittances that was previously located at 31 CFR § 515.570(b). For more on changes to remittances, please see FAQ 732. [09-06-2019]

694. What did the June 5, 2019 amendments to CACR do?

Previously, on June 5, 2019, an amendment to the CACR removed an authorization for people-to-people educational travel that was conducted under the auspices of an organization that is subject to U.S. jurisdiction and that sponsors such exchanges to promote people-to-people contact (group people-to-people educational travel). The amendment includes a grandfather clause, however, that authorizes certain group people-to-people educational travel that previously was authorized, so long as the traveler had already completed at least one travel-related transaction (su ch as purchasing a flight or reserving accommodation) prior to June 5, 2019.

On June 16, 2017, the President issued National Security Presidential Memorandum-5 on Strengthening the Policy of the United States Toward Cuba (the NSPM). On November 9, 2017, OFAC amended the CACR to implement the NSPM. On April 17, 2019, the Administration announced regulatory changes to further implement the NSPM and the President s foreign policy toward Cuba, including that the Department of the Treasury would further restrict non-family travel. The regulatory actions taken on June 5, 2019 and September 9, 2019 implement the President s foreign policy toward Cuba as announced on April 17, 2019.

Please note that the Cuba embargo remains in place, and most transactions between the United States, or persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction, and Cuba continue to be prohibited. OFAC continues to enforce the prohibitions of the CACR.

The Department of Commerce s Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS), in coordination with OFAC s June 5, 2019 amendment, amended its Export Administration Regulations (EAR) (15 CFR Parts 730-774). For additional information, see BIS s Cuba webpage. [09-06-2019]


Travel


695. What are the general travel authorizations in the Cuba program?

Travel-related transactions are permitted by general or specific licenses for certain travel related to the 12 categories of activities identified in § 515.560(a).  Those travel-related transactions permitted by general license, subject to specified criteria and conditions, include: family visits; official business of the U.S. government, foreign governments, and certain intergovernmental organizations; journalistic activity; professional research; educational activities; religious activities; athletic competitions by amateur or semi-professional athletes or athletic teams; support for the Cuban people; humanitarian projects; activities of private foundations or research or educational institutes; exportation, importation, or transmission of information or information materials; and certain authorized export transactions. Each person relying on a certain general authorization must retain specific records related to the authorized travel transactions. See §§ 501.601 and 501.602 of Reporting, Procedures and Penalties Regulations for applicable recordkeeping and reporting requirements.

In accordance with NSPM-5, on November 9, 2017, OFAC added a prohibition to restrict certain direct financial transactions with entities and subentities identified on the State Department’s Cuba Restricted List. For a description of the scope of the prohibition on direct financial transactions and the restrictions and exceptions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.209. In order to implement this prohibition, OFAC made a conforming change to § 515.421 and added corresponding language in the following general licenses: §§ 515.530, 515.534, 515.545, 515.560, 515.561, 515.564, 515.565,
515.566, 515.567, 515.572, 515.573, 515.574, 515.576, 515.577, 515.578, 515.581, 515.584, and
515.590. OFAC has not incorporated this prohibition into certain general licenses in accordance with the exceptions detailed in section 3(a)(iii) of NSPM-5.  

Also, on September 24, 2020, OFAC added a prohibition at § 515.210 of the CACR, which prohibits any person subject to U.S. jurisdiction from lodging, paying for lodging, or making any reservation for or on behalf of a third party to lodge, at any property that the Secretary of State has identified as a property in Cuba that is owned or controlled by the Cuban government; a prohibited official of the Government of Cuba, as defined in § 515.337; a prohibited member of the Cuban Communist Party, as defined in § 515.338; a close relative, as defined in § 515.339, of a prohibited official of the Government of Cuba, or a close relative of a prohibited member of the Cuban Communist Party, when the terms of the general or specific license expressly exclude such a transaction. In furtherance of this change, the State Department is creating a new list, the Cuba Prohibited Accommodations List, to publish the names, addresses, or other identifying details, as relevant, of properties identified as meeting such criteria. In order to implement this prohibition, OFAC made a conforming change to § 515.421 and added corresponding language in the following general licenses:  §§ 515.533, 515.545, 515.559, 515.560, 515.561, 515.563, 515.564, 515.565, 515.566, 515.567, 515.572, 515.574, 515.575, and 515.576. [09-23-2020]


696. Are authorized travelers who have initiated travel arrangements prior to the addition of an entity or subentity on the State Department's Cuba Restricted List required to cancel their Cuba-related travel plans if their travel arrangements involve direct financial transactions with a listed entity or subentity?

Consistent with the Administration's interest in avoiding negative impacts on Americans for arranging lawful travel to Cuba, any travel-related arrangements that include direct financial transactions with entities and subentities that appear on the State Department's Cuba Restricted List will continue to be permitted, provided that those travel arrangements were initiated prior to the State Department's addition of the entity or subentity to the list. Once the State Department adds an entity or subentity to the Cuba Restricted List, new direct financial transactions with the entity or subentity are prohibited, unless authorized by OFAC or exempt. For a complete description of the scope of the prohibition on direct financial transactions and the restrictions and exceptions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.209. [09-06-2019]


697. Do travelers who fall within the scope of a general license need to submit a written request to OFAC for permission to travel or conduct transactions?

No. No further permission from OFAC is required to engage in transactions by a person who meets all criteria in a general license. Individuals wishing to engage in activities that may fall within the scope of a general license should review the relevant general licenses contained in the CACR to determine whether their travel-related transactions are covered by such general licenses. Persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction who wish to engage in any travel within the 12 categories of activities specified in the CACR that does not meet the requirements of a general license will need to apply for a specific license from OFAC. [11-08-2017]


698. Is travel to Cuba for tourist activities permitted?

No. Consistent with the Trade Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000 (TSRA), travel-related transactions involving Cuba are only permitted for the 12 categories of activities identified in the CACR. Travel-related transactions for other purposes remain prohibited. [11-08-2017]


699. What constitutes "a close relative" for generally authorized family travel?

OFAC regulations generally authorize persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction and those sharing a dwelling with them as a family to visit a close relative in Cuba, including a close relative who is a Cuban national or a person ordinarily resident in Cuba, or to visit or accompany a close relative who is located in or traveling to Cuba pursuant to the authorizations in § 515.562 (official government business), § 515.563 (journalistic activity), § 515.564(a) (professional research), § 515.565(a)(1)(i) through (iv) and (vi) (educational activities), § 515.566 (religious activities), § 515.575 (humanitarian projects), or § 515.576 (activities of private foundations or research or educational institutes). A close relative is defined as any individual related to a person “by blood, marriage, or adoption who is no more than three generations removed from that person or from a common ancestor with that person.” For a complete description of what this general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.339 and § 515.561. In accordance with NSPM-5, OFAC amended the general license in § 515.561 to exclude direct financial transactions with entities and subentities identified on the State Department’s Cuba Restricted List from the authorizations. For a description of the scope of the prohibition on direct financial transactions and the restrictions and exceptions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.209. [09-06-2019]


700. Who is generally authorized to engage in travel and travel-related transactions for “journalistic activity”?

Section 515.563 of the CACR contains a general license that authorizes, subject to conditions, travel- related transactions and other transactions that are directly incident to journalistic activities in Cuba. Among other things, this general license authorizes, subject to conditions, full-time journalists, supporting broadcast or technical personnel, and freelance journalists to travel to Cuba. The traveler’s schedule of activities must not include free time or recreation in excess of that consistent with a full- time schedule. An entire group does not qualify for the general license merely because some members of the group qualify individually. Also, and effective September 24, 2020, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization lodging, paying for lodging, or making any reservation for or on behalf of a third party to lodge, at any property in Cuba on the Cuba Prohibited Accommodations List to the extent prohibited by § 515.210. For a complete description of the scope of this prohibition, see 31 CFR § 515.210. For a complete description of what this general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.563. [09-23-2020]


701. What constitutes generally authorized travel-related transactions for “professional research” in Cuba?

Section 515.564(a) of the CACR contains a general license that authorizes, subject to conditions, travel-related transactions and other transactions that are directly incident to professional research in Cuba. Among other things, this general license authorizes, subject to conditions, professional research in Cuba relating to a traveler’s profession, professional background, or area of expertise, including area of graduate-level full-time study. In accordance with NSPM-5, OFAC amended this general license to exclude direct financial transactions with entities and subentities identified on the State Department’s Cuba Restricted List from its authorization. Also, and effective September 24, 2020, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization lodging, paying for lodging, or making any reservation for or on behalf of a third party to lodge, at any property in Cuba on the Cuba Prohibited Accommodations List to the extent prohibited by § 515.210. For a complete description of the scope of this prohibition, see 31 CFR § 515.210. The traveler’s schedule of activities must not include free time or recreation in excess of that consistent with a full-time schedule of professional research. An entire group does not qualify for the general license merely because some members of the group qualify individually. For a complete description of what this general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.564. 

On September 24, 2020, OFAC eliminated the general license previously contained in §515.564(a)(2) for travel-related transactions and other transactions that are directly incident to attendance at, or organization of, professional meetings or conferences in Cuba. Persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction are no longer generally authorized to attend or organize professional meetings or conferences in Cuba pursuant to this section. OFAC amended § 515.564 to clarify that specific licenses may be issued on a case-by-case basis authorizing the travel-related transactions in § 515.560(c) and other transactions that are related to professional research in Cuba that do not qualify for the general license under 515.564(a) or professional meetings or conferences in Cuba that are not authorized under other travel-related authorizations and that relate to activities otherwise authorized pursuant to the CACR. [09-23-20]


702. What constitutes “educational activities” for generally authorized travel and other transactions?

OFAC amended the general license for educational activities in accordance with NSPM-5 process to authorize travel that was permitted by regulation on January 27, 2011. In addition, OFAC added requirements for certain categories of authorized educational travel that were not permitted by regulation on January 27, 2011 to require that all such travel be conducted under the auspices of an organization that is a person subject to U.S. jurisdiction. In addition, travelers utilizing this authorization must be accompanied by a person subject to U.S. jurisdiction who is a representative of the sponsoring organization. In certain cases where the traveler is an employee, paid consultant, agent, or other representative traveling individually (not as part of a group), the individual may obtain a certification letter from the sponsoring organization. For a complete description of what such a letter must include and which categories of educational travelers may utilize this authorization, see 31 CFR § 515.565(a)(2).

Among other things, this general license authorizes, subject to conditions, faculty, staff, and students at U.S. academic institutions and secondary schools to engage in certain educational activities, including study abroad programs, in Cuba, Cuban scholars to engage in certain educational activities in the United States, and certain activities to facilitate licensed educational programs. U.S. and Cuban universities may engage in academic exchanges and joint non-commercial academic research under the general license. This provision also authorizes persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction to provide standardized testing services and certain internet-based courses to Cuban nationals. For a complete description of what this general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.565.

In accordance with NSPM-5, this general license  excludes direct financial transactions with entities and subentities identified on the State Department’s Cuba Restricted List. For a description of the scope of the prohibition on direct financial transactions and the restrictions and exceptions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.209 Also, and effective September 24, 2020, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization lodging, paying for lodging, or making any reservation for or on behalf of a third party to lodge, at any property in Cuba on the Cuba Prohibited Accommodations List to the extent prohibited by § 515.210. For a complete description of the scope of this prohibition, see 31 CFR § 515.210. Effective June 5, 2019, OFAC removed the authorization for group people-to-people educational travel. For more information on that change, see FAQ 704.) [09-23-2020]


703. Are secondary schools and secondary school students permitted to engage in travel-related transactions under the general license for “educational activities”?

Yes. Educational exchanges, including study abroad programs, sponsored by Cuban or U.S. secondary schools involving secondary school students’ participation in a formal course of study or in a structured educational program offered by a secondary school or other academic institution, and led by a teacher or other secondary school official are authorized. Such exchanges must take place under the auspices of an organization that is a person subject to U.S. jurisdiction, and a person subject to U.S. jurisdiction who is an employee, paid consultant, agent, or other representative of the sponsoring organization (including the leading teacher or secondary school official) must accompany each group traveling to Cuba. For a complete description of what this general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.565(a)(2)(vi). This authorization allows for participation of a reasonable number of adult chaperones to accompany the secondary school students to Cuba. Also, and effective September 24, 2020, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization lodging, paying for lodging, or making any reservation for or on behalf of a third party to lodge, at any property in Cuba on the Cuba Prohibited Accommodations List to the extent prohibited by § 515.210. For a complete description of the scope of this prohibition, see 31 CFR § 515.210. [09-23-20]


704. Can travelers still engage in “people-to-people travel” to Cuba on an individual basis or as a part of a group?

Generally, no. Effective June 5, 2019, there is no general license authorizing people-to-people educational activities in Cuba. The term “people-to-people travel” refers to an authorization that previously existed in the CACR, subject to conditions, for persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction to engage in certain educational exchanges in Cuba on an individual basis or under the auspices of an organization that is a person subject to U.S. jurisdiction and sponsors such exchanges to promote people-to-people contact.

On November 9, 2017, in accordance with NSPM-5, OFAC amended the general license for people-to-people educational activities in Cuba to remove the authorization for individual people-to-people educational travel. Effective June 5, 2019, in further accordance with the President’s foreign policy toward Cuba announced in April 2019, OFAC removed the authorization for group people-to-people educational travel in § 515.565(b). There is a grandfather [clause] in § 515.565(b) that authorizes certain group people-to-people educational travel that previously was authorized where the traveler had completed at least one travel-related transaction (such as purchasing a flight or reserving accommodation) prior to June 5, 2019. Also, and effective September 24, 2020, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization lodging, paying for lodging, or making any reservation for or on behalf of a third party to lodge, at any property in Cuba on the Cuba Prohibited Accommodations List to the extent prohibited by § 515.210. For a complete description of the scope of this prohibition, see 31 CFR § 515.210.

For purposes of that grandfather clause only, an “organization” is an entity subject to U.S. jurisdiction that sponsors educational exchanges that do not involve academic study pursuant to a degree program and that sponsors such exchanges to promote people-to-people contact. To the extent proposed travel falls within the scope of the grandfather clause for group people-to-people educational travel, organizations subject to U.S. jurisdiction may proceed with sponsoring such travel without applying to OFAC for a specific license. It is OFAC’s policy not to grant applications for a specific license authorizing transactions where a general license is available. OFAC will apply a policy of denial with respect to applications for a specific license authorizing prohibited people-to-people travel and related transactions effective June 5, 2019.

For a complete description of what this general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.565.

The export or reexport to Cuba of items subject to the EAR, including vessels and aircraft used to provide carrier services, requires separate authorization from the Department of Commerce. See 31 CFR § 515.533. For additional information regarding BIS’s latest travel-related amendments, see BIS’s Cuba webpage. [09-23-2020]


705. Who is generally authorized to engage in travel-related transactions for “religious activities”?

Section 515.566 of the CACR contains a general license that authorizes, subject to conditions, travel- related transactions and other transactions that are directly incident to religious activities in Cuba. All persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction, including religious organizations located in the United States and members and staff of such organizations, are generally authorized to engage in travel-related transactions that are directly incident to engaging in religious activities in Cuba provided, among other things, that the travel must be for the purpose of engaging in a program of religious activities. In accordance with NSPM-5, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization direct financial transactions with entities and subentities identified on the State Department’s Cuba Restricted List. Also, and effective September 24, 2020, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization lodging, paying for lodging, or making any reservation for or on behalf of a third party to lodge, at any property in Cuba on the Cuba Prohibited Accommodations List to the extent prohibited by § 515.210. For a complete description of the scope of this prohibition, see 31 CFR § 515.210. The traveler’s schedule of activities must not include free time or recreation in excess of that consistent with a full-time schedule in Cuba. For a complete description of what this general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.566. [09-23-2020]


706. What constitutes generally authorized travel under the travel-related category of “public performances, clinics, workshops, athletic and other competitions, and exhibitions” ?

Section 515.567(a) of the CACR contains a general license that authorizes, subject to conditions, travel-related transactions and other transactions that are directly incident to organization of and participation in amateur and semi-professional international sports federation competitions. Transactions incident to the organization of such competitions include marketing related to those specific events in Cuba.  

Effective September 24, 2020, OFAC amended section 515.567 to remove a general authorization related to public performances, clinics, workshops, other athletic or non-athletic competitions, and exhibitions previously found at § 515.567(b). OFAC will consider issuing specific licenses, on a case-by-case basis, for travel-related transactions and other transactions that are directly incident to participation in or organization of a public performance, clinic, workshop, athletic competition not covered by the general license in § 515.567(a), non-athletic competition, or exhibition in Cuba, subject to certain conditions. As a result of these amendments, effective September 24, 2020, the only remaining general license in Section 515.567 for participation in and organization of athletic competitions in Cuba will be the general license in § 515.567(a) for athletic competitions by amateur or semi-professional athletes or athletic teams.

In accordance with NSPM-5, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization direct financial transactions with entities and subentities identified on the Cuba Restricted List. Also effective September 24, 2020, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization lodging, paying for lodging, or making any reservation for or on behalf of a third party to lodge, at any property in Cuba on the Cuba Prohibited Accommodations List to the extent prohibited by § 515.210. For a complete description of the scope of this prohibition, see 31 CFR § 515.210. For a complete description of what this general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.567. [09-23-2020]


707. What constitutes “support for the Cuban people” for generally authorized travel and other transactions?

Section 515.574 of the CACR contains a general license that authorizes, subject to conditions, travel-related transactions and other transactions that are intended to provide support for the Cuban people, which include activities of recognized human rights organizations; independent organizations designed to promote a rapid, peaceful transition to democracy; and individuals and non-governmental organizations that promote independent activity intended to strengthen civil society in Cuba. In accordance with NSPM-5, OFAC amended this general license on November 8, 2017 to require that each traveler utilizing this authorization engage in a full-time schedule of activities that enhance contact with the Cuban people, support civil society in Cuba, or promote the Cuban people’s independence from Cuban authorities and that result in meaningful interactions with individuals in Cuba. OFAC also amended this general license to exclude from the authorization certain direct financial transactions with entities and subentities identified on the State Department’s Cuba Restricted List. Also, and effective September 24, 2020, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization lodging, paying for lodging, or making any reservation for or on behalf of a third party to lodge, at any property in Cuba on the Cuba Prohibited Accommodations List to the extent prohibited by § 515.210. For a complete description of the scope of this prohibition, see 31 CFR § 515.210. The traveler’s schedule of activities must not include free time or recreation in excess of that consistent with a full-time schedule in Cuba. An entire group does not qualify for this general license merely because some members of the group qualify individually. For a complete description of what this general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.574. [09-23-2020]


708. What constitutes “humanitarian projects” for generally authorized transactions, including travel-related transactions?

Section 515.575 of the CACR contains a general license that authorizes, subject to conditions, transactions, including travel-related transactions, that are related to humanitarian projects in or related to Cuba. These authorized humanitarian projects are: medical and health-related projects; construction projects intended to benefit legitimately independent civil society groups; disaster preparedness, relief, and response; historical preservation; environmental projects; projects involving formal or non-formal educational training, within Cuba or off-island, on the following topics: entrepreneurship and business, civil education, journalism, advocacy and organizing, adult literacy, or vocational skills; community-based grassroots projects; projects suitable to the development of small- scale private enterprise; projects that are related to agricultural and rural development that promote independent activity; microfinancing projects, except for loans, extensions of credit, or other financing prohibited by 31 CFR § 515.208; and projects to meet basic human needs. Also, and effective September 24, 2020, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization lodging, paying for lodging, or making any reservation for or on behalf of a third party to lodge, at any property in Cuba on the Cuba Prohibited Accommodations List to the extent prohibited by § 515.210. For a complete description of the scope of this prohibition, see 31 CFR § 515.210. For persons traveling pursuant to this authorization, the traveler’s schedule of activities must not include free time or recreation in excess of that consistent with a full-time schedule in Cuba. An entire group does not qualify for this general license merely because some members of the group qualify individually. For a complete description of what this general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.575. [09-23-2020]


709. What constitutes “activities of private foundations or research or educational institutes” for generally authorized travel?

Section 515.576 of the CACR contains a general license that authorizes, subject to conditions, travel- related transactions and other transactions that are directly incident to activities by private foundations or research or educational institutes with an established interest in international relations to collect information related to Cuba for noncommercial purposes, among other things. In accordance with NSPM-5, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization direct financial transactions with entities and subentities identified on the State Department’s Cuba Restricted List Also, and effective September 24, 2020, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization lodging, paying for lodging, or making any reservation for or on behalf of a third party to lodge, at any property in Cuba on the Cuba Prohibited Accommodations List to the extent prohibited by § 515.210. For a complete description of the scope of this prohibition, see 31 CFR § 515.210.

The traveler’s schedule of activities must not include free time or recreation in excess of that consistent with a full-time schedule in Cuba. For a complete description of what this general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.576.

Additionally, 31 CFR § 515.573(d) authorizes private foundations or research or educational institutes engaging in transactions authorized by § 515.576 to establish a physical presence in Cuba, such as an office. For a complete description of what this general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.573(a). [09-23-2020]


710. What constitutes “exportation, importation, or transmission of information or informational materials” for generally authorized travel?

The general license at 31 CFR § 515.545(b)(1) authorizes, subject to conditions, travel-related transactions and other transactions that are directly incident to the exportation, importation, or transmission of information or informational materials. In accordance with NSPM-5, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization direct financial transactions with entities and subentities identified on the State Department’s Cuba Restricted List. Also, and effective September 24, 2020, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization lodging, paying for lodging, or making any reservation for or on behalf of a third party to lodge, at any property in Cuba on the Cuba Prohibited Accommodations List to the extent prohibited by § 515.210. For a complete description of the scope of this prohibition, see 31 CFR § 515.210. The traveler’s schedule of activities must not include free time or recreation in excess of that consistent with a full- time schedule in Cuba. For a complete description of what this general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.545(b)(1).

The general license at 31 CFR §515.545(b)(2) authorizes, subject to conditions, travel-related transactions and other transactions that are directly incident to professional media or artistic productions of information or informational materials for exportation, importation, or transmission, including the filming or production of media programs (such as movies and television programs), the recording of music, and the creation of artworks in Cuba, provided that the traveler is regularly employed in or has demonstrated professional experience in a field relevant to such professional media or artistic productions. In accordance with NSPM-5, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization direct financial transactions with entities and subentities identified on the State Department’s Cuba Restricted List. Also, and effective September 24, 2020, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization lodging, paying for lodging, or making any reservation for or on behalf of a third party to lodge, at any property in Cuba on the Cuba Prohibited Accommodations List to the extent prohibited by § 515.210. For a complete description of the scope of this prohibition, see 31 CFR § 515.210. The traveler’s schedule of activities must not include free time or recreation in excess of that consistent with a full-time schedule. For a complete description of what this general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.545(b)(2).

The definition of “information and informational materials” may be found at 31 CFR § 515.332. [09-23-2020]


711. What are examples of a full-time schedule of activities for authorized travelers?

Authorized travelers to Cuba pursuant to most general license categories are expected to maintain a full-time schedule of activities consistent with the terms of the general license(s) pursuant to which they are traveling. For example:

  •     An individual traveling to Cuba for four days pursuant to the authorization for professional research (31 CFR § 515.564(a)), such as a professional  architect, could conduct two days of research on Cuban architectural heritage that directly relates to the traveler’s profession, followed by one day of meetings with Cuban nationals engaging in historical preservation of colonial and baroque buildings in Havana. The following day the traveler could engage in a full day of site visits and fact-finding around Havana at key architectural sites.
  •     An individual traveling pursuant to the authorization for journalistic activities could engage in three full days of interviews with local residents, followed by one full day of follow-up investigative research at local institutions.
  •     A group of friends traveling to Cuba could maintain a full-time schedule volunteering with a recognized non-governmental organization to build a school for underserved Cuban children with the local community (31 CFR § 515.574). The travelers would need to ensure that their activities promote independent activity intended to strengthen civil society in Cuba and that they engage in a full-time schedule of activities that enhance contact with the Cuban people, support civil society in Cuba, or promote the Cuban people’s independence from Cuban authorities, and result in meaningful interaction between the travelers and individuals in Cuba. [09-23-2020]

712. Can I purchase a ticket to Cuba directly from an airline based or operating out of the United States?

Yes, provided that you are authorized to travel to Cuba pursuant to an OFAC general or specific license. Airlines and travelers are responsible for maintaining records of their Cuba-related transactions for at least five years. [11-08-2017]


713. May a person that qualifies for the general license to provide carrier services transport a third-country national located in the United States to Cuba for travel authorized by a general license under one of the 12 categories of travel listed in Section 515.560 or by specific license from OFAC?

Yes. [11-08-2017]


714. May an individual authorized traveler take a commercial passenger ferry or use his or her private boat to travel to Cuba?

The export or reexport to Cuba of items subject to the EAR, including commercial vessels used to provide carrier services and private vessels, requires separate authorization from the Department of Commerce. See 31 CFR § 515.533. For a complete description of BIS s regulatory requirements, see BIS s Cuba webpage.

While 31 CFR § 515.572 generally authorizes the provision of carrier services, OFAC amended its regulations effective June 5, 2019 to highlight the separate BIS requirements. For a complete description of what the OFAC general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.572. [09-06-2019]


715. Are U.S. vessels, including commercial passenger ferries or private boats, permitted to carry passengers to or from Cuba?

The export or reexport to Cuba of items subject to the EAR, including commercial vessels used to provide carrier services and private vessels, requires separate authorization from the Department of Commerce. See 31 CFR § 515.533. For a complete description of BIS s regulatory requirements, see BIS s Cuba webpage.

While 31 CFR § 515.572 generally authorizes the provision of carrier services, and 31 CFR § 515.572(a)(4) generally authorizes the provision of lodging services by persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction who are authorized to provide carrier services, OFAC amended its regulations effective June 5, 2019 to highlight the BIS requirements. For a complete description of what the OFAC general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.572. [09-06-2019]


716. Are authorized U.S. travelers permitted to travel onboard vessels in Cuba to meet their transportation needs within Cuba?

Travel onboard a vessel in Cuba is permitted for authorized travel. [11-08-2017]


717. Are there any spending limits for authorized U.S. travelers while in Cuba?

There is no specific dollar limit on authorized expenses; however, in accordance with National Security Presidential Memorandum-5 on Strengthening the Policy of the United States Toward Cuba, OFAC amended the Cuban Assets Control Regulations to restrict persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction from engaging in direct financial transactions with entities or subentities identified on the State Department’s Cuba Restricted List, with certain exceptions. See 31 CFR §§ 515.209 and 515.421. Consistent with these authorizations and restrictions, authorized travelers may engage in transactions ordinarily incident to travel within Cuba, including payment of living expenses and the acquisition in Cuba of goods for personal consumption there. OFAC amended 31 CFR § 515.421 to exclude from the authorization lodging, paying for lodging, or making any reservation for or on behalf of a third party to lodge, at any property in Cuba on the State Department’s Cuba Prohibited Accommodations List to the extent prohibited by 31 CFR § 515.210. For a complete description of the scope of this prohibition, see 31 CFR § 515.210. In addition, travelers are authorized to acquire in Cuba and import as accompanied baggage into the United States merchandise for personal use only; effective September 24, 2020, this authorization excludes imports into the United States of Cuban-origin alcohol or tobacco products. OFAC considers “personal use” of an imported item to include giving the item to another individual as a personal gift, but not the transfer of the item to another person for payment or other consideration. Value imports remain subject to the normal limits on duty and tax exemptions for merchandise imported as accompanied baggage and for personal use. [10-26-2020]


718. Are there any CACR restrictions on what foreign persons entering the United States from travel that included Cuba may bring in their accompanied baggage?

A non-U.S. person (i.e., not a U.S. citizen or resident) arriving in the United States is authorized to import Cuban-origin merchandise as accompanied baggage provided the merchandise is not in commercial quantities, is not imported for resale, and does not include Cuban-origin alcohol or tobacco products.  See 31 CFR § 515.569. [09-23-2020]


719. Can I purchase Cuban-origin cigars and/or Cuban-origin rum or other alcohol while traveling in Cuba?

Persons authorized to travel to Cuba may purchase alcohol and tobacco products while in Cuba for personal consumption in Cuba. Please note that effective September 24, 2020, authorized travelers may no longer return to the United States with alcohol and/or tobacco products acquired in Cuba as accompanied baggage for personal use. [09-23-2020]


Источник: https://home.treasury.gov/policy-issues/financial-sanctions/frequently-asked-questions/ofac-consolidated-frequently-asked-questions
findstr ec2-52-202-6-97. Aug 10, 2015 · I have LaserJet 1010 connected to a Win XP machine and shared over my home network. 1 users Jul 04, 2017 · To check your data usage over the last 30 days, open the Settings app from your Start menu and head to Network & Internet > Data Usage. You do not get RP for heals or revives—only assists and kills. This update also contains all features and fixes included in previous cumulative updates to Windows 10, version 2004. 1 and 10, but it will need Administrator permissions in order to run. Jun 01, 2021 · Step 1: Right click the JNLP file on your computer and select the Open with option from the prompted menu. Even so, I had 74 lp, after ONLY having won games. 0 or later. com TCP 192. USER A is a using outlook (USER-A@NewDomain. Only real solution. why am i only getting 10 lp per win

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Источник: http://electrikalperu.com/dkfoxhc/ytmxqb.php?jzjvlqvlhe=why-am-i-only-getting-10-lp-per-win

Panda Mouse Pro(BETA) Mod Apk 1.4.9 [Paid for free]

Panda Mouse Pro(BETA) Mod Apk 1.4.9 [Paid for free]

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Mod Info:(What's modded?)

Panda Mouse Pro(BETA) Mod Apk:

  • - Version: 1.4.9
  • - Size: 8.42 MB
  • - Price: Free
  • - Root needed: No Need
  • - Offers In-App Purchase: No
  • - Price: Free

Panda Mouse Pro(BETA) Mod Apk 1.4.9 [Paid for free] Features:

Panda Mouse Pro(BETA) Mod Panda Mouse Pro(BETA) Mod APK v1.4.9 Features:

PAID
LICENSE REMOVED

Panda Mouse Pro is a specifically designed keymapper for Keyboard and Mouse.Compare to classical keymapper, its unique features:1. Run games directly without cloning2. Support Google Play login3. Won't be banned by some games in which duplication running is not allowed.BEFORE DOWNLOAD YOU MUST READ THE FOLLOWING:1. It supports Keyboard or Mouse only, Gamepad won't work.2. Root or PC activation required. PC activation means you must connect your phone to PC and run the Gamepad&Mouse Pro Activator. After activation you can plug out your phone. We have a full tutorial inside the app for activation.3. This app is still in beta. It's possible to have some performance issue.4. Support nearly all brands of Keyboard and Mouse.5. Support nearly all apps & games, except a few extreme applications.

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Full Specifications

Download Infomation

Size8.4MB
Version1.4.9
Version Code149
Langzh
PermissionBILLING CHECK_LICENSE BLUETOOTH BLUETOOTH_ADMIN FORCE_STOP_PACKAGES INTERNET ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE ACCESS_WIFI_STATE CAMERA READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE READ_PHONE_STATE RECORD_AUDIO SYSTEM_ALERT_WINDOW SYSTEM_OVERLAY_WINDOW WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE FOREGROUND_SERVICE
Permission TextOTHER:
Allows applications to connect to paired bluetooth devices.
Allows applications to discover and pair bluetooth devices.
Allows applications to open network sockets.
Allows applications to access information about networks.
Allows applications to access information about Wi-Fi networks.
Allows an app to create windows using the type TYPE_SYSTEM_ALERT, shown on top of all other apps.
CAMERA:
Required to be able to access the camera device.
STORAGE:
Allows an application to read from external storage.
Allows an application to write to external storage.
PHONE:
Allows read only access to phone state, including the phone number of the device, current cellular network information, the status of any ongoing calls, and a list of any PhoneAccounts registered on the device.
MICROPHONE:
Allows an application to record audio.

Operation Systems

Min Sdk19
Min Sdk TxtAndroid 4.4 (KITKAT)
Target Sdk29
Target Sdk Txt29
Multi WindowNo
Supports Screenssmall, normal, large, xlarge
Cpuarmeabi-v7a
Open Gl Int0
Supports Any DensityYes
Densities160, 240, 320, 480, 640, 65534

User Features

Uses FeatureWi-Fi hardware features:
The app uses 802.11 networking (Wi-Fi) features on the device.
Uses implied FeatureThe app uses the device's Bluetooth features, usually to communicate with other Bluetooth-enabled devices.#The app uses the device's back-facing camera. Devices with only a front-facing camera do not list this feature, so use the android.hardware.camera.any feature instead if your app can communicate with any camera, regardless of which direction the camera faces.#The app records audio using the device's microphone.#other.#The app requires the device to use the portrait or landscape orientation. If your app supports both orientations, then you don't need to declare either feature.#The app uses the Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) telephony radio system.#The app uses 802.11 networking (Wi-Fi) features on the device.#:

Signature

Md5D6361BC506581B31FA440197FCD30438
Signature216158576709E828F44413317ED9E36E8834A650
Sha256B16904F15D6A39DCE172614AB4FBF6CB043D4AE3B167A12FF58FF691275005BD
Valid FromSat Oct 17 23:05:17 CEST 2020 until: Fri Jan 31 22:05:17 CET 2121
Serial Number783ceebb

Developer

DeveloperLeymoy
Ounull
OrganizationLeyzymoy Mods
Localenull
CountryRU

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Источник: https://happymod.com/panda-mouse-probeta-app-apk-app-apk-mod/com.panda.mouse/

Why am i only getting 10 lp per win

why am i only getting 10 lp per win Brandon LeBlanc. Get new features first Join Microsoft Insiders. Get your windows 10 updated to the latest version, or upgrade your previous version of Windows to Windows 10. I was getting +20 LP per win in Silver II, got promoted to Silver I, won my first game and only got 10 LP. 0) Visual Studio 2019 (latest as of 8/19/21) with the UWP, . Protect files with banking-level encryption. This should come in handy when trying to get placed higher in season 11. And the vinyl is yours to k Become an Insider: be one of the first to explore new Windows features for you and your business or use the latest Windows SDK to build great apps. 2. Get a win streak. Click the Options link on the right side of the just installed language. Plus get an EA If so, make sure you have restarted Windows at least once. Mar 25, 2021 · Windows 10, version 20H2; This article lists new and updated features and content that is of interest to IT Pros for Windows 10, version 20H2, also known as the Windows 10 October 2020 Update. This setting is used with the Deployment Image Servicing and Management Mar 18, 2021 · When this happens you will get a relatively even amount of RR per win/loss. In the next page of the wizard, click Browse and pick the *. Certain tiers have an activity score that indicates the player's play Jul 04, 2017 · To check your data usage over the last 30 days, open the Settings app from your Start menu and head to Network & Internet > Data Usage. So madcuzbad git gud. Timing varies by device. Not a member? Join Now. Apr 20, 2020 · Google takes abuse of its services very seriously. Count on Kinetic by Windstream for the best deals on Internet, Digital TV and Phone. Free Scan for Windows® 10, 8, 7, Vista & XP Operating Systems. 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Print document file name across 4 pages. There, you will find the ability to activate it as the main display language. Normal gain for me is like 20lp then once in a while there will be a game where everybody in the game gets like 8 LP. 1, and Windows 10 disk images (ISO) directly from Microsoft’s servers, as well as Office 2010, Office 2013, Office 2016, Office 2019, Expression Studio and Office for Mac. This bonus is set to a 20 hour cycle/reset as opposed to a calendar day. Handles all of your file needs. Importante: Sua versão atual do Windows está desatualizada e não tem mais suporte. Next game you get the same per win. When playing above the average MMR for your rank you’ll gain more LP than lose. I installed Remote Server Administrator Tools For Windows 10 1809 and t works. Edge (applies to Windows 10 only since Windows server has no Edge) WinPE (included in the same download source, but has to be used in a WinPE image) Additional language packs, the so-called Features on Demand , are available for example for spelling, handwriting and speech recognition (Cortana) and more. To get some insight into solving LP's consider the Two Mines problem that we had before - the LP formulation of the problem was: . This is capped at 6 kills or assists per match, but there is a multiplier. My last 10 games in bronze look like this. Prints the double-sided legal document file name to printer myprinter. Find out the player distribution and all the info shared by Riot devs SapMagic, Ran Cao, and MapleNectar on the MMR system. This package supports apps that use OpenCL version 1. 2. 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There's a weekly cap to how many games LP mitigation can Oct 25, 2021 · All Windows language packs are available for Windows Server. 99 Pre Order cd - £10. it has been driving me crazy. Feb 21, 2017 · League of Legends Tiers vs. Microsoft doesn't like to talk about the inner workings of its anti-piracy software, but it's clear from testing that Windows 10 included a The Microsoft Windows and Office ISO Download Tool from Heidoc. Unzip all major file formats. The same rule applies for losing LP. 43. Microsoft Windows 7 (32-bit and 64-bit) with Service Pack 1 (SP 1) or later Microsoft Windows 8/8. Important The update that is available from the Microsoft Update Catalog applies only to all editions of Windows 10, version 1507, 1511, 1607, 1703, 1709, and 1803. Try one month free. If your team’s MMR average is higher then you will win less. 1800-1999 – 10 SLP per win. Jan 29, 2018 · One game is removed per day, and players in this tier lose 100 LP per day whenever their bank is at 0. I was suspecting it is because I would often duo queue with a much lower level ranked friend than my own at the start of the season and that really hurt my MMR. The people who are talking about your mmr not being high enough are incorrect. If you're running Windows 10 Home, select Get Windows 10 Pro to upgrade your device. Answer (1 of 2): The explanation to this question can get pretty complicated, but I’ll try to keep it at a high level. Double-click on the downloaded EXE file and click Install to extract the AutoCAD language pack files. BIOS version A11. Step 4: Click on the target file and click the Open button. Boards. 1000-1099 – 3 SLP per win. May 10, 2021 · Current status as of June 22, 2021. 99, and Windows 10 Pro costs $199. 60 · Update · 736 MB Jul 29, 2020 · C:\Windows\system32> netstat -f

OFAC Consolidated Frequently Asked Questions


Basic Information on OFAC and Sanctions

1. What is OFAC and what does it do?

The Office of Foreign Assets Control administers and enforces economic sanctions programs primarily against countries and groups of individuals, such as terrorists and narcotics traffickers. The sanctions can be either comprehensive or selective, using the blocking of assets and trade restrictions to accomplish foreign policy and national security goals. [09-10-02]


2. How long has OFAC been around?

The Treasury Department has a long history of dealing with sanctions. Dating back prior to the War of 1812, Secretary of the Treasury Gallatin administered sanctions imposed against Great Britain for the harassment of American sailors. During the Civil War, Congress approved a law which prohibited transactions with the Confederacy, called for the forfeiture of goods involved in such transactions, and provided a licensing regime under rules and regulations administered by Treasury.

OFAC is the successor to the Office of Foreign Funds Control (the "FFC''), which was established at the advent of World War II following the German invasion of Norway in 1940. The FFC program was administered by the Secretary of the Treasury throughout the war. The FFC's initial purpose was to prevent Nazi use of the occupied countries' holdings of foreign exchange and securities and to prevent forced repatriation of funds belonging to nationals of those countries. These controls were later extended to protect assets of other invaded countries. After the United States formally entered World War II, the FFC played a leading role in economic warfare against the Axis powers by blocking enemy assets and prohibiting foreign trade and financial transactions.

OFAC itself was formally created in December 1950, following the entry of China into the Korean War, when President Truman declared a national emergency and blocked all Chinese and North Korean assets subject to U.S. jurisdiction. [05-02-06]


3. What does one mean by the term "prohibited transactions"?

Prohibited transactions are trade or financial transactions and other dealings in which U.S. persons may not engage unless authorized by OFAC or expressly exempted by statute. Because each program is based on different foreign policy and national security goals, prohibitions may vary between programs. [06-16-06]


4. Are there exceptions to the prohibitions?

Yes. OFAC regulations often provide general licenses authorizing the performance of certain categories of transactions. OFAC also issues specific licenses on a case-by-case basis under certain limited situations and conditions. Guidance on how to request a specific license is found below and at 31 C.F.R. 501.801.

To apply for a specific license, please go to our License Application Page. [06-16-06]


6. Where can I find the specific details about the embargoes?

A summary description of each particular embargo or sanctions program may be found TunesKit Spotify Converter Crack the Sanctions Programs and Country Information area and in the Guidance and Information for Industry Groups area on OFAC's website. The text of Legal documents may be found in the Legal Documents area of OFAC's website which contains the text of 31 C.F.R. Chapter V and appropriate amendments to that Chapter which have appeared in the Federal Register. [05-21-18]


7. Can I get permission from OFAC to transact or trade with an embargoed country?

OFAC usually has the authority by means of a specific license to permit a person or entity to engage in a transaction which otherwise would be prohibited. In some cases, however, legislation may restrict that authority.

To apply for a specific license, please go to our License Application Page. [09-10-02]


8. What must I do to get permission to trade with an embargoed country?

In some situations, authority to engage in certain transactions is provided by means of a general license. In instances where a general license does not exist, a written request for a specific license must be filed with OFAC. The request must conform to the procedures set out in the regulations pertaining to the particular sanctions program. Generally, application guidelines and requirements must be strictly followed, and all necessary information must be included in the application in order for OFAC to consider an application. For an explanation about the difference between a general and a specific license as well as answers to other licensing questions, see the licensing questions section.

To apply for a specific license, please go to our License Application Page. [09-10-02]


9. What do you mean by "blocking?"

Another word for it is "freezing." It is simply a way of controlling targeted property. Title to the blocked property remains with the target, but the exercise of powers and privileges normally associated with ownership is prohibited without authorization from OFAC. Blocking immediately imposes an across-the-board prohibition against transfers or dealings of any kind with regard to the property. [09-10-02]


10. What countries do I need to worry about in terms of U.S. sanctions?

OFAC administers a number of U.S. economic sanctions and embargoes that target geographic regions and governments. Some programs are comprehensive in nature and block the government and include broad-based trade restrictions, while others target specific individuals and entities. (Please see the Sanctions Programs and Country Information page for information on specific programs.) It is important to note that in non-comprehensive programs, there may be broad prohibitions on dealings with countries, and also against specific named individuals and entities. The names are incorporated into OFAC s list of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons ("SDN list") which includes approximately 6,400 names of companies and individuals who are connected with the sanctions targets. In addition, OFAC maintains other sanctions lists that may have different prohibitions associated with them. A number of the named individuals and entities are known to move from country to country and may end up in locations where they would be least expected. U.S. persons are prohibited from dealing with SDNs wherever they are located and all SDN assets are blocked. Entities that a person on the SDN List owns (defined as a direct or indirect ownership interest of 50% or more) are also blocked, regardless of whether that entity is separately named on the SDN List. Because OFAC's programs are dynamic, it is very important to check OFAC's website on a regular basis to ensure that your sanctions lists are current and you have complete information regarding the latest restrictions affecting countries and parties with which you plan to do business. [05-21-18]


11. Who must comply with OFAC regulations?

U.S. persons must comply with OFAC regulations, including all U.S. citizens and permanent resident aliens regardless of where they are located, all persons and entities within the United States, all U.S. incorporated entities and their foreign branches. In the cases of certain programs, foreign subsidiaries owned or controlled by U.S. companies also must comply. Certain programs also require foreign persons in possession of U.S.-origin goods to comply. [01-15-15]


12. How much are the fines for violating these regulations?

The fines for violations can be substantial. In many cases, civil and criminal penalties can exceed several million dollars.  Civil penalties vary by sanctions program, and the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990, as amended by the Federal Civil Penalty Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015, requires OFAC to adjust civil monetary penalty amounts annually.  For current penalty amounts, see section V.B.2.a of Appendix A to OFAC;s Economic Sanctions Enforcement Guidelines at 31 C.F.R Part 501.  [03-08-17]


13. How can I report a possible violation of OFAC regulations by my company to OFAC?  Will I receive "amnesty" if I report a possible violation to OFAC or if my failure to comply with OFAC regulations was inadvertent?

OFAC encourages anyone who may have violated OFAC-administered regulations to disclose the apparent violation to OFAC voluntarily.  Voluntary self-disclosure to OFAC is considered a mitigating factor by OFAC in enforcement actions, and pursuant to OFAC’s Enforcement Guidelines, will result in a reduction in the base amount of any proposed civil penalty.  

Please submit all voluntary self-disclosures electronically to OFACDisclosures@treasury.gov.  Unless the disclosure is an initial disclosure which will be supplemented with additional information, the submission should contain sufficient detail to afford OFAC a complete understanding of an apparent violation’s circumstances.  Please review the Office of Compliance and Enforcement (“OCE”) Data Delivery Standards Guidance: Preferred Practices for Productions to OFAC, which details OFAC’s preferred technical standards for formatting electronic document productions submitted to OCE.

OFAC does not have an "amnesty" program.  OFAC does, however, review the totality of the circumstances surrounding any apparent violation, including whether a matter was voluntarily self-disclosed to OFAC.  OFAC will also consider the existence, nature, and adequacy of a subject person’s risk-based OFAC compliance program at the time of the apparent violation, where relevant, among other factors.  Please see OFAC’s Enforcement Guidelines for additional information regarding voluntary self-disclosures and other mitigating factors, as well as the agency’s general framework for the enforcement of economic sanctions programs administered by OFAC. [12-04-20]


14. Can I regard previously issued and published opinion letters, regulatory interpretations, or other statements as guidance for my transactions?

Great care should be taken when placing reliance on such materials to ensure that the transactions in question fully conform to the letter and spirit of the published materials and that the materials have not been superseded. [09-10-02]


15. Can OFAC change its previously stated, non-published interpretation or opinion without first giving public notice?

Yes. OFAC, therefore, strongly encourages parties to exercise due diligence when their business activities may touch on an OFAC-administered program and to contact OFAC if they have any questions about their transactions. [09-10-02]


91. I am looking for the terrorist list on your web site so my company can comply with U.S. law.  Where can I find this list?

OFAC s regulations are broader than the specific laws dealing with terrorists and persons who support them.  All individuals and entities that fall under U.S. jurisdiction should use OFAC s List of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons (SDN List).  This list includes specially designated global terrorists and narcotics traffickers, among other designated persons, and is available on OFAC s website.  In addition, OFAC maintains other sanctions lists that may have different prohibitions associated with each that apply to U.S. persons or transactions otherwise subject to U.S. jurisdiction.  It is important to note that some OFAC sanctions block categories of persons even if those persons do not appear on the SDN List.  For example, this is the case for any person that meets the definition of the Government of Venezuela in Executive Order 13884 of August 5, 2019 ( Blocking Property of the Government of Venezuela ).  It is also important to note that OFAC s Cuba sanctions prohibit most transactions with Cuban nationals, wherever located.  U.S. persons are expected to exercise due diligence in determining whether any such persons are involved in a proposed transaction. [08-11-2020]


126. I tried to ship a package and it was returned to me because of OFAC sanctions.  Why?

There may have been one or more reasons the package was rejected.  For example, was it destined for Cuba and lacking a description of the contents?  Was it an unlicensed commercial shipment destined for North Korea?  Was it a personal gift destined for an individual in Iran with a stated value exceeding $100?  These examples are legitimate reasons for shipping companies to refuse to process such packages, such as packages that do not conform with shipping company guidelines and rules, as well as OFAC and other U.S. government regulations.  Not only could you be liable for attempting to send such packages, but the shipping companies also could be liable for their role in processing these.  See OFAC s country program webpages for more information on the restrictions on shipments to high-risk jurisdictions, for example the Crimea region of Ukraine, Cuba, Iran, North Korea, or Syria. [08-11-2020]


127. I tried to ship a package and it was "blocked" by the shipping company "due to OFAC sanctions." Why? And how can I get the package unblocked?

Shipping companies are required to "block" packages in which a Specially Designated National ("SDN") or other blocked person has an interest. When a package is required to be "blocked," the shipper must retain the package rather than reject and return it to the sender. Blocking is not required if a general or specific license from OFAC authorizes the shipper to reject or process the package, or if the transaction is otherwise exempted from the prohibitions based on the type or content of the package. To request a license for the package s release, apply online or send a letter with a detailed description of the package s contents and an explanation of the parties involved in the transaction, along with a copy of the package s air waybill or Customs Declaration and Dispatch form, to:

U.S. Department of the Treasury
Office of Foreign Assets Control
Licensing Division
1500 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20220

[02-07-2011]


468. How do I verify an OFAC document? For example, how do I know that an OFAC license or a Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) List removal letter is authentic?

If you have questions about the authenticity of an OFAC document that is not publically posted on the OFAC website, you can contact OFAC and reference the specific case ID or FAC number that is included on the document.

  • To verify a specific license, please contact the OFAC Licensing Division at 1-202-622-2480.
  • To verify an SDN removal letter, please email ofac.reconsideration@treasury.gov.
  • To verify another OFAC document, please contact the OFAC Compliance Division at 1-202-622-2490.
[04-21-2016]

469. Does OFAC issue certificates of non-inclusion to help prove that a name is not on one of OFAC's sanctions lists?

No, OFAC does not issue non-inclusion certificates. [04-21-2016]


906. What do Iran General License (GL) N, Syria GL 21, and Venezuela GL 39 authorize with respect to the fight against the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)?  How do these GLs differ from OFAC’s existing humanitarian exemptions, exceptions, and authorizations?

In order to further aid the global fight against COVID-19, OFAC has issued time-limited general licenses, Iran GL N, Syria GL 21, and Venezuela GL 39 (together, the COVID-19-related GLs), to provide broad authorizations for certain COVID-19-related transactions and activities.  The new general licenses expand upon longstanding humanitarian exemptions, exceptions, and authorizations in OFAC sanctions programs, which remain in effect (see OFAC’s April 16, 2020 Fact Sheet on the Provision of Humanitarian Assistance and Trade to Combat COVID-19) to cover additional COVID 19-related transactions and activities.  For example, Iran GL N expands authorizations under the Iran sanctions program to cover certain items that previously would have required a specific license for exportation or reexportation to Iran, such as certain COVID-19 testing or vaccine manufacturing equipment.  Both U.S. persons and non-U.S. persons whose activities are within U.S. jurisdiction — including exporters, nongovernmental organizations, international organizations, and financial institutions — may rely upon the authorizations in these COVID-19-related GLs provided they meet the applicable conditions.  All three GLs expire on June 17, 2022.

The COVID-19-related GLs provide authorization that is independent of OFAC’s other humanitarian-related authorizations.  Accordingly, conditions and limitations included in other humanitarian-related authorizations do not apply to transactions and activities conducted pursuant to the COVID-19-related GLs, unless explicitly incorporated therein.  For example, for sales to Iran of agricultural commodities, food, medicine, and medical devices pursuant to the general license in 31 C.F.R. § 560.530, payment terms and financing must be limited to and consistent with those authorized by 31 C.F.R. § 560.532.  However, because Iran GL N does not incorporate similar limitations on payment terms, COVID-19-related exports and reexports to Iran authorized by Iran GL N are not subject to the payment terms in 31 C.F.R. § 560.532.

Prior to the expiration of the COVID-19-related GLs, OFAC may issue additional guidance, as appropriate.  OFAC’s longstanding humanitarian exemptions, exceptions and authorizations in each of these sanctions programs will not be impacted by the expiration of these GLs.  For transactions not otherwise authorized or exempt, OFAC considers license requests on a case-by-case basis and prioritizes applications, compliance questions, and other requests related to humanitarian support for people in areas subject to comprehensive sanctions. [06-16-2021]


907. For the purposes of Iran General License (GL) N, what are goods or technology for use in connection with the prevention, diagnosis, or treatment of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)?  What transactions and activities related to the export or reexport of these items are authorized?

For the purposes of Iran GL N, covered COVID-19-related goods or technology include, for example:  medical gowns; medical eye shields and goggles; surgical gloves; face shields; respirators and masks such as N95, N99, and N100 masks; personal hygiene products such as soap and hand sanitizer and other water, sanitation, and hygiene supplies such as: water purification supplies and hygiene promotion materials; vaccines and vaccine ingredients or components required for the production of vaccines; equipment, supplies, and containers for transporting, storing, and administering vaccines; COVID-19 testing kits and equipment, and software and technology for processing such kits; equipment, software, and technology for diagnostic imaging tests; ventilators or components thereof; oxygen tanks and supplies to deliver oxygen; supplies, medicines, or other therapies to treat COVID-19; and field hospitals or mobile medical units, provided that all conditions and limitations of Iran GL N are satisfied, including with regard to the classification of certain goods and technology set forth in paragraph (d)(1) of Iran GL N.  Certain COVID-19-related medical devices designated as EAR99 that would otherwise require a specific license for exportation or reexportation to Iran because they are included on OFAC’s List of Medical Devices Requiring Specific Authorization — such as High Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) Filtration Systems and HEPA filters — would not require a specific license for exportation or reexportation to Iran, provided that all conditions and limitations of Iran GL N are satisfied.

Transactions and activities related to the exportation, reexportation, sale, or supply of such goods or technology include, for example:  processing and transfer of funds; payment of taxes, fees, and import duties; purchase or receipt of permits, licenses, or public utility services; making of shipping and cargo inspection arrangements; obtaining of insurance; arrangement of financing and payment; shipping and storage of the goods; receipt of payment; and entry into contracts (including executory contracts), provided that all conditions and limitations of Iran GL N are satisfied.  Certain transactions and activities involving the Central Bank of Iran (CBI), the National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC), or any entity in which NIOC owns, directly or indirectly, a 50 percent or greater interest, are also authorized under Iran GL N.

As noted in Zoom pro cracked apk - Activators Patch GL N, this general license does not authorize the unblocking of any property blocked pursuant to any part of 31 CFR chapter V, including property of the Government of Iran. [06-16-2021]


908. For the purposes of Iran General License (GL) N and Syria GL 21, what are services related to the prevention, diagnosis, or treatment of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)?  What transactions and activities related to the export or, in the case of Iran GL N, import of these services are authorized?

For the purposes of Iran GL N and Syria GL 21Iran GL N or Syria GL 21 are satisfied.

Transactions and activities related to the exportation or reexportation of such services include, for example:  processing and transfer of funds; payment of taxes, fees, and import duties; purchase or receipt of permits, licenses, or public utility services; making of shipping or cargo inspection arrangements; obtaining of insurance; arrangement of financing and payment; delivery of services; receipt of payment; and entry into contracts (including executory contracts), provided all conditions of Iran GL N or Syria GL 21 are satisfied.

As noted in Iran GL N and Syria GL 21, these general licenses do not authorize the unblocking of any property blocked pursuant to any part of 31 CFR chapter V, including property of the Government of Iran or property of the Government of Syria. [06-16-2021]


909. For the purposes of Venezuela General License (GL) 39, what are transactions and activities related to the prevention, diagnosis, or treatment of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)?

For the purposes of Venezuela GL 39, transactions and activities related to the prevention, diagnosis, or treatment of COVID-19 in Venezuela include, for example:  the export or import of goods and services, and transactions and activities related thereto, in each case that would otherwise be prohibited due to the involvement of the Government of Venezuela, certain blocked financial institutions as described in Venezuela GL 39, or both, provided all conditions and limitations in the GL are satisfied.

COVID-19-related goods or technology include, for example:  medical gowns; medical eye shields and goggles; surgical gloves; face shields; respirators and masks such as N95, N99, and N100 masks; personal hygiene products such as soap and hand sanitizer and other water, sanitation, and hygiene supplies; vaccines and vaccine ingredients or components required for the production of vaccines; equipment, supplies, and containers for transporting, storing, and administering vaccines; personal protective equipment; COVID-19 testing kits and equipment, software and technology for processing such kits; equipment, software, and technology for diagnostic imaging tests; ventilators or components thereof; oxygen tanks and supplies to deliver oxygen; supplies, medicines, or other therapies to treat COVID-19; and field hospitals or mobile medicals units, provided that all conditions and limitations of Venezuela GL 39 are satisfied.

Venezuela GL 39 are satisfied.

Other transactions and activities related to the prevention, diagnosis, or treatment of COVID-19 in Venezuela include, for example, when in connection with COVID-19-related goods, technology, or services:  processing and transfer of funds, payment of taxes, fees, and import duties; purchase or receipt of permits, licenses, or public utility services; making of shipping or cargo inspection arrangements; obtaining of insurance; arrangement of financing and payment; shipping of goods; delivery of services; receipt of payment; and entry into contracts (including executory contracts), provided all conditions and limitations in Venezuela GL 39 are satisfied.

As noted in Venezuela GL 39, this general license does not authorize the unblocking of any property blocked pursuant to any part of 31 CFR chapter V, including property of the Government of Venezuela or certain specified blocked financial institutions listed in Venezuela GL 39. [06-16-2021]


910. What are the due diligence expectations of U.S. financial institutions associated with processing fund transfers or trade finance transactions that are authorized by Iran General License (GL) N, Syria GL 21, and Venezuela GL 39?

U.S. financial institutions are authorized to process transfers of funds or engage in trade finance transactions ordinarily incident and necessary to give effect to the transactions and activities authorized by Iran GL N, Syria GL 21, and Venezuela GL 39.

Such financial institutions may rely on the originator of the funds transfer with regard to compliance with Iran GL N, Syria GL 21, and Venezuela GL 39, provided that the financial institution does not know or have reason to know that the funds transfer is not in compliance with such GLs. [06-16-2021]


911. Do non-U.S. persons risk exposure to U.S. sanctions for engaging in certain activities to respond to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic that U.S. persons would be authorized to engage in under Iran General License (GL) N, Syria GL 21, or Venezuela GL 39?

No.  Non-U.S. persons do not risk exposure under U.S. sanctions for engaging in certain activities to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic that would be authorized under Iran GL N, Syria GL 21, or Venezuela GL 39, as appropriate, if engaged in by a U.S. person.  This includes non-U.S. exporters, nongovernmental organizations, international organizations, and foreign financial institutions, as well as other non-U.S. persons engaging in certain activities to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic.

For additional information on humanitarian activities by non-U.S. persons in relation to sanctioned jurisdictions, please see FAQs 844, 884, and 885.  For information specific to the provision of humanitarian assistance to the Venezuelan people, please see OFAC’s August 6, 2019 Fact Sheet: Guidance Related to the Provision of Humanitarian Assistance and Support to the Venezuelan People.  For more information on other relevant exemptions, exceptions, and authorizations for humanitarian assistance and trade to combat COVID-19 under OFAC’s sanctions program, please see OFAC’s April 16, 2020 Fact Sheet: Provision of Humanitarian Assistance and Trade to Combat COVID-19.  [06-16-2021]


OFAC Licenses


General Questions Regarding OFAC Licenses and Licensing Procedures

74. What is a license?

A license is an authorization from OFAC to engage in a transaction that otherwise would be prohibited. There are two types of licenses: general licenses and specific licenses.

A general license authorizes a particular type of transaction for a class of persons without the need to apply for a license.

A specific license is a written document issued by OFAC to a particular person or entity, authorizing a particular transaction in response to a written license application.

Persons engaging in transactions pursuant to general or specific licenses must make sure that all conditions of the licenses are strictly observed.

OFAC's regulations may contain statements of OFAC's specific licensing policy with respect to particular types of transactions. [06-16-06]


75. Do I have to fill out a particular form to get a license to engage in a transaction?

Most license applications do not have to be submitted on a particular form. However, it is essential to include in the request all necessary information as required in the application guidelines or the regulations pertaining to the particular embargo program. When applying for a license, provide a detailed description of the proposed transaction, including the names and addresses of any individuals/companies involved. The mailing address for license applications is:

Office of Foreign Assets Control
U.S. Department of the Treasury
Treasury Annex
1500 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20220
Attn: Licensing Division

In order to apply for a specific license to release blocked funds, you are encouraged to file an electronic application to have blocked funds released by visiting the following link: https://licensing.ofac.treas.gov/Apply/Introduction.aspx

You may also submit an application for the release of blocked funds which is available on OFAC's website under "Forms." You should print this form, complete the required information, attach payment instructions, and mail it to the address listed above.

Depending upon the transaction, there may be specific guidance available on OFAC's website under relevant "Guidance on Licensing policy" on OFAC's various sanctions program web pages. [10-08-13]


76. Can I appeal a denial of my license application?

A denial by OFAC of a license application constitutes final agency action. The regulations do not provide for a formal process of appeal. However, OFAC will reconsider its determinations for good cause, for example, where the applicant can demonstrate changed circumstances or submit additional relevant information not previously made available to OFAC. [09-10-02]


77. How can I find out the status of my pending license application?

OFAC will notify applicants in writing as soon as a determination has been made on their application. The length of time for determinations to be reached will vary depending on the complexity of the transactions under consideration, the scope and detail of interagency coordination, and the volume of similar applications awaiting consideration. Applicants are encouraged to wait at least two weeks before telephonically contacting the Licensing Division at (202) 622-2480 to inquire about the status of their application. Callers can use OFAC's automated license application status hotline (accessible through the 202-622-2480 number) to check on the status of their application. [10-08-13]


78. What agencies other than Treasury review OFAC license applications and what are the roles of these other agencies?

Many of OFAC's licensing determinations are guided by U.S. foreign policy and national security concerns. Numerous issues often must be coordinated with the U.S. Department of State and other government agencies, such as the U.S. Department of Commerce. Please note that the need to comply with other provisions of 31 C.F.R. chapter V, and with other applicable provisions of law, including any aviation, financial, or trade requirements of agencies other than the Department of Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control. Such requirements include the Export Administration Regulations, 15 C.F.R. Parts 730 et seq., administered by the Department of Commerce, and the International Traffic in Arms Regulations, 22 C.F.R. Parts 120-130, administered by the Department of State. [06-16-06]


51. How do I apply for a license to get my money unblocked?

With respect to blocked funds transfers, you are encouraged to file an asphalt 9 apk license check removed - Free Activators application to have blocked funds released by visiting the following link: https://licensing.ofac.treas.gov/Apply/Introduction.aspx

You may also submit an application for the release of blocked funds which is available on OFAC's website under "Forms." You should print this form, complete the required information, attach payment instructions, and mail it to:

Office of Foreign Assets Control
U.S. Department of the Treasury
Treasury Annex
1500 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20220
Attn: Licensing Division

It is extremely important that the underlying transaction be described in detail and copies of supporting documentation be included in the package. [10-08-13]


58. What are the chances that my application will be approved?

Each application is reviewed on a case-by-case basis and often requires interagency consultation. Although we cannot predict how long this review might take, following existing application guidelines will help to expedite your determination. [09-10-02]


59. Do I need a registration number or license to donate goods?

Most OFAC sanctions programs provide exemptions to their prohibitions for certain donated goods, such as articles to relieve human suffering. This is not the case for all programs, however. You should refer to the legal section of OFAC's website for the regulations applicable to the specific target or target country of your donation. [09-10-02]


Questions Regarding Licenses Authorizing Exports of Agricultural Commodities, Medicine, and Medical Devices to Iran Pursuant to the Duplicate photo cleaner 5.9 license key - Free Activators Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000 (TSRA)

97. What format options are permitted for submitting license applications pursuant to the Trade Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000 (TSRA)?

OFAC permits two format options for submitting TSRA license applications: online or hard-copy, though we highly recommend the use of OFAC’s online application portal.  Applications submitted via mail must be accompanied by a cover letter that includes some essential information:  the purpose of the application and the applicant’s full contact information.  If either the cover letter or the pertinent information is missing, the application is considered incomplete and risks delay or rejection. [04-12-2021]


98. How should I present my TSRA license application?

Applicants should clearly enumerate in a table format all pertinent information related to their proposed transactions, including: a) Full names and addresses of all parties involved in the transactions and their roles, including financial institutions and any Iranian broker (identify company principals), purchasing agent (identify company principals), end-user(s) (full contact name), or other participants involved in the purchase of the proposed export items; and b) If applicable, the commodity classification numbers that are associated with the proposed export items. [04-12-2021]


100. If I am submitting multiple TSRA license applications at the same time, should I send them under a single cover letter?

OFAC requires applicants to submit each individual application separately; regardless of if you are completing the online application or sending in a hard copy application through the mail. If an applicant is submitting a hard copy, each application should be in a separate envelope, accompanied by a separate cover letter. Applicants should not submit multiple applications in a single envelope with a single cover letter. If you submit applications in that manner, you may encounter some delay in the processing of your applications. Therefore, in order to prevent such delay, submit one application with one cover letter per envelope. [03-16-2015]


101. Should I send a sample of the proposed export product as an attachment to my TSRA license application?

No. OFAC does not require samples of proposed export products to be sent as attachments to any application. OFAC does not need to examine samples of the actual product in making its final determination. Therefore, please do not include any samples with your application. [06-14-2007]


Specific to Iran

117. I hold a specific license to sell agricultural goods, medicine, or medical devices to Iran. The general license at section 560.532(a)(4) of the Iranian Transactions and Sanctions Regulations (ITSR) authorizes me to accept a letter of credit issued by an Iranian financial institution whose property and interests in property are blocked solely pursuant to the ITSR (i.e., an Iranian financial institution that is not listed on OFAC s List of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons (SDN List)). The general license, however, also states that a U.S. financial institution may not advise, confirm, or otherwise deal in that credit. How am I supposed to know if/when a letter of credit has been issued for my sale and how do I get paid? My bank accounts are all at U.S. financial institutions.

This language is in the general license at section 560.532(a)(4) of the ITSR because it is contrary to U.S. foreign policy to allow U.S. financial institutions to maintain active correspondent relationships with Iranian banks. The language, however, does not preclude a U.S. financial institution or an entity owned or controlled by a United States Person and established or maintained outside the United States ( U.S.-owned or -controlled foreign entity ) from being a second advising bank (i.e. receiving and passing forward advice from a third-country bank that the credit has been issued), nor does it preclude the U.S. financial institution or a U.S.-owned or -controlled foreign entity from receiving funds in payment for the licensed export from a third-country bank. You should also note that the Iranian Transactions and Sanctions Regulations authorize U.S. financial institutions and U.S.-owned or -controlled foreign entities to directly advise or confirm letters of credit issued by third-country banks for authorized shipments. The third-country bank may not be an overseas branch of a U.S. financial institution, a U.S.-owned or -controlled foreign entity, an Iranian financial institution, or the Government of Iran, unless otherwise authorized by OFAC. In none of these circumstances, however, may there be any direct or indirect involvement of entities the property and interests in property of which have been blocked under any of the programs administered by OFAC, except for persons whose property and interests in property are blocked solely pursuant to Executive Order 13599 and the Iranian Transactions and Sanctions Regulations. [01-13-2017]


Specific to Sudan

500. I am an exporter of agricultural commodities, medicine, or medical devices to Sudan and have previously obtained specific licenses from OFAC for such exports.  Do I still need to apply for a specific license from OFAC for exports or reexports of such items to Sudan?

No.  As of December 14, 2020, no license from OFAC is required to export or reexport agricultural commodities, medicines, or medical devices to Sudan. [04-12-2021]


How to Receive Notifications About OFAC Updates

86. Does OFAC have an email service that will notify me when there are updates to any of its sanctions lists?

Yes. OFAC has multiple e-mail subscription services available. Please visit the following link to sign up for these services:

https://service.govdelivery.com/service/multi_subscribe.html?code=USTREAS

OFAC also maintains a Really Simple Syndication (RSS) feed. This feed is updated whenever the OFAC site is updated. [11-18-10]


92. I'm a subscriber to OFAC's e-mail notification services. For some reason I have stopped receiving the broadcast messages when OFAC updates its website. Why is this?

Check to see if the messages are in your SPAM folder. Mostly likely, it is your SPAM filter or your network configuration that is preventing you from receiving the OFAC broadcast messages. If you believe that may be the case, please discuss the matter with your IT department or network administrator. You may need to have your IT personnel allow e-mails from the following domain to come through the SPAM filter, "subscriptions.treas.gov;" in some cases allowing the domain, treas.gov through the filter will also work. If you believe that you have been removed from the subscription list in error you may contact OFAC at O_F_A_C@do.treas.gov or re subscribe here. [04-21-15]


93. I recently attempted to subscribe to one of OFAC s e-mail list services and I have not yet received my confirmation e-mail. Why is this?

Failure to receive a confirmation e-mail is typically (though not always) the result of a configuration problem on the user s end. The user should follow these steps to ensure that he or she is using the system properly.

  1. Be patient. For a variety of reasons e-mail sometimes take a little longer than expected to reach a user. If you do not receive a confirmation e-mail within a day of subscribing, proceed to step 2.
  2. Confirm that you have entered the correct e-mail address and address punctuation. A surprising number of errors have been the result of users accidentally using commas instead of periods.
  3. Check to see if you have a SPAM filter in place. SPAM filters have a variety of configurations. Some of these filters have been known to erroneously block e-mails originating from OFAC s list servers. OFAC cannot provide technical support for local configuration issues. If you believe a SPAM filter is preventing you from receiving OFAC e-mails, please discuss the matter with your IT department or network administrator. You will need to have your IT personnel allow e-mails from the following domain to come through the SPAM filter "subscriptions.treas.gov". Once this is done you may proceed to step 4. If you can confirm that you do not have a SPAM filter in place or any other local configuration problem, download eximioussoft banner maker full version - Crack Key For U skip step 4 and proceed to step 5.
  4. If your network or e-mail client s configuration is preventing you from receiving your subscription confirmation e-mail, it is likely that you will not be able to receive e-mail from OFAC s list servers even if OFAC manually adds you to our listserv. These configuration issues must be resolved with your IT department or network administrator before you can proceed.
  5. If, after you have exhausted all of the above options, you still fail to receive OFAC s broadcast notifications, please call our support hotline at 1-800-540-6322. [12-19-07]

OFAC Information on a Credit Report

70. What Is This OFAC Information On My Credit Report?

Credit bureaus and agencies in particular have adopted new measures to ensure compliance with OFAC regulations. Before issuing a credit report, they use screening software to determine if a credit applicant is on OFAC's Specially Designated Nationals (SDN) list or one of OFAC's other sanctions lists. This software matches the credit applicant's name and other information to the names on OFAC's sanctions lists. If there is a potential match, the credit bureaus may place a "red flag" or alert on the report. This does not necessarily mean that someone is illegally using your social security number or that you have bad credit. It is merely a reminder to the person checking your credit that he or she should verify whether you are the individual on one of OFAC's sanctions lists by comparing your information to the OFAC information. If you are not the individual on the sanctions list, the person checking your credit should disregard the OFAC alert, and there is no need to contact OFAC. However, if the person checking your credit believes you are the person on one of OFAC's sanctions lists, then he or she should call the OFAC Hotline to verify and report it. [01-30-15]


71. How Can I Get The OFAC Alert Off My Credit Report?

A consumer has the right under the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA), 15 U.S.C. 1681 et seq., to request the removal of incorrect information on his/her credit report. To accomplish this, consumers should contact the credit reporting agency or bureau that issued the credit report. For more information on consumers' rights under the FCRA, visit the Federal Trade Commission's website at http://www.ftc.gov/os/statutes/fcrajump.shtm or the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau at 855-411-2372. [01-30-2015]


Entities Owned by Persons Whose Property and Interest in Property are Blocked (50% Rule)

These Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) respond to inquiries received by the Department of the Treasury s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) relating to the status of entities owned by individuals or entities whose property and interests in property are blocked under Executive orders and regulations administered by OFAC (blocked persons). These FAQs provide additional clarity regarding revised guidance that OFAC issued on August 13, 2014, which can be found on OFAC s website here, amending earlier guidance that had been issued on February 14, 2008 (OFAC s 50 Percent Rule). The revised guidance states that the property and interests in property of entities directly or indirectly owned 50 percent or more in the aggregate by one or more blocked persons are considered blocked regardless of whether such entities appear on OFAC s Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons List (SDN List) or the annex to an Executive order. The revised guidance expands upon the earlier guidance by addressing entities owned 50 percent or more in the aggregate by more than one blocked person.*

For the purposes of clarification, see specific FAQs below. If you require additional guidance with respect to the application of OFAC s 50 Percent Rule, you may contact OFAC and submit information pertaining to the specific facts and circumstances. [10-31-2017]

*OFAC also applies a 50 percent rule to entities on the Sectoral Sanctions Identifications List (SSI List) created in July 2014 in the Ukraine-/Russia-related sanctions context. The property and interests in property of persons on the SSI List (and entities owned 50 percent or more in the aggregate by one or more persons subject to the SSI List restrictions) are not required to be blocked; instead a more limited set of transaction restrictions applies to them. In the context of the SSI List restrictions, therefore, these FAQs can be used to identify which subordinate entities are subject to the SSI List restrictions only and are not meant to suggest that any additional actions (such as blocking) apply to those entities.  The references to 33 percent or greater ownership and ownership of a majority of the voting interests in Directive 4, as amended on October 31, 2017, do not change the applicability of OFAC s 50 percent rule in the Directive 4 context.  For additional information, see FAQs iPadian Premium 10.1 Crack with Serial Number 2021 Full Latest 538. 


398. Does OFAC consider entities over which one or more blocked persons exercise control, but of which they do not own 50 percent or more in the aggregate, to be blocked pursuant to OFAC s 50 Percent Rule?

No.  OFAC s 50 Percent Rule speaks only to ownership and not to control.  An entity that is controlled (but not owned 50 percent or more) by one or more blocked persons is not considered automatically blocked pursuant to OFAC s 50 Percent Rule.  OFAC may, however, designate the entity under an available sanctions criteria or otherwise identify the entity as blocked property if determined to be controlled by one or more designated persons and add the entity to OFAC s List of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons (SDN List). 

OFAC urges caution when considering a transaction with an entity that is not a blocked person (a non-blocked entity) in which one or more blocked persons have a significant ownership interest that is less than 50 percent or which one or more blocked persons may control by means other than a majority ownership interest.  Such non-blocked entities may become the subject of future designations or enforcement actions by OFAC.  In addition, persons should be cautious in dealing with such a non-blocked entity to ensure that they are not, for example, dealing with a blocked person representing the non-blocked entity, such as entering into a contract that is signed by a blocked person.  Please also note that some sanctions programs (e.g., the Crimea region of Ukraine, Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Syria, and Venezuela) block certain persons without an OFAC designation; these blockings are based on criteria separate from OFAC s 50 Percent Rule, such as the blocking of persons that meet the definition of a blocked government. [08-11-2020]


399. Does OFAC aggregate ownership stakes of all blocked persons when determining whether an entity is blocked pursuant to OFAC s 50 Percent Rule?

Yes. On August 13, 2014, OFAC indicated in its revised 50 Percent Rule guidance that OFAC's 50 Percent Rule applies to entities owned 50 percent or more in the aggregate by one or more blocked persons. Accordingly, if Blocked Person X owns 25 percent of Entity A, and Blocked Person Y owns another 25 percent of Entity A, Entity A is considered to be blocked. This is so because Entity A is owned 50 percent or more in the aggregate by one or more blocked persons. For the purpose of calculating aggregate ownership, the ownership interests of persons blocked under different OFAC sanctions programs are aggregated. [08-13-2014]


400. As explained in FAQ 398, OFAC s 50 Percent Rule does not apply if one or more individuals who are blocked persons (blocked individuals) control, but do not own 50 percent or more of, an entity. Can persons engage in negotiations, enter into contracts, or process transactions involving a blocked individual when that blocked individual is acting on behalf of the non-blocked entity that he or she controls (e.g., a blocked individual is an executive of a non-blocked entity and is signing a contract on behalf of the non-blocked entity)?

No. OFAC sanctions generally prohibit transactions involving, directly or indirectly, a blocked person, absent authorization from OFAC, even if the blocked person is acting on behalf of a non-blocked entity. Therefore, U.S. persons should be careful when conducting business with non-blocked entities in which blocked individuals are involved; U.S. persons may not, for example, enter into contracts that are signed by a blocked individual. [08-13-2014]


401. OFAC s 50 Percent Rule states that the property and interests in property of entities directly or indirectly owned 50 percent or more in the aggregate by one or more blocked persons are considered blocked. How does OFAC interpret indirect ownership as it relates to certain complex ownership structures?

"Indirectly," as used in OFAC s 50 Percent Rule, refers to one or more blocked persons' ownership of shares of an entity through another entity or entities that are 50 percent or more owned in the aggregate by the blocked person(s). OFAC urges persons considering a potential transaction to conduct appropriate due diligence on entities that are party to or involved with the transaction or with which account relationships are maintained in order to determine relevant ownership stakes. Please see FAQ 116 for additional guidance on due diligence standards for intermediary parties to wire transfers. Please refer to the examples below for further guidance on determining whether an entity is blocked pursuant to OFAC's 50 Percent Rule.

Example 1: Blocked Person X owns 50 percent of Entity A, and Entity A owns 50 percent of Entity B. Entity B is considered to be blocked. This is so because Blocked Person X owns, indirectly, 50% of Entity B. In addition, Blocked Person X's 50 percent ownership of Entity A makes Entity A a blocked person. Entity A's 50 percent ownership of Entity B in turn makes Entity B a blocked person.

Example 2: Blocked Person X owns 50 percent of Entity A and 50 percent of Entity B. Entities A and B each own 25 percent of Entity C. Entity C is considered to be blocked. This is so because, through its 50 percent ownership of Entity A, Blocked Person X is considered to indirectly own 25 percent of Entity C; and through its 50 percent ownership of Entity B, Blocked Person X is considered to indirectly own another 25 percent of Entity C. When Blocked Person X's indirect ownership of Entity C through Entity A and Entity B is totaled, it equals 50 percent. Entity C is also considered to be blocked due to the 50 percent aggregate ownership by Entities A and B, which are themselves blocked entities due to Blocked Person X's 50 percent ownership of each.

Example 3: Blocked Person X owns 50 percent of Entity A and 10 percent of Entity B. Entity A also owns 40 percent of Entity B. Entity B is considered to be blocked. This is so because, through its 50 percent ownership of Entity A, Blocked Person X is considered to indirectly own 40 percent of Entity B. When added to Blocked Person X's direct 10 percent ownership of Entity B, Blocked Person X's total ownership (direct and indirect) of Entity B is 50 percent. Entity B is also blocked due to the 50 percent aggregate ownership by Blocked Person X and Entity A, which are themselves both blocked persons.

Example 4: Blocked Person X owns 50 percent of Entity A and 25 percent of Entity B. Entities A and B each own 25 percent of Entity C. Entity C is not considered to be blocked. This is so because, even though Blocked Person X is considered to indirectly own 25 percent of Entity C through its 50 percent ownership of Entity A, Entity B is not 50 percent or more owned by Blocked Person X, and therefore Blocked Person X is not considered to indirectly own any of Entity C through its part ownership of Entity B. Blocked Person X's total ownership (direct and indirect) of Entity C therefore does not equal or exceed 50 percent. Entity A is itself a blocked person, but its ownership of Entity C also does not equal or exceed 50 percent.

Example 5: Blocked Person X owns 25 percent of Entity A and 25 percent of Entity B. Entities A and B each own 50 percent of Entity C. Entity C is not considered to be blocked. This is so because Blocked Person X's 25 percent ownership of each of Entity A and Entity B falls short of 50 percent. Accordingly, neither Entity A nor Entity B is blocked and Blocked Person X is not considered to indirectly own any of Entity C through its part ownership of Entities A or B. [08-13-2014]


402. How does OFAC s 50 Percent Rule apply to situations in which one or more blocked persons owned 50 percent or more of an entity, but subsequent to their designations one or more blocked persons divest their ownership stakes in the entity in a transaction that occurs entirely outside of U.S. jurisdiction such that the resulting combined ownership of the entity by blocked persons is less than 50 percent? How should a person treat property or interests in property of such an entity (1) in future transactions (post-divestment) and (2) that was properly blocked while the entity was owned 50 percent or more by one or more blocked persons?

According to OFAC's 50 Percent Rule, entities are considered blocked if they are owned 50 percent or more (directly or indirectly) in the aggregate by one or more blocked persons. If one or more blocked persons divest their ownership stake such that the resulting combined ownership by blocked persons is less than 50 percent, the entity is no longer considered automatically to be a blocked entity. Any such divestment transactions must occur entirely outside of U.S. jurisdiction and must not involve U.S. persons, as any blocked property or interests in property that come into the possession or control of a U.S. person must be blocked and reported to OFAC, and OFAC does not recognize any subsequent unlicensed transfers, through changes in ownership or otherwise, of such property.

Entities in which the aggregate of one or more blocked persons' ownership stakes has fallen below 50 percent are not considered blocked pursuant to OFAC's 50 Percent Rule, and therefore property of such entities that comes into the United States or the possession or control of a U.S. person while the aggregate of one or more blocked persons' ownership stakes is below 50 percent is not considered blocked by OFAC's 50 Percent Rule. OFAC urges caution when dealing with or processing transactions involving such entities, as those entities may become the subject of future designations or enforcement actions by OFAC. Sufficient due diligence should be conducted to determine that any purported divestment in fact occurred and that the transfer of ownership interests was not merely a sham transaction.

When the property of an entity owned 50 percent or more by a single blocked person comes within the United States or within the possession or control of a U.S. person and is blocked, the property remains blocked unless and until (1) OFAC authorizes the unblocking of or other dealings in the property or (2) OFAC removes the blocked person from the SDN List. The property remains blocked even if the blocked person's ownership of the entity subsequently falls below 50 percent. This is so because the blocked person is considered to have an interest in the blocked property, and OFAC does not recognize the unlicensed transfer of the blocked person s interest after the property becomes blocked in the United States or in the possession or control of a U.S. person. Persons holding such property may request authorization from OFAC's Licensing Division to transfer or otherwise deal in that property (the electronic application can be found on OFAC's website here), and OFAC will evaluate such requests on a case-by-case basis.

Similarly, when the property of an entity owned 50 percent or more in the aggregate by more than one blocked person comes within the United States or in the possession or control of a U.S. person and asphalt 9 apk license check removed - Free Activators blocked, the property remains blocked unless and until (1) OFAC authorizes the unblocking of or other dealings in the property or (2) OFAC removes from the SDN List one or more of the blocked persons such that the aggregate ownership by blocked persons falls below 50 percent. If the aggregate ownership of the entity by blocked persons falls below 50 percent not due to SDN List removal actions by OFAC but instead due to actions by one or more of the blocked persons, including the entity itself, the property remains blocked. This is so because the group of blocked persons is considered to have an interest in the blocked property, and OFAC does not recognize the unlicensed transfer of any of the blocked persons' interests after the property becomes blocked in the United States or in the possession or control of a U.S. person. Persons holding such property may request authorization from OFAC's Licensing Division to transfer or otherwise deal in that property (the electronic application can be found on OFAC s website here), and OFAC will evaluate such requests on a case-by-case basis. [08-13-2014]


Cross-Programmatic Compliance Services Guidance

495. Why did OFAC issue the Guidance on the Provision of Certain Services Relating to the Requirements of U.S. Sanctions Laws (the Compliance Services Guidance )?

OFAC has received numerous inquiries, many from foreign companies at outreach events, regarding whether U.S. persons may provide, and whether U.S. persons have been able to provide in the past, certain types of legal and compliance services to covered persons. The Compliance Services Guidance provides clarity in response to those inquiries. For purposes of the Compliance Services Guidance, covered persons means U.S. persons and foreign persons other than any person (i) whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to any part of 31 C.F.R. chapter V, including persons listed on OFAC s List of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons (SDN List), or (ii) to whom a U.S. person is prohibited from exporting services or from whom a U.S. person is prohibited from importing services pursuant to any part of 31 C.F.R. chapter V. The Compliance Services Guidance does not describe every allowable service relating to the requirements of U.S. sanctions laws. [01-12-2017]


496. Does the Compliance Services Guidance represent a change in OFAC s policy with respect to the provision of legal and compliance services?

No. The Compliance Services Guidance does not reflect a change in OFAC s policy with respect to the provision of these types of legal and compliance services. OFAC is issuing the Compliance Services Guidance in response to numerous inquiries to ensure that both U.S. and foreign individuals and entities understand that U.S. persons may provide services consistent with the Compliance Services Guidance. [01-12-2017]


497. In providing services consistent with the Compliance Services Guidance to a foreign covered person, can a U.S. person opine on the legality of a transaction under U.S. sanctions laws, including by providing a legal opinion, certification, or other clearance as to the legality of such transaction, where it would be prohibited for a U.S. person to engage in such transaction?

Yes. In providing services to a foreign covered person, a U.S. person may opine on the legality of a transaction under U.S. sanctions laws, including by providing a legal opinion, certification, or other clearance as to the legality of such transaction, where it would be prohibited for a U.S. person to engage in the transaction. U.S. persons may not provide such services to persons who are subject to certain restrictions under OFAC s regulations, such as persons listed on OFAC s SDN List.

U.S. persons, wherever located, may not otherwise approve, finance, facilitate, or guarantee any transaction by a foreign person, including one that meets the definition of a covered person, as defined in FAQ #495, where the transaction by that foreign person would be prohibited by 31 C.F.R. chapter V if performed by a U.S. person or within the United States. For example, U.S. persons could not vote on a transaction (e.g., as a board member), or execute transaction documents (other than as to the legality of the transaction, as specified above), where the transaction would be prohibited if performed by a U.S. person or within the United States. [01-12-2017]


498. The Compliance Services Guidance states that a U.S. person may solicit information from covered persons and conduct research to make a determination as to the legality of transactions under U.S. sanctions laws. What are examples of research that would be allowable under the Compliance Services Guidance?

U.S. persons may conduct research using the internet, including searches of commercial databases, as well as published reference materials for the purpose of determining the legality of transactions under U.S. sanctions laws. In addition, U.S. persons may solicit information regarding a transaction from covered persons, such as, for example, the currency involved; any involvement of U.S. persons, directly or indirectly; and the identity of the covered person s counterparty. [01-12-2017]


499. What type of research exceeds the scope of the Compliance Services Guidance?

A U.S. person may not conduct research that otherwise involves the importation or exportation of services where such transactions are prohibited by any part of 31 C.F.R. chapter V, unless such transactions are authorized by OFAC. [01-12-2017]


Burma Sanctions

481. If there is an active and ongoing investigation against an individual or entity for apparent violations of the Burmese Sanctions Regulations ( BSR ), would that investigation cease now that the President has ended economic and financial sanctions on Burma and the prohibitions in the BSR are no longer in effect?

Pending OFAC enforcement matters will proceed irrespective of the termination of OFAC-administered sanctions on Burma, and OFAC will continue to review app arent violations of the BSR, whether they came to the agency s attention before or after the Burma sanctions program was terminated. Under longstanding practice, apparent sanctions violations are analyzed in light of the laws and regulations that were in place at the time of the underlying activities, and civil and criminal enforcement authorities are applied accordingly. Current or future investigations regarding apparent violations of the BSR will not be impacted by its termination and may result in OFAC enforcement actions after the termination of the BSR. [10-07-2016]


882. For purposes of Burma General License (GL) 2, what organizations are included within the United Nations' "Programmes, Funds, and Other Entities and Bodies, as well as its Specialized Agencies and Related Organizations?"

For an organizational chart of the United Nations, which lists the Programmes, Funds, and Other Entities and Bodies, as well as the Specialized Agencies and Related Organizations covered by this GL, see the following page on the United Nations website: https://www.un.org/en/pdfs/un_system_chart.pdf. [03-25-2021]


883. What does Burma General License 4 authorize?

Burma General License (GL) 4 authorizes, subject to certain conditions, all transactions and activities prohibited by Executive Order (E.O.) 14014, that are ordinarily incident and necessary to the wind down of transactions involving, directly or indirectly, Myanmar Economic Corporation Limited (MEC) or Myanma Economic Holdings Public Company Limited (MEHL), or any entity in which MEC or MEHL owns, directly or indirectly, a 50 percent or greater interest, through 12:01 a.m., eastern daylight time, June 22, 2021. Persons unable to wind down transactions prohibited by E.O. 14014 in which such blocked persons have an interest before that time are encouraged to seek formal guidance from OFAC. For the duration of GL 4, non-U.S. persons may wind down transactions involving, directly or indirectly, MEC or MEHL, or any entity in which MEC or MEHL owns, directly or indirectly, a 50 percent or greater interest, without exposure to sanctions under E.O. 14014, provided May 4, 2021 - Free Activators such wind down activity is consistent with GL 4. While GL 4 is in effect, wind down transactions may be processed through the U.S. financial system or involve U.S. persons, as long as the transactions comply with the terms and conditions in GL 4. [03-25-2021]

Cuba Sanctions


693. What did the September 9, 2019 amendment to the Cuban Assets Control Regulations (CACR) do?

Effective October 9, 2019 an amendment to the CACR revises certain authorizations for remittances to Cuba to impose new requirements and limitations, eliminates the authorization for donative remittances, and revises the authorization commonly known as the U-turn general license.

  • The September 9, 2019 amendment revises the U-turn general license located at 31 CFR § 515.584(d) to eliminate the authorization for banking institutions subject to U.S. jurisdiction to process U-turn transactions; i.e., funds transfers that originate and terminate outside the United States where neither the originator nor beneficiary is a person subject to U.S. jurisdiction. The amended U-turn general license authorizes banking institutions that are persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction to reject and not require them to block such transactions. For more on changes to the U-turn general license, please see FAQ 757.
  • With respect to remittances, the September 9, 2019 rule amends the general license authorizing family remittances to (1) place a cap of $1,000 as the maximum amount that one remitter can send to one Cuban national as a family remittance per quarter, and (2) exclude close relatives of prohibited officials of the Government of Cuba or close relatives of prohibited members of the Cuban Communist Party as authorized recipients of family remittances. (The prohibited officials themselves were already barred from being recipients of such remittances. See 31 CFR § 515.570(a), as well as 31 CFR § 515.339 for the definition of close relatives .) The September 9, 2019 rule also amends the general license authorizing remittances to certain individuals and independent non-governmental organizations in Cuba to now authorize remittances to certain additional self-employed individuals (See 31 CFR § 515.570(g), as well as 31 CFR § 515.340, for the new definition of self-employed individuals ). Effective October 9, 2019, OFAC eliminated the general license for donative remittances that was previously located at 31 CFR § 515.570(b). For more on changes to remittances, please see FAQ 732. [09-06-2019]

694. What did the June 5, 2019 amendments to CACR do?

Previously, on June 5, 2019, an amendment to the CACR removed an authorization for people-to-people educational travel that was conducted under the auspices of an organization that is subject to U.S. jurisdiction and that sponsors such exchanges to promote people-to-people contact (group people-to-people educational travel). The amendment includes a grandfather clause, however, that authorizes certain group people-to-people educational travel that previously was authorized, so long as the traveler had already completed at least one travel-related transaction (su ch as purchasing a flight or reserving accommodation) prior to June 5, 2019.

On June 16, 2017, the President issued National Security Presidential Memorandum-5 on Strengthening the Policy of the United States Toward Cuba (the NSPM). On November 9, 2017, OFAC amended the CACR to mathtype 7 crack full version keygen - Free Activators the NSPM. On April 17, 2019, the Administration announced regulatory changes to further implement the NSPM and the President s foreign policy toward Cuba, including that the Department of the Treasury would further restrict non-family travel. The regulatory actions taken on June 5, 2019 and September 9, 2019 implement the President s foreign policy toward Cuba as announced on April 17, 2019.

Please note that the Cuba embargo remains in place, and most transactions between the United States, or persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction, and Cuba continue to be prohibited. OFAC continues to enforce the prohibitions of the CACR.

The Department of Commerce s Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS), in coordination with OFAC s June 5, 2019 amendment, amended its Export Administration Regulations (EAR) (15 CFR Parts 730-774). For additional information, see BIS s Cuba webpage. [09-06-2019]


Travel


695. What are the general travel authorizations in the Cuba program?

Travel-related transactions are permitted by general or specific licenses for certain travel related to the 12 categories of activities identified in § 515.560(a).  Those travel-related transactions permitted by general license, subject to specified criteria and conditions, include: family visits; official business of the U.S. government, foreign governments, and certain intergovernmental organizations; journalistic activity; professional research; educational activities; religious activities; athletic competitions by amateur or semi-professional athletes or athletic teams; support for the Cuban people; humanitarian projects; activities of private foundations or research or educational institutes; exportation, importation, or transmission of information or information materials; and certain authorized export transactions. Each person relying on a certain general authorization must retain specific records related to the authorized travel transactions. See §§ 501.601 and 501.602 of Reporting, Procedures and Penalties Regulations for applicable recordkeeping and reporting requirements.

In accordance with NSPM-5, on November 9, 2017, OFAC added a prohibition to restrict certain direct financial transactions with entities and subentities identified on the State Department’s Cuba Restricted List. For a description of the scope of the prohibition on direct financial transactions and the restrictions and exceptions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.209. In order to implement this prohibition, OFAC made a conforming change to § 515.421 and added corresponding language in the following general licenses: §§ 515.530, 515.534, 515.545, 515.560, 515.561, 515.564, 515.565,
515.566, 515.567, 515.572, 515.573, 515.574, 515.576, 515.577, 515.578, 515.581, 515.584, and
515.590. OFAC has not incorporated this prohibition into certain general licenses in accordance with the exceptions detailed in section 3(a)(iii) of NSPM-5.  

Also, on September 24, 2020, OFAC added a prohibition at § 515.210 of the CACR, which prohibits any person subject to U.S. jurisdiction from lodging, paying for lodging, or making any reservation for or on behalf of a third party to lodge, at any property that the Secretary of State has identified as a property in Cuba that is owned or controlled by the Cuban government; a prohibited official of the Government of Cuba, as defined in § 515.337; a prohibited member of the Cuban Communist Party, as defined in § 515.338; a close relative, as defined in § 515.339, of a prohibited official of the Government of Cuba, or a close relative of a prohibited member of the Cuban Communist Party, when the terms of the general or specific license expressly exclude such a transaction. In furtherance of this change, the State Department is creating a new list, the Cuba Prohibited Accommodations List, to publish the names, addresses, or other identifying details, as relevant, of properties identified as meeting such criteria. In order to implement this prohibition, OFAC made a conforming change to § 515.421 and added corresponding language in the following general licenses:  §§ 515.533, 515.545, 515.559, 515.560, 515.561, 515.563, 515.564, 515.565, 515.566, 515.567, 515.572, 515.574, 515.575, and 515.576. [09-23-2020]


696. Are authorized travelers who have initiated travel arrangements prior to the addition of an entity or subentity on the State Department's Cuba Restricted List required to cancel their Cuba-related travel plans if their travel arrangements involve direct financial transactions with a listed entity or subentity?

Consistent with the Administration's interest in avoiding negative impacts on Americans for arranging lawful travel to Cuba, any travel-related arrangements that include direct financial transactions with entities and subentities that appear on the State Department's Cuba Restricted List will continue to be permitted, provided that those travel arrangements were initiated prior to the State Department's addition of the entity or subentity to the list. Once the State Department adds an entity or subentity to the Cuba Restricted List, new direct financial transactions with the entity or subentity are prohibited, unless authorized by OFAC or exempt. For a complete description of the scope of the prohibition on direct financial transactions and the restrictions and exceptions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.209. [09-06-2019]


697. Do travelers who fall within the scope of a general license need to submit a written request to OFAC for permission to travel or conduct transactions?

No. No further permission from OFAC is required to engage in transactions by a person who meets all criteria in a general license. Individuals wishing to engage in activities that may fall within the scope of a general license should review the relevant general licenses contained in the CACR to determine whether their travel-related transactions are covered by such general licenses. Persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction who wish to engage in any travel within the 12 categories of activities specified in the CACR that does not meet the requirements of a general license will need to apply for a specific license from OFAC. [11-08-2017]


698. Is travel to Cuba for tourist activities permitted?

No. Consistent with the Trade Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000 (TSRA), travel-related transactions involving Cuba are only permitted for the 12 categories of activities identified in the CACR. Travel-related transactions for other purposes remain prohibited. [11-08-2017]


699. What constitutes "a close relative" for generally authorized family travel?

OFAC regulations generally authorize persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction and those sharing a dwelling with them as a family to visit a close relative in Cuba, including a close relative who is a Cuban national or a person ordinarily resident in Cuba, or to visit or accompany a close relative who is located in or traveling to Cuba pursuant to the authorizations in § 515.562 (official government business), § 515.563 (journalistic activity), § 515.564(a) (professional research), § 515.565(a)(1)(i) through (iv) and (vi) (educational activities), § 515.566 (religious activities), § 515.575 (humanitarian projects), or § 515.576 (activities of private foundations or research or educational institutes). A close relative is defined as any individual related to a person “by blood, marriage, or adoption who is no more than three generations removed from that person or from a common ancestor with that person.” For a complete description of what this general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.339 and § 515.561. In accordance with NSPM-5, OFAC amended the general license in § 515.561 to exclude direct financial transactions with entities and subentities identified on the State Department’s Cuba Restricted List from the authorizations. For a description of the scope of the prohibition on direct financial transactions and the restrictions and exceptions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.209. [09-06-2019]


700. Who is generally authorized to engage in travel and travel-related transactions for “journalistic activity”?

Section 515.563 of the CACR contains a general license that authorizes, subject to conditions, travel- related transactions and other transactions that are directly incident to journalistic activities in Cuba. Among other things, this general license authorizes, subject to conditions, full-time journalists, supporting broadcast or technical personnel, and freelance journalists to travel to Cuba. The traveler’s schedule of activities must not include free time or recreation in excess of that consistent with a full- time schedule. An entire group does not qualify for the general license merely because some members of the group qualify individually. Also, and effective September 24, 2020, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization lodging, paying for lodging, or making any reservation for or on behalf of a third party to lodge, at any property in Cuba on the Cuba Prohibited Accommodations List to the extent prohibited by § 515.210. For a complete description of the scope of this prohibition, see 31 CFR § 515.210. For a complete description of what this general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.563. [09-23-2020]


701. What constitutes generally authorized travel-related transactions for “professional research” in Cuba?

Section 515.564(a) of the CACR contains a general license that authorizes, subject to conditions, travel-related transactions and other transactions that are directly incident to professional research in Cuba. Among other things, this general license authorizes, subject to conditions, professional research in Cuba relating to a traveler’s profession, professional background, or area of expertise, including area of graduate-level full-time study. In accordance with NSPM-5, OFAC amended this general license to exclude direct financial transactions with entities and subentities identified on the State Department’s Cuba Restricted List from its authorization. Also, and effective September 24, 2020, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization lodging, paying for lodging, or making any reservation for or on behalf of a third party to lodge, at any property in Cuba on the Cuba Prohibited Accommodations List to the extent prohibited by § 515.210. For a complete description of the scope of this prohibition, see 31 CFR § 515.210. The traveler’s schedule of activities must not include free time or recreation in excess of that consistent with a full-time schedule of professional research. An entire group does not qualify for the general license merely because some members of the group qualify individually. For a complete description of what this general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.564. 

On September 24, 2020, OFAC eliminated the general license previously contained in §515.564(a)(2) for travel-related transactions and other transactions that are directly incident to attendance at, or organization of, professional meetings or conferences in Cuba. Persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction are no longer generally authorized to attend or organize professional meetings or conferences in Cuba pursuant to this section. OFAC amended § 515.564 to clarify that specific licenses may be issued on a case-by-case basis authorizing the travel-related transactions in § 515.560(c) and other transactions that are related to professional research in Cuba that do not qualify for the general license under 515.564(a) or professional meetings or conferences in Cuba that are not authorized under other travel-related authorizations and that relate to activities otherwise authorized pursuant to the CACR. [09-23-20]


702. What constitutes “educational activities” for generally authorized travel and other transactions?

OFAC amended the general license for educational activities in accordance with NSPM-5 process to authorize travel that was permitted by regulation on January 27, 2011. In addition, OFAC added requirements for certain categories of authorized educational travel that were not permitted by regulation on January 27, 2011 to require that all such travel be conducted under the auspices of an organization that is a person subject to U.S. jurisdiction. In addition, travelers utilizing this authorization must be accompanied by a person subject to U.S. jurisdiction who is a representative of the sponsoring organization. In certain cases where the traveler is an employee, paid consultant, agent, or other representative traveling individually (not as part of a group), the individual may obtain a certification letter from the sponsoring organization. For a complete description of what such a letter must include and which categories of educational travelers may utilize this authorization, see 31 CFR § 515.565(a)(2).

Among other things, this general license authorizes, subject to conditions, faculty, staff, and students at U.S. academic institutions and secondary schools to engage in certain educational activities, including study abroad programs, in Cuba, Cuban scholars to engage in certain educational activities in the United States, and certain activities to facilitate licensed educational programs. U.S. and Cuban universities may engage in academic exchanges and joint non-commercial academic research under the general license. This provision also authorizes persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction to provide standardized testing services and certain internet-based courses to Cuban nationals. For a complete description of what this general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.565.

In accordance with NSPM-5, this general license  excludes direct financial transactions with entities and subentities identified on the State Department’s Cuba Restricted List. For a description of the scope of the prohibition on direct financial transactions and the restrictions and exceptions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.209 Also, and effective September 24, 2020, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization lodging, paying for lodging, or making any reservation for or on behalf of a third party to lodge, at any property in Cuba on the Cuba Prohibited Accommodations List to the extent prohibited by § 515.210. For a complete description of the scope of this prohibition, see 31 CFR § 515.210. Effective June 5, 2019, OFAC removed the authorization for group people-to-people educational travel. For more information on that change, see FAQ 704.) [09-23-2020]


703. Are secondary schools and secondary school students permitted to engage in travel-related transactions under the general license for “educational activities”?

Yes. Educational exchanges, including study abroad programs, sponsored by Cuban or U.S. secondary schools involving secondary school students’ participation in a formal course of study or in a structured educational program offered by a secondary school or other academic institution, and led by a teacher or other secondary school official are authorized. Such exchanges must take place under the auspices of an organization that is a person subject to U.S. jurisdiction, and a person subject to U.S. jurisdiction who is an employee, paid consultant, agent, or other representative of the sponsoring organization (including the leading teacher or secondary school official) must accompany each group traveling to Cuba. For a complete description of what this general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.565(a)(2)(vi). This authorization allows for participation of a reasonable number of adult chaperones to accompany the secondary school students to Asphalt 9 apk license check removed - Free Activators. Also, and effective September 24, 2020, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization lodging, paying for lodging, or making any reservation for or on behalf of a third party to lodge, at any property in Cuba on the Cuba Prohibited Accommodations List to the extent prohibited by § 515.210. For a complete description of the scope of this prohibition, see 31 CFR § 515.210. [09-23-20]


704. Can travelers still engage in “people-to-people travel” to Cuba on an individual basis or as a part of a group?

Generally, no. Effective June 5, 2019, there is no general license authorizing people-to-people educational activities in Cuba. The term “people-to-people travel” refers to an authorization that previously existed in the CACR, subject to conditions, for persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction to engage in certain educational exchanges in Cuba on an individual basis or under the auspices of an organization that is a person subject to U.S. jurisdiction and sponsors such exchanges to promote people-to-people contact.

On November 9, 2017, in accordance with NSPM-5, OFAC amended the general license for people-to-people educational activities in Cuba to remove the authorization for individual people-to-people educational travel. Effective June 5, 2019, in further accordance with the President’s foreign policy toward Cuba announced in April 2019, OFAC removed the authorization for group people-to-people educational travel in § 515.565(b). There is a grandfather [clause] in § 515.565(b) that authorizes certain group people-to-people educational travel that previously was authorized where the traveler had completed at least one travel-related transaction (such as purchasing a flight or reserving accommodation) prior to June 5, 2019. Also, and effective September 24, 2020, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization lodging, paying for lodging, or making any reservation for or on behalf of a third party to lodge, at any property in Cuba on the Cuba Prohibited Accommodations List to the extent prohibited by § 515.210. For a complete description of the scope of this prohibition, see 31 CFR § 515.210.

For purposes of that grandfather clause only, an “organization” is an entity subject to U.S. jurisdiction that sponsors educational exchanges that do not involve academic study pursuant to a degree program and that sponsors such exchanges to promote people-to-people contact. To the extent proposed travel falls within the scope of the grandfather clause for group people-to-people educational travel, organizations subject to U.S. jurisdiction may proceed with sponsoring such travel without applying to OFAC for a specific license. It is OFAC’s policy not to grant applications for a specific license authorizing transactions where a general license is available. OFAC will apply a policy of denial with respect to applications for a specific license authorizing prohibited people-to-people travel and related transactions effective June 5, 2019.

For a complete description of what this general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.565.

The export or reexport to Cuba of items subject to the EAR, including vessels and aircraft used to provide carrier services, requires separate authorization from the Department of Commerce. See 31 CFR § 515.533. For additional information regarding BIS’s latest travel-related amendments, see BIS’s Cuba webpage. [09-23-2020]


705. Who is generally authorized to engage in travel-related transactions for “religious activities”?

Section 515.566 of the CACR contains a general license that authorizes, subject to conditions, travel- related transactions and other transactions that are directly incident to religious activities in Cuba. All persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction, including religious organizations located in the United States and members and staff of such organizations, are generally authorized to engage in travel-related transactions that are directly incident to engaging in religious activities in Cuba provided, among other things, that the travel must be for the purpose of engaging in a program of religious activities. In accordance with NSPM-5, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization direct financial transactions with entities and subentities identified on the State Department’s Cuba Restricted List. Also, and effective September 24, 2020, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization lodging, paying for lodging, or making any reservation for or on behalf of a third party to lodge, at any property in Cuba on the Cuba Prohibited Accommodations List to the extent prohibited by § 515.210. For a complete description of the scope of this prohibition, see 31 CFR § 515.210. The traveler’s schedule of activities must not include free time or recreation in excess of that consistent with a full-time schedule in Cuba. For a complete description of what this general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.566. [09-23-2020]


706. What constitutes generally authorized travel under the travel-related category of “public performances, clinics, workshops, athletic and other competitions, and exhibitions” ?

Section 515.567(a) of the CACR contains a general license that authorizes, subject to conditions, travel-related transactions and other transactions that are directly incident to organization of and participation in amateur and semi-professional international sports federation competitions. Transactions incident to the organization of such competitions include marketing related to those specific events in Cuba.  

Effective September 24, 2020, OFAC amended section 515.567 to remove a general authorization related to public performances, clinics, workshops, other athletic or non-athletic competitions, and exhibitions previously found at § 515.567(b). OFAC will consider issuing specific licenses, on a case-by-case basis, for travel-related transactions and other transactions that are directly incident to participation in or organization of a public performance, clinic, workshop, athletic competition not covered by the general license in § 515.567(a), non-athletic competition, or exhibition in Cuba, subject to certain conditions. As a result of these amendments, effective September 24, 2020, the only remaining general license in Section 515.567 for participation in and organization of athletic competitions in Cuba will be the general license in § 515.567(a) for athletic competitions by amateur or semi-professional athletes or athletic teams.

In accordance with NSPM-5, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization direct financial transactions with entities and subentities identified on the Cuba Restricted List. Also effective September 24, 2020, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization lodging, paying for lodging, or making any reservation for or on behalf of a third party to lodge, at any property in Cuba on the Cuba Prohibited Accommodations List to the extent prohibited by § 515.210. For a complete description of the scope of this prohibition, see 31 CFR § 515.210. For a complete description of what this general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.567. [09-23-2020]


707. What constitutes “support for the Cuban people” for generally authorized travel and other transactions?

Section 515.574 of the CACR contains a general license that authorizes, subject to conditions, travel-related transactions and other transactions that are intended to provide support for the Cuban people, which include activities of recognized human rights organizations; independent organizations designed to promote a rapid, peaceful transition to democracy; and individuals and non-governmental organizations that promote independent activity intended to strengthen civil society in Cuba. In accordance with NSPM-5, OFAC amended this general license on November 8, 2017 to require that each traveler utilizing this authorization engage in a full-time schedule of activities that enhance contact with the Cuban people, support civil society in Cuba, or promote the Cuban people’s independence from Cuban authorities and that result in meaningful interactions with individuals in Cuba. OFAC also amended this general license to exclude from the authorization certain direct financial transactions with entities and subentities identified on the State Department’s Cuba Restricted List. Also, and effective September 24, 2020, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization lodging, paying for lodging, or making any reservation for or on behalf of a third party to lodge, at any property in Cuba on the Cuba Prohibited Accommodations List to the extent prohibited by § 515.210. For a complete description of the scope of this prohibition, see 31 CFR § 515.210. The traveler’s schedule of activities must not include free time or recreation in excess of that consistent with a full-time schedule in Cuba. An entire group does not qualify for this general license merely because some members of the group qualify individually. For a complete description of what this general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.574. [09-23-2020]


708. What constitutes “humanitarian projects” for generally authorized transactions, including travel-related transactions?

Section 515.575 of the CACR contains a general license that authorizes, subject to conditions, transactions, including travel-related transactions, that are related to humanitarian projects in or related to Cuba. These authorized humanitarian projects are: medical and health-related projects; construction projects intended to benefit legitimately independent civil society groups; disaster preparedness, relief, and response; historical preservation; environmental projects; projects involving formal or non-formal educational training, within Cuba or off-island, on the following topics: entrepreneurship and business, civil education, journalism, advocacy and organizing, adult literacy, or vocational skills; community-based grassroots projects; projects suitable to the development of small- scale private enterprise; projects that are related to agricultural and rural development that promote independent activity; microfinancing projects, except for loans, extensions of credit, or other financing prohibited by 31 CFR § 515.208; and projects to meet basic human needs. Also, and effective September 24, 2020, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization lodging, paying for lodging, or making any reservation for or on behalf of a third party to lodge, at any property in Cuba on the Cuba Prohibited Accommodations List to the extent prohibited by § 515.210. For a complete description of the scope of this prohibition, see 31 CFR § 515.210. For persons traveling pursuant to this authorization, the traveler’s schedule of activities must not include free time or recreation in excess of that consistent with a full-time schedule in Cuba. An entire group does not qualify for this general license merely because some members of the group qualify individually. For a complete description of what this general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.575. [09-23-2020]


709. What constitutes “activities of private foundations or research or educational institutes” for generally authorized travel?

Section 515.576 of the CACR contains a general license that authorizes, subject to conditions, travel- related transactions and other transactions that are directly incident to activities by private foundations or research or educational institutes with an established interest in international relations to collect information related to Cuba for noncommercial purposes, among other things. In accordance with NSPM-5, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization direct financial transactions with entities and subentities identified on the State Department’s Cuba Restricted List Also, and effective September 24, 2020, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization lodging, paying for lodging, or making any reservation for or on behalf of a third party to lodge, at any property in Cuba on the Cuba Prohibited Accommodations List to the extent prohibited by § 515.210. For a complete description of the scope of this prohibition, see 31 CFR § 515.210.

The traveler’s schedule of activities must not include free time or recreation in excess of that consistent with a full-time schedule in Cuba. For a complete description of what this general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.576.

Additionally, 31 CFR § 515.573(d) authorizes private foundations or research or educational institutes engaging in transactions authorized by § 515.576 to establish a physical presence in Cuba, such as an office. For a complete description of what this general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.573(a). [09-23-2020]


710. What constitutes “exportation, importation, or transmission of information or informational materials” for generally authorized travel?

The general license at 31 CFR § 515.545(b)(1) authorizes, subject to conditions, travel-related transactions and other transactions that virtual dj pro infinity - Crack Key For U directly incident to the exportation, importation, or transmission of information or informational materials. In accordance with NSPM-5, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization direct financial transactions with entities and subentities identified on the State Department’s Cuba Restricted List. Also, and effective September 24, 2020, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization lodging, paying for lodging, or making any reservation for or on behalf of a third party to lodge, at any property in Cuba on the Cuba Prohibited Accommodations List to the extent prohibited by § 515.210. For a complete description of the scope of this prohibition, see 31 CFR § 515.210. The traveler’s schedule of activities must not include free time or recreation in excess of that consistent with a full- time schedule in Cuba. For a complete description of what this general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.545(b)(1).

The general license at 31 CFR §515.545(b)(2) authorizes, subject to conditions, travel-related transactions and other transactions that are directly incident to professional media or artistic productions of information or informational materials for exportation, importation, or transmission, including the filming or production of media programs (such as movies and television programs), the recording of music, and the creation of artworks in Cuba, provided that the traveler is regularly employed in or has demonstrated professional experience in a field relevant to such professional media or artistic productions. In accordance with NSPM-5, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization direct financial transactions with entities and subentities identified on the State Department’s Cuba Restricted List. Also, and effective September 24, 2020, OFAC amended this general license to exclude from the authorization lodging, paying for lodging, or making any reservation for or on behalf of a third party to lodge, at any property in Cuba on the Cuba Prohibited Accommodations List to the extent prohibited by § 515.210. For a complete description of the scope of this prohibition, see 31 CFR § 515.210. The traveler’s schedule of activities must not include free time or recreation in excess of that consistent with a full-time schedule. For a complete description of what this general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.545(b)(2).

The definition of “information and informational materials” may be found at 31 CFR § 515.332. [09-23-2020]


711. What are examples of a full-time schedule of activities for authorized travelers?

Authorized travelers to Cuba pursuant to most general license categories are expected to maintain a full-time schedule of activities consistent with the terms of the general license(s) pursuant to which they are traveling. For example:

  •     An individual traveling to Cuba for four days pursuant to the authorization for professional research (31 CFR § 515.564(a)), such as a professional  architect, could conduct two days of research on Cuban architectural heritage that directly relates to the traveler’s profession, followed by one day of meetings with Cuban nationals engaging in historical preservation of colonial and baroque buildings in Havana. The following day the traveler could engage in a full day of site visits and fact-finding around Havana at key architectural sites.
  •     An individual traveling pursuant to the authorization for journalistic activities could engage in three full days of interviews with local residents, followed by one full day of follow-up investigative research at local institutions.
  •     A group of friends traveling to Cuba could maintain a full-time schedule volunteering with a recognized non-governmental organization to build a school for underserved Cuban children with the local community (31 CFR § 515.574). The travelers would need to ensure that their activities promote independent activity intended to strengthen civil society in Cuba and that they engage in a full-time schedule of activities that enhance contact with the Cuban people, support civil society in Cuba, or promote the Cuban people’s independence from Cuban authorities, and result in meaningful interaction between the travelers and individuals in Cuba. [09-23-2020]

712. Can I purchase a ticket to Cuba directly from an airline based or operating out of the United States?

Yes, provided that you are authorized to travel to Cuba pursuant to an OFAC general or specific license. Airlines and travelers are responsible for maintaining records of their Cuba-related transactions for at least five years. [11-08-2017]


713. May a person that qualifies for the general license to provide carrier services transport a third-country national located in the United States to Cuba for travel authorized by a general license under one of the 12 categories of travel listed in Section 515.560 or by specific license from OFAC?

Yes. [11-08-2017]


714. May an individual authorized traveler take a commercial passenger ferry or use his or her private boat to travel to Cuba?

The export or reexport to Cuba of items subject to the EAR, including commercial vessels used to provide carrier services and private vessels, requires separate authorization from the Department of Commerce. See 31 CFR § 515.533. For a complete description of BIS s regulatory requirements, see BIS s Cuba webpage.

While 31 CFR § 515.572 generally authorizes the provision of carrier services, OFAC amended its regulations effective June 5, 2019 to highlight the separate BIS requirements. For a complete description of what the OFAC general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.572. [09-06-2019]


715. Are U.S. vessels, including commercial passenger ferries or private boats, permitted to carry passengers to or from Cuba?

The export or reexport to Cuba of items subject to the EAR, including commercial vessels used to provide carrier services and private vessels, requires separate authorization from the Department of Commerce. See 31 CFR § 515.533. For a complete description of BIS s regulatory requirements, see BIS s Cuba webpage.

While 31 CFR § 515.572 generally authorizes the provision of carrier services, and 31 CFR § 515.572(a)(4) generally authorizes the provision of lodging services by persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction who are authorized to asphalt 9 apk license check removed - Free Activators carrier services, OFAC amended its regulations effective June 5, 2019 to highlight the BIS requirements. For a complete description of what the OFAC general license authorizes and the restrictions that apply, see 31 CFR § 515.572. [09-06-2019]


716. Are authorized U.S. travelers permitted to travel onboard vessels in Cuba to meet their transportation needs within Cuba?

Travel onboard a vessel in Cuba is permitted for authorized travel. [11-08-2017]


717. Are there any spending limits for authorized U.S. travelers while in Cuba?

There is no specific dollar limit on authorized expenses; however, in accordance with National Security Presidential Memorandum-5 on Strengthening the Policy of the United States Toward Cuba, OFAC amended the Cuban Assets Control Regulations to restrict persons subject to U.S. jurisdiction from engaging in direct financial transactions with entities or subentities identified on the State Department’s Cuba Restricted List, with certain exceptions. See 31 CFR §§ 515.209 and 515.421. Consistent with these authorizations and restrictions, authorized travelers may engage in transactions ordinarily incident to travel within Cuba, including payment of living expenses and the acquisition in Cuba of goods for personal consumption there. OFAC amended 31 CFR § 515.421 to exclude from the authorization lodging, paying for lodging, or making any reservation for or on behalf of a third party to lodge, at any property in Cuba on the State Department’s Cuba Prohibited Accommodations List to the extent prohibited by 31 CFR § 515.210. For a complete description of the scope of this prohibition, see 31 CFR § 515.210. In addition, travelers are authorized to acquire in Cuba and import as accompanied baggage into the United States merchandise for personal use only; effective September 24, 2020, this authorization excludes imports into the United States of Cuban-origin alcohol or tobacco products. OFAC considers “personal use” of an imported item to include giving the item to another individual as a personal gift, but not the transfer of the item to another person for payment or other consideration. Value imports remain subject to the normal limits on duty and tax exemptions for merchandise imported as accompanied baggage and for personal use. [10-26-2020]


718. Are there any CACR restrictions on what foreign persons entering the United States from travel that included Cuba may bring in their accompanied baggage?

A non-U.S. person (i.e., not a U.S. citizen or resident) arriving in the United States is authorized to import Cuban-origin merchandise as accompanied baggage provided the merchandise is not in commercial quantities, is not imported for resale, and does not include Cuban-origin alcohol or tobacco products.  See 31 CFR § 515.569. [09-23-2020]


719. Can I purchase Cuban-origin cigars and/or Cuban-origin rum or other alcohol while traveling in Cuba?

Persons authorized to travel to Cuba may purchase alcohol and tobacco products while in Cuba for personal consumption in Cuba. Please note that effective September 24, 2020, authorized travelers may no longer return to the United States with alcohol and/or tobacco products acquired in Cuba as accompanied baggage for personal use. [09-23-2020]


Источник: https://home.treasury.gov/policy-issues/financial-sanctions/frequently-asked-questions/ofac-consolidated-frequently-asked-questions
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Complying to IS15884; Prepaid electricity distribution with simple numeric codes for recharge; Dual source metering: separate energy registers and tariffs for utility (EB) and generator (DG) supply. Not a panel member? Discover how NCP works and how easy it is to get started. Select Eazzy Pay from your Equitel menu. If you are recharging for the first time and your units got exhausted before purchase: First make sure the power supply indicator on your meter is ON. Enter your new Kenya. 2021 (Revised) Postpaid Reallocatio& Refund form. Select Vending amount. Seven to Eleven Digit Meter Application Form : Customer Application For Electricity Network Services: 2021-2022 LIST OF PREQUALIFIED ELECTRICAL CONTRACTORS: Mozambique-MAlawi 400KV Interconnection Project -RPF Report: Electricity Base Tariff Main Submission T0 MERA By ESCOM LTD :. Recharge your mobile, pay for electricity (NEA), Internet, TV, water bills, insurance premium, buy tickets for bus, airlines, or movies, and enjoy other services. 3,652 likes · 12 talking about this. 2561 — Siemens Cashpower 2000 Electricity Steganos Privacy Suite2021 Crack - Free Activators. Siemens Cashpower 2000 Electricity Code Generator. meter, key in the 20 digit token. Welcome to the world of Smart and Prepaid Metering! netVendor is a private utility company providing metering solutions across the Southern Hemisphere. and FRP Bypass APK. Open Safaricom SIM Tool Kit; Select M-PESA; Select Lipa na M-PESA; Select Pay Bill; Select Enter Business no. It means that most prepaid meters accept the same code, a 20 digit encrypted code, which prevents fraudulent vouchers from being generated. meter, key in the 20 digit token. Conlog Prepaid Meter Keygen Generatorl Conlog is the world's leading smart meters and metering solutions provider to utilities, municipalities, and property prepaid meter token generator Kenya's power announced a very convenient The price of Conlog prepaid meter is fixed according to th. Forgot password. Order) CN Shenzhen Calinmeter Co. 6 million electric and natural gas customers in CT, MA and NH. The RushCard Prepaid Visa ® Card is issued by MetaBank ®, N. The Smart Feb 2, 2013 — The only way to get it operating is to make more prepayment and get the tokens/ code for your unit and then enter it to start the electric again. KPLC will then generate prepaid token valid for your meter and send via SMS. e when "Re con" is on the display. These meters provide a flexible and secure revenue-management solution for energy suppliers, without the need for physical carriers, keys or cards. The code is entered using a panel placed on the meter or using a TV remote utilising an RC-5 coding algorithm. Use the revised forms below to request for re-allocation, reversal or refunds as appropriate. A whole world of freelance talent at your fingertips. Make an Impact and Earn Rewards. Step 2: Confirm you have loaded your meter activation token (This is only applicable to meters that require activation token). Power Source. Enter your recharge pin and press enter. Choose the best meter solution for.Member FDIC, pursuant to a license from Visa U. A meter has a maximum amount of credit that it can store. How to Buy Kenya Power Tokens via M-PESA Paybill Number 888880. Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking for. All transactions will be on the blockchain. Random Numbers Combination Generator Number Generator 1-10 Number Generator 1-100 Number Generator 4-digit Number Generator 6-digit Number List Randomizer Popular Random Number Generators Games Lotto Number Generator Lottery Numbers - Quick Picks Lottery Number Scrambler UK49 Lucky Pick Odds of Winning Flip a Coin Roll a Die Roll a D20. As we become Florida Power & Light Company (FPL) in January 2022, we’ll continue making smarter investments in clean, reliable energy and delivering on America’s best energy value. Register in order for us to have you on our database for future prepaid electricity purchases. Recharge your mobile, pay for electricity (NEA), Internet, TV, water bills, insurance premium, buy tickets for bus, airlines, or movies, and enjoy other services. KES 0 per prepaid meter *Free prepaid water, electricity and gas meters; Free Nectar Portal Account; 16% /Token value Processing Charge; 2 Year Support * Minimum consumption must be more than KES 1,800 per meter per month; Get Started. Prepaid Token Re-Allocation & Reversal Forms - Revised Feb 15, 2021. Siemens Cashpower 2000 Electricity Code Generator. Load Conlog Prepaid Meter Method Two. Sub prepaid meter for tenants Easy control of electricity bills Electricity used. Complying to IS15884; Prepaid electricity distribution with simple numeric codes for recharge; Dual source metering: separate energy registers and tariffs for utility (EB) and generator (DG) supply. eSewa is a digital wallet based in Nepal providing instant online payment solutions. STS is an open secure transfer standard and the only international specification on the prepaid system that will allow recharging, token management, modify security keys, test token, etc. How to Buy Kenya Power Tokens via M-PESA Paybill Number 888880. M-101S £1 & £2 Dual Coin Operated Meter/Timer. Buy the energy token, punch-in the meter number followed by # then the token (20 digits). Getting a new card or key for your meter. This payment can be done in the form of credit purchased prior to use and meter token. Eskom is the country's main generator of electricity, with local. Select Pay Bill from Eazzy Pay. Most of us won't do it, though, either for fear of getting caught or as a moralistic stance with the law. The PCMA prepayment solution is the most secure in the world as it uses two elements. Harga Watt KWH Meter Power Monitor Daya Digital 20A 100A Wattmeter 6 in 1 AC. The Building Code Forum. The meter cannot handle all of the appliances, etc connected to your plug points. Find high-quality services at every price point. Sebelum menjalankan pengecekan, ketahui dulu apa jenis dan merk meter listrik yang kamu pakai. Darüber hinaus verwenden wir Cookies, die lediglich zu Statistikzwecken, zur Reichweitenmessung oder zur Anzeige personalisierter Inhalte genutzt werden. In addition, the meter consists of a two-part housing being a wallbase and the active meter. Pursuant to this, KE has been a collecting agent for the TV License Fee since May 2008. Join Coursera for free and transform your career with degrees, certificates, Specializations, & MOOCs in data science, computer science, business, and dozens of other topics. One thousand seven hundred and eighty-five (1,785) residential buildings were sampled, out of which only 37% has electric meter, only 19% of the residential buildings sampled had prepaid meter. The issues we are experiencing have been listed below. STEP 4- Click the Send Issue button to submit your request. The token may be entered at a later date when the level of credit in the meter has reduced enough to accept this token. Single Phase Prepaid Card Meter. Cara Cek Token Listrik PLN. Thank you for the wonderful service - I logged a call for my Prepaid Meter which wouldnâ t take the token number. austrianworldmusic. 1 Alarm Value Insufficient Water Warning Function is optional in RF STS Water Meter. This balance is showing the R100 token loaded on the meter on installation. Register in order for us to have you on our database for future prepaid electricity purchases. Your support ID is: 954538176830953576. View all cryptos. Monitor consumption habits, tariff increases and so much more. 10 digit Mobile No. Registered consumer name. Always know what you'll pay upfront. SmartThings fuels your passions, inside and outside of the home. Darüber hinaus verwenden wir Cookies, die lediglich zu Statistikzwecken, zur Reichweitenmessung oder zur Anzeige personalisierter Inhalte genutzt werden. Your will receive a token via SMS that will display your 20 digit token number. Input the second 20 digit and press enter. You'll find your MPRN on your business gas bill under the 'Details of charges' heading. Seven to Eleven Digit Meter Application Form : Customer Application For Electricity Network Services: 2021-2022 LIST OF PREQUALIFIED ELECTRICAL CONTRACTORS: Mozambique-MAlawi 400KV Interconnection Project -RPF Report: Electricity Base Tariff Main Submission T0 MERA By ESCOM LTD :. It can control users overspend by prepaying for an IC card. It is not possible to use a Sports Helium music manager tutorial - Activators Patch Token across multiple bets on your Bet Slip. How to buy Kenya Power (KPLC) prepaid tokens via Equitel 1. conlog split meter cheating prepaid electricity meterwhat does rf con mean conlog prepaid meter hack codes conlog token generator conlog meter hack clear tamper token conlog meter troubleshooting permission of Conlog. Not a panel member? Dvdfab 11.0.0.3 crack download - Crack Key For U how NCP works and how easy it is to get started. token codes same story. MyFreeCams is a site where models make video gushing. Or that there is general power supply in the neighbourhood. If a meter is in tamper mode, the utility can figure out the reason by simply reading the log-file inside the meter. You may have come across such cheap tokens in one way or another. The carrier of the information on the amount of purchased electric energy is a 20-digit code. Grahamstown residents who aren't criminals. A person who sells token vouchers for prepaid electricity meters, including a landlord, is not a supplier but a vendor. It is suited to the metering and billing of urban residential water use, using water after fee paid that gets rid of the inconvenience of on-site visit for meter reading and tariffing. Online payment processing for internet businesses. After a customer buys and inputs their token in the Hexing Yaka Prepaid meter, if its successful, it will display the units that have been purchased in Kwh. So there is nothing to worry about. To get more tokens you have to pay there, yet now, you can get new tokens with MyfreeCams. In order for you to register and use this App your cellphone number must be up to date on Eskom Systems. • Confirm that the red led on your meter is on. 0123456789102. The Gemini MMI is easy to install and ideal for new reticulation as well as retrofitting of credit meters with BS footprints. Answer (1 of 5): Hmmm well this depends on why you need to transfer the units. with ( open cover) therefore you need a tamper code to unlock it. E-ZPass ® New York account holders may be eligible for a resident or other discount plan. 2021 (Revised) Postpaid Reallocatio& Refund form. Input the first 20 digits of the IKEDC prepaid meter token and press enter. If you are recharging for the first time and your units got exhausted before purchase: First make sure the power supply indicator on your meter is ON. We moved from metered to pre-paid electricity in February. Pursuant to this, KE has been a collecting agent for the TV License Fee since May 2008. It is easy for humans to solve, but hard for “bots” and other malicious software to figure out. As back ground I own a small company providing prepaid smart electricity meters to private building and we get this problem a lot. token codes same story. Begitu pula dalam ATD Smart Meter dengan STS Prepaid ini. https://www. token generator free, token generator 2020, token generator asphalt 9, discord token generator bot, fb access token generator by binyamin, mcleaks alt token generator not working, prepaid meter token generator, discord nitro token generator, ninja saga token generator, Sonpaggy. Input the second 20 digit and press enter. The available balance will be displayed in this format. 143 xxx xxx xx) press OK; Enter Amount and press OK; Enter M-PESA PIN and press OK. Toptronic Energy's Sub Prepaid Electricity Meters do not replace council meters. These meters comply with the globally used STS standard for token transfer. In this post, i will take you through steps to how hackers get; create free kplc Tokens mwitu by bypassing and connecting to Kplc database. We stock a wide range of meters for all budgets and purposes available for next day delivery to mainland UK. Click here to view a list of available plans! Proof of eligibility may be mailed to PO Box 149001, Staten Island, NY 10314-5001 or faxed to 718-390-9772. Quality work done quickly. Sub prepaid meter for tenants Easy control of electricity bills Electricity used. That's all. Alternatively, we can post you a new card or key within three working days. A whole world of freelance talent at your fingertips. This amount needs to be paid into the Respective Property's Bank Account by you before you can purchase a Prepaid Electricity token. It looks like your browser does not have JavaScript enabled. Complying to IS15884; Prepaid electricity distribution with simple numeric codes for recharge; Dual source metering: separate energy registers and tariffs for utility (EB) and generator (DG) supply. In 2009 Puerto Rican smart meters were hacked en masse, leading to ask the smart meter to join the network and receive keys in return. Offers utilities an affordable solution for prepaid vending. Registered consumer name. Grahamstown residents who aren't criminals. The meter cannot handle all of the appliances, etc connected to your plug points. It was born out of a personal experience dated 08/12/2020. Prepaid meter is always budget-friendly because one will buy and use up only the power that was installed already in the meter. Please note Tshwane Prepaid only dispenses electricity tokens for meters managed by the City of Tshwane. When searching for a reliable electrician, call us at +27 73 409 4390. Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking for. Use the meter number on your card or receipt to buy your prepaid electricity. A DIN rail is a standard type of metal rail that is widely used for mounting circuit breakers. You need to enable JavaScript to run this app. If you are recharging for the first time and your units got exhausted before purchase: First make sure the power supply indicator on your meter is ON. To get more tokens you have to pay there, yet now, you can get new tokens with MyfreeCams. How To Check Your Prepaid Meter Number. Select Sub-Division Bishnupur SD Boro bekra Central Sub Division I Central Sub-Division II Chandel Churachandpur Distribution Churachandpur Sub-Division Dummy_SD01 Jiribam Kakching. Forgot Email Address or Member ID. Most of us won't do it, though, either for fear of getting caught or as a moralistic stance with the law. Members Login here. Punch in the first 20 digits and press "enter". In this system, recharge tokens are physically entered into the meter through the keypad. Sadly, you have to unplug as many things as you can and switch the plugs off. The US PP Water Management Device (WMD) contains an electronically controlled valve and microprocessor with embedded firmware that enables it, when connected to a pulse output water meter, to perform a number of metering functions in addition to those usually associated with a prepaid metering system. This balance is showing the R100 token loaded on the meter on installation. The PCMA prepayment solution is the most secure in the world as it uses two elements. But while checking your power balance, reloading new Yaka units or entering the token code, you might encounter some errors. Get bitcoins. Thank you for the wonderful service - I logged a call for my Prepaid Meter which wouldnâ t take the token number. This token is understood by the prepaid meter as an amount of electricity units KWH. This latter distinc- tion is notable in that prepaid meters have been the source of resistance and discontent, with concerns being raised, among other things, over affordability of electricity beyond the free basic electricity amount (50kWh per month) for low income households, inconvenience (repeated monthly trips to prepay- ment token vendors. As back ground I own a small company providing prepaid smart electricity meters to private building and we get this problem a lot. Input the batteries in your monitor(UIU box) and make sure the UIU is connected to the meter. Input the first 20 digits of the IKEDC prepaid meter token and press enter. Punch in the first 20 digits and press "enter". Monitor consumption habits, tariff increases and so much more. The passwords generated by this form are transmitted to your browser securely (via SSL ) and are not stored on. • Put OFF generator and inverter and switch the changeover to EKEDP Power Supply. Complying to IS15884; Prepaid electricity distribution with simple numeric codes for recharge; Dual source metering: separate energy registers and tariffs for utility (EB) and generator (DG) supply. Choose the bank account number to pay from e. Prepaid Metering & Billing. Prepaid Meter Keygen Generator podcast Prepaid Meter Model About Key Generator Click Here To Visit Our Facebook Fan Page- Conlog Prepaid Meter Keygen For Mac Actaris Electric Meter Manual. We moved from metered to pre-paid electricity in February. 16 Oct 2019 ZESA Meter Can Charge You For Your Generator's Power If You Connect Wrong. The meter cannot handle all of the appliances, etc connected to your plug points. Utility Companies deploying STS certified Prepaid Meters use the Utility Vending System to manage their meters, tariffs and customers. Conlog meter will display success. It is technically ok for a token generation system to use it for token generation and for a prepaid meter to use a DUTK to decrypt tokens. Remember the story of the old lady, when people complain about the petrol. A prepaid meter is an electricity meter that only provides the subscriber with power only when payment has been made. Widely used in industrial and urban water supply, high-rise building boosting, fire protection system, breeding Features 1. An electricity meter, electric meter, electrical meter, energy meter, or kilowatt-hour meter is a device that measures the amount of electric energy consumed by a residence, a business, or an electrically powered device. Here's how to pay for PLN electricity bills online at Ralali. Thank you for the wonderful service - I logged a call for my Prepaid Meter which wouldnâ t take the token number. Use Stripe’s payment platform to accept and process payments online for easy-to-use commerce solutions. Pay up electricity billings at affordable rates, "prepaid and postpaid" Token is delivered via SMS or email address. This 'pay as you go' energy is used with a smartcard, token or key that can be topped. Only the power companies or utilities can generate tokens for various meter functions. Stripe is a suite of payment APIs that powers commerce for online businesses of all sizes, including fraud prevention, and subscription management. TOKEN number of last 1st recharge. Alternatively, we can post you a new card or key within three working days. Select your MSPDCL Sub-division. Protected payments, every time. PayPal is the faster, safer way to send money, make an online payment, receive money or set up a merchant account. KPLC will then generate prepaid token valid for your meter and send via SMS. Random Password Generator. TIS&P vending Portal is a cloud-based STS token generator that allows you to receive payment in return for generated STS tokens for your STS prepaid electricity meters. conlog split meter cheating prepaid electricity meterwhat does rf con mean conlog prepaid meter hack codes conlog token generator conlog meter hack clear tamper token conlog meter troubleshooting permission of Conlog. You'll probably be interacting with Umeme's new Yaka prepaid meter more often than the old analogue meters currently being phased out. Learn all about dual SIM phones 2020. Connection no. you can open the device, remove the chip, put it into one of those classy chip programmers and just change a few values usually 1 or 0 for. Ideal Prepaid is a sub-metering solution-provider and installer. Most of us won't do it, though, either for fear of getting caught or as a moralistic stance with the law. com > please-conlog-prepaid-meter. Quality work done quickly. September 20, 2013 ·. Siemens Cashpower 2000 Electricity Code Generator. The collection of Avid Media Composer 8.4.4 Crack Free Download TV license fee through electricity bills was introduced by the Government of Pakistan through the Finance Act 2005.

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Activation of Naringenin and Kaempferol through Pathway Refactoring in the Endophyte Phomopsis Liquidambaris

Abstract Image

Abundant gene clusters of natural products are observed in the endophytic fungus Phomopsis liquidambaris; however, most of them are silent. Herein, a plug-and-play DNA assembly tool has been applied for flavonoid synthesis in P. liquidambaris. A shuttle plasmid was constructed based on S. cerevisiae, E. coli, and P. liquidambaris with screening markers URA, Amp, and hygR, respectively. Each fragment or cassette was successively assembled by overlap extension PCR with at least 40–50 bp homologous arms in S. cerevisiae for generating a new vector. Seven native promoters were screened by the DNA assembly based on the fluorescence intensity of the mCherry reporter gene in P. liquidambaris, and two of them were new promoters. The key enzyme chalcone synthase was the limiting step of the pathway. The naringenin and kaempferol pathways were refactored and activated with the titers of naringenin and kaempferol of 121.53 mg/L and 75.38 mg/L in P. liquidambaris using fed-batch fermentation, respectively. This study will be efficient and helpful for the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites.

Источник: https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acssynbio.1c00205

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Nitrile rubber

Chemical compound

Nitrile rubber, also known as nitrile butadiene rubber, NBR, Buna-N, and acrylonitrile butadiene rubber, is a synthetic rubber derived from acrylonitrile (ACN) and butadiene.[1] Trade names include Perbunan, Nipol, Krynac and Europrene. This rubber is unusual in being resistant to oil, fuel, and other chemicals.

NBR is used in the automotive and aeronautical industry to make fuel and oil handling hoses, seals, grommets, and self-sealing fuel tanks.[2] It is used in the nuclear industry to make protective gloves. NBR's stability at high temperatures from −40 to 108 °C (−40 to 226 °F) makes it an ideal material for aeronautical applications. Nitrile butadiene is also used to produce moulded goods, footwear, adhesives, sealants, sponges, expanded foams, and floor mats.

Its resilience makes NBR a useful material for disposable lab, cleaning, and examination gloves. Nitrile rubber is more resistant than natural rubber to oils and acids, and has superior strength, but has inferior flexibility. Nitrile gloves are therefore more puncture-resistant than natural rubber gloves, especially if the latter are degraded by exposure to chemicals or ozone.[citation needed] Nitrile rubber is less likely to cause an allergic reaction than natural rubber.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Nitrile rubber was developed in 1931 at BASF and Bayer, then part of chemical conglomerate IG Farben. The first commercial production began in Germany in 1935.[3]

Production[edit]

Krynac 33110 F nitrile rubber bales

Emulsifier (soap), acrylonitrile, various butadiene monomers (including 1,3-butadiene, 1,2-butadiene), radical generating activators, and a catalyst are added to polymerization vessels in the production of hot NBR. Water serves as the reaction medium within the vessel. The tanks are heated to 30–40 °C to facilitate the polymerization reaction and to promote branch formation in the polymer. Because several monomers capable of propagating the reaction are involved in the production of nitrile rubber the composition of each polymer can vary (depending on the concentrations of each monomer added to the polymerization tank and the conditions within the tank). One repeating unit found throughout the entire polymer may not exist. For this reason there is also no IUPAC name for the general polymer.

Monomers are usually permitted to react for 5 to 12 hours. Polymerization is allowed to proceed to ~70% conversion before a “shortstop” agent (such as dimethyldithiocarbamate and diethyl hydroxylamine) is added to react with the remaining free radicals. Once the resultant latex has “shortstopped”, the unreacted monomers are removed through a steam in a slurry stripper. Recovery of unreacted monomers is close to 100%. After monomer recovery, latex is sent through a series of filters to remove unwanted solids and then sent to the blending tanks where it is stabilized with an antioxidant. The yielded polymer latex is coagulated using calcium nitrate, aluminium sulfate, and other coagulating agents in an aluminium tank. The coagulated substance is then washed and dried into crumb rubber.

The process for the production of cold NBR is very similar to that of hot NBR. Polymerization tanks are heated to 5–15 °C instead of 30–40 °C. Under lower temperature conditions, less branching will form on polymers (the amount of branching distinguishes cold NBR from hot NBR).

Properties[edit]

The raw material is typically yellow, although it can also be orange or red tinted, depending on the manufacturer. Its elongation at break is ≥ 300% and possesses a tensile strength of ≥ 10 N/mm2 (10 MPa). NBR has good resistance to mineral oils, vegetable oils, benzene/petrol, ordinary diluted acids and alkalines.

An important factor in the properties of NBR is the ratio of acrylonitrile groups to butadiene groups in the polymer backbone, referred to as the ACN content. The lower the ACN content, the lower the glass transition temperature; however, the higher the ACN content, the better resistance the polymer will have to nonpolar solvents as mentioned above.[4] Most applications requiring both solvent resistance and low temperature flexibility require an ACN content of 33%.

Property Value
Appearance
Hardness, Shore A30–90
Tensile failure stress, ultimate 500-2500 PSI
Elongation after fracture in % 600% maximum
Density Can be compounded around 1.00 g/cm3

Applications[edit]

A disposable nitrile rubber glove.

The uses of nitrile rubber include disposable non-latex gloves, automotive transmission belts, hoses, O-rings, gaskets, oil seals, V belts, synthetic leather, printer's form rollers, and as cable jacketing; NBR latex can also be used in the preparation of adhesives and as a pigment binder.[5]

Unlike polymers meant for ingestion, where small inconsistencies in chemical composition/structure can have a pronounced effect on the body, the general properties of NBR are insensitive to composition. The production process itself is not overly complex; the polymerization, monomer recovery, and coagulation processes require some additives and equipment, but they are typical of the production of most rubbers. The necessary apparatus is simple and easy to obtain. Among the highest producers of NBR are China and Taiwan.

In January 2008, the European Commission imposed fines totaling €34,230,000 on the Bayer and Zeon groups for fixing prices for nitrile butadiene rubber, in violation of the EU ban on cartels and restrictive business practices (Article 81 of the EC Treaty and Article 53 of the EEA Agreement).[6]

Hydrogenated nitrile butadiene rubber (HNBR)[edit]

Hydrogenated nitrile butadiene rubber (HNBR) is produced by hydrogenation of NBR. Doing so removes the olefinic groups, which are vulnerable to chemical degradation. Typically, Wilkinson's catalyst is used to promote the hydrogenation. The nitrile groups are unaffected. The degree of hydrogenation determines the kind of vulcanization that can be applied to the polymer.[7]

Also known as highly saturated nitrile (HSN), HNBR is widely known for its physical strength and retention of properties after long-term exposure to heat, oil, and chemicals. Trade names include Zhanber (Lianda Corporation), Therban (Arlanxeo [8]), and Zetpol (Zeon Chemical). It is commonly used Grammarly 1.5.76 Crack With Patch [All Browser] Full PC Software 2021 manufacture O-rings for automotive air-conditioning systems.[9] Other applications include timing belts, dampers, servo hoses, membranes, and seals.[10]

Depending on filler selection and loading, HNBR compounds typically have tensile strengths of 20–31 MPa at 23 °C. Compounding techniques allow for HNBR to be used over a broad temperature range, −40 °C to 165 °C, with minimal degradation over long periods of time. For low-temperature performance, low ACN grades should be used; high-temperature performance can be obtained by using highly saturated HNBR grades with white fillers. As a group, HNBR elastomers have excellent resistance to common automotive fluids (e.g., engine oil, coolant, fuel, etc.).

The unique properties and higher temperature rating attributed to HNBR when compared to NBR has resulted in wide adoption of HNBR in automotive, industrial, and assorted, performance-demanding applications. On a volume basis, the automotive market is the largest consumer, using HNBR for a host of dynamic and static seals, hoses, and belts. HNBR has also been widely employed in industrial sealing for oil field exploration and processing, as well as rolls for steel and paper mills.

Carboxylated nitrile butadiene rubber (XNBR)[edit]

An alternative version of NBR is carboxylated nitrile butadiene rubber (XNBR). XNBR is a terpolymer of butadiene, acrylonitrile, and acrylic acid.[11] The presence of the acrylic acid introduces carboxylic acid groups (RCO2H). These groups allow crosslinking through the addition of zinc (Zn2+) additives. The carboxyl groups are present at levels of 10% or less. In addition to these ionic crosslinks, traditional sulfur vulcanization is applied.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^Threadingham, Desmond; Obrecht, Werner; Wieder, Wolfgang; Wachholz, Gerhard; Engehausen, Rüdiger (2011). "Rubber, 3. Synthetic Rubbers, Introduction and Overview". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. doi:10.1002/14356007.a23_239.pub5.
  2. ^Ceresana. "Synthetic Rubber - Study: Market, Analysis - Ceresana". www.ceresana.com. Archived from the original on 4 November 2017. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  3. ^"History of the synthetic rubber industry". ICIS Explore. 2008-05-12. Retrieved 2021-01-29.
  4. ^"Archived copy"(PDF). Archived from the original(PDF) on 2015-06-15. Retrieved 2014-07-25.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^Zerka, Sam (23 January 2012). "What is Nitrile?". Lab Supply Blog. Harmony.
  6. ^Simon Zekaria (23 January 2008). "Bayer, Zeon fined 34.2 mln eur for synthetic rubber cartel activity". Forbes. AFX News.
  7. ^Wang, Hui; Yang, Lijuan; Rempel, Garry L. (2013). "Homogeneous Hydrogenation Art of Nitrile Butadiene Rubber: A Review". Polymer Reviews. 53 (2): 192–239. doi:10.1080/15583724.2013.776586. S2CID 96720306.
  8. ^"THERBAN -The high-performance HNBR". www.therban.com. Archived from the original on 18 March JP Software Take Command 27.01.23 (x64) With Crack Download. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  9. ^"Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-28. Retrieved 2012-05-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^Wrana, Claus; Reinartz, Klaus; Winkelbach, Hans R. (2001). "Therban® – the High Performance Elastomer for the New Millennium". Macromolecular Materials and Engineering. 286 (11): 657. doi:10.1002/1439-2054(20011101)286:11<657::AID-MAME657>3.0.CO;2-2.
  11. ^Laskowska, A.; Zaborski, M.; Boiteux, G.; Gain, O.; Marzec, A.; Maniukiewicz, W. (2014). "Ionic elastomers based on carboxylated nitrile rubber (XNBR) and magnesium aluminum layered double hydroxide (Hydrotalcite)". Express Polymer Letters. 8 (6): 374–386. doi:10.3144/expresspolymlett.2014.42.
Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nitrile_rubber

1: GENERAL

1:   GENERAL

1.0    WARNING: Racing is Exceedingly Taxing, both Physically and Mentally. The longer you remain in the car, the more intense this taxation may be. When driving a racecar, you’ll be exposed to extreme (both high and low) temperatures; to dense smoke and fumes; to intense shocks and vibration; to very loud noises; and to a variety of other unusual, exhausting, confusing, and stressful conditions. EVEN IF YOU THINK YOU’RE IN EXCELLENT HEALTH, TELL YOUR DOCTOR WHAT YOU’RE PLANNING TO DO; GET A FULL PRE-COMPETITION PHYSICAL EXAM BEFORE YOU START RACING; AND ESTABLISH A REGULAR SCHEDULE FOR RE-TESTS!

1.1    Organizers Decisions: Organizers’ decisions are final. If you don’t like it, tough. Get your own race.

1.2    Unsafe Vehicles and/or Drivers: At Organizers’ discretion, any unsafe car or driver may be removed from the event at any time.

1.3    Refunds, Entry-Fee Transfers, and Compensation for Loss: There are none. Forget it. It ain’t gonna happen. You get zip. Squat. Nada. Can’t get your act together? Tough nuts. T-boned on Lap One? Listen to the crickets. Abducted by space aliens? Boo-hoo, L. Ron. Jay ran you over in his RV? Then you shouldn’t have been…wait a minute…okay, that actually might be our fault.

1.4    Claiming Race: At the end of the competition, the Organizers—and nobody else, you lazy, better-car-wantin’ bastids—may elect to purchase any vehicle from its owner(s) for $500. In 80 races and counting, we’ve claimed cars precisely twice. Don’t piss us off so much that we raise that to three.

1.5    Winners and Prizes: Classes are assigned (a.k.a., pulled from our butts) during tech inspection based on the judges’ best guesses; post-assignment whining gets you kicked into the next faster Class. Winners may be paid in nickels, dollars, rubles, or some other painfully inconvenient currency:

  • Class A (for cars with a prayer of winning) soaks up $400.
  • Class B (for cars with a prayer of finishing) walks off with $500
  • Class C (for cars with no prayer of finishing) drags away $600.
  • Index of Effluency (as determined by a super-secret equation including vehicle age, general hooptieness, reliability of country of origin, unlikelihood of success, and the Organizers’ whim) receives $601, plus a free entry in the team’s next race.
  • Halloween Meets Gasoline Prize: Best team theme / car theme / car build / costumes gets the Halloween Meets Gasoline trophy + $1000 (effective 1/1/22).
  • The first full-EV to win a 24 Hours of Lemons endurance race overall receives $50,000 in nickels.

1.6    Your Car May Be Destroyed at Any Time: This is racing. Accidents and other unfortunate boo-boos happen. We don’t crush stuff anymore, but that was never the point; the point was, you should never bring a car to the track if you aren’t ready to lose it there.

1.7    Right of Publicity: You and your brilliant, pithy utterances may be photographed, recorded, or otherwise reproduced and reused whenever and wherever the heck the Organizers like (including but not limited to television, internet, social media, magazines, radio, biblical apocrypha, CinemaScope epics, and cave paintings). You won’t get a penny unless somebody sees it and buys you a coffee. If you’re not comfortable with that, wear a Mexican wrestler mask and/or stay home.

1.8    No Cruisin’ or Stuntin’ or Splodin’: Race vehicles must remain parked from one hour after the track goes cold. No firearms or fireworks may be used on track property. No “razor”-type scooters allowed. Ever. Appropriate lights are required on ALL moving vehicles after dark.

1.9    No Drones or Other Aircraft: Sorry, the insurance people insist—no (intentionally) flying machines allowed onsite.

1.10    This is Inclusive Racing: If you’ve got a problem with somebody’s culture, color, backstory, or naughty bits, do us a favor and go somewhere else. Other series will put up with you. We won’t.

2:   ELIGIBILITY

2.1    Vehicle Eligibility: Entry limited to mass-produced, four-wheeled vehicles legal for U.S. highway use at the time of their manufacture. Vehicles must be acquired and prepared for a maximum of $500 (exclusive of safety gear) as described in Section 4 and must meet all safety standards laid out in Section 3. The vehicle’s original, manufacturer-stated curb weight may not exceed 4200 pounds. Individual vehicle waivers may be granted; just don’t ask about Peterbilts, Zambonis, sidecars, or golf carts again. We already said no.

2.2    Driver Eligibility: All drivers must have a valid U.S. or International driver’s license and a valid Lemons Competition Membership at the time of the race. Lemons Competition Memberships are good for one year from the date of purchase. No other competition licenses are recognized or reciprocated.

2.2.1     Drivers Under 18: Drivers under 18 years of age must get a notarized letter of permission from their parents or legal guardians and signed waiver. You might also want to ask said parents or legal guardians why they’d ever allow you to do this; it probably means they’ve been poaching your college fund.

2.2.2     No Passengers Allowed: Due to the strident insistence of the Fun Police, no passengers are allowed.

2.3    Tire Eligibility: DOT-approved street tires only, minimum treadwear rating 190, factory cast into sidewall; no exceptions.

2.4    Whiner Eligibility. Whiners are not eligible to compete. If you believe that you might be a whiner, please check with a domestic partner, guardian, or healthcare professional before getting the rest of your team kicked the hell out of the race.

 

3:   SAFETY

3.1    GENERAL SAFETY RULES

3.1.1     All vehicles must meet all safety standards laid out in this Section and must pass tech inspection prior to each race. Vehicles that do not meet these standards are ineligible to race in Lemons.

3.1.2     General Tech Inspection. Tech inspection (also called “Lemons Safety Inspection”) is in no way a certification, representation, or guarantee that your crappy old vehicle is fit or safe to drive. Each team is solely responsible for determining its vehicle’s safety, fitness to race, and compliance with Lemons’ rules. The team rep shepherding the car through Tech Inspection must be a legal adult and have sufficient knowledge of the vehicle to certify that it meets each and all of the representations made on Lemons’ Tech Sheet.

3.1.3     Drivers Meeting. All drivers are required to attend the drivers meeting before the first (and sometimes second) race day.

3.1.4     Rookie Meeting. All newbies are required to attend the rookie meeting no later than the night before the first race day of their first race. Rookie meeting may or may not be held virtually; follow the instructions on the event page. For most veteran racers, it would be a good idea for you to attend, too. You’re not Mario Andretti.

3.2    MANDATORY SAFETY GEAR

3.2.1     Driver’s Helmet. Undamaged, full-face Type SA helmet, Snell SA2015 or newer, mandatory. FIA 8860-2000 certification is also acceptable. No open-face or hybrid helmets allowed. Complete, closable, working visors must be intact and in place. Type M (in other words, any motorcycle helmets) and other non-SA helmets are not allowed. Don’t know if your helmet qualifies? Gently peel back the inner padding to find the Type stamp; if it doesn’t have an original, orange-letter, hologram-backed “SA” or FIA sticker, you’re boned.

3.2.2     Head and Neck Restraint. All drivers must wear SFI 38.1-rated or FIA 8858-rated head-and-neck protection. Multiple drivers can share a single unit, but fit, adjustment, mounting, and connections must be correct for all drivers. Foam collars (and all other non-SFI- or FIA-rated devices) are not allowed. All head-and-neck system bodies, tethers, and other components must be in sound, undamaged, un-frayed condition and must be inspected, recertified, and/or replaced on their manufacturers’ recommended schedule. (The schedule for bodies and tethers is typically but not always once every five years.) Make sure you learn and follow your devices’ particular schedules!

3.2.3     Fire-Retardant Clothing. Full SFI 3.2A-; or SFI 3.4-; or FIA 8856-2000; or FIA 8856-2018-certified fire-retardant driving suits must be worn by all drivers at all times while inside the car. If using a single-layer SFI 3.2A/1 or 3.2A/3 suit, driver must also wear fire-retardant SFI- or FIA-certified long underwear. Multilayer suits rated SFI 3.2A/5 or higher (including SFI 3.4/5) are highly recommended and may be worn without long underwear. Fire-retardant FIA- or SFI-rated racing gloves, shoes, and socks are required. And yeah, while they may very well be superior, military-spec or firefighter suits are not FIA- or SFI-rated, so we can’t accept them.

3.2.4     Other Undergarments. Shirts and other undergarments made of synthetic material (including nylon, orlon, Spandex, etc.) will melt to the skin in a fire and are strictly forbidden.

3.2.5     No Holes. If your safety gear has holes in it, fire and heat can get in. We don’t want you to get crispy, so gear with rips, tears, or holes will not pass tech. Buy your cheap ass some new stuff.

3.2.6     Arm Restraints. Arm restraints are required when driving an open T-Top or convertible.

3.3    FUELING RULES

3.3.1     Fueling and Pit Stops.

3.3.1.1     Fueling locations vary by track but are typically either in the hot pits or the paddock, or from the track’s permanent pumps. The fueling location is covered for each track at the Drivers Meeting. Participants are responsible for knowing all fueling rules and accepted locations.

3.3.1.2     Hot Pit and Paddock Fueling. Except from the track’s gas-station-type pumps if provided, all fueling must be done from handheld, gravity-fed, 5-gallon-or-less jugs that were purpose-built by a factory for storing and transferring the fuel being used. Fuel jugs must be leak-free at all times. No beer kegs, plastic trash cans, shopping bags, used Faygo 2-liters, or other homemade contraptions allowed. During fueling, the kill switch must be off; no one can be in the car; no one can be entering or exiting the car; and NO other work may be done. At least two crew members must participate in fueling, all wearing the same safety gear as a driver. Visors must be down. At least one team member must have a fire extinguisher in hand, ready to shoot, aimed at the fueler(s). All fueling must be done over a asphalt 9 apk license check removed - Free Activators, fuel-compatible drip pan provided by the team. Everyone entering the hot pits must be wearing the same safety gear as the driver. Other than adding ice to a driver-cooling system and cleaning the windshield, no other work may be performed in the hot pits (no fluid or tire checks, no screwing with the camera, etc.). Fueling locations vary by track and are covered at the Drivers Meeting.

3.3.1.3     Track Pump Fueling. When fueling is performed at the track’s permanent pumps, fuel may only be delivered from the track’s permanent pumps, not from team fuel jugs. No one may be in the car, and the kill switch must be off. Because the track’s permanent pumps operate similar to pumps at a gas station, fuelers are not required to wear driver safety gear (but hey–couldn’t hurt).  At least one team member must have a fire extinguisher in hand, ready to shoot, aimed at the fueler or fuelers.

3.3.2     Fuel Spills. Fuel spills should be quickly diluted with water or Cold Fire. Gasoline eats asphalt, so don’t let it sit! Officials are happy to give you free clean-up supplies—come find one ASAP.

3.3.3     Fluid Spills and Disposal. Please prevent and contain fluid spills. If you do spill, come to Lemons HQ or alert any track official ASAP. We’ll help you get it cleaned up. Most tracks have environmentally safe disposal stations onsite—ask Lemons HQ or any track official for locations.

3.3.4     No Fuel in Garages. Fuel storage and fueling aren’t allowed in covered buildings. Keep your fuel in a secure, shady place outside the garage, and always refuel your hooptie in the open air.

3.4    GENERAL VEHICLE REGULATIONS

3.4.1     Minimum Wheelbase. The minimum acceptable wheelbase is 82 inches (as delivered by the factory). Cars with smaller wheelbases may be granted a waiver by Lemons after extensive review of the team’s construction and safety plans, but such waivers are exceedingly unlikely. (These plans inevitably require extensive, high-quality engineering; lots of new material; and huge amounts of high-quality fabrication. If you’re the least bit shy on talent, dedication, or budget, it’s better to pick something else.)

3.4.2     OE Crush Structures. Modifications that reduce the size and/or effectiveness of OE crush structures—including but not limited to shortening or removing frame rails or unibody structures outside the wheelbase—are discouraged in the strongest possible terms. Cars with compromised OE crush structures are exceedingly likely to fail tech. Non-OE replacement crush structures are not an acceptable substitute; you and your stick welder ain’t NHTSA.

3.4.3     No Gullwings. Or Lambo doors, or anything else that will trap you inside when you roll.

3.5    ROLL CAGE REGULATIONS

3.5.1     General Rollbar and Structure. Professional-quality full roll cage required. A poorly built, improperly mounted, or badly engineered roll cage will keep you from racing: Don’t show up with crap! Cages originally created as bolt-ins are not allowed. At minimum, cage must include: Full front and rear hoop, appropriately braced to each other along the roofline (halo type and side/downbar type are also acceptable); dual door bars on each side of the car (X-design is acceptable); not fewer than two main-hoop backstays with no bends, located as close to 45 degrees from horizontal as practical; not less than one main-hoop diagonal; appropriate spreader plates and gussets; complete 360-degree welds at all joints, including all car-to-cage joints. Each major load-bearing member must be formed from a single, continuous tube. Shoulder-harness bars are necessary for proper shoulder-harness mounting in nearly all applications (the harness-to-bar attachment point must be between zero and 15 degrees lower than the harness’s seat-entry point). Dash bars are very strongly encouraged. On all sides, all drivers’ helmeted heads must be at least two inches inside the area enclosed by the cage. For simple illustrations, check out Lemons’ “HOW TO NOT FAIL LEMONS TECH INSPECTION” PDF

3.5.1.1     Rollbar Tubing and Spreader-Plate Specs. Minimum tubing size for cars weighing under 3000 pounds as raced is 1.50″x .120″or 1.75″x .095″. Cars weighing over 3000 pounds as raced must use a minimum tubing size of 1.75″x .120″. Properly bent, racecar-grade and -quality tubing is mandatory: no stretched or crushed bends allowed. DOM mild steel is very strongly recommended over ERW (seamed) tubing. All spreader plates must be mild steel, at least 24 square inches, and at least .125” thick.

3.5.1.2     What Do You Mean By All That Mumbo-Jumbo? Don’t understand any of the above? See where it states “professional-quality”? If you don’t understand this, you really shouldn’t be doing this yourself.

3.5.1.3     Rollbar Padding. All roll cage tubing located wherever a driver may likely contact the tube in a crash—head, knees, elbows, etc.—must be padded with high-density rollbar padding.

3.5.1.4     Roll Cage Attachment to Vehicle.  All attachment points on the vehicle must be selected and reinforced as necessary so that, in an accident, the cage will not punch through, tear, or grossly distort the attachment point. Contour-following spreader plates; backing panels; gussets; and/or other reinforcing elements are generally required to meet this goal. Cages mounted to rusty, thin, under-supported, or otherwise stupid attachment points will flunk tech immediately.

3.5.1.5     Rear and Front Limits of Roll Cage. No backstay, spreader plate, tube, or other roll cage element can extend past the rear edge of the back tire or centerline of the front axle. (In exceptionally rare cases, very tiny cars may require a different solution–contact Lemons HQ well in advance.) Separate structures to protect fuel tanks, etc., are allowed behind the rear tires, but they can’t be attached to the roll cage and can’t allow rear-impact loads to be transferred to the roll cage.

3.5.1.6     Main-Hoop Angle and Backstay Location. Main hoop must have no forward angle and between zero and ten degrees maximum rearward angle. The top edge of (at least two) backstays must attach to the main hoop no more than six inches below the hoop’s highest point, and the outside edge of (at least two) backstays must attach no more than 1/3 of the way in from the hoop’s widest point. 

3.5.1.7     Door Bars. Whether the door bars are parallel or X-shaped, the top edge of the highest bar and bottom edge of the lowest bar must be at least 7.5 vertical inches apart at both ends. All cars must have passenger-side door bars meeting the same requirements (though not necessarily using the same design) as driver’s-side door bars. S-bends in door bars are strongly discouraged; please contact Lemons HQ if you think you cannot install door bars without S-bends.

3.6    VEHICLE INTERIOR REGULATIONS

3.6.1     Driver’s Seat

3.6.1.1     General Driver’s Seat Regs. Driver’s seatback must reach above middle of helmet or higher. One-piece, purpose-built racing seats with properly located, factory-provided shoulder-harness holes are mandatory. Molded plastic seats of ABS or similar material are not allowed. All seats must be very securely mounted to the floor or cage to avoid separation during a crash. All seatbacks must be restrained against rearward failure.

3.6.1.2     Seats with Seatback Braces. Permanently attached seatback braces are very strongly recommended but must always be appropriate to the seat type. A mismatched seat/seatback-brace combination can damage the seat or seriously injure the driver. Confer with the seat’s manufacturer to choose the correct brace. The plate where the seatback brace meets the seatback must be properly located to encompass the seat’s main structural elements, and large enough not to push through the seat in a crash or otherwise concentrate loads on the driver.

3.6.1.3     Seats Without Seatback Braces. If a seatback brace is not used, a strong, seat-width element such as a shoulder-harness bar must be located within six inches of the seatback to prevent the seat from failing rearward.

3.6.1.4     Solid Mounting. All seats, including seats on adjustable tracks, must show minimal looseness and no back-and-forth free play.

3.6.1.5     Seat and Headrest Strength. All seats must be strong enough to withstand major impacts from any angle. The headrest area must be strong enough not to bend in a heavy rear impact.

3.6.2     Driver’s Harness

3.6.2.1     Five- or Six-Point Harnesses Mandatory. Five- or six-point harnesses are mandatory, including a fifth or fifth/sixth “anti-submarine” belt. All harnesses must be in excellent, near-new condition, properly mounted, and carry SFI or FIA approval tags. Harnesses with expiration dates are not valid after the expiration date. Harnesses with a manufacture date but no expiration date are acceptable for two years after manufacture. Shoulder harnesses must be two totally separate belts with separate mounting points (i.e., single-point Y-belts are not allowed). When viewed from above, shoulder harnesses should be closer at their mounting points than at their seat-entry points. All lap belts must be standard 2-inch or 3-inch width.

3.6.2.2     Harness Mounting Hardware. SAE Grade 8 or Metric Nut Class 8.8 or better hardware and 2.5-inch or larger load washers are required when mounting to sheet metal.

3.6.2.3     Anti-Submarine Belt Mounting. Anti-submarine belt(s) should be mounted in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions.

3.6.2.4     Harness Routing. Belts should be routed and threaded as shown in Lemons’ “HOW TO NOT FAIL LEMONS TECH INSPECTION” PDF, with at least a 4-inch tail. All sliders should be snugged up to their mounting plates or harness bars as much as possible. Belts should be neatly and evenly folded when passing through narrower hardware, such as 3-inch belts passing through 2-inch mounting plates.

3.6.2.5     Snap-Type Harness Ends. On snap-end-type belt mounts, restrain the snap arm with a cotter pin or safety wire through the hole in the arm.

3.6.3     Onboard Fire Suppression System. A fully charged, securely mounted SFI 17.1- or FIA 8865 Technical List 16- or Technical List 52-certified onboard fire-suppression system is mandatory. Minimum acceptable is a 4-liter or 2.25-kilo; larger volumes are recommended. All fire-suppression systems and components must be installed to homologation documentation and manufacturer instructions. Per SFI and FiA mandate, all systems must be serviced every two years by the manufacturer or its authorized service agent and must carry an active service or maintenance label showing the last-service date and service-due date. At least one activation mechanism must be within easy reach of the belted-in driver; an additional mechanism accessible from outside the car is strongly recommended. All activation mechanisms must be clearly indicated with a standard red-and-white “E” symbol. Before entering the track, the system must be fully ready to activate: Any mechanical safety pins must be removed; electrical control boxes must be powered on; and any other impediment to activation must be eliminated. Teams are solely responsible for ensuring the proper installation, inspection, maintenance, and operation of all fire-suppression systems.

3.6.4     Window Nets and Driver Egress. Window nets are not mandatory. While a window net can provide hand and arm protection in a rollover, it can also contribute to injury or death in a fire. If you decide to use one, it is critical that all of your drivers are well practiced at removing the net. It is also critical that they are well practiced at releasing belts, cooling tubes, radio wires, and any other attachments quickly. All drivers must be able to exit the car rapidly under potentially life-threatening conditions. IT IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT THAT EVERY TEAM MEMBER PRACTICE EMERGENCY CAR ESCAPES BEFORE RACING!

3.6.5     Fix Sharp Edges. Sharp edges in any location—but especially in and around the cockpit—must be rolled, removed, or securely covered.

3.6.6     Fuel, Oil, and Coolant in the Cockpit. Any fuel, oil, or coolant reservoirs or lines asphalt 9 apk license check removed - Free Activators are exposed to or pass through the driving compartment must be encased by heavy-duty conduit, durable steel or aluminum pipe, or strong metal plate. OE metal lines in good condition in their original location are exempt from this rule, but encasement is still recommended.

3.6.7     No Airbags. All airbags must be disarmed and removed, and all airbag housings must be open for inspection at tech. (Remember, airbag removal can be really dangerous—please try not to blow your damn fool head off. If you don’t know what you’re doing, call in an expert. Let him blow HIS damn fool head off.)

3.6.8     Cockpit De-Scuzzification. Anything loose in the cockpit can be a deadly missile in a crash; remove or secure any loose items. Loose wiring can cause fires and interfere with the driver; remove or secure all unnecessary wiring, hoses, and cables. Carpets, insulation, and plastics will burn quickly and release poisonous fumes; strip as much of these out of the cockpit as practical. Large items like cool-suit chests must be extremely well secured by purpose-built metal retainers or at least two very well secured, heavy-duty, fully ratcheting tie-down straps.

3.7    ELECTRICAL & MECHANICAL REGULATIONS

3.7.1     Master Electrical Kill Switch. All cars must have a racing-type master electrical kill switch easily turned both off and on by the belted-in driver. The control for this switch should be red; the OFF position should be clearly indicated; the switch should be easily accessible from outside the car; and the switch should be clearly marked by a three-inch or larger lightning-bolt symbol. All electricity, including the battery, charging, and ignition circuits, must be interrupted by the kill switch. Don’t put the switch where it’s likely to be hit by another car in traffic or crushed in an accident. All exposed posts and connections must be insulated with electrical tape, rubber caps, or other non-conductive material.

3.7.2     General Battery.

3.7.2.1     Secure Your Batteries. All batteries must be fully secured via proper, purpose-built battery brackets, battery frames, or factory body mounts. The top of the battery must be held down by at least one piece of substantial metal that’s strongly retained on both ends, and there must be absolutely no relative movement between the battery and the rest of the car. Rubber crossbars, Zip ties, bungee cords, duct tape, macramé plant holders, and other lame workarounds won’t asphalt 9 apk license check removed - Free Activators it. Batteries located in, or visible from, the passenger compartment must be AGM-type or contained in a sealed battery box.

3.7.2.2     Battery and Other Electrical Terminals. All “hot” terminals on batteries, kill switches, and at other exposed points must be covered with insulating material. Rubber terminal covers and/or well-wrapped electrical tape are acceptable. Duct tape is NOT acceptable.

3.8    FUEL SYSTEM REGULATIONS

3.8.1     General Fuel System Regs. All fuel systems, including OE fuel tanks and aftermarket fuel cells, must be sound and in good working order. Maximum allowed capacity is 24 gallons or less. Fuel containers must be completely behind, or completely in front of, the driver (unless OE parts in their OE locations). No second fuel containers allowed (unless OE parts in their OE locations). OE tanks must retain all OE systems (filler, mounts, vents, etc.); all OE tanks and systems must be wholly unmodified.

3.8.2     Definition of “Fuel Cell”. For Lemons, a fuel cell has all of the following: a) a professionally made, purpose-built metal container; b) deformable, puncture-resistant inner vessel and/or bladder; and c) fuel-resistant anti-splash foam. Anything else is just a big bucket o’ gas, despite what its El Cheapo maker may call it. These units are EXTREMELY unlikely to pass tech.

3.8.3     Aftermarket Fuel Cells Versus OE Fuel Tanks. Fuel cells are allowed, but they are NOT mandatory. Don’t make the rookie mistake of assuming that anything billed as a “fuel cell” is safer than a sound OE fuel tank. High-quality, professionally constructed, correctly installed fuel cells tend to be safer than OE tanks; cheap and/or poorly installed fuel cells tend to be less safe than OE tanks.

3.8.4     Fuel Cell Installation. If you decide to install a fuel cell, it must be securely mounted in a professional manner and must be installed in a safe location where it won’t be damaged in an impact or drag on the ground if the car leaves the track—in other words, not too far back, and not too low down. All aftermarket fuel components must use threaded fittings and appropriate hose types, and must include all appropriate racecar-quality vents, valves, and other safety features. Fuel cell installations will be judged on their overall execution and apparent safety.

3.8.4.1     Fuel Cell Safety Structure. Fuel cells must not be unduly exposed to impacts. Cells that are very close to the edge of the car; poorly protected by the OE structure; very close to the ground; and/or otherwise highly exposed are extremely likely to fail tech. One or more of the following may improve safety and greatly increase your chances of passing: 1) sturdy OE bumpers; 2) a strong, well mounted, tank/cell-protecting cage that is totally separate from the main roll cage; 3) moving the cell someplace safer.

3.8.4.2     Fuel Cell Vent Lines. All fuel cell vent line(s) must end in a safe location that is lower than the bottom of the fuel cell. (This helps prevent siphoning when you go upside-down and your cell’s crappy check valve fails).

3.8.4.3     Filler Hoses and Attachments. All fuel cell filler systems must be constructed of professionally made, purpose-built wire- or nylon-reinforced fuel-filler tubing and professional-quality, purpose-built fasteners, fittings, and attachments.

3.8.4.4     Fuel Lines in Cockpit: In addition to complying with Rule 3.6.6., any non-OE fuel lines that are exposed to or pass through the driving compartment must be either fuel hard line or stainless braided fuel hose and must also be encased by heavy-duty conduit, durable steel or aluminum pipe, or strong metal plate. OE metal lines in good condition in their original location are exempt from this rule, but encasement is still recommended.

3.8.4.5     OE Tank Removal. If you fit a fuel cell, the OE fuel tank(s) must be removed from the car.

3.8.6     Fuel Bulkhead. The fuel-container area must be totally separated from the driving compartment. For example, if the fuel container is in the trunk area, any openings between the trunk and the cockpit must be permanently sealed with bolted, riveted, or welded metal panels. OE fuel tanks that are separate from, and located completely below, the trunk floor or rear cabin floor are acceptable. If the fuel container can’t be completely separated from the cockpit by metal panels, a metal-encased, FIA-certified fuel cell with all related compliant fittings must be used.

3.8.7     Zero Tolerance for Fuel Leaks. Get your fuel system in good working order! If any staff member sees a suspect leak, you will be immediately black-flagged and sent to the tech shed. You will have ONLY ONE CHANCE to completely repair any fuel leak. If there is a second instance of leakage, regardless of cause, your car must be permanently removed from the race. No exceptions.

3.8.8     No Goofy Fuels. No methanol. No propane or other compressed fuels. Gasoline, mass-market gasoline blends, diesel, and vegetable oil are fine. Hybrids and full electrics may be accepted but contact us first before building.

3.8.9     Fuel System Inspection and Maintenance. All fuel systems and fuel-system components must meet their manufacturer-recommended inspection, certification, re-certification, and replacement schedules. Teams should be prepared to provide proof of compliance upon demand at tech.

3.9    EXHAUST SYSTEM REGULATIONS

3.9.1     General Exhaust System Regs. A professional-quality exhaust system is required. Exhaust outlets and tubing must be designed, routed, and maintained to avoid heating the fuel container and/or fuel system components. FUEL HEATING IS EXTREMELY DANGEROUS AND MUST BE AVOIDED AT ALL TIMES!

3.9.2     Exhaust System Construction. Exhaust system must include at least two professional-quality flexible exhaust hangers (i.e., not baling wire or plumber’s tape) aft of the collector. All exhaust joints must be properly slip-jointed, properly bolted or welded, and must not leak.

3.9.3     Tailpipe Location. Exhaust system may not dump ahead of the driver and must not allow undue levels of exhaust to reach the driver’s compartment. Exhaust pipes may not end more than six inches inside the edge of the body (i.e., side pipes and tailpipes are fine, whereas a pipe that dumps under the middle of the car is not).

3.9.4     Maintain in Due Order. All teams must maintain their exhaust in good condition, without leaks, throughout the event.

3.9.5     Noise Limit. Our noise limit is 92dB @50 feet @ W.O.T. What that boils down to is no straight pipes allowed; please use at least one muffler or resonator. With these heaps, a single Cherry Bomb or Supertrapp is usually plenty.

3.10    REGULATIONS REGARDING THE EXTERIOR OF YOUR CLAPTRAP

3.10.1     Windshields. A sturdy, driver-protecting windshield is required; if glass, it must be OE-type. Real polycarbonate (a.k.a. “lexan”) or strong, securely mounted steel mesh is also acceptable. Acrylic (a.k.a. “plexiglass”) and all other non-polycarbonate plastics are not allowed. All non-OE windshields must be thick enough and suitably braced to resist a heavy object striking the windshield at speed.

3.10.2     Bad-Weather Visibility. It’s your job to figure out which bad-weather visibility aids will be most useful for your car. Wipers, Rain-X, tear-offs, small squeegee-wielding children tied to the hood, etc., are all acceptable. If your visibility appears compromised during the race for any reason, you may be black- flagged until conditions improve.

3.10.3     Fenders, Doors, and Hoods Required. All cars must have: fenders at all wheels so that no tire surface extends past the body; all doors in place; and OE hoods. Hoods must be securely mounted by OE hardware and/or strong fasteners at all corners.

3.10.4     NUMBERZ R HARD. Numbers must be shown on both sides and also the hood or roof. Car numbers must be at least 12 inches tall and clearly readable. Numbers must be white on black background or vice versa—if you choose another format, you’re just increasing your chances of failing tech. Cars that show up with incorrect, improperly formatted, or otherwise hard-to-read numbers may fail tech instantly, or be black-flagged mid-race if a flagger or timer finds them confusing.

3.10.5     Tow-Strap Locations. Please identify (or add) good, strong, clearly marked tow-strap locations to your car front and rear. Crappy or hard-to-find tow points expose track workers to unnecessary danger! Make all tow points easy to see; big enough for a strap to pass through comfortably; strong enough not to fail under load; and easy to reach without lying down. The faster we can get you hooked up, the faster you can get back on the track. (The word “TOW” with an arrow is acceptable marking.)

3.10.6     Nerf Bars Not Allowed. Added structural elements that extend past the original bodywork line are not allowed. In other words, no nerf bars, wheel-protection cages, or crash bars. (Worried about your car being damaged? Here’s an idea. Don’t hit anyone.)

3.10.7     No Open Sunroofs. All sunroof openings must be covered by either the original metal or composite sunroof panel; a new non-breakable panel securely fixed into place; or securely fixed mesh with openings no larger than 1/2-inch each. Glass T-tops or moonroof must be removed and either replaced with sturdy non-breakable material or all drivers must wear arm restraints.

3.10.8     Open T-tops and Convertibles. Arm restraints are required when driving an open T-top or convertible.

3.10.9     Mirrors. All cars must have at least one interior mirror. Cars with OE-type interior mirrors must also have a driver’s-side exterior mirror. Passenger-side exterior mirrors are optional. Cars with panoramic or “Wink”-type interior mirrors don’t need exterior mirrors but can use them if they like.

3.10.10     Side Windows. All windows, if retained, must be OE-type automotive laminated or tempered glass. Driver- and passenger-side front windows must be removed or left open behind fully encasing door panels.

3.10.11     Exterior Lighting Regulations

3.10.11.1     Brake Lights. At all times, each car must have at least one working brake light that is easily seen from the rear. The light should be located where a mild rear-end impact won’t break or obscure it. Good spots include inside the rear windshield area; on top of the parcel shelf; and on the deck at the base of the rear windshield area. Stock brake lights are fine.

3.10.11.2     No Flashing Lights or Sirens. No working sirens, flashing lights, or similar emergency vehicle stuff allowed. Anything that could make your car be confused for an actual emergency vehicle will get you black-flagged.

3.10.11.3     Required Lights for Night Racing. From dusk to dawn, all cars must have at least two working headlights, one working taillight, and one working brake light. Multifilament tail/brake lights are acceptable. See the Event Page of the race that you’ve entered for additional details.

3.10.11.3.1     While good-quality, properly aimed OE headlights are generally up to the task, aftermarket driving lights are legal. There is no limit on the number of lights, but DON’T OVERTHINK IT: a small number of high-quality, properly mounted, correctly aimed headlights or driving lights is much more effective than a large number of crappy add-ons. Focused pencil-beam LED light bars can be ok if aimed properly, but trophy-truck-style unfocused Light Blaster™ floodlight bars are almost certain to get you black-flagged. If we deem your lights overly dazzling, too dim, badly aimed, or problematic in any other way, you can be removed from the track. Don’t screw around.

3.10.11.3.2     Vehicle numbers must be visible at night. Additional distinctive (preferably goofy-ass, definitely not participant-blinding) running lights are highly encouraged.

3.10.11.3.2     The center of all driving lights must be no higher than 6 inches above the hood line; roof-mounted lights are not allowed.

 

3.11    SAFETY REGS UNDER THE HOOD

3.11.1     Engine Firewall. Gaps or holes in the engine firewall must be sealed up with metal plate or OE-type grommets. If you can see through it, we want it closed up. In addition to the required unbroken firewall between engine and cockpit, rear- and mid-engine cars must have a sturdy rear window or other complete upper barrier for driver protection against fire, hot oil, angry villagers, etc. Metal, heavy polycarbonate (1/4-inch or thicker), and OE glass are all acceptable.

3.11.2     Coolant. Coolant must be water only—no antifreeze, anti-boil, water-wetter, or other additives allowed. (That stuff is slippery—when your car pukes its guts all over the track, we don’t want to be sliding around in it.) A functional catch tank is mandatory.

3.11.3     Collapsible Safety-Type Steering Columns. All steering columns must have a collapsing safety collar, dual-offset U-joints, or similar anti-spear safety feature. (These features were standard on production cars sold in the U.S. from MY ’68 on; earlier vehicles, foreign-market vehicles, and non-OE systems or mounting may require modifications to meet this rule.)

3.12    FULL-EV REGS

3.12.1     Talk to Lemons HQ in Advance. For your EV car to be eligible, you must confer with Lemons HQ before starting fabrication or filing a race registration.

3.12.2     EVs Present Unique and Additional Risks. Full-EV vehicles may expose you and others—including track and rescue personnel—to unique, unexpected, and/or unusual dangers of fire, electrocution, poisoning, increased risk of illness, and other extremely bad things. EVs should only be built, maintained, repaired, and/or operated by those with sufficient expertise to recognize and avoid these and all other EV-related hazards.

3.12.3     Pikes Peak is Smarter Than Us. All full-EV vehicles must meet all PPIHC safety rules for electric cars except those related to audibility. See PPIHC 2021 Rule Book, effective 12 November 2020, section 128.

3.12.4     Electric Drive Components Exempt.

3.12.4.1     All EV-drive-system chargers, batteries, motors, controllers, connectors, and cables do not count toward the $500 price limit. (To inquire about price exemptions for other EV drive-system components and almost certainly be rejected, contact Lemons HQ.)

3.12.4.2     All mechanical components adapted from ICE vehicles for your build (examples include motor mounts, transmissions, differentials, driveshafts, and suspension components) do count toward the $500 price limit.

3.12.5     Win Five and a Half Tons of Money. The first full-EV racecar to win a Lemons endurance race outright will receive a purse of 1 million nickels. Which is also $50,000. Which is also five and a half tons of money. Which will also arrive at your shop in a dump truck.

3.12.6     Weight Limit. Max weight as raced must be no more than 125% of vehicle’s original GVWR.

3.12.7     Voltage Limit. Maximum voltage is 500 volts nominal.

3.12.8     Battery Specs. Each battery pack must include at least: 1 thermistor per every 2kWh; 2 contactors; 1 main fuse; 1 manual kill switch.

3.12.9     BMS Specs. BMS must perform hard shutoff at 60 degrees C; team must be prepared to demonstrate this function before racing, including but not limited to performing at least 10 minutes of hot lapping. BMS must continually monitor high-voltage isolation and perform hard shutoff immediately upon isolation failure.

3.12.10     High-Voltage Indicator and Kill. Each car must carry a high-voltage status indicator that is clearly visible and easily readable from 20 feet minimum; each car must carry a clearly visible and easily operable manual main-kill switch that immediately isolates all high-voltage systems. Team must prove function of indicator and main-kill switch before racing.

3.12.11     Cables, Connectors, Enclosures, and Other HV-Exposed Hardware. All cables, connectors, enclosures, and other hardware exposed to high voltage must be of suitable NEMA or IP grade; designed, engineered, and installed to professional standard; and clearly labeled and/or painted orange.

3.12.12     Charging Plan. All teams must submit a charging plan and receive Lemons’ approval before entering a race.

3.12.13     Battery Location. Except for OE batteries in their OE locations, when viewed from above, all battery packs must be set back at least 9 inches from the nearest outside edge of the body or original body envelope, whichever is more restrictive.

 

4:   VEHICLE PRICE

4.1    Total Investment in Vehicle Can Not Exceed $500: Except for items described in Rules 4.2 and 4.3, the total spent to purchase and prepare any car may not exceed $500.

4.1.1     Lame-Ass Rationalizations: Cars that “should be” worth $500 don’t count; cars that “were worth $500” before you spent another $2000 to fix them don’t count; cars you’ve ashampoo music studio 2018 - Crack Key For U for 20 years and spent more than $500 on during that time don’t count; “it would have been worth $500 if it didn’t already have a cage” doesn’t count. Five hundred dollars means five hundred frickin’ dollars!

4.1.2     Lame-Ass Rationalizations About Parts: Same deal. “Free” parts, parts given to you by your buddies, parts left lying around the shop…that crap doesn’t impress us. It’s worth whatever the last real guy paid in the last real purchase. Don’t think you’re clever.

4.2    Safety Equipment DOES NOT Count Toward $500 Total: Safety equipment described in Section 3 DOES NOT count toward the $500 total. “Safety” refers to things that can save the driver—not things that can save the car.

4.2.1     In addition to the items and processes listed in Section 3, the following are considered safety-related and are therefore exempt:

  • Wheels, tires, wheel bearings, ball joints, and brake components
  • Exhaust systems downstream of the header/exhaust manifold (NOTE: Turbos and related components are NOT exempt from the $500 limit. Nice try.)
  • Windshields and wipers
  • Driver comfort & information (steering wheel, shifter, gauges, pedals, cool suits, vents, heaters, radio)
  • All fuel hoses, fuel fittings, fuel filters, and related mounts; and
  • All fuel-system components upstream of the fuel pump, including fuel tanks, fuel cells, mounts, fillers, vents, etc. (NOTE: Fuel pumps, carburetors, injection pumps, computers, and individual injectors are NOT exempt from the $500 limit.)

4.3    Registration, Insurance, and License DO NOT Count Toward $500 Total: Registration, insurance, or license charges—assuming for some reason you bothered—DO NOT count toward the $500 total.

4.4    BS Factor: To prevent cheating, all cars will be inspected by a panel appointed by the Organizers. At that time, all teams will be given an opportunity to describe the car’s purchase and prep. If the panel believes the limit set out in Rule 4.1 has been exceeded, it will assign a Bullshit Factor (BSF) equal to one BSF per $10 above the limit. The entry will be docked one lap for each BSF assigned. (Ten dollars = one BSF = one lap.) Entrants are very, very, exceedingly strongly encouraged to bring pre-race-prep photographs, verifiable receipts, notarized testimonials, plus any and all other supporting evidence to Tech/BS Inspection. Or at least make up plausible-sounding stories in advance.

 4.4.1     Appeal of BSF Panel Decisions. Get real. There’s no appealing this decision. You’re boned.

4.5    Sponsorships: Conned some hard-working corp into giving you parts or cash? Nice work, but it still counts toward the $500 total. We recommend blowing that sponsorship dough on other stuff instead—hotel rooms, gasoline, entry fees, pedicures, driver suits, personal male enhancement medication, travel expenses, Freudian therapy for the Organizers…things like that.

4.6    Labor Costs: If you didn’t pay for the labor, it doesn’t count toward the $500 total. If you did pay for it, it does count toward the $500 total. This just ain’t that complicated.

4.7    Scavenger Sales: If you sell pieces off of your car, the money that comes back in can be used to offset the initial purchase price. (This only applies to stuff that counts toward the $500 total; the sale of exempt items—like wheels, glass, interior trim, etc.—can NOT be used to offset the initial purchase price.) Just be prepared to convince some exceedingly skeptical judges of the validity of all those transactions.

4.8    Residual Value: Dumb enough to bring the same pile back for another race? Either do the whole BS process again (bring all your papers and evidence—we ain’t gonna remember your sad-sack story from last time) or email the Everything Bagel to beg a residual value. Include clear post-race pix of the car and list any major mechanical stuff that needs fixing.

 

5:   TEAMS

5.1    Definition of an Entry and a Team: An “Entry” consists of one racecar and at least two (2) drivers; it exists for one race. A “Team” consists of one or more Entries in one or more races, all sharing one Team Name, one Team Concept, and one Team Captain; it exists for as long as the Team Captain chooses. An Entry’s minimum driver count is two; there is no maximum number of drivers, crew, random friends, professional therapists in rumpled gauzy Eileen Fisher outfits, etc.

5.1.1     One Team can earn Championship points from multiple Entries, either in the same race or in different races.

5.1.2     For multiple Entries to count toward a single Team’s Championship total, each Entry must be correctly entered at sign-up (i.e., as multiple Entries using a single Team registration page, not as separate Teams with their own individual Team registration pages). If you’re too dumb to figure that out, just email Nick on the Contact Page for directions. And if you’re too dumb to figure that out, you’re too dumb to be champion: We ain’t adding this horrible crap up by hand anymore.

5.1.3     Captains can wise up and quit any time; the quitting Captain can appoint a replacement or dissolve the team.

5.1.4     An Entry must have a minimum of three (3) drivers for full 24-hour or longer races.

5.2    Driver Portability: Any registered driver is allowed to drive any registered car at any time.

5.3    Pit Communication: Every team must have a reliable way to signal its driver on track. A pit board (homemade is fine) is acceptable, as is a helmet-wired radio system. No loose or handheld receivers are allowed in the car.

5.4    National Championships: National Championship points will be awarded as follows:

Constructors Championship: 10 points for 1st, 9 points for 2nd, etc.

Team Championship: 10 points for 1st, 9 points for 2nd, etc.

5.4.1    3 Points Per Start. Each entry earns 3 National Team Championship points per race start.

5.4.2   2 Points Per Newbie. All first-time Lemons drivers earn an additional 2 National Team Championship points for their team after their first-ever Lemons race start. A “first-time Lemons driver” is an individual who has never been listed as a driver in any car accepted in a previous Lemons race. Subsequent events by this driver do not earn additional Newbie points. Any team caught attempting to game this system will be immediately and painfully disabused of the mistaken belief that they’re clever. We are not screwing around here.

Driver Championship: 10 points for 1st, 9 points for 2nd, etc.

De-Constructors Championship: Made up by us on a whim.

Coppa di Bondo: Pulled out of our butts an hour before the awards ceremony.

5.5    Tiebreakers: The oldest car(s) wins. And if that’s a tie, the most racing experience loses.

5.6    Regional Team Titles: Regional Team Titles will be awarded in each of the regions defined below. Regional Team Title winners will receive one free guaranteed entry at the final event of the season. Regional Team Title points will be awarded as follows: 10 Regional points for 1st, 9 Regional points for 2nd, etc. All teams get 3 Regional points per race start.

West Venues: Sonoma, Thunderhill, Buttonwillow, Oregon Raceway Park, The Ridge, Miller Motorsports Park, High Plains Raceway, Inde Motorsports Park.

South Venues: Sebring International Raceway, Carolina Motorsports Park, Road Atlanta, NCM Motorsports Park, Barber Motorsports Park.

Gulf Venues: MSR Houston, Eagles Canyon, NOLA Motorsports Park.

East Venues: New Hampshire Motor Speedway, New Jersey Motorsports Park, Thompson Speedway Motorsports Park, Pittsburgh International Racing Complex.

Midwest Venues: Gingerman, Autobahn, High Plains, Road America, Brainerd, Heartland Park.

 

6   DRIVING AND PENALTIES

6.0    Penalties: Black-flag penalties are assessed for dangerous behaviors and/or being a douche. These behaviors include, but are not limited to: contact for any reason; wheel(s) leaving the pavement; speeding in the pits; missing/ignoring a safety flag; racing to the yellow or red flag; unsafe driving; overly aggressive driving; hitting a wall, cone, tree, safety vehicle, the track restaurant, etc; lack of car control; thinking the line has a deed and you own it; unsportsmanlike conduct; annoying the hell out of us; annoying the hell out of everyone else; etc.

6.0.1     Progression of Penalties: Black-flag penalties are always at the discretion of the race judges and get increasingly harsh as the number/severity increases.

1st black flag of day—usually, just a stern chat.

2nd black flag of day—embarrassing, time-consuming penalty at judges’ discretion.

3rd black flag of day—same as above, plus a mandatory 1-hour penalty.

4th black flag of day—same as above, plus a mandatory 3-hour penalty.

5th black flag of day—whole team ejected for rest of the race.

6.1    It’s Always Your Fault: Lemons is an all-fault environment. You are 100% responsible for what happens while you’re at the wheel. Think you’re the hittee, not the hitter? We don’t care. Think you’ve been wrongly accused? See the part where it says “we don’t care.” Your job is to stay out of trouble. If trouble finds you, take responsibility like a grown-up and figure out how to avoid it the next time. This ain’t the damn SCCA.

6.2    Team Lousy-Driving Rule: Teams are held jointly accountable for the penalties earned by their drivers.

6.3    Why Am I Upside-Down? Rule: You’re upside-down because you have no business being out on a racetrack. Any driver who puts a car on its roof is out for 12 months. Any car that rolls during a race will be removed from the race.

6.4    No Intoxicants Until Track Goes Cold: Participants are absolutely prohibited from using any intoxicant until after the last car leaves the track following the day’s checkered flag. Violators will be ejected from the facility immediately.

6.5    Passing Safety Vehicles: Moving safety vehicles may only be passed on the track when a white flag is showing or when a wave-by is given by the safety vehicle’s driver or crew.

6.6    Flagging: All flags should be obeyed immediately—they mean something’s up.

6.7    Meaning of flags: These flags have the following meanings:

Green: Go

On green, race your brains out. Green is usually shown only at start/finish.

Yellow: Caution

On yellow, NO PASSING! There’s something dangerous ahead. Stop racing, pay attention to your surroundings and the situation ahead, and proceed in single file at a reasonable pace. BE SURE YOU’RE IN SINGLE FILE AND WELL BELOW RACING SPEED BY THE TIME YOU REACH THE STATION! Remain in single file at a reasonable pace until you are safely past the incident.

Red: Stop Immediately

On red, come to a safe, controlled stop as soon as practical. Something has happened that requires all the track resources to resolve before racing can continue. Pull to the outside edge of the pavement in view of a flag station and wait for more instructions.

White: Slow Vehicle(s) On Track

A safety vehicle or crapping-out racecar is ahead. WATCH OUT! You may pass it, but only when safe and at a reasonable speed. All other flags still apply. Remember: There may be more than one vehicle to watch out for.

Black (pointed at you individually): You’ve Got Problems

For an individual black, come to the Penalty Box immediately—either you’ve got a mechanical problem, or you/your team has committed a punishment-worthy sin.

Black (waving at all stations): We’ve All Got Problems

For “black all,” exit at your next opportunity, go back to your paddock space, and wait for more instructions.

Red & Yellow Stripes: Surface Problems

a.k.a. the Ronald McDonald flag—something iffy is down on the track surface—could be water, could be oil, could be a ’73 Fiat cylinder head. NOTE: After a few laps the surface flag may disappear, even though the surface problem has not. Continue to use caution after the surface flag goes away.

Blue w/ Yellow Stripe: You Suck

Blue and yellow means there’s faster traffic behind you, like you didn’t know that already. (This is just informational. You’re welcome to say “who the $*#& cares?” It ain’t your job to solve the other guy’s problem.)

Источник: https://24hoursoflemons.com/prices-rules/

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